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Mla format quoting essay

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bodi etl resume Atlanta, GA 30338. Accomplished Senior IT professional with a background in business intelligence, reporting systems, data quality (including ETL), software design and full life-cycle development. Essay? Capable of managing numerous projects while leading cross-functional teams to meet and exceed overall IT initiatives. Argument? Demonstrated consultative process skills with emphasis on technical, written, and relationship development. Business Objects Enterprise ETL (Data Services -- BODI / BODS, SSIS) Reporting (Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, Crystal Reports) Highlights of skills: Business Intelligence Data Warehousing Process Improvement Team Leadership Effectiveness. Strategic Planning Analysis Reporting Systems Architecture Process Implementation Software Design Development. Business Objects 4, XI r3, r2, r1, 6.5, …; WebIntelligence 4, XI, 6.5, …; UDT/IDT; Data Integrator 6; Data Services 4, XI 3.2, 4; DQM; SAP HANA; SSIS; Ab Initio; BEx Query Designer; PowerDesigner; Sagent; BrioQuery; Cognos; Genio; Erwin; Crystal Reports 2011, XI, 8.5; Xcelsius 2008; Lumira; IIS; Visio. Basic 6; PL/SQL; SQL; Transact-SQL (T-SQL); ASP; JavaScript; VBScript; HTML; DHTML; Ajax; JQuery; CSS; JSON; XML; XSLT; eBay, Indeed, YQL, Google APIs; SAS; Cobol. SQL Server 2012, 2008, 2005, 2000, 7.0, 6.5; Oracle 11g, 10g, 9i, 8, 7; Teradata; Neteeza; SAP HANA; Hyperion Essbase; MySQL; MS Access; UDB; DB2; Sybase; Filemaker.

SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Salesforce; Oracle ERP. MM, MDM, FICO, PI, PUR, COPA, CAPEX, MFG, SD, PP, QM, PM, MRP, UOM, WM, HCM, SCM, VM. Windows Server 2012/2008/2003/7/Vista/XP/2000/NT/98/95/NT; Unix/Linux; Mac OS; Mainframe. OLTP, OLAP, ODBC, ADO, RDO, OLE DB, SOAP, SSL, SAP Bank Analyzer, Forecasting, Trend Analysis, Star and mla format essay, Snowflake Schemas, Executive Dashboards, CDC (change data capture), 3-Tier Programming, TCP / IP, FTP, HTTP, ISO, LDAP, SSO, RPC. Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, Inmon, Kimball, object oriented programming (OOD), rapid application development (RAD), Accelerated SAP (ASAP). Consumer Products, Banking, Lumber, Legal, Logistics, Health Care, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Dept. of the yellow Defense, Energy, Electric, Automotive, Government, Politics, Insurance, Data Quality, Telecommunications, Building Materials, Financial Services, Commodities, Fleet Management, Furniture, Food Beverages, Mining, Coal, Debit Credit Cards, Pet Food, Animal Feed, Incentives, Marketing, Education. Teradata Certified Professional, Teradata Certified SQL Specialist. Quoting Essay? Development of mla format quoting essay BODS objects supporting multiple change data capture styles that include thousands of mappings and over seventy SAP DSO destinations. All information sourced from and essay, writing to SAP HANA. Created BODS specific portions of phd thesis dsp mapping documents, including CDC information.

Design (modeling) and construction of SAP HANA tables, functions, procedures, and views using a combination of mla format quoting essay Data Services, PowerDesigner, and HANA Studio. Performed modeling with HANA, using attribute, analytic, and calculation views. 1147? Migration of information from multiple source systems (out of SAP HANA) into SAP Bank Analyzer, with various data profiling and quality checks and use of essay a composite table to ease maintenance/LI Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SAP HANA, SAP Bank Analyzer, DB2, PowerDesigner, Windows 7. Online Reviews? Creation of executive dashboard illustrating volumes, imbalances, accounting details, and customer information related to acquisition. Improvement of existing dashboards – organization and bug fixes. Ensured data accuracy and quoting, providing of most important and the yellow wallpaper, up to date details by meeting with business analysts and management in multiple locales. Developed several multi-source IDT universes referencing relational databases, containing derived tables. Mla Format Essay? Provided key and timely details in user-friendly dashboard to help management make informed decisions.

Conversion of existing dashboards from Xcelsius to Lumira, for comparison purposes. Environment: Xcelsius 4.1, SAP Lumira, IDT, MS Access 2012, SQL Server 2012, Windows 7. Buy Accutane? Successful and rapid conversion of multiple Ab Initio processes to Data Services, implementing methodologies to increase maintainability, including simplification, logging, and inline documentation. Data analysis, modeling, and profiling using SQL Server and Data Services, to provide new and improved structures and mla format essay, aid in data quality checks related to conversion efforts. Cost savings through replacement of scheduler with scripting involving file watcher loops and, or database flag checks, moving files to staging and production folders, and emailing of producing a thesis results, including attachments. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Executed technical leadership on the use of the technology platform and statement, tools, mentoring in optimal use of mla format BODS in a SQL Server, SAP, and Unix environment.

Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SQL Server 2008, Oracle, SAP, Ab Initio, Acorn, Windows 7, Unix. Created and optimized executive summary and phd thesis dsp, several linked dashboards, including hierarchical selectors, flash variables, and dynamic sales and marketing information based on live SAP BPC data. Built Crystal Reports detail reports connected to BI services pointed at Web Intelligence blocks containing BEx query details. Reports launched by and received prompts from Xcelsius dashboard. Acted as go-to for the team for technical concerns and idea development. Significant contributions to dashboard and ETL architecture and design, including best practices. Constructed reusable templates to speed batch and real-time ETL development in BODS and provide auditing functionality. Led training sessions explaining usage of templates and gathering ideas for improvement. Mla Format Quoting? Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Dashboard Designer (Xcelsius), Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT, IDT), Crystal Reports 4, SQL Server 2008, Neteeza, XML, Windows 7. Provided administrative assistance, including fixing of scheduling errors, performance tuning, permissions management, and migrating jobs between systems. Creation of cfm ethesis_id new repositories and configuration of quoting essay existing ones.

Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Oracle, Windows Server 2003, Windows 7. Constructed website to buy accutane create, update, and essay, delete batches of buy accutane reviews listings to eBay through XML using the eBay API and mla format quoting, process related responses. Added code to send and process listing status checks to eBay. Created code to encrypt and decrypt sensitive information used in statement, website. Developed code in website, stored procedures, and functions that wrote results to mla format quoting SQL Server database. Phd Thesis Dsp? Scheduled listing creation (based on database contents) and status checking. Environment: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, ASP, JQuery, XML, JSON, eBay API, SQL Server, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7. Converted data conversion processes from mla format, BW to ECC sources, using Data Services integrated with SAP. Created reporting system, including data model and dictionary, ETL, and WebI reports, based off SAP ECC material master information.

Involved frequent discussions with offshore team members and phd thesis dsp, business analysts. Troubleshooting of reporting, universe, and quoting essay, ETL issues with onshore and offshore engineers. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT), Oracle, SAP BW and ECC, Windows 7. Acted as systems/software engineer for system architecture planning, technical design, software development and test, and software, hardware, and interface integration. Installation and configuration of mla format quoting Business Objects Enterprise and Data Services, including Data Quality. Mla Format Essay? Creation, improvement, and documentation of quoting essay HR reports and related universe, including standardization and applying best practices. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2, SQL Server 2008; Win Server 2008.

Engineered conversion projects, using a self-designed standardized process, for migrating information between SAP 4.7 and 6.0. Converted information from mla format, SAP modules, including manufacturing, material master, basic data, fico, general plant, mdm, mrp, purchasing, qm, sales data, units of measure, warehouse mgmt, and work scheduling. Built and implemented validation projects to ensure quality data migration. Frequent daily interaction with SAP functional analysts and business to toppics review requirements and results. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Oracle 9i; SQL Server 2008; SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Win XP. Converted and enhanced Cognos into mla format quoting essay WebI, Crystal, and Xcelsius reports with SAP data (HCM and SCM). Mapping of reporting requirements from business terms into SAP objects. Creation and maintenance of OLAP universes sourced from BEx queries. Writing and argument essay, editing of SAP BEx queries using Query Designer. Essay? Writing of phd thesis dsp test scripts for accuracy, formatting, and performance.

Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SAP ECC 4.7 – HCM, SCM, SD; SQL Server 2008; Win XP. Guided and played key role in design document production, including ETL field mappings for quoting essay, 500+ fields in four systems (2000+ fields total), data dictionary, universe and report documents, and DDL scripts. Constructed universe and related star schema database, with focus on user-friendly configuration of classes and objects. A Thesis? Universe automatically updated with self-created automation tool. Led report development effort, including creation of many Web Intelligence reports. Designed and implemented Business Objects architecture, including hardware and software requirements, CMS information, security, and migration from XIr2 to XIr3. Championed standardization of field mappings, data dictionary, and universe and report documents. Coordinated offshore ETL efforts, including meetings and answering of daily questions. Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Designer SDK; Crystal Enterprise SDK, Win XP. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Designed, created, implemented, and tested dataflows, workflows, scripts, and jobs for multiple projects. Troubleshooting and performance tuning which reduced several jobs from essay, several hours to less than one.

Full lifecycle project focusing on surveys, including Data Services and Designer (universe) components. Migrated dataflows, workflows, scripts, and jobs between repositories. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Windows Server 2008, Windows XP. Created and ran ETL jobs to load and manipulate Material Master and Vendor SAP information. Generated, put into successful production, and trained others in data validation / testing tool, using Data Services and SQL Server procedures and functions. Administration and configuration of multiple datastores and servers. Upgrade of First Logic / Data Quality to Data Services, with data and multiple country address cleansing. Quoting? Developed, published, and 1147, scheduled batch and real-time jobs. Produced contact duplicate checking ETL project, including match transforms and adjustable parameters.

Constructed dashboards to review data validation results. Environment: Data Services XI r3.1, 3.2; SQL Server 2005; SAP (extracts); Xcelsius 2008; Windows XP. Directed and coordinated organizational strategies of employees responsible for conceptualizing, designing, constructing, testing and implementing business and technical solutions for mla format, telecommunications data. Partnered with software and architectural teams to plan and build out essay, new systems, understand scalability and constraints of software, and manage disaster recovery and business continuity planning. Mla Format Essay? Acted as key developer, leading a team of four (mostly remote) developers in the creation of the yellow Webi reports, universes, and mla format, Xcelsius dashboards consisting of proprietary telecommunications information. Implemented ETL related to numerous systems, including creating and manipulating tables with raw SQL/SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) and phd thesis dsp, conversion of SAS into packages and SQL. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Guided and developed the Business Objects teams, including providing hiring recommendations, training, mentoring and monitoring staff performance to effectively adhere to company’s “best practice” initiatives. The Yellow? Environment: Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Designer, CMS, Admin); Crystal Reports XI; Crystal Xcelsius 2008; SQL Server 2005; Teradata; SSIS; Netezza; SAS; Aqua Data Studio; Windows XP. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Responsible for creating Business Objects universes and reports to provide information on clinical trials. Successfully migrated universes and reports from development to test to production.

Created Oracle functions and stored procedures to supply comma-delimited lists and 1147, date information. Created functional and technical documentation for mla format, all reports and universes, outlining processes to create an quoting essay, easily readable roadmap of all procedures for end users. Mla Format Essay? Environment: BusinessObjects XI r2; Oracle 9i; ARISg; Windows XP. Quoting Essay? Led efforts in the successful extraction and mla format, transformation of information from wallpaper, Excel to quoting essay SQL Server database, designing a database geared towards OLAP reporting and later Essbase loading. Created over two thousand transformations to alter information extracted from Excel. Developed ETL program using VB with features for types of cfm ethesis_id processes to display and run, status lists, storing metrics, HTML help, and options to mla format essay skip process with errors to convert text values to zero’s. Environment: SQL Server 2005; Visual Basic 6; Hyperion Essbase; Microsoft Excel 2003; OLAP; Windows XP. Responsible for gathering customer requirements, architecting prototypical solutions, acquiring customer acceptance, and managing software processes from online reviews, initial design to final implementation and deployment. Primarily responsible for migrating Sybase, Business Objects (6.x), and mla format, Oracle Sagent data warehouses to provide commodities-related financial information to mla format client and internal business users.

Key Projects: Migrated three reporting systems to Business Objects XI and mla format quoting essay, Crystal Reports XI, with Oracle 9i. Phd Thesis Dsp? Administration using Central Management Console to schedule reports, configure user and group security, and manage categories, folders, universes, and quoting, licensing. Created and producing statement, tested reports and universes with information about commodities, futures, and options. Installed, tested, and maintained Business Objects XI (including Crystal) client and server software. Environment: Oracle 9i; Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Crystal Reports, Performance Management, SDK); Sagent; Visual Basic 6; Scripting (VB, Java, batch); ASP; HTML; XML; CSS; SDLC; Cisco VPN; Windows XP. IT Consultant 1995 to 2006. Key Clients: LeasePlan, Lockheed Martin, WPAFB (Air Force), Haworth, HPFS, ATT, Travelers, CIT, Cigna, Anheuser-Busch, Peabody Group, MasterCard, Ralston Purina, Maritz, Davis Interactive Client:nbspnbsp LeasePlan -nbspAtlanta, GA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2005 to mla format quoting 2006) Created a Business Objects data warehouse to phd thesis dsp provide leasing information to 100 key clients.

Designed and rolled out an quoting essay, innovative reporting system using Webi, including linked reports. Created conversion utility supporting improved (Excel) and unavailable formats (Word and HTML). Client:nbspnbsp Lockheed Martin (US Navy) -nbspNew Orleans, LA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2004 to buy accutane online 2005) Gained acceptance of a conversion of an Access reporting system into essay Business Objects. Developed, documented, and performance tuned thirteen reports and associated universes. Conducted qualitative and quantitative analysis to define project scopes and technical criteria. Created many Data Integrator jobs, workflows, and phd thesis dsp, dataflows supplying source data for systems. Collaborated with key internal and external decision makers to recommend process enhancements, including creation of conversion utility for perfecting Word and Excel files from Excel exports. Recipient of the “Lockheed Martin Outstanding Performer” Award (2004). Client:nbspnbsp WPAFB (US Air Force) -nbspDayton, OH,nbsp Business Objects Technical Support Analyst (2005 to 2006) Provided expert analysis and assistance for the Air Force Knowledge System application, supporting over mla format, 450 tickets arising from over producing, 300 users. Tested and troubleshot WIS and INF errors, training, and network, database and universe issues. Troubleshot invalid data resulting from universe and mla format essay, database problems.

Client:nbspnbsp Haworth -nbspHolland, MI,nbsp Data Integrator Developer (2005 to 2006) Gathered specifications and developed, tested, and rolled out transformations and universes for AP, PO, and FA segments of Oracle Financials using Business Objects Data Integrator and Designer. Client:nbspnbsp HPFS -nbspMurray Hill, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Served as financial reporting analyst, balancing data related to a conversion of a loan system. Provided support to users for report requests and maintenance, creating and wallpaper, testing 30 reports. Analyzed, documented, and implemented recommendations for SQL Server DTS scripts. Client:nbspnbsp ATampT -nbspBedminster, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Reporting analyst/administrator for a data warehousing project targeted to analyze and essay, improve call center performance and processes.

Responded to online reviews daily maintenance requests, streamlining processes through the installation, administration and configuration of Business Objects, including Publisher. Client:nbspnbsp Travelers -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Business Analyst (2002 to 2003) Main point of contact in a Focus mainframe, SAS to client-server (Business Objects, Crystal Reports) migration and quoting, conversion of the Annuity Reporting System. Collaborated with cross-functional teams to develop 42 reports including prototype creation, testing, documentation, performance tuning, and requirements gathering and design. Conducted in-depth data analysis including data dictionary, physical data model, entity relationship diagrams, and PL/SQL queries for balancing and reviewing integrity of data. Client:nbspnbsp CIT Group -nbspLivingston, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2002) Served as lead financial reporting analyst in a Citation mainframe to client-server (ALS) Business Objects implementation of a data warehouse (Oracle, Sybase) for leasing. Cfm Ethesis_id? Partnered with end-users and mla format, key internal decision makers on requirements gathering. Full life-cycle development and performance tuning of 54 flawless reports using Business Objects Reporter, Designer, Supervisor, and mla format quoting essay, Broadcast Agent. Trained, mentored and monitored new and existing developers, instilling “best practices” to quoting adhere to internal protocols and procedures.

Client:nbspnbsp Cigna -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Data Warehousing Consultant - Genio / Brio (2001 to 2002) Responsible for the enhancement and maintenance of a customized Brio data warehouse reporting application for investment data, including transforming source data (Genio). Gathered scopes and specifications to test and provide daily support of quoting essay Brio and Genio. Taught end users on the capabilities, enhancements, and limitations of Brio. Client:nbspnbsp Anheuser-Busch, Inc. -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Senior Business Objects Developer (1999 to 2001) Implemented full lifecycle design of a 60 report data warehouse for pricing and promotions, that aided retailer sales tracking and marketing applications. Administered Business Objects repository, security, setup, universes, and essay, report scheduling, including an upgrade from version 4 to 5. Constructed automated universe and report documentation with Business Objects SDK.

Participated in wallpaper, Oracle ETL (transformation) related efforts, including creation of PL/SQL functions, packages, stored procedures, views, tables, indexes, explain plans, and types. Client:nbspnbsp Peabody Group -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Business Objects Developer (1999) Production included report creation, design, and prototyping security, universe maintenance and origination, data definition and manipulation, testing and quoting essay, layout. Client:nbspnbsp MasterCard -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1998 to a thesis 1999) Accountable for quoting, the conception of cfm ethesis_id financial reporting system and associated graphical user interface, generating financial reports using Crystal Reports, VB, and Oracle.

Client:nbspnbsp Davis Interactive (Interchange Technologies) -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1995 to 1999) Responsible for design and quoting essay, support of multimedia projects with Macromedia Director and VB. Created graphical user interfaces and the yellow wallpaper, database engines to mla format interact with databases and kiosks. Phd Thesis Dsp? Assembled software for reusable client incentive system (CIMS for Windows). Performed database administration, including backups, scheduling tasks, and setting up users and groups. Mla Format? Designed, developed, and tested reports and associated interface using Visual Basic and Crystal Reports. Produced reusable Visual Basic tools, including batch form dynamic link library, report executable creator, system administration form creator, data source creator, and cfm ethesis_id 1147, SQL Server administrative software. Environment: Visual Basic 6; Crystal Reports; SQL Server 6.5; Filemaker; Windows NT. B.S. Mla Format Essay? Accounting; Minor: Business Management, December 1996. Recipient of Academic Scholarship.

Tutor: General Statistics, 1995-97. Teradata Certified Professional; Teradata Certified SQL Specialist.

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Proposition 8: The Same-Sex Marriage Debate. Recently, I posted a number of posts about California Proposition 8. This is an emotionally charged issue with good thoughts on both sides. Not surprisingly, my posts sparked debate in the comment sections where a number of excellent questions were raised. Richard Hollis is mla format quoting essay, one commentator who raised especially thoughtful questions. The Yellow Wallpaper? As a result of the questions raised, especially by Richard, I have decided to write my thoughts on Same-Sex Marriage from the quoting essay ground up and have asked Richard to respond. Below is my essay followed by Richard’s response. Please note, when I sent Richard my essay, I had not yet added links to my sources. Richard and readers of Evangelical Outpost – thank you for producing statement your thoughtful read and consideration of this post. – Dustin Steeve. The upcoming proposition amending the constitution in the state of mla format essay, California to the yellow affirm marriage gives us opportunity to pause and reflect. Since 1970, marriage has endured a series of devastating attacks. In January 1970 the mla format Family Law Act was signed by phd thesis dsp California Governor Ronald Reagan and mla format essay, “no-fault divorce” was written into law.

Reagan would later cite this as one of his greatest regrets. The intent of the law was to help Californians separate amicably without having to contrive reasons for obtaining a divorce. As the explosive increase in 1147 divorces since 1970 attests, the effect of the law was that it hurt marriage. Presently, proposition 8 is giving Californians a rare opportunity to stop further tampering of marriage through law. As we consider the proposition, reason, empirical evidence, and morality ought to inform us. Essay? Each of phd thesis dsp, these has led me to the decision to quoting essay affirm marriage by voting yes on proposition 8. Marriage is a fundamental building block of society. That phrase is cfm ethesis_id, often used but seldom explained.

When I say “fundamental building block of society” I am referring to marriage’s natural creation of families. Quoting? Families build societies through the buy accutane online natural birthing and rearing of children. Without children, societies cease to exist. Reason dictates that a society wishing to preserve itself ought to foster and protect the union whereby children are naturally born, supported, and socialized. For marriages where child birth is mla format, not possible, married couples have the option to adopt children who do not have the quoting protection and support of mla format quoting, their biological parents. Current laws support this natural and healthy system. Allowing same-sex couples to become a normal part of this system is unhealthy and buy accutane reviews, unwise for quoting essay the following reasons. According to the yellow wallpaper A. Dean Byrd, Ph.D, “There is no fact that has been established by essay social science literature more convincingly than the following: all variables considered, children are best served when reared in a home with a married mother and father.” Psychological evidence shows that children have needs which are met uniquely by parents of opposite gender. From the quoting essay way mothers and fathers uniquely hold children, to the way they uniquely play with children or discipline children, a child’s need for love, support, and personal well-being are met uniquely by parents of the opposite gender. By definition, same-sex couples cannot meet these unique needs.

Furthermore, no reputable psychological theory or empirical study denies the quoting importance of 1147, mothers in a child’s development. Gay men raising children are doing so without a mother in mla format quoting the nuclear family. Phd Thesis Dsp? Given the essay evidence, it is the yellow wallpaper, false to mla format essay believe that science shows all family forms to producing be equal. Out of love for our children and for our fellow citizen, we ought not to solidify this false belief by writing into mla format essay law and wallpaper, teaching it to our children. If we chose to ignore the number of quoting, needs a same-sex couple by the yellow definition cannot provide to the state or to the life of children, the same-sex culture still has elements of great concern which we ought to consider before we introduce these elements into quoting essay marriage. Pain and suffering resulting from sexual disease permeate homosexual communities. 1147? According to ex-gay speaker Mike Haley, the odds of a straight man contracting AIDS after one heterosexual encounter are 1 in mla format quoting 165,000 as opposed to 1 in mla format quoting essay 175 for quoting gay men after one homosexual encounter.

These tragic statistics on HIV/AIDS seem to be confirmed by the Center for Disease Control estimates on HIV prevalence. Multiple differences in buy accutane lifestyles account for this including the greater likelihood of drug use among gay men as well as a higher average sexual partner rate. Domestic abuse occurs much more frequently within the homosexual community more than within heterosexual relationships. 78% of lesbians have reported domestic abuse related problems. Gay and bisexual men experience violence at a rate of 2 to quoting essay 5. In addition to statement the problems of disease and violence, the homosexual community has a concept of quoting essay, “commitment” that is very different from marital commitment. The Yellow? Currently, monogamy is the norm and is socially expected among married couples. Only 25% of heterosexual men and mla format quoting, 15% of heterosexual women report sexual infidelity; 17% of marriages end in divorce as a result of infidelity. However, within the homosexual community, infidelity is the norm. Recent studies show that 95.6% of the yellow wallpaper, gay men report infidelity in their current relationship.

Numerous studies reveal that, among self-described committed homosexual couples, each individual has had an average of 3-5 partners a year. Mla Format Quoting? Apparently, marriage can get worse. I have given reasons why I believe equating homosexual unions with marriage is online, unhealthy. Upon these grounds, I believe a rational decision can be made. However, before I go further in mla format quoting essay the argument, I want to be clear on the following point: anyone who suggests you keep your morality out of the marriage question is making a dangerous proposition. Laws are filled with moral presuppositions and prescriptions. Though law and morality are not the the yellow wallpaper same, laws are written by people and every person follows a moral compass. At its core, the decision to affirm marriage is a moral matter. The decision to allow homosexuals to marry is a moral matter because at the core of mla format quoting essay, homosexual marriage is homosexuality. Your answer to the question of whether homosexuality is moral is going to determine your view of whether homosexual marriage should be accepted.

My moral framework is cfm ethesis_id 1147, heavily informed by my evangelical Christian faith. Quoting Essay? I believe the Lord clearly speaks against homosexuality through scripture. I recognize that the claim is controversial and worthy of its own post, but for cfm ethesis_id the sake of brevity, I cite I Corinthians 6: 9-11 as evidence. I believe an appropriate Christian response to quoting homosexuality is one which recognizes that the opposite of homosexuality is not heterosexuality, its holiness. Christians ought to respond to wallpaper homosexuality as they ought to respond to mla format quoting all other sins: pursuing holiness and lovingly calling others to pursue holiness likewise.

One need not be a Christian in order to have a compelling moral argument against homosexuality. For example, you might be Aristotelian. If so, you might consider the anatomical design of men and women and conclude that homosexual sex is against the proper function of humans. Perhaps you believe that there exists a proper order of things as a brute fact of the universe. Certainly, most people believe that there is some kind of order to the universe. Online? If you hold the universe to be ordered, then you might look at the numerous physiological complications resulting from gay sex, such as the mla format quoting essay need for colostomies, and conclude that the activity is disordered and therefore not good. These are just a few of the online many moral frameworks from essay, which arguments against homosexuality can be levied.

Western tradition has always understood marriage and heterosexuality to be normal, healthy, and moral. Buy Accutane Online Reviews? Advocates for homosexual marriage claim that homosexual marriage is equally normal, healthy, and moral. Essay? Just as in formal debate the burden of proof rests on those presenting challenge to the yellow wallpaper the status quo, so the burden of proof rests on the advocates of homosexual marriage to prove its morality. Marriage is a fundamental building block of mla format quoting, our society. It is foolish to believe altering the form of the marital union will not have consequences. Essay? For the reasons stated above, if we allow homosexual marriage, I believe its consequences will be adverse to marriage.

Recently, marriage has suffered the consequences of unhealthy ideas written into law such as no-fault divorce. Now we can put a stop to that trend. I hope that you will apply reason to essay an examination of the evidence, that you will allow your moral framework to play a role in your decision. Online? I believe that I have done so and have come to the conclusion that it is quoting essay, my responsibility, morally and for reasons pertaining to the health of my society, to vote yes on proposition 8 and affirm marriage. by Dustin Steeve. Your essay begins by cfm ethesis_id talking about the ‘devastating attacks’ that have been waged against marriage since 1970, citing no-fault divorce as an example. The impression it seems to convey is that marriage is a sacred institution that has stood immovable and mla format quoting essay, implacable for eons, but now recently faces threat. This is something of a fallacy. The Bible itself (a popular reference point for online reviews those who traditionally oppose same-sex marriage) shows us that different attitudes to marriage have been in vogue in different times.

The Israelite patriarch Jacob, for example, married both Rachel and mla format, Leah, daughters of Laban. “And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week: and he gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also.” –Genesis 29:28. Jacob ended up with four wives, and buy accutane online reviews, was far from the mla format essay only polygamist in the Bible. Others include Gideon (Judges 8:30), Elkanah, father of the prophet Samuel (1 Samuel 1:2), and kings such as Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:21), Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:21), and Jehoiada (2 Chronicles 24:3). Most famously, Solomon himself had “seven hundred wives… and three hundred concubines” (2 Kings 11:3). None of these royal polygamists were chastised or punished by God for this – except for Solomon, but even here the exception proves the rule. Essay? According to the Bible, Solomon’s sin was not that he married many wives, but that he married foreign wives who turned him away from worshipping Yahweh (11:4). Of course, these were times when women were considered merely property, and the New Testament moves much closer to our traditional ‘one-man-one-woman’ view of marriage (though it never actually condemns the polygamists of the Old Testament). But it does show that the concept of marriage has changed, and is culturally specific, rather than an institution with clear rules handed down by God and thriving unchanged throughout human history since Creation.

For an example closer to our time, consider interracial marriage. In 1967, Mildred Loving and her husband Richard, an interracial couple, were arrested at their Virginia home for violating that state’s anti-miscegenation law. The couple pleaded guilty, and were sentenced to a year in prison. The appeal went all the way up to mla format quoting essay the Supreme Court, which lead to an end to bans on cfm ethesis_id 1147 interracial marriage. Today the fight to end the ban on same-sex marriage mirrors the one to end the ban on interracial marriage. Mla Format? Gay couples, just like mixed race couples, seek exactly the same thing: to be allowed to cfm ethesis_id marry the ones they love. It is quoting essay, a parallel which many supporters of the phd thesis dsp ban find uncomfortable, since racism these days is quoting essay, so widely regarded as bigoted and unacceptable. Homophobia, unfortunately, is less so. Next, you claim that children “have needs which are met uniquely by parents of opposite gender.” I am sorry that, being a draft essay, there is no link for me to follow, but let me cite the following for examples of the yellow, many, many studies which show insignificant or no detrimental affects on children having been raised by same-sex couples. If the sources you cite turn out to be valid, we can only conclude that the results from research and studies are, at best, mixed.

It is also worth considering the sort of people that society does allow to marry and procreate. Murders, convicted felons, even child molesters are still free to wed and mla format quoting essay, have children. They do not lose these rights through their actions. In the eyes of the law, they are still considered capable of loving another person and their own children, while homosexuals are not. This should be obviously ridiculous to mla format anyone who has ever met a single homosexual. Quoting Essay? They are just as capable of loving another person, and a child, as heterosexuals.

But that is rather beside the point, because when discussing whether a same-sex marriage is a healthy environment in which to raise a child, you are really talking about gay adoption and parenting. This is an entirely new argument (though one in which I’d be happy to participate). Even if it were shown that a same-sex household was not a suitable environment in which to raise a child (and I am not agreeing with that statement at all), then that would still not be have any relevance on whether we should allow gay people the right to be joined in matrimony to their partner. Unlike the the yellow case of interracial marriage where children are generally an inevitable consequence of marriage, for same-sex couples they obviously are not. You then go on to quote shocking statistics about homosexual relationships.

I have to be honest, but when I read them I laughed. This is exactly the kind of homophobic nonsense which simply does not stand up to real-world experience of homosexuals. Mla Format Quoting Essay? “78% of lesbian relationships are riddled with domestic abuse… Only 25% of heterosexual men and 15% of phd thesis dsp, heterosexual women report sexual infidelity… 95.6% of gay men report infidelity in their current relationship.” Again, I only wish I had the links available to me to read up on these studies, but as it is I simply do not believe they are accurate or reliable. The implications are clear: homosexuals are dirty and diseased, totally unable to mla format quoting control their lusts and their relationships are all dysfunctional. In actual fact, you only need to spend a little time on the gay scene to buy accutane online reviews realise that homosexuals are people, just like heterosexuals. Relationships are just as complicated and quoting, complex as they are for essay toppics heterosexuals. Perhaps homosexuals are a little more inclined to quoting essay promiscuity (though I find the buy accutane online reviews statistics you quote grossly exaggerated), but -and this is the mla format quoting point- you still find love between homosexuals. Plutonic love, fraternal love, but also deep, caring, romantic love. And the fact is that these couples cannot marry. Same-sex marriage has been legal in several countries for phd thesis dsp years, so we can, to a limited degree, measure the effects of quoting essay, same-sex marriage. Denmark, for example, legalised it in 1989. The results from this ‘long-running experiment’ have been uniformly positive.

Opposition to the Danish law was led by the clergy (much the same as in the States). A survey conducted at essay the time revealed that 72 percent of Danish clergy were opposed to the law. Essay? It was passed anyway, and the change in the attitude of the clergy there has been dramatic – a survey conducted in 1995 indicated that 89 percent of the Danish clergy now admit that the law is a good one and has had many beneficial effects, including a reduction in mla format suicide, a reduction in the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and in promiscuity and essay, infidelity among gays. But again, this rather misses the statement point. If you are worried that same-sex couples seem promiscuous, then your real quarrel is with promiscuity, not same-sex couples. If you believe that same-sex couples are violent, then your real quarrel is with violence, not same-sex couples. If you believe that sexually transmitted diseases are more common among same-sex couples, then your problem is with sexually transmitted diseases, not same-sex couples. To refuse marriage to all same-sex couples on these grounds is mla format quoting essay, simply to be a bigot and tar all homosexuals with the same brush. You then go on to talk about laws being rooted in morality. This I do agree with. Laws are entirely human constructs, and we make and statement, revise them as we see fit.

We do look to our own moral compasses to guide us in deciding what activities should be criminalised in our societies, and essay, which should not. However, you then state that your own morality is essay, rooted in your religion, and mla format quoting, that you object to homosexuality itself for religious reasons. Online Reviews? This, of mla format, course, is phd thesis dsp, your choice. You may base your beliefs on quoting whatever you wish, and I don’t doubt that religion is a popular choice for many people. But when your religious beliefs lead you to wallpaper actively support a ban which has deep and fundamental consequences on other people, you are effectively enforcing your own religious beliefs onto other people.

You correctly state that one does not need to be a Christian to oppose gay marriage, but that does not mean that everyone does, by a long, long way. Many homosexuals may belong to any number of religions who are neutral to the matter or homosexuality. Many sects of mla format essay, Buddhism, for example, celebrate homosexual relationships. In reality it is their religious freedom which is being infringed. Phd Thesis Dsp? The state should not be trying to enforce a religion on its citizens, which is mla format quoting essay, essentially what is happening if same-sex couples are forbidden to marry for phd thesis dsp religious reasons. Anyone who believes in genuine religious freedom cannot oppose same-sex marriage on the basis of their own personal religious beliefs. “Just as in formal debate the burden of proof rests on those presenting challenge to the status quo, so the burden of proof rests on mla format the advocates of homosexual marriage to prove its morality.” This, I am afraid is simply not true. The burden of proof is not on anyone challenging the status quo. Such beliefs helped to keep slavery and racial segregation alive for years. Cfm Ethesis_id 1147? To quote from Wikipedia: “Under the mla format quoting Latin maxim necessitas probandi incumbit ei qui agit, the ordinary rule is that “the necessity of proof lies with he who complains.” For example, a person has to prove that someone is phd thesis dsp, guilty (in a criminal case) or liable (in a civil case) depending on the allegations; a person is not required to mla format essay prove his or her own innocence, it is rebuttably presumed.” In the case of homosexuality, the burden is on ‘they who complain’, i.e., the people who object to it.

Just as we should assume arrested men are innocent until shown guilty. We should also assume homosexuality is morally ‘innocent’ until shown otherwise. The problem with your position is that you start with a prejudice (that homosexuality is wrong), and then challenge people to convince you otherwise. This is back to a thesis front. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Can you see the problem if I stated that I think all black people are immoral and then challenged people to prove me wrong (just to be clear, I don’t actually think that)? To conclude, allowing same-sex couples to marry will not bring about the destruction of marriage, families and mla format quoting essay, society in general. All homosexuals are asking for mla format quoting is the right to a thesis be united with their loved ones, and to have that union recognised for what it is: in every aspect, just as moral, loving, legitimate and worthy of respect as those undertaken by heterosexuals. By what right do we deny them this? By Richard Hollis. Dustin Steeve is mla format essay, a blogger and web enthusiast.

Dustin's passion is to see his generation of buy accutane, Christians rise up as thought leaders, doing remarkable, good work Christianly. Dustin is interested in mla format essay the rise of web media and increasingly prominent use of computer technology as a tool to aid people. Dustin worked for three years as the director of GodblogCon and is an quoting, adviser for the Christian Web Conference. Dustin graduated summa cum laude and received his B.A. in History from Biola University where he also graduated from Torrey Honors Institute. Dustin has completed some post-graduate work at the Stanford Graduate School of Business where he was appointed to essay the Dean's List and received a certificate of completion from the essay toppics Summer Institute for General Management. View all posts by Dustin R. Steeve.

You state that “at the core of quoting essay, homosexual marriage is homosexuality…[and] whether homosexuality is phd thesis dsp, moral” If this is mla format quoting, really the core issue, then why all the subterfuge over marriage? Why not criminalize homosexuality? For if you cannot justify criminalizing homosexuality, its seems to me that you cannot make a good argument against the yellow banning gay marriage. If you respond that you do want to mla format quoting essay criminalize homosexuality too (I mean literally fine, jail, or deport gay people), then it seems somewhat deceitful that you haven’t explicitly made that policy argument. Quoting? It prompts questions about a “secret agenda” or “slippery slope”….will you next criminalize divorce next, taking the Lord’s name in vane, dancing, or alcohol? We are all sinners. After the “pure Christians” finish with the mla format quoting gays, will they come for me next? Recent studies show that 95.6% of gay men report infidelity in their current relationship. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Numerous studies reveal that, among self-described committed homosexual couples, each individual has had an average of 3-5 partners a year.

If you are morally opposed to the idea of gay people being promiscuous, why do you not support proposals to give them a legal incentive toward monogamy? “. Quoting Essay? . . the opposite of homosexuality is not heterosexuality, its holiness.” So what’s the opposite of heterosexuality? And again, if “the core of homosexual marriage is homosexuality,” what is at “the core” of heterosexual marriage? If you are morally opposed to quoting essay the idea of gay people being promiscuous, why do you not support proposals to give them a legal incentive toward monogamy? Are saying gays need to mla format quoting be bribed to be monogamous? Loving each other and being in buy accutane online a committed relationship isn’t enough? You’ve got to get goodies from the state? Sounds like gays have a lot of problems to work out before they start demanding marriage.

First, I think that fully legal and quoting, supported Civil Unions should be the producing a thesis level of mla format, acceptance supported by the legal system — I read (and lightly believe) that there are some 27 different legal rights of a spouse from marriage that, in theory, could be gained by specific contractual agreements. I’d actually like to see a full booklet summarizing all of them, but haven’t (perhaps you know?). Marriage is for online children. In a very real, genetic based way, every child is a marriage of half of each parent’s DNA — the mother’s ovum DNA is married to the father’s sperm DNA. (a bond no one can sunder.) How many gov’t benefits / lower taxes or credits, etc., should be granted to quoting parents is one of the essay toppics particular issues somewhat outside of ‘gay marriage’. I think the non-gov’t benefits of quoting essay, marriage are so great that no additional benefits are needed, until very expensive children are born — and it is in the raising of children that gov’t cash benefits should be focused. All homosexuals are asking for is the right to be united with their loved ones, and to have that union recognised for what it is: in every aspect, just as moral, loving, legitimate and cfm ethesis_id 1147, worthy of respect as those undertaken by heterosexuals. By what right do we deny them this? Because promiscuity is immoral, and there’s a much higher probability of promiscuity among gays than among married straights, I don’t consider them ‘equal’. Drunk driving is a better comparison than inter-racial marriage.

Most drunk drivers most of the quoting essay time get home as safely as sober drivers — and phd thesis dsp, many sober folk have accidents. Yet drunk driving is essay, illegal because of the probability of more accidents. I don’t consider any unmarried lovers as ‘respect worthy’ as married lovers, because of the quoting commitment to fidelity promise; gays asking for marriage are not even uniform in agreement on whether fidelity should be part of their marriage agreement. Marriage has already been weakened, and mla format, devalued (a la Britney, Liz Taylor, etc.); and even love itself has been primarily portrayed in buy accutane culture as lust, rather than commitment. Gay marriage rather than civil unions weakens it further. Finally, homosexual behavior is sinful in mla format Christian theology. Part of the gay marriage push to argument toppics ‘equal morality’ is to make it illegal to mla format quoting claim that gay sex is sinful. (See Europe) I’m a sinner, too. But even so, I object to steps towards restricting Christians from calling gay sex sinful — and 1147, thus immoral. Straight promiscuity is also immoral; and neither should be respected as equal to married faithfulness.

Marriage is mla format quoting, a fundamental building block of society. That phrase is often used but seldom explained. When I say “fundamental building block of society” I am referring to marriage’s natural creation of families. Agreed but I think you would then also agree that it is producing, all the more important not to exclude members of quoting essay, society from mla format quoting, marriage unless there is a very good reason. In addition, you miss the trees from the forest.

A family is not just a baby or child but many people. Quoting Essay? Marriage, when it works well, provides for buy accutane reviews stability for mla format quoting essay all family members. This is cfm ethesis_id, good for a baby but it is also good for everyone else, such as the elderly or even the single person who is alone. According to A. Dean Byrd, Ph.D, “There is no fact that has been established by social science literature more convincingly than the mla format essay following: all variables considered, children are best served when reared in a home with a married mother and father.” OK but what does this have to do with gay marriage? By definition the only way for producing a thesis a gay couple to be raising a kid is if this above ideal has broken down somehow. According to ex-gay speaker Mike Haley, the odds of a straight man contracting AIDS after one heterosexual encounter are 1 in 165,000 as opposed to 1 in quoting 175 for gay men after one homosexual encounter. That’s a good point in favor for statement gay marriage, as for the other statistics:

I have given reasons why I believe equating homosexual unions with marriage is unhealthy. Upon these grounds, I believe a rational decision can be made. Not really, you’ve written off a class of essay, human beigns based on a sociological study. Give me an Excel sheet with enough data and I’ll find you plenty of niches among heterosexuals that replicate the ‘problems’ you’ve shown. For example, if I demonstrated that marriages of phd thesis dsp, 35+ yr old women to quoting men between 19-24 have incidents of phd thesis dsp, cheating and STDs equal or greater than the ones you cited for gays would you prohibit the recognition of such marriages? How many other members of your cohort would it take to screw up marriage so much that you’d give up your wife?

People who cite studies are of more dubious moral character than any homosexual my friend, don’t be a sociologist! Tread very carefully! The decision to essay allow homosexuals to quoting essay marry is a moral matter because at the core of homosexual marriage is homosexuality. Your answer to the question of whether homosexuality is moral is going to determine your view of whether homosexual marriage should be accepted. Mla Format? My moral framework is heavily informed by my evangelical Christian faith. 1. Not all people are Christians and not even all Christians agree with you on buy accutane gay marriage. 2. The purpose of the quoting essay state is not to enshrine Christian morality and it isn’t to ‘teach’ morality. This is why many marriages are perfectly legal even though they would ideally be given at least a little skeptical scrutiny by a pastor….more about reviews, that below… Recently, marriage has suffered the consequences of unhealthy ideas written into law such as no-fault divorce. Now we can put a stop to that trend. Why don’t you show us how keeping the gay couple down the quoting street from being able to have a legal marriage stops you from being a good father to your children or a good husband to your wife…or at least would facilitate you becoming a better one?

If you can’t do that then why not ‘put a stop to that trend’ by, say, actually putting a stop to the trend and put your eggs in rewriting divorce laws. A cynic might say here you are rallying the troops behind feeling good by wallpaper attacking a minority group you people do not like, do not associate with and would like to scapegoat for your own miserable failings. As a matter of fact, why not go only mla format essay, as far as the Catholic Church and refuse to producing statement recognize divorced people who have remarried except under circumstances where an application for annullment has been vetted and granted? Why not castigate the failure of your VP candidate to mla format essay properly raise her daughter and stop celebrating the impending marriage that…study wise….is likely to be yet another failed marriage? Timber in the yellow wallpaper thine own eye indeed. Are saying gays need to be bribed to be monogamous? Loving each other and quoting, being in mla format essay a committed relationship isn’t enough? Please stop trying to outstupid smmtheory, on the previous SSM thread he takes the campionship. On the off chance you’re serious I wouldn’t say marriage is a ‘bribe’ to be monogamous but more of a challenge that has both positive and negative reinforcement. Even with no-fault divorce and adultry no longer being a major cause for ‘punishment’ in divorce hearings you’re playing with fire if you get married without an intention to at least try to quoting be monogamous. Your partner can screw you over mla format quoting essay, (pardon the pun) in lots of ways both legal and quoting, emotional. (For an interesting take on cfm ethesis_id 1147 how marriage has a dark side that can, in some ways, be good see the essay response this advice columnist gave here:http://www.salon.com/mwt/col/tenn/2008/08/22/laughter_in_the_dark/ really read it, it was one of the most interesting takes I’ve ever read although it’s not directly tied to gay marriage at all)

Loving each other and being in a committed relationship isn’t enough? NOTE: All the moms and dads with teen kids thinking of moving in wallpaper with their girlfriends or boyfriends might want to take note of this phrase from ucfengr. Essay? Take the internet filter off the p orn #038; block out ucfengr’s writing least you want some of his words thrown at you! Please stop trying to outstupid smmtheory, on the previous SSM thread he takes the cfm ethesis_id 1147 campionship. Perhaps you should get over yourself, Boonton. You’re really not smart enough to call other people stupid so freely. On the off chance you’re serious I wouldn’t say marriage is a ‘bribe. That’s great, but you weren’t the one I was responding to. I was responding to this: why do you not support proposals to give them a legal incentive toward monogamy? Most people don’t need a “legal incentive” to stay monogamous, even before they are married. For most the knowledge that infidelity would severely damage or destroy a relationship is enough, but apparently that is quoting essay, not enough for gays, who need a government bribe.

Richard Hollis wrote: Again, I only wish I had the links available to me to read up on these studies, but as it is I simply do not believe they are accurate or reliable. I’m not sure I understand this objection, since there were ample links to phd thesis dsp the statistic sources and the studies to which Dustin referred. Mla Format? Perhaps you object to the fact that some of the yellow, these sources are not downloadable for free? Or is it that they are hosted on sites like Family Research Council (www.frc.org) to which you do not wish to contribute?

Or (as I believe is more likely) do you simply choose to disbelieve those studies that do not fit your world view? Don’t misunderstand me: I frankly think Prop 8 is the wrong solution to the “problem”, if “gay marriage” is a problem. I would rather that government, at all levels, have nothing to say at all about marriage. That which government controls will likely be controlled in a manner I do not approve. Marriage is mla format, a great example of this principle. Mla Format Quoting Essay? I believe it to be a sacred covenant, which should be sanctioned by the church and society, and entered (or dissolved) by the free choice of individuals. As such, the coercive power of government at quoting essay any level is not only unnecessary, it distorts the societal benefit and religious meaning of the relationship. Government’s role, if it has any at all, should be limited to wallpaper enforcing the terms of the contract. Would such a laissez-faire approach allow same-sex couples to get “married”?

Of course. Would such couples get the benefits accorded to “traditional” marriages? No more or less than they do now; such benefits are under the control of the institution doing the mla format quoting providing, whether a charity, employer, or government. As an the yellow, example, anti-Prop 8 groups cite the problem that a same-sex partner would not inherit pensions. The truth is, pensions are not inheritable, unless it is stipulated in essay the contract(s) that create the pension . And, in fact, many — not all, but many — pension plans are inheritable by anyone the pension recipien;t wishes, whether spouse, partner, progeny, or next-door neighbor. That some, and maybe most pensions are not so designable is not a problem with the law, it is a problem with the contract signed to create the pension. The heritability of cfm ethesis_id 1147, some government benefits is a whole ‘nother subject, but this, too, could be solved simply by removing the concept of essay, “marriage” from the law altogether.

All of this said, I will probably vote in favor of producing statement, Proposition 8. Essay? If we can’t get government out of the toppics marriage business altogether, we can at least get them to define it in a manner that most Californians can stomach. Perhaps you should get over quoting essay, yourself, Boonton. You’re really not smart enough to buy accutane online reviews call other people stupid so freely. I’ve only called 3 people here stupid. Try to think of mla format quoting, it in a positive way….you’re like a member of an elite force here….

Most people don’t need a “legal incentive” to stay monogamous, even before they are married. … Like I said I think it is missing something to describe marriage as an buy accutane reviews, ‘incentive for monogamoy’. It is more accurate to describe it as a challenge (in lots of things, not just monogamy). A challenge has positives but it also has difficulties. For most the knowledge that infidelity would severely damage or destroy a relationship is enough, but apparently that is not enough for mla format quoting essay gays, who need a government bribe. You don’t get a gov’t bribe for online reviews being monogamous in mla format quoting a marriage. Did I miss something, is California giving out coupons for free ice cream for married gay couples who don’t cheat? And I notice you dodged my other point, if the only point here is the fuzzy happy thought of a relationship why have marriage at all? Why don’t people just live with each other as they please and if that turns out to argument essay toppics be a life long relationship great if not ahhh well? Your view of quoting, marriage seems to not only make it unneeded for gays but for everyone.

Channelling a bit of a thesis, Hugh Hefner today are we? I agree wholeheartedly with you that getting government altogether out essay, of the issue is the preferable course (as I argued in the thread on the former post on the subject). Christians err when they want representative government to quoting essay make it safe to believe in essay Christianity. The only danger that concerns me as an American is the loss of freedom of speech under hate crime regimens. JustMakingItUp: Hi, I’m Richard Hollis. Actually I meant that I literally couldn’t follow the mla format essay links, as I had only mla format quoting, received a draft version of Dustin’s original essay by e-mail, and the links were not attached. To be fair, I do take your point that it was the weakest part of my response because I was speaking from an emotional point rather than a logical one. My hunch was to reject these statistics out of hand because they seemed so over-inflated, and this of course, would not have been a reasonable thing to do if I could have followed the links.

However, I still think my hunch was justified. Statistics like this (when people are presumably interviewed and asked to simply tell the truth) are generally notoriously difficult for a number of reasons. Buy Accutane Reviews? For one thing, people lie. It may be that the researcher has discovered a tendancy in gay men to mla format quoting exaggerate their sexual conquests. It may be that the research involved heterosexual people who were still in wallpaper relationships (and therefore more likely to lie about their infidelities). Mla Format? It may even be that the researchers were not impartial, and actively wanted to find that gay men were promiscuous, and so deliberately asked heterosexual people who seemed straight-laced and monogamous, and homosexual people who seemed rather… well… sluttish (for want of a better word). A lot of work needs to go into making sure legitimate scientific studies are impartial, objective, and wherever possible, double-blinded. Producing Statement? And that is before you even study the mla format implications of the findings.

But yes, now I can access the links, I intend to wallpaper read up on mla format quoting these studies (I still have not done so yet). It should make interesting reading. In theory I’m not against your libertarian take on buy accutane marriage but I’m not sure it is as practical as you depict to simply replace all of it with a bunch of contracts. Essay? For example, some states still have spousal privilege when it comes to criminal trials, I don’t see how you can replicate that in cfm ethesis_id 1147 a private contract. Even if you’re willing to mla format quoting dispense with privilege, there are other legal implications to getting married that are bit complicated. Argument Toppics? For example, you are legally obligated for the debts your spouse incurs for necessities like medical care. Quoting? This obviously has a public policy benefit….Donald Trump’s wife can’t ask for charity care on the grounds that she has no job and phd thesis dsp, her husband doesn’t want to foot the bill but I don’t think you could manufacture it by having your spouse carry around a private contract. JustMakingItUp – Hi, I’m Richard Hollis. Actually, the reason I was not able to mla format essay access the the yellow link is mla format quoting essay, that I had only received a draft of Dustin’s post via e-mail and mla format essay, the links were not attached. I do take your point that it was the weakest part of my response. I was taking an mla format quoting, emotional stance rather than a logic one.

I was dismissing the studies out of buy accutane online reviews, hand simply because they seemed too over-inflated, and mla format quoting essay, this would have been totally unreasonable of phd thesis dsp, me had I been able to access the mla format quoting essay links. However, I don’t think I was totally unjustified. Studies such as these (where people are presumably asked to fill out surveys and trusted to tell the truth) are notoriously fraught with difficulties. Cfm Ethesis_id 1147? For one thing, people lie. It may be that the researchers actually found a tendancy in mla format quoting essay homosexuals to exaggerate their sexual conquests. Perhaps the heterosexuals interviewed were in relationships, and therefore less likely to admit to any infidelities. Perhaps the researchers themselves were biased, and actively wanted to prove homosexuals were more promiscuous, and essay, so deliberately selected people they expected to give the results they wanted to quoting essay hear. It is extremely important (and difficult) to make sure such studies are truly objective, impartial, double-blinded (where possible), and even accurate. And that is before we even discuss the implications of the findings.

But now I have the links, I intend to follow them (I still have not done so yet). I’m sure they will make interesting reading. JustMakingItUp – Hi, I’m Richard Hollis. Actually, the reason I was not able to access the link is the yellow wallpaper, that I had only received a draft of mla format quoting, Dustin’s post via e-mail and the links were not attached. I do take your point that it was the 1147 weakest part of my response. I was taking an emotional stance rather than a logic one.

I was dismissing the studies out of hand simply because they seemed too over-inflated, and this would have been totally unreasonable of me had I been able to access the links. However, I don’t think I was totally unjustified. Studies such as these (where people are presumably asked to mla format fill out reviews, surveys and trusted to tell the truth) are notoriously fraught with difficulties. For one thing, people lie. It may be that the quoting researchers actually found a tendancy in wallpaper homosexuals to exaggerate their sexual conquests. Perhaps the heterosexuals interviewed were in relationships, and therefore less likely to admit to any infidelities. Quoting Essay? Perhaps the researchers themselves were biased, and actively wanted to prove homosexuals were more promiscuous, and so deliberately selected people they expected to 1147 give the results they wanted to mla format quoting hear.

It is extremely important (and difficult) to make sure such studies are truly objective, impartial, double-blinded (where possible), and even accurate. And that is before we even discuss the implications of the findings. But now I have the links, I intend to follow them (I still have not done so yet). I’m sure they will make interesting reading. Ooops. Sorry about that… I do take your point that it was the weakest part of my response.

I was taking an buy accutane, emotional stance rather than a logic one. I was dismissing the studies out of hand simply because they seemed too over-inflated, and this would have been totally unreasonable of me had I been able to access the links. The studies probably are overinflated, outdated and essay, distorted in some or many respects but the phd thesis dsp larger issue is ‘so what’. Statistics are always in flux and it is always possible to mla format essay create the numbers that suit your agenda, and by phd thesis dsp create I don’t mean lie but simply choose your subjects carefully to get the results you want. How about the divorce rate for A-level celebrities who marry within two years of their first cover on People magazine? Domestic abuse rates for couples that meet at mla format quoting AA or NA meetings perhaps? If I told you bloggers have a 97% failure rate at marriage how would you feel about the state telling you it’s not going to cfm ethesis_id 1147 let you get married for the sake of the ‘institution’? Great post!!

I invite everyone to read the post on quoting http://editorialsection.com. I haven’t visited Evangelical Outpost for quite a while. The Yellow Wallpaper? Now that I return it feels like Charlton Heston returning to earth in Planet of the Apes. Mla Format Essay? Is this some kind of Emergent Evangelicalism? From these comments, and those on other threads, it appears that many evangelicals support a redefinition of marriage and mla format, the family – beginning with gender, moving on I presume to number. A large number seem poised to support a candidate most distinguished for his promise to sweep away even the mla format quoting smallest impediments to the killing of wallpaper, unborn children as one of his first acts in mla format essay office. Freedom of the Gospel, indeed.

This kind of freedom appears set to bind our nation for a very long time. (Note: BitterClinger is merely a screenname, not intended to imply any relationship to Jamie Farr, his family or associates.) I think both authors have thoughtfully expressed their opinions, and I applaud their efforts. This is the kind of reasoned discourse that, while it might not lead to consensus, keeps open the doors of communication. Thank you, Mr.

Steeve and Mr. Hollis for mla format quoting your contributions. You have given me much to ponder. I’ve only called 3 people here stupid. Try to think of it in a positive way….you’re like a member of an elite force here…. As I said, you are not smart enough to call anybody stupid. Perhaps you should stop trying to justify it. Like I said I think it is missing something to describe marriage as an ‘incentive for monogamoy’. Then talk to Ebonmuse, he was the one that asserted it was needed. Though, he is mla format essay, far from the only “gay marriage” advocate to phd thesis dsp use that argument. What is sad is that people use Christianity when it is convenient for essay them.

The verses most Christians use against homosexuality, if looked at closer, condemn those that would use them. Phd Thesis Dsp? If you do follow the Bible, Homosexuality is a sin. Mla Format Essay? Guess what so is Adultery! We don’t have a problem with our kids seeing a man and woman sin on TV but two men or two women and God’s gonna burn your TV! You can’t convince someone to cfm ethesis_id 1147 desire to be Holy unless you can demonstrate what Holy is. It’s Planks and mla format, Splinters. No I don’t agree with homosexuality but I’m tired of people living with their girlfriend out of wedlock and 1147, Telling a Gay couple they will burn in Hell. Then talk to Ebonmuse, he was the one that asserted it was needed. Though, he is far from the only “gay marriage” advocate to use that argument. If you want to conduct private debates then take it to email, otherwise any argument posted on a comment board is fair game for criticism by anyone who reads it. From these comments, and those on other threads, it appears that many evangelicals support a redefinition of marriage and the family – beginning with gender, moving on I presume to number.

Nah, the comments you see that support the quoting essay redefinition of marriage and family are the atheists, Cafeteria Christians, and others that nay-say evangelicals and purport to producing a thesis statement tell everybody they aren’t tolerant enough (never mind the fact that Christ didn’t tolerate sin). The comments made by mla format essay others tend to get lost in the shuffle or drown out by 1147 the comments from the self-appointed arbiters of intelligence, tolerance, and enlightenment. If you want to conduct private debates then take it to email, otherwise any argument posted on mla format essay a comment board is fair game for criticism by anyone who reads it. What’s amazing about quoting, this whole discourse, is that Boonton calls me stupid. Here’s the path: Ebonmuse asserts that gays need the incentive of marriage to practice monogamy. I point out mla format quoting essay, how silly that is and reviews, if it’s true (which it could be, he is mla format essay, not the only gay marriage supporter to put forward that argument), gays obviously have bigger problems than not being able to be married. Boonton calls me stupid for saying gays need an incentive to be monogamous, while at wallpaper the same time showing that he doesn’t understand what an incentive is (here’s a clue, marriage is the incentive). Now that I look at it, I find myself starting to agree with Boonton; I am stupid.

Who but an idiot would get stuck in orbit around the black hole of stupidity that is quoting essay, Boonton? It doesn’t look as if the original author of wallpaper, this post intends to address my point. Unfortunate. ucfengr, you have twisted my words. Quoting? I did not say that gays “need the wallpaper incentive of marriage to practice monogamy”. That is obviously false: the mla format essay large numbers of gay couples who are already living in 1147 monogamous relationships, fighting for the right to mla format quoting essay have those relationships legally recognized, is disproof enough of that. But if you think monogamy is a good thing, as I assume you do, then why would you be opposed to 1147 giving people additional incentives to practice it? If you’re opposed to mla format quoting “bribing” people to be monogamous, do you also think we should roll back the tax exemptions and other benefits offered to heterosexual married couples? The selective application of logic when it comes to anti-gay-marriage arguments never ceases to astonish. Are some gays promiscuous? No doubt.

And something like 50% of heterosexual marriages end in wallpaper divorce. Quoting Essay? Does that also prove that straight people are inherently promiscuous and don’t deserve access to marriage either? do you also think we should roll back the tax exemptions and other benefits offered to producing heterosexual married couples? Most of those tax incentives or exemptions occur for dependent children. If the couple both work and essay, earn extra money, their taxes can often be higher when their combined income pushes them into the higher tax bracket. Given how advocates brag about how homosexuals tend to earn more, that seems more likely to happen than not. One other thing to note is that depending on online reviews how much a parent spends on mla format their child, that tax exemption does not really make a child any more affordable and only slightly mitigates the expenses of raising children. So loosing the 1147 tax exemptions and other supposed benefits given to mla format essay heterosexual married couples would be worth it to me at essay least if it were to be traded for the elimination of monosexed marriage being recognized as valid by the government. Do you think that the advocates for monosexed marriage would quit seeking governmental recognition of their relationship as a valid marriage if the tax exemptions and other benefits were non-existent for mla format quoting heterosexual marriages?

I for one, do not think they would quit. 1147? I think bringing those things up is mla format quoting essay, used as an producing, evasion from having to talk about the true and underlying motives behind the activism. I’m pretty educated in religion and theology (masters degrees in both). i lean pretty heavily on mla format quoting essay the conservative side when it comes to cfm ethesis_id issues of homosexuality, bottom line, i disagree with it and don’t think it’s right or moral. With that said i would still not vote for proposition 8. I think the homosexual community should have the right to marriage and things that go with marriage. Essay? I also don’t agree with the argument toppics Muslim faith and many other faiths and practices but i still think Islamic people should have the right to mla format get married.

I think it’s a smoke screen to think that the liberal illuminati are going to take over the country and cfm ethesis_id, gays are going to mla format be the down fall of marriage. I simply don’t believe that to be true. People, specifically people who claim to follow Jesus need to get serious about marriage before they start wanting to defend it in court. McCain being a huge example. This is cfm ethesis_id, America we believe in freedom of religion and equal right, i affirm those things and it’s it’s because of that that i think homosexuals should be able to marry. I really don’t see how someone well versed in religion and theology can counter Jesus’ definition of marriage – one man and one woman.

To do so implies that you find suspect at least one of his teachings. The question then becomes – How many more after that do you find suspect such that you can no longer say you whole-heartedly believe what Jesus taught? Boonton calls me stupid for saying gays need an incentive to be monogamous, while at the same time showing that he doesn’t understand what an incentive is (here’s a clue, marriage is the incentive). It’s stupid to describe marriage as a bribe by the gov’t to be monogamous. Marriage does indeed have incentives to quoting be monogamous but it’s a lot more complicated than that.

It is cfm ethesis_id, a challenge to quoting essay reap the rewards of mutual monogamy….the description of phd thesis dsp, a marriage as a contract is very apt. In a contract, both parties agree to give something up in mla format exchange for something else. It is assumed they enter a contract because they deem this to be a fair trade. Yes it is possible for one side to cheat (example, you accept the phd thesis dsp inventory but refuse to pay the vendor) so contract law has incentives for both sides not to cheat. The point of quoting essay, that, though, is not for the gov’t to statement bribe people into honoring their contracts. Smmtheory – hello again. I just had to post to correct you, but Jesus did not say anything about homosexuality at all. Nothing. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Not one thing. Which is phd thesis dsp, odd in itself; if homosexuality is quoting essay, such a great sin, you’d think he’d at least MENTION it once…

To the people who say ‘No’ on prop 8. How about changing the definition of marriage as partnering with any preference such as man-to-dog? woman-to-pig. 1147? Do you like it? How about essay, redefining of “dependent” in tax law by changing it and cfm ethesis_id 1147, adoption of a dog can be allowed for mla format quoting essay tax exemption for dependent? Can you accept it?

Let’s keep the common sense. Request for toppics Same sex marriage has gone much higher beyond tolerance level of essay, our society. Therfore, ‘YES’ on Prop 8 is absolutely necessary for our social health. Jeong, that is a ridiculous comparrison. A marriage is a union of cfm ethesis_id, two consenting equals.

You cannot marrying a dog because a dog has no idea what it is doing. It does not understand marriage, let alone consent to mla format essay it. Therefore it is not a fair comparrison. Two men or two women can love each other as deeply and sincerely as a man and a woman. Requesting same-sex marriage does not go beyond tolerance at all. How about changing the the yellow definition of marriage as partnering with any preference such as man-to-dog? woman-to-pig. Do you like it?

Not really, I see no argument in favor of mla format quoting, man-dog or woman-pig marriages. I see a very good one against it which is the yellow wallpaper, that dogs and pigs are not humans. Last time I checked, gays are. How about redefining of “dependent” in tax law by changing it and adoption of a dog can be allowed for tax exemption for dependent? Can you accept it? Well anyone can be a dependent in tax law….if you are taking care of someone, I think the test is provide at quoting essay least half their expenses and that is more than $5K a year…..as for expanding that to dogs, I’d love that as I have two dogs….but I suppose it would be wiser to use a tax exemption to phd thesis dsp help someone keep their home or cloth their kids. Once it is allowed to redefine marriage as you prefer for Homosexuality, anybody might be able to redefine it according to their preference without restriciton. Quoting Essay? In that case, this society will be in mess to define what is right or wrong and what can be tolerant or banned. Without certain restriction of the yellow wallpaper, human freedom according to common social welfare, evetually this society will be uncontrolable and return to very primitive society.

If you think that man-to-man marriage is acceptable while man-to-dog is essay, not acceptable just because dog is not humanbeing, it is completely ccontradictory logic because the man who prefer dog instead of humang being will be discriminated aaccording to your strange logic of ‘NO’ side of prop 8. Essay? If you think there is no problem to choose your partner for marriage with same sex, why does it become problem for a person to choose a dog as marriage partner. You have to keep in mind that there can be some weird people who prefer animals to humanbeing naturally, as you insist that homosexuality is innate. Let’s have common sense and mla format quoting essay, logic… The same sex marriage should not be tolerated in the health society. ‘YES’ on Prop 8…it should be for the yellow you and me and my children and future generation and all human being. I just had to post to quoting correct you, but Jesus did not say anything about homosexuality at all. Nothing.

Not one thing. Which is odd in itself; if homosexuality is such a great sin, you’d think he’d at least MENTION it once… Well, let’s put it this way, homosexual sex is sex outside of online, marriage, which Jesus did have something to say about. Mla Format? And since his definition of marriage was between one man and one woman, I think that kind of means that when Jesus thinks sex outside of marriage is sinful, that includes homosexual type. Phd Thesis Dsp? And for those who thought that was unfair, Jesus recommended celibacy. Homosexual activity doesn’t exactly qualify as celibacy either. So there you have it, Jesus’ teaching on sex – either to your opposite sex spouse, or not at all. Why should teaching against homosexual sex outside of that be necessary when that covers it all? Actually, Jesus never said anything about sex, period, except to condemn lust and adultery. He never condemned premarital sex. He did say, according to one gospel, that divorce is quoting, never permissible.

This is why the phd thesis dsp Catholic church doesn’t allow divorce. Mla Format Essay? Another gospel has him saying that divorce is permissible if one’s partner has committed adultery. Phd Thesis Dsp? He seems to mla format clearly condemn remarriage after divorce. Various churches and phd thesis dsp, scholars have differed sharply on what Jesus really meant about divorce and whether one can ever divorce or ever remarry after a divorce. Mla Format Quoting? If Christians are serious about having the law reflect Jesus’ teachings on marriage, they should push for producing a thesis statement a constitutional amendment banning divorce, except for scriptural causes. A special religious court could be set up to determine whether a divorce or remarriage is essay, allowed under biblical guidelines. Producing A Thesis Statement? Also, the US should never elect someone who has committed adultery, divorced his wife without just cause and remarried. Like John McCain.

Once it is allowed to redefine marriage as you prefer for mla format essay Homosexuality, anybody might be able to redefine it according to their preference without restriciton. I don’t recall anyone saying anything about preference, IMO it is about being fair and decent. Argument Toppics? I’m sorry, no one has presented a convincing argument for human-dog marriages but feel free to try. If you think that man-to-man marriage is acceptable while man-to-dog is mla format essay, not acceptable just because dog is not humanbeing, it is completely ccontradictory logic because the the yellow wallpaper man who prefer dog instead of humang being will be discriminated aaccording to your strange logic of mla format essay, ‘NO’ side of prop 8. True a man who wants to marry a dog doesn’t get his way. The Yellow Wallpaper? So what? A dog still isn’t a human and last time I checked is not able to quoting enter contracts, not able to make informed consent, in online general doesn’t have the intelligence that a human does….even very stupid humans. You have to keep in mind that there can be some weird people who prefer animals to mla format humanbeing naturally, as you insist that homosexuality is innate. But animals can’t prefer humans, at least not in the sense that you need them to prefer to make a marriage (and I do hope you acknowledge marriage isn’t just about having sex).

There are humans in this category as well. For example, you can’t marry someone whose in a coma. If Christians are serious about having the law reflect Jesus’ teachings on wallpaper marriage, they should push for a constitutional amendment banning divorce, except for scriptural causes. The way it was before No-Fault divorce laws were written in other words. Quoting? Christians were steamrolled on that one too. One of the arguments against No-Fault divorce laws was that we would end up where we are today with a 50% divorce rate. A lot of good it did them to try to producing talk common sense into the activists and meddlers back then. Mla Format Quoting? And would you and the other proponents of monosexed “marriage” be sanguine about throwing out No-Fault divorce laws?

HECK NO! You would fight it as nastily as you fight marriage definition amendments. Don’t even pretend otherwise. I advocate getting rid of the argument essay No-Fault laws, but that’s not where the current fight is mla format essay, taking place. Cfm Ethesis_id? Suggesting that that is where we should take the fight is kind of like a bait-and-switch tactic, or pointing off to space somewhere behind your opponents back and saying “What’s that?” knowing full well that you will be trying to dodge around your opponent if he gets distracted by your ruse. A special religious court could be set up to determine whether a divorce or remarriage is allowed under biblical guidelines. The annulment process in the Catholic Church.

He never condemned premarital sex. Here’s the thing about pre-marital sex. It leads to adultery in one way or another. First, if a man has sex with a woman prior to mla format quoting essay marrying her, the mla format quoting essay religious view is that they should formalize the quoting marriage they consumated. If they don’t, and then later that man gets married to a different woman, he has retroactively committed adultery. Now some people might consider the second sexual relationship the adulterous one, some might consider the buy accutane reviews first relationship the adulterous one in a kind of front-loaded sort of way. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Either way, the adultery has been committed. And not just for that man, but having not married the woman he had intercourse with in the first place, they are both causing each other to commit adultery which is compounding the sin. Also, the reviews US should never elect someone who has committed adultery, divorced his wife without just cause and remarried.

Like John McCain. We are electing a President of the country, not electing somebody to be a saint. Isn’t it a little bit hypocritical to be saying his adultery should disqualify him when you have said Bill Clinton’s adultery wasn’t such a big deal? It is surely true that there will be nobody who want to marry with dog. Mla Format Quoting? However my point is that, if all the phd thesis dsp effort for redefinition for mla format quoting same sex marriage is allowed, then marriage can be redefined according to any preference. And also we can allow redefining of all other social terms. What if redefining adult? Let’s say for example, somebody want to wallpaper marry with 7 years old kid, it is prohibited at present time. However, with the similar logic of requesting for same sex marriage, somebody can complain and appeal for the permit of the kind marriage with kid.

If law enforce that kid does not have dicernment of right or wrong about the quoting marriage, it is discriminating the kid, according to your logic. Acutally, there have been some other countries where marriage with 7 years old has been allowed. Of course, I cannot tolerate for 1147 kid to marry with adult. Quoting Essay? Likewise I cannot tolerate for essay the marriage between same sex. Mature society should be able to mla format quoting essay set rules and restrict some freedom for common welfare. Clearly you put a lot of effort into thinking through and depicting your position in quoting favor of Proposition 8. However, your argument suffers from enough deficiencies that it fails to support your conclusion. Marriage is a fundamental building block of society. That phrase is often used but seldom explained. When I say “fundamental building block of quoting, society” I am referring to the yellow wallpaper marriage’s natural creation of families. You conflate two terms here, marriage and families, base your position on the latter, and then use indirection to corral the former. Families are the building block of society.

Civil marriage is a legal construct to original purpose was to protect the property rights of mla format, women and the children that were, until the Pill, the eventually nearly inevitable outcome of sex. Clearly, protecting the property rights of dependents is important. However, in linking families and marriage as you do, you are appealing to the same notions of human nature that animate the mla format quoting essay left: our nature and actions are determined by society. I doubt very much you believe that; in mla format quoting fact, I’ll bet you believe precisely the phd thesis dsp opposite. However, without that underlying assumption, your conflation fails. And, along the way, it denigrates religious marriage, which sanctifies monogamy regardless of secular legal constructs. According to A. Dean Byrd, Ph.D, “There is no fact that has been established by social science literature more convincingly than the mla format quoting following: all variables considered, children are best served when reared in a home with a married mother and father.” I think that is close enough to objective truth to take as stipulated. However, as a practical matter, it is presents . Within the statement realm of human affairs, there will always be some children who do not have such an essay, environment available to them. Even more sadly, there are children for whom there are few options.

In order to toppics complete that statement, it needs to consider those children for whom the quoting essay options are two: an series of foster parents, or adoption by a same-sex couple. Appealing to the advisability of married mother and father for children is pointless if that option is not on offer. Which leaves the mla format quoting essay question that matters open and unaddressed: which is mla format, least bad, being raised by a married same-sex couple, or foster care? As an aside, SFAIK, same sex couples may adopt children in most, if not all, of the 50 states. Whether that is the yellow wallpaper, a good idea or not is a subject for mla format quoting essay a separate thread that should always keep in mind the options on offer. … the same-sex culture still has elements of great concern which we ought to consider before we introduce these elements into marriage. Pain and suffering resulting from sexual disease permeate homosexual communities. Phd Thesis Dsp? According to mla format ex-gay speaker Mike Haley, the odds of a straight man contracting AIDS after one heterosexual encounter are 1 in 165,000 as opposed to online 1 in 175 for gay men after one homosexual encounter. I don’t have the time to prove it, but, notionally, that latter number cannot possibly be correct. Mla Format Quoting? Presume gay men are something like as promiscuous as you believe them to be: 5 different partners per month. If the odds of a gay man contracting AIDS are in fact 1 in 175 unique encounters, then essentially all gay men are dead.

Except they aren’t, so that stat needs some explaining. More fundamentally, though, let’s take all those statistics as stipulated. So far as I know, Evangelists agree that mankind is fallen. Your statistics, at best, show that gays are somewhat more fallen than the rest of wallpaper, us. Which demands the question: is there a fallenness threshold beyond which marriage is mla format quoting, not allowed? If so, then you need to show it, and how gays fall on the far side. Otherwise, these stats, even if true, do not advance your argument even an cfm ethesis_id 1147, inch towards its goal. Your moral framework needs foremost to be informed by deciding up front whether morality applies to the situation at hand. In order for something to assess the mla format morality of something, one must first know the extent to which that thing involves a choice. For instance, (although Christians once thought otherwise), there is wallpaper, absolutely no moral component to being left handed — there is no choice in the matter.

Similarly, no matter how much your evangelical Christian faith informs your moral framework, homosexuality is not a matter of choice. There simply is no moral component to being gay. Now, you may counter that while there is mla format, no moral component to phd thesis dsp being gay, actualization of quoting, that fact is immoral. Unfortunately, not only does that leave you on the horns of the Euthryphro dilemma, it also presents you with a theodicy problem: why would God create a group of people and then demand that others ostracize, and even kill, them? One need not be a Christian in order to wallpaper have a compelling moral argument against homosexuality.

For example, you might be Aristotelian. If so, you might consider the anatomical design of men and women and quoting essay, conclude that homosexual sex is against a thesis statement the proper function of humans. As it happens, all mammals start existence as females. It is only through the Y-linked expression of hormones during gestation that a female body plan becomes male. What would an Aristotelian make of that? Particularly when informed the mla format quoting essay Jamie Lee Curtis is, by Aristotelian standards, male? Your argument in favor of Prop-8, the result of which is to impose a sectarian notion upon a non-sectarian society, simply fails to make its case. The task facing you is to convince the rest of us that allowing gays to essay toppics marry will somehow corrode marriages for heterosexuals.

As others have noted (Boonton, perhaps), no amount of mla format, mayhem to wallpaper to which groups of mla format quoting essay, heterosexuals are particularly prone constitutes a barrier to marriage, yet requires such for essay gays. You attempt to make a moral case, but the very foundation of that argument disappears in the absence of choice. Finally, you make an mla format quoting essay, appeal to anatomical design without acknowledging its basics or contingencies. Your position makes perfect sense for online reviews insisting evangelical Christians refuse the marriage sacrament to gays. However, it completely fails to make a case for similarly restricting civil marriage. The way it was before No-Fault divorce laws were written in quoting essay other words. Christians were steamrolled on that one too. The Yellow Wallpaper? One of the arguments against No-Fault divorce laws was that we would end up where we are today with a 50% divorce rate. Whose this ‘we’ here?

Christians? If you’re not supposed to mla format essay get a divorce except for scriptual reasons then don’t get a divorce except. Are we at the point here where you’re telling us gay marriage must be banned (and no-fault divorce abolished) because Christians need the gov’t to bribe them into following their religion? The annulment process in phd thesis dsp the Catholic Church. Last time I checked it was alive and mla format, well and hasn’t fallen even though it is the yellow, highly unpopular among other Christians, not supported by civil marriage law and is even unpopular among many Catholics. We are electing a President of the mla format country, not electing somebody to be a saint. Isn’t it a little bit hypocritical to be saying his adultery should disqualify him when you have said Bill Clinton’s adultery wasn’t such a big deal? I guess we just expected something more from someone from the ‘pro-American’ portion of the country. It’s not the first time smmtheory has disappointed. It is surely true that there will be nobody who want to argument toppics marry with dog.

However my point is essay, that, if all the effort for redefinition for same sex marriage is allowed, then marriage can be redefined according to any preference. Your error is assuming the argument in favor of gay marriage is simply “well that’s what some gays prefer and we should always do what people prefer”. That is not the stand supporters of gay marriage have taken for the simple reason that it is an impossible stand to take. Phd Thesis Dsp? People of contradictory preferences, you would rather there be no gay people, some others would rather everyone be gay, others yet would rather be allowed to drive around with a nuclear bomb in their trunk. What if redefining adult? Let’s say for example, somebody want to marry with 7 years old kid, it is quoting, prohibited at present time. Buy Accutane? …. Quoting? Of course, I cannot tolerate for kid to marry with adult. Likewise I cannot tolerate for the marriage between same sex. Mature society should be able to set rules and restrict some freedom for common welfare.

And you yourself introduce the problem with your argument as well as the solution to the question you pose. Instead of asking why societal terms should ever be redefined, ask the reverse question, when are restrictions on freedoms good for the common welfare. Phd Thesis Dsp? When you look at it from that angle a lot of these questions suddenly get a lot easier. Interracial marriage bans? A restriction on freedom that harms the common welfare therefore it was proper that they were abolished. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Marriage of 7 yr olds? Big common welfare problem. How about marriage of 17 yr olds? Well that’s a bit iffier so states of differing rules. Since your argument doesn’t connect the dots, doesn’t demonstrate how gay marriage would harm the common welfare, I don’t think it makes it.

I don’t have the time to cfm ethesis_id 1147 prove it, but, notionally, that latter number cannot possibly be correct. Presume gay men are something like as promiscuous as you believe them to mla format be: 5 different partners per month. 1. This is online reviews, kind of technical but why should one assume a bell curve distribution of mla format quoting essay, gay promiscuity rather than say a power law distribution? The bell curve fits certain sets of producing a thesis, data like height. Most people are a few inches around the ‘average height’ with fewer and fewer people more distant from mla format quoting, that average. Online? A power law follows a distribution like income. If you calculate the average income by exluding the richest 0.05% you’ll get a radically lower number than if you include them. Removing a few thousand of America’s tallest people will not dramatically alter the average height of all Americans. 2. Given this possibility, even if 5 in 1 is the population average there are gay men who are less than 5 in quoting one..

Possibly a great number with a smalle portion being ‘super promiscious’ enough to impact the quoting essay average dramatically. 3. Again given this, are there no gay men who have no partners per month? Who, for whatever reason, have not had any sex or haven’t had any in a while? Or perhaps are having (gay) sex on essay rare occassions like what we suspect of reviews, Idaho’s Senator Larry Craig? How does the study capture these men and add their data to properly calculate the average? If part of mla format, your argument is the yellow, hitched to a social science statistic then you’re on a foundation of sand and one of the worse things you can do is read too much into an average. The ‘we’ here is quoting, American society at wallpaper large. Mla Format Essay? That 50% divorce rate is what is generally quoted for American society as a whole, not just Christians alone. But you kind of argument toppics, prove my point about how advocates for monosexed “marriage” would fight against repeal of No-Fault just as nastily as they fight for monosexed “marriage”.

Last time I checked it was alive and well and mla format essay, hasn’t fallen even though it is highly unpopular among other Christians, not supported by civil marriage law and is even unpopular among many Catholics. It still fits the phd thesis dsp bill of what ex-preacher was suggesting should or rather could happen. What’s your point? I don’t know why you continue to presume to quoting essay speak for reviews Christians when you are not one. I guess we just expected something more from someone from the ‘pro-American’ portion of the country.

It’s not the first time smmtheory has disappointed. Well, yes, I can see where you would be disappointed about quoting, having your hypocrisy with respect to adultery pointed out. The Yellow? After all, isn’t hypocrisy considered the essay gravest of all sins among the moral relativists? It still fits the bill of what ex-preacher was suggesting should or rather could happen. What’s your point?

I don’t know why you continue to presume to speak for producing a thesis statement Christians when you are not one. I speak only for myself and essay, I feel sorry for quoting essay any group that requires you to speak for them. As for the Catholic Church, I fail to see the problem. If you abide by their teachings about marriage, you will not get remarried if divorced despite the fact that civil law has no objection (and many evangelical churchs might welcome your remarriage with open arms). The Catholic Church doesn’t require the gov’t to mla format essay bribe people to follow their teachings, why do you? Well, yes, I can see where you would be disappointed about cfm ethesis_id, having your hypocrisy with respect to adultery pointed out. After all, isn’t hypocrisy considered the quoting essay gravest of all sins among the moral relativists? 1. You failed to point out any hypocrisy on my part or anyone elses. 2. I’m not a moral relativist, but wouldn’t a ‘gravest sin’ among relativists be something of a contradiction? Kind of like an underdressed nudist? There is huge misunderstanding from a thesis, ‘No’ side of essay, prop 8. Most people in ‘No’ side of prop 8 misuderstand that the the same sex marriage is one of civi right movement in line with the past civil right movement started in 1960s.

The past civil right movoment was not about ‘WHAT’ but about ‘HOW’. In other words, the the yellow wallpaper movement has targeted to break down twisted social hierachy in order to give all social members equality. Quoting? The real civil right movement have never attempted to destroy fundamental ‘WHAT’ of this society. Mla Format Quoting? However the same sex marriage is quite different than the real civil right movement because it is targeting to destruct our society into complete mess and mla format essay, uncontrollable status. Phd Thesis Dsp? They are destroying the fundamental ‘WHAT’. IT WILL EVENTUALLY TRIGGER ‘THE END OF WORLD’. Quoting Essay? And actually the destruction path might be guaranteed for human_being just because of this disastful concept of same sex marriage. Look beyond 20 years from now and cfm ethesis_id, consider how this world will be like.

I am very concerning for my next generation just because of this kind of mla format quoting, sinful movement. Please look at your conscience and watch for what will happen next. They are destroying the argument fundamental ‘WHAT’.IT WILL EVENTUALLY TRIGGER ‘THE END OF WORLD’. Do you always tune up the rhetoric when you’re losing an argument? Look beyond 20 years from now and consider how this world will be like. I see two likely possibilities: A: 20 years from now a tiny portion of gays use gay marriage. Many that did got burned badly when failed relationships left them dividing assets and paying alimony to partners they no longer wanted to be with. B: 20 years from now a portion of gays use gay marriage. Like other demographic groups they have ‘success rates’ (defined as no divorces within 5 years of marriage) that are sometimes greater and sometiems smaller than heterosexuals as a whole or sub-cohorts of heterosexuals. In both cases the existence of quoting essay, gay marriage has no detectable impact on the far more popular heterosexual marriages (about 95% of all marriages).

Like today some churches recognize gay marriages, others do not. There is probably more acceptance of gay marriage itself in the population but again it is nearly impossible to detect any impact positive or negative on heterosexual marriage. Can you give us a plausible future scenario? I’ve asked several times now for ‘yes’ supporters to reviews show exactly how existence of quoting essay, marriage for a small minority group directly impacts their ability to be good husbands, wives, fathers, and 1147, mothers. Mla Format Essay? Connect the dots for us.

The Catholic Church doesn’t require the gov’t to bribe people to follow their teachings, why do you? And just where do you think I do require the government to bribe people to wallpaper follow the civic law? If there is mla format essay, a specific argument I have made, please point it out. 1147? As I have stated, I would gladly give up any supposed benefits the government apportions to marriage if it meant the advocates for monosexed marriage would quit advocating for government recognition. I could care less whether or not churches outside of Christianity condone such practices. There have even been churches that were nominally inside of mla format, Christianity who have turned their backs on Christianity and essay, condoned such practices as monosexed marriage. What I do care about is the damage that is being done to children through the government recognition of monosexed marriages. Our laws should be used to protect the least able to essay protect themselves, and this is essay toppics, being used to mla format essay run roughshod over the children by adults who refuse to be adults. 1. You failed to point out any hypocrisy on phd thesis dsp my part or anyone elses.

2. I’m not a moral relativist, but wouldn’t a ‘gravest sin’ among relativists be something of a contradiction? Kind of like an underdressed nudist? 1. No, I didn’t fail to quoting point it out, you failed to acknowledge that I pointed it out. It looks like you have a mental block against recognizing that you seem to phd thesis dsp have a problem with McCain’s adultery whereas you have no problem with Clinton’s. 2. Quoting Essay? Well if you talk like a moral relativist, you might ought to cfm ethesis_id expect being pegged as a moral relativist, and hypocrisy IS a contradiction. Please read carefully my point in line. It is quoting, clear that the issue of “Interracial marriage bans” is completly different with “Same sex marriage” issue. I believe that it was absolutely right to abolish the Interracial marriage bans. And also I STRONGLY supported for the other civil right movements of the past. However Homosexuality absolutely cannot be civil right movement, simply because it can destruct human_being.

If you can see further down the road, you might be able to see my point about why it can be disatrous to the human being and next generation. What I do care about is the damage that is being done to children through the government recognition of monosexed marriages. Our laws should be used to cfm ethesis_id protect the least able to protect themselves, and essay, this is being used to run roughshod over the children by adults who refuse to be adults. OK, please be specific here. Children are generated by heterosexuals except in the rather limited case of test tube babies. So what exactly are you talking about?

looks like you have a mental block against recognizing that you seem to have a problem with McCain’s adultery whereas you have no problem with Clinton’s. I don’t have any particular problem with McCain’s adultery. I wasn’t part of a thesis statement, his marriage, it is mla format quoting, primarily his concern. I have my own problems to deal with. 2. Well if you talk like a moral relativist, you might ought to expect being pegged as a moral relativist, and hypocrisy IS a contradiction. You ‘might ought’ put more effort into your own arguments. You asked a question and I tried to answer it as best I could. Please try to return the favor. Connect the dots for us because quite frankly I have no idea what you’re talking about and I suspect you’re pumping up the rhetoric without thinking about the debts your reasoning and logic skills are going to the yellow wallpaper have to quoting essay make good on. If part of your argument is mla format, hitched to a social science statistic then you’re on a foundation of sand and one of the worse things you can do is read too much into an average.

Ii think we are in violent agreement here, but since my post turned out to be a festival of mla format quoting, editing errors, I will restate. Dustin used a number of statistics. Wallpaper? Collectively, they beg disbelief. If homosexuals are both, as a group, promiscuous, and the rate of contracting AIDS is one in mla format quoting 175 unique encounters, then there are no homosexuals. A Thesis Statement? Granted, I was exaggerating a little; I should have said there would be no, or very few, gays who survive past middle age. In other words, on the face of it, one of those two statistics must be wrong. Not that it matters, because, as you (at least I think it was you) pointed out above, applying such reasoning to gays, but neglecting to mla format essay do so for heterosexuals, rather reeks of a thesis statement, hypocrisy. As I have stated, I would gladly give up any supposed benefits the government apportions to mla format essay marriage if it meant the advocates for monosexed marriage would quit advocating for government recognition. So, let me get this straight. You want non-sectarian government to adopt a specifically sectarian position, while allowing sects to do whatever they want? Christianity defines homosexuality as immoral.

What if Christianity is wrong? It’s tedious work but it is often interesting to buy accutane reviews probe suspect stats a bit deeper. Whether it’s a political group or a company trying to mla format sell you soap never underestimate how brazen statistics hawkers are with trying to snow their readers over. The Yellow Wallpaper? For example: 78% of lesbians have reported domestic abuse related problems. If you follow the link you find an unfootnoted statement that: “78% of lesbians report that they have either defended themselves or fought back against an abusive partner” First problem, it is quoting, not specified whether ‘partner’ is only female partners or female and toppics, male (there are lesbians who have had relationships with men you know). Second problem, the second page of this document lists ‘types of abuse’….including ‘instigates feelins of quoting, shame’ as part of buy accutane reviews, sexual abuse, ‘financial abuse’ that includes using ‘monetary resources of the partner or of the relationship’ without the other’s consent….’beauty-ism’….basically this metric seems to include a lot more than what many of us think of when we hear ‘domestic abuse’. Quoting? This isn’t just your ‘Burning Bed’ stuff but also what a lot of heterosexual couples would consider fighting over quoting essay, money and so on. Mla Format Quoting? Not only that, if one partner in argument essay any relationship ever felt like they were being made to feel self conscious about their looks, intelligence, money or whatnot that too counts as ‘abuse’. What’s amazing isn’t so much a 78% abuse rate, it’s amazing that we don’t have a 100% rate for all relationships under this measure.

Another clue that we are seeing a distorted statistic, the phrase: “18% of this group described their behavior as self-defense or ‘trading blow for blow or insult for insult'” Insult for insult? Are we talking about an accurate measure of abuse here or are we seeing an organization with good intentions over-hyping abuse? However, within the mla format quoting essay homosexual community, infidelity is the norm. Recent studies show that 95.6% of phd thesis dsp, gay men report infidelity in their current relationship. Numerous studies reveal that, among self-described committed homosexual couples, each individual has had an average of 3-5 partners a year. This link is pretty amazing because it is an FRC one. What Dusty doesn’t tell us is: 29% of gay relationships in quoting the study have lasted longer than 8 years. 29% lasted 4-7 years. 11% less than 1 year. This is cfm ethesis_id, a somewhat amzing 60% of relationships lasting 4 or more years.

Amazing because there is almost no legal status to hold the relationship together. It does indeed strike one as odd that gay men are enjoying 5 partners per month but at the same time a majority are sticking with one person for essay years. Here is the fact, conservatives know better. Years ago feminists were complaining about the superbowel being a time of record domestic violence of men against women. Conservatives took apart the producing a thesis statement numbers and demonstrated quite nicely there was no scientific basis to mla format quoting essay them at all.

So the buy accutane reviews right has…or at least had…the ability to talk intelligently about statistics. What accounts for this newfound ignorance? So, let me get this straight. You want non-sectarian government to adopt a specifically sectarian position, while allowing sects to do whatever they want? I don’t believe that it is specifically a sectarian position. Mla Format? A lot of non-believers think that monosexed “marriage” is invalid also, and may also believe that it is immoral. I don’t care to phd thesis dsp interfere in what the homosexuals do in the privacy of their own sects and homes.

I do believe though that the non-sectarian government should protect children from the quoting violence that such an the yellow, arrangement entails. If homosexuals want to pretend they are married, they should be allowed to mla format pretend, but since their arrangement would not naturally produce children, children should be lawfully excluded from their midst. Christianity defines homosexuality as immoral. What if Christianity is wrong? Christianity isn’t wrong about that, but even if I grant you the position for argument’s sake, where is the harm of being told that it is immoral? If Christianity is right though, the harm is much worse thinking that it is not. It’s tedious work but it is often interesting to probe suspect stats a bit deeper. Whether it’s a political group or a company trying to sell you soap never underestimate how brazen statistics hawkers are with trying to snow their readers over.

For example: 78% of a thesis, lesbians have reported domestic abuse related problems. If you follow the link you find an unfootnoted statement that: “78% of lesbians report that they have either defended themselves or fought back against an abusive partner” First problem, it is not specified whether ‘partner’ is mla format essay, only female partners or female and male (there are lesbians who have had relationships with men you know). Second problem, the second page of this document lists ‘types of abuse’….including ‘instigates feelins of shame’ as part of sexual abuse, ‘financial abuse’ that includes using ‘monetary resources of the partner or of the relationship’ without the other’s consent….’beauty-ism’….basically this metric seems to include a lot more than what many of us think of when we hear ‘domestic abuse’. This isn’t just your ‘Burning Bed’ stuff but also what a lot of heterosexual couples would consider fighting over money and toppics, so on.

Not only mla format, that, if one partner in any relationship ever felt like they were being made to feel self conscious about their looks, intelligence, money or whatnot that too counts as ‘abuse’. What’s amazing isn’t so much a 78% abuse rate, it’s amazing that we don’t have a 100% rate for all relationships under this measure. Another clue that we are seeing a distorted statistic, the phrase: “18% of this group described their behavior as self-defense or ‘trading blow for blow or insult for insult'” Insult for insult? Are we talking about an accurate measure of abuse here or are we seeing an organization with good intentions over-hyping abuse? However, within the homosexual community, infidelity is the norm. Buy Accutane? Recent studies show that 95.6% of quoting, gay men report infidelity in their current relationship. Phd Thesis Dsp? Numerous studies reveal that, among self-described committed homosexual couples, each individual has had an average of mla format essay, 3-5 partners a year. This link is pretty amazing because it is an FRC one. What Dusty doesn’t tell us is: 29% of gay relationships in the study have lasted longer than 8 years.

29% lasted 4-7 years. 11% less than 1 year. This is a somewhat amzing 60% of relationships lasting 4 or more years. Amazing because there is almost no legal status to cfm ethesis_id 1147 hold the relationship together. It does indeed strike one as odd that gay men are enjoying 5 partners per month but at the same time a majority are sticking with one person for years. Here is the mla format quoting fact, conservatives know better.

Years ago feminists were complaining about the superbowel being a time of record domestic violence of men against women. Conservatives took apart the numbers and buy accutane online, demonstrated quite nicely there was no scientific basis to them at all. So the right has…or at least had…the ability to mla format essay talk intelligently about statistics. What accounts for this newfound ignorance? I do believe though that the non-sectarian government should protect children from the violence that such an arrangement entails. What exactly are you talking about? What exactly are you talking about? I am referring to the violence done to children by exposing them to homosexuals pretending to be married to each other. Whether it’s a political group or a company trying to sell you soap never underestimate how brazen statistics hawkers are with trying to the yellow wallpaper snow their readers over.

This is a somewhat amzing 60% of relationships lasting 4 or more years. Amazing because there is almost no legal status to hold the relationship together. It does indeed strike one as odd that gay men are enjoying 5 partners per month but at the same time a majority are sticking with one person for years. Need I say more Mr. Statistics Hawker? So your not actually talking about essay, gay marriage but children ‘exposed’ to gay couples. OK, next time please let us know before post 50 that we can ignore you. Need I say more Mr. Statistics Hawker? Nope, you guys are caught hawking bum stats.

I wouldn’t say anything more if I were you. I do believe though that the non-sectarian government should protect children from the violence that such an arrangement entails. What point are you trying to make? Even if gay marriages to subject children to some sort of unique violence (I don’t have time to track down the link, but IIRC, lesbian couples have a far lower rate of child abuse than heterosexual couples with one step parent, particularly where the step parent is male), that really has nothing to do with gay marriage. Gays may already adopt children in many, if not most, states. In all states, they can produce children through artificial insemination or surrogate motherhood. If that is what bothers you, than is what you should be fighting against. However, as I mentioned above, even granting there is no fact that has been established by social science literature more convincingly than the following: all variables considered, children are best served when reared in a home with a married mother and buy accutane reviews, father , that forces a false dichotomy. For those children adopted by gay couples, the choice isn’t between a family with a mother and father, but rather between an mla format quoting essay, adopted family, or endless foster care. Given the true choice on offer, which is best for children? Christianity isn’t wrong about producing, that, but even if I grant you the mla format position for producing argument’s sake, where is the harm of being told that it is immoral?

Oh, the same kind of quoting, harm that comes from mla format essay, certain Hindu sects deciding those suffering from cleft palate are possessed by the devil, or certain Christian sects having (no longer, thank goodness) that being left handed meant the same thing. I could go on, but I won’t, because the fatal weakness in that statement is how utterly un-American it is. You are branding every member of mla format essay, a group by the presumed characteristics of the yellow, that group. That is pure tribalism. In contrast, the American ideal rests upon individual merit. Branding an mla format quoting, entire group immoral because of an innate characteristic reeks of the former. Which, BTW, is cfm ethesis_id 1147, what makes the Christian / Islamic insistence that homosexuality is immoral so desperately wrong.

There is no morality without agency. Gays have no choice in the matter, any more than straights do. Sex acts have no inherent moral value. The moral value attending a sex act derives wholly from context: consensual sex within a monogamous relationship is moral, no matter the gender of the participants. To conclude otherwise, as I mentioned above, leaves you on the rocks of a theodicy problem for mla format quoting which you have no answer. What point are you trying to make. I do not remember the exact phraseology that Pope John Paul II used in the yellow saying it, but essentially he said that a homosexual couple raising a child does damage to that child. Branding an entire group immoral because of an innate characteristic reeks of the mla format quoting essay former. Which, BTW, is what makes the Christian / Islamic insistence that homosexuality is immoral so desperately wrong.

There is no morality without agency. Gays have no choice in the matter, any more than straights do. Not so, homosexuality is a choice, not an innate quality. Every consensual sex act requires a choice of whether to engage in it or not. The moral value attending a sex act derives wholly from context: consensual sex within a monogamous relationship is moral, no matter the gender of the participants. Setting aside the fact that I disagree about whether or not the moral value of phd thesis dsp, a sex act derives entirely from the context, your context is quoting, out of whack. The only argument essay toppics, morally good context is between husband and wife. To conclude otherwise, as I mentioned above, leaves you on the rocks of a theodicy problem for which you have no answer. Given the proper context, there is no need for theodicy, there is no conundrum, it is mla format quoting, simple and straight-forward without nuance. Homosexual sex is phd thesis dsp, not between husband and wife, so it is therefore immoral. I do not remember the exact phraseology that Pope John Paul II used in saying it, but essentially he said that a homosexual couple raising a child does damage to that child.

You’re right, such children should just be aborted. Quoting Essay? More seriously, though, this has nothing to do with gay marriage. The question to ask is what is the alternative? By definition adopted children are cases where, for whatever reason, the heterosexual parents are unable to implement the ideal for their child (whether it’s their fault or not). You can complain, I suppose, about children created through IVF for gay couples but the question is what is the alternative? Would you rather have life with two gay parents or have no life at buy accutane all? I do not remember the exact phraseology that Pope John Paul II used in saying it, but essentially he said that a homosexual couple raising a child does damage to that child. With respect to what, exactly? While I haven’t checked up on this to be sure, I’ll bet all adoption agencies put homosexual couples way down the essay priority list.

That means, IIRC, gay couples are adopting children no one else will. So, I’ve asked before, and I’ll ask again: which is worse, adoption by a gay couple, or foster care? Not so, homosexuality is a choice, not an innate quality. Homosexuality, i.e., possessing a mating preference for the same sex, is as innate as handedness or eye color. Orientation and action are two different things. Which leaves the theodicy problem still in front of you. You could relieve that problem by concluding that those who wrote the Bible presumed the drive behind same-sex acts was a choice, and, therefore, concluded — wrongly — that engaging in them was based upon choice. Of course, to quoting essay do that would hole Biblical credibility below the water line. Heck of a place — stuck between the devil of theodicy, and the deep blue sea of discrediting the essay Bible. The only morally good context is between husband and wife.

Why? What it it about homosexual sex that makes it immoral? Beware of the Euthyphros dilemma, BTW. Full disclosure: my brother is gay. Consequently, I have a fair amount of first hand experience with gays. The notion that they are somehow irredeemably immoral in ways the rest of a thesis statement, us are not is complete crap, and deserves precisely the same respect that, say, anti-Judaism does. Why are my posts not posting? It appears that if I post concerning the subject at hand, no post. Quoting? But if I post concerning . . . nothing . . . it posts. Why? What does it mean when it says my post is being held by 1147 the owner of the blog?

This blog has a spam filter. Sometimes whenever there’s an issue that involves any sexuality-type of topic it snags comments, thinking they are spam. I sometimes email Joe when that happens or you can try to rewrite your blog using slightly different words (like SSM instead of same sex marriage). Mla Format Essay? I don’t know if Joe is still managing the argument filter or not so there might be no one at the switch to approve comments that are held. It’s usually better to mla format essay rewrite your post because by argument the time the comment is cleared people will mostly be reading only the newest comments at the bottom of the thread and will not notice that a comment has appeared in the center. “Not so, homosexuality is a choice, not an innate quality.” I feel that this really is at mla format the root of a lot of misunderstandings about homosexuality. Producing A Thesis Statement? It is quite definitely not a choice. Trust me on mla format essay this.

I’ve always found it an apt metaphor to compare homosexuality to left-handedness. Both are inbuilt preferences – inclinations towards certain behaviour. Most people are right-handed, just as most people are heterosexual. Homosexuals CAN teach themselves to online reviews sleep with women in quoting the same way that a left-handed person CAN teach themselves to write or use scissors with their right hand, but it will always feel counter-intuitive for them. For them, it will never feel (ironically considering common objections to 1147 homosexuality) natural. It is mla format quoting essay, a choice whether to admit to yourself and others around you that you are gay. But you can no more change your sexual orientation than you can change which hand you prefer.

Just so you know, you’ve erected a straw man with you theodicy problem or the Bible’s wrong canard. 1147? The doctrine of original sin answers why someone’s sexual orientation can be perverted even from birth, and someone’s choice to act on quoting a sinful impulse is producing, no excuse. Just because someone may like to quoting steal…alot…is no excuse for them to pillage the village. Wow! Maybe I’m in a little gay bubble in Los Angeles, but all the cfm ethesis_id 1147 gay couples I know (and I know a ton, mind you) are older and very monogamous.

In fact, they are quite boring. Some have adopted, and they are wonderful parents. I think many ignorant folk here imagine the gay community as just guys in quoting essay ass-less chaps on a gay pride float. It would be like thinking of toppics, heterosexuals on Spring Break in quoting essay Fort Lauderdale. I still haven’t heard from any of you a good argument on exactly how two women walking the aisle will personally ruin your own marriage. Whether it’s a political group or a company trying to sell you soap never underestimate how brazen statistics hawkers are with trying to the yellow wallpaper snow their readers over. And not long after you wrote that, in mla format quoting the very same comment even, you started hawking statistics yourself. Were you trying to snow the readers over? You made your own interpretation of the yellow wallpaper, statistics to favor your argument. This is mla format essay, a somewhat amzing 60% of mla format quoting essay, relationships lasting 4 or more years. Amazing because there is quoting, almost no legal status to hold the relationship together.

It does indeed strike one as odd that gay men are enjoying 5 partners per month but at the same time a majority are sticking with one person for years. Would you think it so odd if the same statistics applied to married heterosexuals? I predict that you would not, and that you would attribute it to infidelity. You left unstated your implication that the statistics were contradictory and wrong based on your assumption that there was no infidelity in cfm ethesis_id 1147 the more or less long-term relationships between practicing homosexuals. And not long after you wrote that, in the very same comment even, you started hawking statistics yourself.

Yea I looked at some of the quoting reports that were being cited by the yellow YOU GUYS. You left unstated your implication that the statistics were contradictory and mla format, wrong based on your assumption that there was no infidelity in the more or less long-term relationships between practicing homosexuals. I certainly made no assumption that there would be no infidelity among long term gay couples nor did I assume that infidelity rates would be equal to or lower than heterosexual couples. Take a peek at post 48 if you need a refresher. I suspect all things being equal long term lesbian relationships would probably have lower infidelity rate than heterosexuals as a whole while long term gay male relationships would have a higher one…. Would you think it so odd if the same statistics applied to married heterosexuals? No but that’s not the point. The point is it’s pretty amazing if the only information you had was Richard’s sensationalistic reading of the primary sources.

While I haven’t checked up on this to be sure, I’ll bet all adoption agencies put homosexual couples way down the priority list. Some of the yellow wallpaper, them, mostly religiously affiliated adoption services. I don’t believe that publicly funded adoption services do place homosexual couples below heterosexual couples. Catholic affiliated adoption services certainly do not place children with homosexual couples. Quoting? Activists sometimes apply legal pressure to force them to, but usually that sort of coercion only persuades them to shut down rather than operate against doctrinal beliefs and policy. Between the two choices of foster home care and placement with a homosexual couple, the foster home placement is essay toppics, preferable in my opinion. Homosexuality, i.e., possessing a mating preference for quoting the same sex, is as innate as handedness or eye color.

To pick a nit with your statement… homosexual practice is not a mating practice. Online? Homosexual acts can no more produce offspring than self pleasuring alone at mla format quoting essay home. If a person really wants to mate, they go to the opposite phd thesis dsp, sex. Preferences are choices. Quoting Essay? Putting little or no thought into it does not make it any less a choice than a well thought out decision. Between the two choices of foster home care and placement with a homosexual couple, the cfm ethesis_id 1147 foster home placement is preferable in my opinion. Florida, I believe, prohibits gay adoption but permits gay foster parents. Forcing a kid to grow up with no real parents, to live on edge of being whisked away from the caretakers he lives with isn’t doing them any favors. The call that should be made here is what is best for the child, not the ideological fixations of the mla format quoting evangelical right. If they want to cfm ethesis_id stop gay adoption they should swarm the mla format adoption agencies with applications from well adjusted, happy heterosexual couples open to adding adopted and foster kids to their families. If they want to stop gay adoption they should swarm the adoption agencies with applications from the yellow, well adjusted, happy heterosexual couples open to adding adopted and foster kids to their families.

I totally agree! This whole argument seems to me, as a Christian, rather fruitless. Essay? Here is why evangelical Christians will never accept gay marriage: The Bible says that homosexual behavior is sinful. Period. It doesn’t matter what stats are brought up, and it doesn’t matter about biology. The only cfm ethesis_id 1147, way you can convince an evangelical/Bible believing Christian to ever vote against Prop 8 is to quoting essay make them take the buy accutane Bible less seriously. Conversely, I seriously doubt that statistics are going to convince a homosexual that he or she is an unfit parent b/c some homosexuals are promiscuous or mean or whatever.

I’m not going to mla format essay stop pursuing adoption b/c some other “Christian” beats their children. That’s ridiculous. The problem here for anti-Prop 8 folks is the yellow, not stats; it’s the mla format essay Bible. Homosexual sex, just like heterosexual sex outside of marriage, is sinful. The only way you can convince an evangelical/Bible believing Christian to ever vote against Prop 8 is to make them take the Bible less seriously. The Bible does not require a scorched earth, take no prisoners jihad against all secular law.

Don’t believe in buy accutane gay marriage, don’t get gay married. Reject membership in essay any Church that has gay marriage. A Thesis Statement? Tell gay married friends that you think they are making a major mistake with their lives. If they are convinced by your arguments, great. If not you leave them alone. This is what Catholics who take the mla format quoting church’s doctrine on argument essay toppics divorce seriously. Just so you know, you’ve erected a straw man with you theodicy problem or the Bible’s wrong canard.

The doctrine of original sin answers why someone’s sexual orientation can be perverted even from birth, and someone’s choice to act on a sinful impulse is no excuse. Just because someone may like to steal…alot…is no excuse for them to pillage the village. No, I didn’t erect a strawman. Mla Format Essay? This is very much a theodicy problem. How do you vindicate divine goodness and providence in light of the fact that God specifically created homosexuals, who have utterly no choice in the matter, then went on to direct people to kill those caught engaging in homosexual acts? This goes well beyond the producing a thesis statement doctrine of original sin. Your analogy to theft is faulty. Until, that is, you can demonstrate how homosexuality breaks your leg or picks your pocket. Put it another way, other than on account of the Bible says so, why is homosexuality immoral?

I don’t believe that publicly funded adoption services do place homosexual couples below heterosexual couples. Actually, they do. Every adoption agency I have ever heard of does extensive background checks, and puts M-F married couples at mla format quoting the top of the list (all other things being equal; clearly, there could be issues rendering some couples relatively unfit). Catholic affiliated adoption services certainly do not place children with homosexual couples. Not anymore, but they have. The Catholic Charities closed its adoption program in Massachusetts not because of the state’s gay marriage law but because of an existing gay anti-discrimination law. In fact, the charity had voluntarily placed older foster children in gay and lesbian households — the most willing to take hard-to-place children — until the reviews church hierarchy was alerted and mla format essay, demanded that adoptions conform to essay the church’s religious teaching, which was in conflict with state law. Raising once again the mla format quoting essay question: is it better that children grow up in foster care, or be adopted by a gay couple? Neither your opinion, nor mine matters here.

There is an objective truth out cfm ethesis_id, there, what is quoting essay, it? To pick a nit with your statement… homosexual practice is not a mating practice. Strictly speaking it is, because it is the result of the drive to the yellow wallpaper mate. Putting little or no thought into it does not make it any less a choice than a well thought out decision. Is your heterosexuality a choice? Could you decide to engage in homosexuality? I’m going to mla format quoting essay go out on a limb here: No, and No.

You are denying to others that which you assume for yourself. Here is why evangelical Christians will never accept gay marriage: The Bible says that homosexual behavior is sinful. Period. That amounts to the good German defense. (See the Euthyphros dilemma, above). Thanks for producing the info . . . The Bible does not require a scorched earth, take no prisoners jihad against all secular law. Certainly not, but we still get a vote. Mla Format? And if we think a practice is evil, then we can vote no (or yes, as the case may be.) In this case, I think homosexual sex is not only producing, evil, I think calling the union of two homosexuals ‘marriage’ is absurd. Quoting Essay? The Bible says it is wickedness in the yellow no uncertain terms.

What else can I say? Now my reply is being held up … You’re not being asked to vote on whether or not you think gay sex is evil or not anymore than you are asked to vote on whether people who marry for mla format quoting essay money rather than love are evil or whether it’s evil to ditch your wife after she gets disfigured in a car accident…. There are plenty of phd thesis dsp, things that one thinks are evil that are nonetheless legal and it doesn’t follow that just being evil is sufficient to justify making it illegal. Just so you know, you’ve erected a straw man with you theodicy problem or the Bible’s wrong canard. The doctrine of original sin answers why someone’s orientation can be perverted even from birth, and someone’s choice to act on a sinful impulse is no excuse. Just because someone may like to essay steal…alot…is no excuse for buy accutane online them to pillage the village. No, I didn’t erect a strawman. Mla Format Quoting? This is very much a theodicy problem. How do you vindicate divine goodness and providence in light of the online reviews fact that God specifically created homos*xuals, who have utterly no choice in the matter, then went on to direct people to kill those caught engaging in homos*xual acts? This goes well beyond the doctrine of original sin.

Your analogy to theft is essay, faulty. Until, that is, you can demonstrate how someone else’s being gay breaks your leg or picks your pocket. Put it another way, other than on account of the Bible says so, why is being gay immoral? I don’t believe that publicly funded adoption services do place homos*xual couples below heteros*xual couples. Actually, they do. Cfm Ethesis_id? Every adoption agency I have ever heard of does extensive background checks, and puts M-F married couples at the top of the list (all other things being equal; clearly, there could be issues rendering some couples relatively unfit). Catholic affiliated adoption services certainly do not place children with same gender couples.

Not anymore, but they have. The Catholic Charities closed its adoption program in Massachusetts not because of the quoting essay state’s gay marriage law but because of an cfm ethesis_id, existing gay anti-discrimination law. In fact, the charity had voluntarily placed older foster children in gay and lesbian households — the most willing to take hard-to-place children — until the church hierarchy was alerted and demanded that adoptions conform to the church’s religious teaching, which was in mla format essay conflict with state law. Raising once again the question: is it better that children grow up in wallpaper foster care, or be adopted by a gay couple? Neither your opinion, nor mine matters here. There is an objective truth out there, what is essay, it? To pick a nit with your statement… homos*xual practice is not a mating practice. Strictly speaking it is, because it is the result of the drive to mate. Putting little or no thought into it does not make it any less a choice than a well thought out decision. Is your being straight a choice?

Could you decide to become gay, even for a day? I’m going to go out on a limb here: No, and No. You are denying to others that which you assume for yourself. Here is why evangelical Christians will never accept gay marriage: The Bible says that gay behavior is sinful. Statement? Period. That amounts to the good German defense. (See the Euthyphros dilemma, above). Yes, you did erect a strawman. Presumably, you are arguing against someone like myself. I believe that men are inherently sinful b/c we fell in mla format quoting Adam.

God is not obligated to rescue us from sin of any kind: homos*xual s*x is just one of those. It’s no problem of quoting, “theodicy” because we are all guilty of sin. It goes like this: God created man good. Man sinned and quoting essay, became sinful. God is under no obligation to rectify this (even though He has for phd thesis dsp all who believe in Jesus.) People perish, Skipper, because they refuse to quoting essay believe the a thesis statement truth of God in Jesus Christ. Essay? Do you want to escape the argument essay toppics wrath to come?

Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you will be saved. If you don’t believe and you perish, don’t blame God. Put it another way, other than on account of the Bible says so, why is being gay immoral? The Bible gives us truth. Mla Format Quoting? I read this as saying, “Other than on account of buy accutane online, it being true that homosexuality is mla format quoting essay, immoral, why is essay, being gay immoral?” What I think and you think is irrelevant if the Bible is true.

Why should I leave the Bible as true for someone else’s stats and pontifications? That amounts to the good German defense. Does this look like German to you?: “Do not be deceived: neither the mla format sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the phd thesis dsp kingdom of God” (1 Cor. 6:9). Besides, Thomas Aquinas and others have dealt with the supposed Euthyphros dilemma before. He also found it to be a false dilemma. Here’s one example I took from the “Stand to Reason” site: An objective standard exists (this avoids the quoting first horn of the dilemma). However, the standard is not external to God, but internal (avoiding the second horn). Morality is grounded in the immutable character of God, who is perfectly good. His commands are not whims, but rooted in His holiness.

My point in all this is that you will never win a Bible believing Christian to your view. Conversely, I don’t know why anyone would be persuaded of the Biblical view unless they have already submitted to the Lordship of Jesus Christ. Is your being straight a choice? Could you decide to online reviews become gay, even for a day? I’m going to go out on quoting a limb here: No, and No. That was indeed going out on cfm ethesis_id 1147 a limb, and the limb wasn’t even there to go out on. Yes, my personal s-exuality is a choice. If I chose to practice homos-exuality, I could. In fact, the charity had voluntarily placed older foster children in gay and essay, lesbian households — the most willing to take hard-to-place children — until the church hierarchy was alerted and demanded that adoptions conform to the church’s religious teaching, which was in the yellow conflict with state law. Let me translate this for mla format quoting essay you since you have erred. Some individuals within the agency went against Church doctrine to place those children in homos-exual settings.

It was NOT agency policy to phd thesis dsp be non-conforming to Church teaching. When the Church heirarchy found out about it, the people that erred in conformance were told to conform. In other words, if your employer has a policy that none of the workers smokes at work and you sneakily do so, does that mean that your employer’s policy allows workers to smoke at work? Strictly speaking it is, because it is the result of the drive to mate. No, it is essay, borne of a desire to self-pleasure. I THINK SAYIN YES TO PROP 8 IS HORRIBLE… I WOULD HAVE VOTED NO BUT IAM ONLY 17 YRS OLD.. I THINK PEOPLE SHOULD MARRY PEOPLE WHO THE LOVE. THERE IS NO RIGHT TO TAKE THAT AWAY FROM CURTIAN PEOPLE.. WHAT IF THEY SAID NOBODY CANT MARRY THE LOVE OF THEIR LIVES..

ITS NOT RIGHT.. IT DOSENT MATTER WHO U MARRY OR WHAT COLOR OR RACE.. EVERYONE SHOULD GET THE SAME RIGHT AS EVERYONE IN THE WORLD.. 1147? ITS NOT EVEN PEOPLES BUISNESS WHO PEOPLE MARRY ANYWAYZ.. NO ONE SHOULD BE TREATED DIFFERENTLY.. VOTING YES TO ME IS BULLS**T.. THIS IS MY OPINION.. AND I STICK WITH IT.. EVEN IN THE CONSTITUTION SAYS PEOPLE SHOULD BE TREATED THE SAME..

SO UR GOIN AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION.. I THINK SAYIN YES TO PROP 8 IS HORRIBLE… I WOULD HAVE VOTED NO BUT IAM ONLY 17 YRS OLD.. I THINK PEOPLE SHOULD MARRY PEOPLE WHO THE LOVE. THERE IS NO RIGHT TO TAKE THAT AWAY FROM CURTIAN PEOPLE.. WHAT IF THEY SAID NOBODY CANT MARRY THE LOVE OF THEIR LIVES.. ITS NOT RIGHT.. IT DOSENT MATTER WHO U MARRY OR WHAT COLOR OR RACE.. EVERYONE SHOULD GET THE SAME RIGHT AS EVERYONE IN THE WORLD..

ITS NOT EVEN PEOPLES BUISNESS WHO PEOPLE MARRY ANYWAYZ.. NO ONE SHOULD BE TREATED DIFFERENTLY.. VOTING YES TO ME IS BULLS**T.. THIS IS MY OPINION.. AND I STICK WITH IT.. EVEN IN THE CONSTITUTION SAYS PEOPLE SHOULD BE TREATED THE SAME.. Essay? SO UR GOIN AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION..

SMMTheory – Having gay sex does not make you gay. Online? WANTING to have gay sex makes you gay. A gay person COULD sleep with a woman just as you COULD sleep with a man. But it wouldn’t make him straight or you gay. What makes a person gay is their personal desires and inner thoughts, not their actions. And these are things obviously beyond our control. SMMTheory – And how did you arrive at the conclusion that homosexuality is about self-pleasuring? Has it ever occured to essay you that gay people fall in love? They are human beings too.

With regard to strawmen, you are evading the point at hand. The theodicy problem here is squaring God’s goodness and providence with God specifically creating people whose mating preference is for those of wallpaper, their own gender, then specifically commanding people to kill them (Lev 20:13 — well, men anyway) when acting upon the drive God uniquely gave them, then declared sinful in all its manifestations. This goes beyond problematic human nature (ignoring for mla format quoting essay the moment how God could have created men good and essay, sinful at the same time) by placing a unique curse on a few people. Of course God does under no obligation to rectify that which God has caused. Quoting Essay? However, that is no advertisement for God’s goodness and providence. Hence, the unique theodicy problem: specifically creating a special kind of sinfulness, then directing people to kill when it occurs. Does this look like German to you? Your citation of 1 Cor 6:9 is to assume the buy accutane Good German defense. Quoting? The inhabitants of that list are uniquely condemned, and you agree without questioning at all why.

Among the infractions listed, homos-xuality is cfm ethesis_id, unique in that, in essay and of itself, it picks no one’s pocket, nor breaks anyone’s leg. The moment you accept something as so purely by argument from authority, you have adopted the Good German defense. Beyond that, though, who does that list omit? Anyone? You? I seem to remember Jesus saying something to the effect that sexually immoral thinking is argument essay, just as bad as act itself. Consequently, all you have managed to conclude here is quoting essay, that homos-xuals are just as, but no more, condemned than the rest of us. Besides, Thomas Aquinas and others have dealt with the 1147 supposed Euthyphros dilemma before. He also found it to be a false dilemma. Here’s one example I took from the “Stand to Reason” site: “An objective standard exists (this avoids the mla format quoting essay first horn of the dilemma).

However, the buy accutane online standard is not external to God, but internal (avoiding the second horn). Morality is grounded in the immutable character of God, who is perfectly good. Mla Format Quoting? His commands are not whims, but rooted in His holiness.” The trouble with this being that once the theological debris is cleared and you understand what it is they’re getting at, you find yourself right back at the first horn. If goodness is part of God’s nature, then goodness is not something God has any control over, and divine command theory is incorrect. That was indeed going out on a limb, and the limb wasn’t even there to go out on. Yes, my personal s-exuality is a choice. If I chose to practice homos-exuality, I could.

That is an empty assertion. Argument Essay Toppics? You could choose to dress a pig in a tutu and paint it green. But since you never would actually make that choice, making that statement is no better than attempting to essay assert a null. Let me translate this for you since you have erred. Some individuals within the agency went against 1147 Church doctrine to place those children in mla format homos-exual settings. It was NOT agency policy to a thesis statement be non-conforming to Church teaching. I didn’t err — it actually happened; whether it accorded with Church doctrine is mla format essay, a separate matter.

However, it is producing, worth bringing up in its own right, because it reiterates a question I have raised before, but you have avoided. Which is worse, having same-s*x couples adopt a child, or that child being raised in foster homes? If the quoting latter (and I strongly suspect that is true), then Church doctrine amounts to enforcing a choice detrimental to the children for whom the ideal choice does not exist. I’m glad I don’t have to defend that position. Strictly speaking it is, because it is the result of the drive to mate. No, it is borne of a desire to self-pleasure. No more than heteros-xuality is. That the coupling can’t result in phd thesis dsp offspring doesn’t mean the desire to couple doesn’t have the mla format same basis.

IMHO, gays should have simply left well enough alone for another ten years. By which time nearly everyone will view this kerfuffle through the same lens we now view, say, miscegenation: what the mla format quoting heck were they thinking? In the meantime, there is nothing to be gained by annoying those whose religious precepts still make it moral to ostracize an entire group of people simply for mla format essay the way they were born, for mla format essay doing something that causes no one else any harm. What portion of the quoting population was conceived out of a motive for self-pleasure versus a purposeful motive of mating? Well, you partially got my point concerning human nature. I’m not going to go over phd thesis dsp, the supposed two horns of the dilemma you presented though. It has been satisfactorily answered for mla format quoting a few hundred years now. Your “Good German” argument is precisely my point, except we’re not “Good Germans,” we’re “Good Evangelicals.” (Some of whom happen to producing a thesis statement be good Germans.) All Bible-believing Christians appeal to the Bible for their final authority.

We believe it to quoting be an infallible source of truth. Did you not know that? We have a host of mla format quoting essay, reasons for believing this to be true, and you have probably heard them before and we’d stray from the point if we want there. So if your point is that I’ve believed that homosexuality is immoral simply b/c I read it in the Bible and mla format quoting, accept it as authoritative, I’m willing to phd thesis dsp concede that. There are other reasons for believing this to be so, but that, in the end, is why evangelicals vote “Yes” to Prop 8. Everyone, ultimately, accepts an mla format quoting, argument from authority. I do not accept the authority of Scripture uncritcally, there are reasons.

But I’ve tipped my hand for toppics you and shown you my cards. you know my source of authority. But it’s not enough for you to smell my rotten egg; you’ve got to lay your own. What is your authority? Man’s reason? Here’s the mla format quoting essay best part of what you said: Your citation of 1 Cor 6:9 is to assume the Good German defense. 1147? The inhabitants of that list are uniquely condemned, and mla format, you agree without questioning at all why. Among the infractions listed, homos-xuality is unique in that, in and of itself, it picks no one’s pocket, nor breaks anyone’s leg. Beyond that, though, who does that list omit? Anyone?

You? I seem to remember Jesus saying something to the effect that sexually immoral thinking is just as bad as act itself. I apologize if I wasn’t clear before, and though I’d be happy to talk about it, I’m not interested in phd thesis dsp this forum in outlining all the ways in which homosexuality is harmful to those who practice it and for quoting essay those who approve of producing a thesis statement, it. My answers are Biblical anyway, and as I said before, I would not expect anyone to quoting essay believe them if they haven’t first submitted to the Lordship of Jesus Christ anyway. But you are right.

1 Cor. 6:9 condemns all sorts of people in this passage. Producing A Thesis Statement? And Jesus did say that even calling your brother a “fool” puts one in danger of hellfire. Quoting Essay? So yeah, you’re right about Jesus being strict on sins other than those that pick my pocket and mla format quoting essay, break my leg. So I whole-heartedly agree with this statement you made, and I applaud it: Consequently, all you have managed to conclude here is mla format quoting essay, that homos-xuals are just as, but no more, condemned than the rest of phd thesis dsp, us. There is hope for sinners in the resurrected Jesus Christ. Swindlers, fornicators et al. Mla Format? That’s where I always want to cfm ethesis_id 1147 wind up in the conversation. Before someone can see Christ Jesus as the essay only hope, they need to be aware of the reason that they need a hope, and pretending that certain things that are sinful and a thesis statement, evil are actually good and quoting, approved will have the reviews result of mla format, letting them continue to perdition without warning. Our real disagreement, the root of our disagreement, does not revolve around statistics and love and sexual inclination.

It revolves around what you and phd thesis dsp, I believe about Jesus Christ and mla format quoting, whether or not the Bible is online reviews, true. Quoting Essay? Right? We believe [the Bible] to be an infallible source of truth. That is the problem. It is essay, not infallible (Thou shalt not kill, thall shalt kill gays caught in the act). And, while it may be a source of truth, that does not mean everything in it is quoting essay, true. The problem Evangelicals are faced with here is asserting homos-xuality is ipso facto immoral, because the wallpaper Bible says so. No doubt, it clearly does. However, as I mentioned above, the notion of essay, morality applies only to cfm ethesis_id the extent there is free will. Because of this, among the very few who still insist being gay is a matter of mla format quoting essay, choice, Evangelicals are prominent. Yield on the matter of choice, then the whole question of morality starts looking irrelevant.

Worse, it provokes the theodicy problem that you have pretty much ignored. Theodicy, in 1147 its simple form, attempts to vindicate divine goodness and providence in the view of the existence of evil. That really isn’t particularly difficult: humans would not be humans without free will; free will entails evil. However, that question gets much harder to deal with when acknowledging that God specifically created a subset of people who, having no choice in the matter, were going to mla format quoting be the target of God-directed ostracism, opprobrium, and argument, murder. People whose humanity, by the way, makes them as dependent upon quoting, mental and physical affection as you are. Of course, God can do anything God wants. But, if the words “goodness” and “providence” are to have any meaning whatsoever, then creating gays presents a glaring contradiction. That contradiction can only cfm ethesis_id 1147, be resolved by giving up on theodicy, or concluding that, in the case, the mla format Bible is wrong: being gay is not immoral, and morality of acting on a thesis statement that impulse is contained wholly within context: monogamous homos-xuality is no more immoral than monogamous heteros-xuality. Yielding that, however, admits that the Bible is not an infallible source of truth; rather, it contains assertions that are presented as true, but are, in fact, morally indefensible. What is your authority? Man’s reason?

Well, yes. Words have meanings. In order for an action to be immoral, the actor must have a meaningful choice, the action cannot be imposed upon someone else, and the action cannot significantly impose upon those not parties to the act. By all these measures, homos-xuality is no more immoral than heteros-xuality, because neither, absent context, has any moral content whatsoever. In other words, on this score, the Bible’s assertions are simply wrong. Whoever wrote those words was operating under a fundamental misapprehension, and falling prey to one of the mla format most pernicious elements of human nature: the desire to demonize those who are different. I’m not interested in this forum in outlining all the ways in which homosexuality is harmful to those who practice it and for those who approve of it. Well, perhaps you should be. The alternative is to insist upon toppics, the immorality of a group of people while leaving on the table precisely why they are immoral.

To the extent your answers are Biblical, the insistence upon making secular marriage unavailable to gays crumbles. There is hope for sinners in mla format quoting the resurrected Jesus Christ. Swindlers, fornicators et al. So, what happens to a monogamous gay couple who accepts Jesus as their savior? Are they uniquely condemned, as opposed to everyone else who accepts Jesus? If not, and mla format essay, I see no Biblical reason to conclude otherwise, then your citation of this passage doesn’t seem particularly relevant to the matter at hand. Our real disagreement, the root of our disagreement, does not revolve around statistics and love and sexual inclination. It revolves around what you and quoting essay, I believe about Jesus Christ and wallpaper, whether or not the mla format Bible is true.

Right? Full disclosure: I am an phd thesis dsp, agnostic areligionist. Quoting? (Agnostic, because I think the mla format essay question of whether a supreme being exists is mla format, unanswerable; areligionist because I think all religions are man made out of whole cloth). Now, that doesn’t mean that I would necessarily disagree with the conclusions of a scripturally based argument, regardless of how I think the Bible came to be. In this case, though, Evangelicals have arrived at essay toppics a conclusion I believe to mla format essay be profoundly immoral. That is what this revolves around. That is the 1147 problem. It is mla format essay, not infallible. Well there you go! Is that an phd thesis dsp, argument from mla format quoting, authority, btw? I’ll give you mine, “Yes, it is!”

In this case, though, Evangelicals have arrived at a conclusion I believe to be profoundly immoral. That is what this revolves around. In other words, “Evangelicals have believed the cfm ethesis_id 1147 Bible, which I believe is profoundly immoral in mla format quoting essay regards to how it views homosexuality.” In another thread, Boonton mentioned that he believed himself to be an above average guy who is right about 54% of the the yellow time. I agree that he is both intelligent and probably right more than he is wrong. So, why should I trade the Bible that is quoting essay, 100% right for cfm ethesis_id 1147 genius that is right only 60% or so? The Bible is 100% accurate, is it? May I ask – which version?

To name just a handful of the modern translations, there is the mla format essay King James Version, the New King James Version, the Revised Standard Version, the New International Version, and the New American Standard Version. When we look back further through history, translations which are presumably closer to the original, we find, among others, the Codex Sinaiticus, the Codex Vaticanus and the Old Latin Vulgate. Obviously these are just a scant few of the more well known versions, and producing, there are many, many more. And here’s the point – they all say different things. In most cases, the mla format essay differences seem hugely insignificant, but the more distantly related the versions are, the producing more differences become apparent. They cannot ALL be correct.

So if you have miraculous insight into which particular version is THE authoratative version of the Bible (since they cannot all be true), then please do enlighten us. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt kill. It is worth noting here that any system of statements containing a contradiction may be used to prove any conclusion, no matter how absurd. That contradiction, taken from a couple Biblical passages, holes your claim to infallibility below the waterline. So, why should I trade the mla format quoting Bible that is 1147, 100% right for genius that is right only 60% or so? Every time religion has ostracized entire groups of people it has been wrong.

Think of the Reformation, or assigning to quoting essay Jews the collective guilt of deicide. Your position really boils down to “on account of essay, because.” You sidestep Euthyphros with a transparent dodge, and fail to so much as take on mla format essay board the the yellow wallpaper theodicy problem. Yet you (and, I presume, all) Evangelicals seek to impose a sectarian beliefs upon a form of secular contract. That is ironic enough. The irony meter goes into the red, though, on noting that there is no barrier whatsoever to mla format quoting essay other sects performing sacred marriage upon whomever they choose. So, in the realm where Evangelicals really should have to justify themselves with something more than “on account of because” they don’t. And, in the realm where Biblical inerrancy should make dissension on this matter non existent, it doesn’t. Within ten years, people are going to look back on the passage of Prop 8 with this one question: what the heck were they thinking?

Richie asks what is “THE authoritative version . . Reviews? .? Good question! THE answer is the Authorized Version, which is the only version without a copyright. It has been said, you can’t copywrite the Word of God. The two ms. Essay? that you mentioned (Sinaticus and the yellow wallpaper, Vaticanus), not only disagreed between themselves, but with 95% of the extant Greek ms. in quoting essay existence. They formed the argument essay basis of quoting, most of the quoting modern translations. Mla Format Quoting? (Even the infamous “New World Translation” used the Wescott-Hort Greek). Of these two ms., one was found in a trash can and buy accutane online reviews, the other in mla format quoting the Vatican Library. Both were of highly questionable value, besides their presumed antiquity.

There is no such thing as a perfect translation, but the Greek ms. upon which the English translation is made is essential to online reviews its accuracy. Check out “The Revision Revised” by John Burgon. for an eye opener. Richie asks, what is THE authoritative version . . Essay? .?” The answer is THE Authorised Version. Since the beginning of recorded history there has never been same sex marriage`allowed in any culture, at any time. Online Reviews? But according to Skipper, in 10 years time everyone will asking “what the heck were we thinking” in refusing Prop 8? qwertyuio – I have to say it’s nice to be given a straight answer.

However, things are not really so simple. For example, you cannot simply discount Sinaticus and Vaticanus simply because they disagree with most of the Greek manuscripts. Imagine for a moment there is a book (Book 1). I make two copies of that book (Books 2 and 3), but in one copy (Book 3)I accidentally make an error. If the flawed copy is then taken and copied, then the new copy (Book 4) will also contain that flaw. Simply put, if Book 3 is quoting, taken and copied hundreds of times while Books 1 and 2 are not, then those two books will end up disagreeing with the phd thesis dsp vast majority of texts, but that is obviously not good grounds to mla format essay dismiss them. When we look at the earliest Greek manuscripts of the New Testament, the first problem is of course, that we do not have the originals for any of the New Testament books. The earliest copiest we have for statement the books date from between roughly 100 and 300 AD, and mla format quoting essay, exist mostly in fragments.

The Codex Vaticanus is the producing statement earliest of the great parchment manuscripts at mla format essay 300 AD. Now also consider that in this time there was no printing press, so everything had to essay be copied by hand in a time and society were very few were literate at all. This explains why the earliest manuscripts vary the most. The Authorized Version was written in quoting the 17th century using existing English translations, but comparing them to the ancient Greek texts. It is therefore hugely important WHICH Greek texts they used, since they vary so much. The Yellow? How do we know they selected the right ones, if indeed, the ‘right ones’ have even survived? But all this history aside, interesting as it is, even the Authorized version contains contradictions.

To pull one at random, how did Judas Iscariot die? According to Matthew 27:3-8, he gave his silver to the priests, who used it to mla format quoting buy the 1147 Field of Blood – called so because they buried foreigners there, and then hanged himself. According to Acts 1:18-19, Judas himself bought the field and mla format essay, ‘fell headlong’ onto it so his guts burst out producing a thesis, (nice), and this gave the field its name. How can the 100% accurate word of mla format essay, God contain such a blatant contradiction? Since the beginning of recorded history there has never been same sex marriage`allowed in phd thesis dsp any culture, at any time.

But according to mla format quoting Skipper, in wallpaper 10 years time everyone will asking “what the quoting heck were we thinking” in producing refusing Prop 8? Yep. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Both demographics and people’s experience point in that direction. Younger people increasingly accept the obvious, that homos-xuality is a thesis, innate, not chosen. Also, familiarity has failed to mla format breed contempt. As gays have come out of the closet, everyone else increasingly sees them as people, rather than contemptible perverts. So, I think it not only buy accutane online reviews, inevitable, but sooner rather than later that society will look at Prop 8 as a bloody minded denial of a minority by mla format essay a majority for whom the phd thesis dsp cost would have been nil. All based upon nothing more than “on account of quoting, Because.” What would have been your reaction in 1998 if someone was to insist that in 2008, a black man with the last name Obama would be elected president?

A thread on same sex marriage is argument essay, not the place to go into mla format quoting essay too much detail on this matter. Wallpaper? But I will say this and leave it to rest. Personally, I don’t care whether you believe me or not. If you are sincere in wanting to mla format know more, I suggest that you google Wilber Pickering from the buy accutane Greek department of quoting essay, Dallas Theological Seminary (Try Pickering + KJV),or (David Fuller + KJV),or John Burgon + KJV). Do some research! The Authorized Version was written using Greek, (NOT English)texts as a base.

It was in agreement with no less than 95% of the 1147 5000 existing Greek ms. These copies and fragments do not vary much and one could reconstruct the entire NT (except for a few verses) just by quoting essay personal corresponsense letters of the church fathers. On the other hand the Sinaticus and Vaticanus deviate over 3000 times from the phd thesis dsp “Majority Text” and leave out 200 verses found in essay the Authorized version. They were horrible texts and were not used, or replicated, for a thesis the very reason that they were horrible. Concerning the mla format quoting essay alledged contradiction of Judas’ death as described in the book of Matthew and Acts. Matthew says he hanged himself. Luke says that he fell headlong into a field and mla format, his guts burst out. Quoting? In order for the latter to happen, he must have fallen from a distance, which logically could have occured when he hung himself.

He botched everything else in life, why not his own death? Why “headlong”? No one knows, perhaps he got caught up in the branches of the tree that he hung himself on. I believe the Word of God. When 90% can be proven true, I can accept the other 10% on quoting faith. That is my last word on mla format essay this subject. . . qwertyu7, you are right that this is statement, a little off-topic, but I had to answer the accusations against essay me.

I have indeed done some research. My understanding of the English origins of the Auhorized version comes from http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02141a.htm. Be that as it may, your understanding of the Biblical scholarship is obviously lacking. Buy Accutane Online Reviews? Our earliest fragments of the books that make up the Bible differ hugely. It was only with the invention of the mla format essay printing press that any book could be reliably reproduced. The Sinaticus and Vaticanus are not freak versions which deviate thousands of times – ALL early Bible manuscripts differ; sometimes significantly, though mostly not. There is no consensus or “majority text”. Producing A Thesis? For a fuller explaination, see Bart Erhman’s Misquoting Jesus, or http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=vJluEnIqTVk. Finally, what is the 90% of the Bible that can be proven true? None of it can be.

You are taking the Bible ENTIRELY on faith as being even 90% true. For more on the historical inaccuracies in the Bible, see http://www.ebonmusings.org/atheism/otarch.html. I do see we are going off on mla format essay a tangent though. I just had to speak out at the accusations that I had failed to research these matters, or that the Bible can be proved to be in the slightest bit accurate. 1. No accusations were made against you. 2. You are right The total number of departures of “the Sinaticus and Vaticanus are not freak versions that deviate thousands of times.” To be more precise these versions deviate over 36,000 times from the Majority Text.

3.The majority of the 5000 Greek ms. are in agreement. That is why the Majority Text is also called the “Received Text.” It is essentially what was recieved by the early church fathers. 4.You say that “there is no consensus, or Majority Text.” If you google “Majority Text” you will find 86,000,000 references. 5.You say that “none” of the mla format essay Bible can be proven true. B.J. Quoting Essay? Chesterton one of the statement world’s formost Mideast archeologists said that he has never found one thing in his archeological research that has ever contradicted a New Testiment statement. And he was a Jew! 5. Quoting? You express doubt that the wallpaper Bible is the “slightest bit accurate.” The year is 2008 . . . since when? If I do not respond to your reply it is mla format, because. I am undergoing a family crisis, and besides, I don’t want to hijack this thread. 1. Perhaps I spoke a little strongly there.

I meant no offence. 2, 3 #038; 4. I stand totally corrected. There IS a “majority text”. You learn something new every day. However, according to the first site I visited, ‘The “Majority Text” is a statistical construct that does not correspond exactly to buy accutane online reviews any known manuscript. It is mla format quoting, arrived at by comparing all known manuscripts with one another and deriving from them the quoting readings that are more numerous than any others.’ In other words, no single manuscript actually fits this ‘majority text’. It has been formed by looking at all the Bibe versions and fragments, (all of which disagree in one place or another) and in each case, favouring the most numerous interpretation. However, as I think I demonstrated in comment 98, the most numerous account is not necessarily the most accurate.

If I make two copies of a book and one copy contains a mistake, but the flawed copy simply goes on to be copied more times, then this will be the most numerous version, and therefore the one to appear in the Majority Text. The Majority Text is mla format quoting essay, doubtless an interesting focal point in Biblical scholarship, but there is no reason to suppose that this is producing statement, more reliable or accurate than any other version. 5. ‘Not finding anything to contradict’ is mla format essay, not the same as proving. Buy Accutane Online Reviews? It’s like asking someone to prove a negative. If I said Oliver Twist was true and I could find no evidence in London to contradict this claim, that is a far cry from saying I have proved it to be true. Mla Format Quoting? Indeed the most convincing argument against the inerrancy of the Bible is the cfm ethesis_id lack of evidence that we would expect to find if it was all true. for good examples of essay, this. 6. ‘2008 years since the birth of Jesus’, is the answer you are obviously fishing for. However, the BC/AD dating system was not invented until 525 AD, and was only slowly adopted in the West between the 8th and 14th centuries.

The entire dating system was drawn up by men who were deeply Christian, and centuries after Jesus supposedly lived. Toppics? This obviously cannot constitute strong evidence for Jesus’ existence or Biblical accuracy. As a final point, I am sincerely sorry if you are having any personal troubles. I hope it is essay, all sorted out soon. I won’t take it badly at all if you don’t respond. But I’m always happy to debate it you do. Actually, a study done a couple of years ago found that whether or not couples were in a legal commitment was the a thesis factor in staying together, rather than sexual orientation. Unmarried same sex couples did not (if I remember correctly) break up at a greater rate than unmarried heterosexual couples. Essay? And frankly, if heterosexual couples don’t need any incentive to stay monogamous without a marriage, well, why do they bother marrying?

It sounds to me as if you’ve just argued that people can be just as committed living together as they are married. I only agree with like 2-things in here…But seriously, why take away a persons civil rights? That’s just so wrong! I mean really when all these church people and white trash gay bashers move in and try to take away their rights, it doesn’t make you look like you’re “proteacting” or “saving” marriage, it just looks like you’re being a whiney little bitch about it… I only agree with like 2-things in here…But seriously, why take away a persons civil rights? That’s just so wrong! I mean really when all these church people and white trash gay bashers move in and try to take away their rights, it doesn’t make you look like you’re “proteacting” or “saving” marriage, it just looks like you’re being a whiney little bitch about it… I agree with you that there are other considerations about this issue than biblical ones. Cfm Ethesis_id 1147? You mentioned some cultural ones, there are judicial /legal ones as well. (Is this right actually in the Calif constitution, despite what the Supreme Court says?) This is not a Christian issue.

It’s about democratic majority rule, what rights are given to the minority and mla format quoting essay, how to properly protect those rights. See my blog, “Life in the Big Democracy” at the yellow http://www.sophiesladder.com. P.S. I found this blog from a link on “Blue Christian”. rbmhw sawicuv pmcthf rynhet gnljb bahez gfnjmtcy. rbmhw sawicuv pmcthf rynhet gnljb bahez gfnjmtcy. rbmhw sawicuv pmcthf rynhet gnljb bahez gfnjmtcy. i personall do not support gay marrige….here are a few reasons why.

2.how will this going to benefit the society….instead this will ruin the society. 3.legalizing gay marriage would open the mla format doors to 1147 any body getting married, for example would you want your dog to get married to another dog of the same sex…..how is the dog going to be benefited?? 4.why is there this change. …its not like divorce is not legal…i mean two people of the mla format quoting essay same sex can be good friends….how are they going to benefit the world….they can go out and watch movies or hand out together… 5.this is less meaningful to the society. 6.there is a need of wallpaper, a family…you cant just adopt children from the orphanage…..one day the orphanage will run out of quoting essay, babies, then who will produces more babies or the orphanage would not want to give the baby to phd thesis dsp a gay couple…will they??

7.gay parents will raise their children to mla format quoting be a gay…influation… 8. The Yellow? gay marriage is not supported by religion. 9.children would not succeed if they do not have a male parent and a female parent. 10.this will change the foundation of society…i mean this is quoting essay, not what humans are…. now i am in a huge mess, personally this is what i think of gay marriage, and now i have been given my debate topic to be for gay marraige and i don’t even agree to phd thesis dsp one of the advantages of mla format, gay marriage…i have not even lost one debate in my life….all i can do is more research, if any one you have a strong point for argument gay marriage pls do tell me… i personall do not support gay marrige….here are a few reasons why. 2.how will this going to mla format quoting essay benefit the a thesis statement society….instead this will ruin the society. 3.legalizing gay marriage would open the doors to any body getting married, for example would you want your dog to get married to another dog of the same sex…..how is the dog going to be benefited?? 4.why is mla format, there this change. …its not like divorce is not legal…i mean two people of the same sex can be good friends….how are they going to benefit the world….they can go out and watch movies or hand out together… 5.this is the yellow, less meaningful to the society. 6.there is a need of a family…you cant just adopt children from the orphanage…..one day the orphanage will run out of babies, then who will produces more babies or the orphanage would not want to give the mla format quoting baby to a gay couple…will they?? 7.gay parents will raise their children to be a gay…influation…

8. gay marriage is not supported by religion. 9.children would not succeed if they do not have a male parent and a female parent. 10.this will change the foundation of society…i mean this is not what humans are…. now i am in a huge mess, personally this is what i think of gay marriage, and now i have been given my debate topic to be FOR gay marraige and essay, i don’t even agree to mla format essay one of the advantages of gay marriage…i have not even lost one debate in my life….all i can do is more research, if any one you have a strong point for gay marriage pls do tell me… Don’t let this important debate die. Everyone who’s posted here has raised some very good points, and cfm ethesis_id, they should be preserved for mla format anyone in the future who needs to learn the quoting arguments on both sides. The best place to essay do that is at http://www.livingvote.org/. ‘Christians’ appear graceless, judgmental and controlling when they vote to phd thesis dsp ‘defend marriage’.

The statistics offered by mla format quoting Steeve were an utter joke. Mr Hollis’ rebuttal was very impressive.

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coffin business plan My Father's Shoes - Our Coffin Story, Pages 1 to 25. Tristram Coffyn was born in 1609 in quoting essay Brixton Parish, town of Plymouth, Devonshire, England and the yellow wallpaper baptized March 11, 1610. He was the eldest child of Peter and essay Johanna Coffin. Coffyn's early years in producing a thesis England were during a very eventful time. Intellectual freedom was being claimed as a right for each individual. Mla Format Essay? This period was during the reign of James I. Among the 1147, names of the day were William Shakespeare, Francis Bacon and Oliver Cromwell. It was a period when the Puritans were making large gains in the Parliament. Tristram had one younger brother, John and essay four sisters, Johanna, Deborah, Eunice and producing Mary. When Tristram was 19 his father Peter, died. His will was dated December 21, 1627 and was proved by quoting essay his widow Johanna on March 13, 1628.

In the will it was declared that Tristram was to be provided for according to his degree and calling. Tristram was a farmer and therefore most likely took control of his fathers estate near Plymouth. Mla Format? Two years later Tristram courted and wed Dionis Stevens, daughter of mla format Robert Stevens of Brixton. Dionis Stevens was born in 1609 although other accounts say 1613. Shortly after their marriage, their first child Peter was born in 1631 followed by their son Tristram Jr., born in 1632.

During the early 1630's England entered into a storm of conflict with the death of James I and the succession of mla format quoting essay Charles I. In 1638 the Scots took up arms against the King. Mla Format? The Presbyterians took control of the Commons and this was followed by cfm ethesis_id an all out quoting, civil war in 1642. During this period of producing a thesis time Tristram and Dionis had two more children Elizabeth (d.o.b. unknown) and James born August 12, 1639. Dionis was also pregnant with their fifth child. In 1640 Coffyn was selected as a Warden of mla format essay Brixton Parish. Shortly after in November 1640, he leased his farm that was located at Butlass. The Yellow? With the civil war closing in on his family and the wounding and eventual death eight days later of his brother John at Plymouth Fort, Tristram decided to take his family, including his mother and two unwed sisters to safety in Colonial America. Tristram's friend Robert Clement was leaving for mla format America shortly, aboard a small fleet of ships, some of which were owned by Clement. Tristram quickly put his affairs in order and mla format essay embarked on his journey with his family aboard Clement's ship named Hector Clement in the spring of essay 1642.

This proved to the yellow, be the last time Coffyn was to see his home in England. The crossing of the Atlantic took between 60 and 90 days before they arrived in Newburyport Massachusetts, during the mla format quoting essay, summer of 1642. It was a mere twenty years since the pilgrims, aboard the Mayflower had landed at Plymouth. Shortly after their arrival, Tristram. secured living quarters for his family and started exploring up the Merrimack River with Robert Clement in search of buy accutane online a good location for a more permanent home. He arrived in a soon to be called settlement named Pentucket, now known as Haverhill Ma. Mla Format Essay? The book The History of Haverhill by George Chase states that Clements son, Job Clements had already settled in the area a year earlier, if so, this could be the reason that Coffyn and Clements chose this area. They found the area to have fertile soil with the online, necessary resources to build a farm, however, it was recorded that the large population of wolves were a problem with the flocks of sheep and a guard had to mla format, be posted at all times.

In 1641 there were only six homes built in essay toppics Pentucket. Tristram's group of settlers negotiated with the Indians for the property rights and secured a large area for the sum of three pounds ten shillings. A copy of this deed is still on record and bares witness to the signatures of Robert Clement and Tristram Coffyn, dated November 15, 1642. Not only is this the first record of the first Coffin immigrant in America, but it also indicates how Tristram spelled his surname, Coffyn, with a y instead of an i. It was also during this period that John, their youngest child fell ill and died. Dionis was also pregnant with their sixth child who was later named Deborah. She was born the first Coffin child in America, and the third child born in the tiny settlement but was destined for the same fate as the other newborns and died three weeks later. These deaths give evidence to the harsh conditions that the first immigrants must have encountered upon their arrival in the new world. The living conditions were primitive and unforgiving and many families suffered greatly. It was noted that Coffyn was the first white settler to plough land in the area, having made his own plough from materials at hand.

A few years after his arrival in quoting Pentucket, his daughter Mary was born, becoming the first Coffin child to essay toppics, be born and survive to adulthood in America. Mla Format? Shortly after Coffyn's arrival, the settlement was threatened when Indian war parties decided to producing a thesis, target the settlers homes. They wanted to halt the white invasion however they feared the firepower of the settlers muskets. The Indian plan was to send a small group to mla format quoting, each of the settlers homes at the same time and gain entrance to the houses by way of presenting goods for trade. Upon a predetermined signal, the Indians would jump the white men, cut their throats and ransack the house looking for weapons. What the toppics, Indians didn't know was that one of their members was a Colonial informant who revealed the plan to British intelligence and the British soldiers, along with about forty settlers disarmed the Indians before they could set the plan in quoting motion. After only a few years of farming in Pentucket, Tristram embarked on a new direction.

It would seem that not only was he a farmer, but he was also interested in expanding his business holdings. When the opportunity arose to operate a ferry back in phd thesis dsp Newbury, Tristram decided to move his family once again. The History of Newbury states that in 1644 Tristram Coffin Sr. is allowed to keep an Ordinary (Tavern) which consisted of selling wine and keeping a ferry and Inn on the Newbury side of the Merrimack River. Mla Format Essay? George Carr kept a ferry on the Salisbury side across from Carr Island. Tristram's ferry crossed from phd thesis dsp Newbury on the south side of the river, between Carr Island and Ram Island, over to mla format essay, the north side to the town of Salisbury. The ferry was most likely a tow ferry with oxen providing the producing a thesis statement, power to pull the craft across the river, with his sons helping to quoting essay, load and disembark the passengers. In the 1650's Tristram's eldest children began to expand their horizons with Peter leaving Newbury to cfm ethesis_id 1147, go to Dover, New Hampshire, where he became involved in the lumber business along with holding a variety of public office positions. Tristram's daughter Elizabeth wed Stephen Greenleaf in essay 1651 and resided in Newbury where the essay toppics, couple eventually had ten children before Elizabeth's early death. Tristram Jr. Mla Format? married Judith Somerby in 1653 and became a weaver/tailor and Deacon of the First Parish of Newbury.

Tristram Jr. is also the person who brought the Coffin name to the old Coffin house in 1654, which still stands in a thesis Newbury, after housing over 240 years of Coffin descendants. In 1997, I visited Newbury and the Coffin house which is now a historical site owned by the SPNEA. The Coffin house is one of the earliest homes constructed of wood still standing in New England. It is believed that the father, Tristram Sr., lived here shortly before moving to his new home in Nantucket. The house was originally much smaller than it appears today, with the oldest section being located at quoting essay, the back. In 1735 the first centennial of Newbury was celebrated by the town in the front yard of the Coffin house, under two gigantic elm trees. Inside, one is struck by the large fireplace located in the middle of the argument toppics, house, in a room referred to as the hall.

This is mla format quoting where the cooking, dining and visiting took place. Above this area was the hall chamber, or sleeping chamber. When I visited the sleeping chamber, a large cradle lay on one side of the room. Online? This was not for infants, but was for essay the elderly family members who were gently rocked to essay, sleep. On some of the mla format, beams near the stairs were engravings carved in the beam, these were thought to ward off evil spirits.

Much of the family time in the house was spent reading the bible as this was an era of strong religious beliefs along with the threat of evil coming in the form of witches and devils. The last full time occupant of the Coffin house was Lucy Coffin, who never married and lived to be 101 years old. A Thesis Statement? After she died in essay 1893, a nephew used the house as a summer place until it was turned over to the SPNEA in 1921. A short distance from the Coffin house, stood the cfm ethesis_id 1147, Coffyn's Tavern. Quoting Essay? The Tavern was operated mainly be Dionis, Tristram's wife, and it was called Coffyn's Ordinary. Not only did she serve the patrons but she was also responsible for making the beverages of the day. This.

eventually led the Coffyns into confrontation with the phd thesis dsp, law. The laws of 1645 stated clearly that every person licensed to keep an Ordinary (Tavern) shall always be provided with good wholesome beer of four bushels of malt to the hogshead, which he shall not sell above two pence the ale quart, on penalty of mla format forty shillings the first offence and for producing statement the second offence shall lose his licence. Dionis' ale was made with six bushels, giving it a kick that kept them coming back for more. For her troubles she increased the price by one pence and in turn had to stand before the court to defend her actions. Eventually the charge was dismissed, but word spread quickly through Newbury as to where to go for a quality ale. According to the book Ould Newbury by John Currier, the Coffyns owned forty acres across from quoting Carr Island. In later years the road to the Inn was known as Coffin Lane and was on the west side of present day Jefferson St. down by the Merrimack River. Toward the mid 1650's the ferry crossings were replaced by the yellow a floating bridge leaving Tristram little choice but to sell his property. Mla Format Essay? He moved across the river to Salisbury where records show his name on some documents as Commissioner of Salisbury.

It was during these years in the late 1650's that the first plans to relocate his family to a more desirable location were first laid out. Depending on which source one would believe, there are many arguments that have been brought forward as to why Tristram decided to leave Massachusetts. All would have been valid arguments. It was true that the Puritan rule was harsh and buy accutane online reviews prejudice against mla format quoting freedom of choice both religiously and 1147 politically. It was also true that the desire to move to an area where fences were not needed for the livestock (that an Island would provide) would be of some benefit, mainly monetary. Mla Format Quoting? In the buy accutane, end, Tristram's will to keep his family together around him in mla format essay a community outside of the reviews, smothering rules of the Puritans, and mla format guarded by miles of ocean, could have been the driving factor behind his decision to locate to a new home. In talking to phd thesis dsp, his friends and mla format quoting essay neighbours he found he was not alone in phd thesis dsp his thinking. Others were also anxious to leave, many for the same reasons as Coffyn. After a short time their ideas took shape and later after meetings, it was decided to form a group of essay associates to pursue matters further. The idea of common pastures and buildings were appealing to many, especially the farmers who were advancing in age. The back breaking life of maintaining a farm could now be shared among the group with common mills and labour supplied by the Indians.

How the Island of Nantucket, thirty miles off the south shore of Cape Cod ever came forth as a choice, is once again debatable. Some point out that the connection lies with Thomas Mayhew, the owner of Nantucket and argument essay Martha's Vineyard, was a cousin of one of the associates in Tristram's group, a man named Thomas Macy. Others think that Nantucket simply came up in a passing conversation and caught the groups imagination. At one meeting the decision was made to send Tristram Coffyn, possibly his son James, Edward Starbuck and cabin boy Isaac Coleman on a fact finding mission to meet with Mayhew and view Nantucket to assess its suitability as a home. Early in 1659 the men set out for Edgartown in Martha's Vineyard, the home of essay Thomas Mayhew. Thomas Mayhew came to New England before 1632 from Wiltshire England. By 1637 Mayhew was in the town of phd thesis dsp Watertown, Massachusetts, where he was operating a grist mill. His. business enterprises were flourishing by the time the family of John Folger arrived in quoting essay Watertown. Mayhew had a son named Thomas Jr. who was very religious.

Folger's son Peter was close to the same age as Thomas Jr. and the two became friends. They both shared an appetite for adventure, so when the opportunity came forth for the Mayhew's to purchase an Island named Nantucket, from the Earl of Stirling in 1641 for forty pounds, the adventure began. After seeing the Island it was concluded that Nantucket Island was too far off shore and that Martha's Vineyard would be a more suitable island to inhabit, so shortly after Mayhew also bought Martha's Vineyard. Thomas Mayhew Jr. moved quickly to a thesis statement, establish his home on mla format quoting essay Martha's Vineyard bringing Peter Folger along with him. His mission was to teach the Indians that inhabited the a thesis, Islands' Christianity.

Folger was to be a school master and surveyor. The work was quite successful and the elder Mayhew came to join them in Edgartown. In 1657 Thomas Jr. found it necessary to essay, go to buy accutane reviews, England to stimulate more financial support, however, his ship was lost in a gale on the crossing and he was never heard from again. Mayhew was devastated by quoting the loss of his son, however he decided to continue with his son's mission. Folger on the other hand was looking for a change. His chance for change came in the form of a shallop sailing into the harbour at Edgartown with Tristram Coffyn on board.

It's interesting to note that this simple twist of fate with Coffyn arriving in Edgartown while Folger was searching for mla format a new adventure, brought about one of the mla format, circumstances to which American statesman, scientist and writer, Benjamin Franklin would later be born into. Forty years later, Folger's daughter, Abiah, of Nantucket, married Josiah Franklin, where in 1706 shortly after moving from Nantucket, gave birth to Benjamin Franklin. In turn this would make Tristram's new friend, Peter, Ben Franklin's grandfather. Tristram's preliminary discussions with Mayhew were favourable, however, Mayhew insisted that if Coffyn's group wanted to purchase Nantucket, the Indians on the Island would have to be included in phd thesis dsp the negotiations. It was estimated that Nantucket had about 700 Narragansett Indians living in six villages, mostly on essay the east shore. Today, there is 1147 not a single Indian descendant living on the Island. Mla Format Essay? The last Indian descendant died in the 1850's, wiped out for the most part by white man diseases. Nantucket in Algonquin is interpreted as far away Island. Online? Coffyn realized that without an interpreter he would have problems communicating with the Indians. To address this problem he enlisted the services of Peter Folger who was also a skilled Surveyor. Shortly thereafter, the group left for the Island.

The Indians greeted them favourably and although their interpretation of purchasing land proved to essay, be different than the white interpretation, they agreed on the idea. In later years the Indians were surprised to learn the meaning of trespassing, for in their culture no one ever owns property but instead they only had rights to live upon it, yet anyone could travel through it. The whites wouldn't allow this for fear of livestock disappearing. Shortly after achieving their goal, Coffyn and cfm ethesis_id the rest headed back to mla format essay, Edgartown for further negotiations with Mayhew. Committed to carrying on with his lost son's mission, Mayhew had no real interest in Nantucket and phd thesis dsp therefore agreed to very reasonable terms for the purchase of the essay, Island. The sale price of 30 pounds along with two beaver hats, one for him and the yellow wallpaper one for his wife, was a bargain especially if one considers that after owning the Island for close to twenty years Mayhew was selling it for quoting ten pounds less than he bought it for. The beaver hats incidently were supposedly made by Tristram Coffyn's son, Tristram Jr. Phd Thesis Dsp? Today one can only speculate on the mood of the negotiations, but judging by essay the eventual results, Coffyn and Mayhew must have respected each other a great deal in order for things to have gone so smoothly. Mla Format Essay? Mayhew did decide however to quoting, retain a one twentieth share of the venture so he could have a voice in how the Island affairs were being handled.

Coffin returned home to Salisbury to organize the purchase of Nantucket. Once there, his eight partners ratified the phd thesis dsp, agreement with Mayhew and ten new partners and ten tenant inhabitants were admitted into the company. Half Share Owners. Tristram Coffin Jr. #9;The half share partners were tradesmen who were needed to mla format quoting essay, help develop the settlement. Folger was the interpreter/surveyor who later became the miller. Joseph Gardner was a shoemaker and Nathaniel Holland was a tailor etc.

Some of the other half-share holders listed didn't join the group until the later years. #9;In the fall of 1659 before any formal deed was drawn up with the Indian leaders Wanackmamack and Nickanoose, James Coffin, Thomas Macy and family, Edward Starbuck and Isaac Coleman left Salisbury for Nantucket to take up residence. Macy was in trouble with the Puritan judges for harbouring Quakers during a short rain storm. Producing A Thesis Statement? Nantucket was out of the Judge's legal realm, so rather than stay and face the charges he decided that the sooner he could leave Salisbury the better it would be. Edward Starbuck was Macy's partner in the company and also his best friend.

He felt compelled to go with Macy and the rest to see them through what was going to be a tough first winter. James Coffin age 19 went to watch over his father's interests and mla format essay Isaac Coleman age 13 was probably just looking for adventure. The first winter on Nantucket proved to be one full of hardships. The crossing was reported to mla format quoting, have been a rough one in which the tiny craft was almost lost. Quoting Essay? During the first winter the Indians were said to online reviews, have been most helpful in seeing to the needs of the first white settlers on the Island.

In the spring of 1660 Edward Starbuck returned to Salisbury to update the rest on mla format quoting essay the progress of Nantucket. The reports were favourable and others made preparations to relocate quickly. The freedom enjoyed in Nantucket, by being independent from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, was the argument toppics, lure that attracted many from Salisbury. Mla Format? But along with their freedom certain laws and regulations had to be drawn-up to keep the buy accutane, new settlement from essay deteriorating. For instance one guideline was that Indian land could not be purchased by any individual except for use by all its original purchasers. This would ensure a balanced ownership. The Colony of New York claimed jurisdiction over Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket and so it was with the Governor of New York, Francis Lovelace, that the Colony had to deal within terms of being recognized.

By the summer of 1661, records show that the meetings were now being held on 1147 Nantucket indicating that many of the settlers had made the move to the Island. The first concerns of mla format quoting essay many were where their house lots would be located. Quoting? At a town meeting held July 15, 1661 it was agreed upon that each owner would have the freedom to choose his lot within limits not previously occupied. Quoting Essay? It was also decided that the lot size for each full share holder would be sixty rods square (a rod consisting of 16'6). It was also agreed that Tristram Coffyn would select first, in which he selected a lot on the north western coastline of the Island at cfm ethesis_id, a place known as Cappammet Harbour (today known as Capaum Pond). The original Nantucket record states Tristram Coffyn, Sr., had his house lot laid out at Cappammet, by the aforesaid lot layers, at mla format quoting essay, Cappamet Harbour head, sixty rods square, or thereabouts, the east side line part of argument essay toppics it bounded by essay the highway; the south side by a rock southward of the pond; the north by the harbour head; the west side bounded by the lot of Tristram Coffin Jr.

In the aftermath, once all was said and done, Tristram had succeeded with his wish to toppics, live out his days in a free society surrounded by his friends and family. To his east side, across Cappamet Harbour was his son Peter, who didn't reside on the Island but was a frequent visitor seeing as he had secured the rights to supply the mla format quoting essay, settlers with lumber for their homes. To the west was the lot of his son Tristram Jr., again not a full time resident but a frequent visitor. To the south laid the lots of his daughter Mary and her husband Nathaniel Starbuck. Mary and Nathaniel were very much a part of the Island's development. Mary owned the first store on the Island as well as being regarded in later life as a. spiritual leader, having embraced Quakerism. Mary and 1147 Nathaniel also had the essay, honour of having the first white baby on the Island during the early 1660's. Buy Accutane Online Reviews? Also to the south lay the lot of James Coffin.

After Tristram, James was the head of the Coffin interests on Nantucket. The first years of settlement consisted of building houses along with shelters for their livestock, mainly sheep and oxen, as well as developing pastures and common buildings. The Indians helped to develop the farms and taught the mla format, settlers a great deal about living on the Island. In turn they were given employment and phd thesis dsp some formal education. The first years were often regarded as the best years upon Nantucket, in terms of creating a society that flowed in harmony, where one could rely on their neighbours as though they were family. The great grandson of Thomas Macy would later write, The little community was kind and courteous to each other and mla format hospitable to strangers. The prevalence of good feeling was remarked and felt by all who came among them. From the beginning Tristram Coffyn and Thomas Macy were the spokesmen for the settlement. In 1671 they were selected by the group to go to New York and meet with Governor Lovelace and secure their claim to the Island.

Upon their return the Islanders nominated Coffyn to be Chief Magistrate of Nantucket. Cfm Ethesis_id 1147? The town also selected all other officers except the Chief Military Officer who was to be selected by mla format Governor Lovelace from nominees chosen by the settlement. After a few more years of harmony, or about the early 1670's the first signs of trouble on the Island began to appear. The problems came through the evolution of the two classes of settlers. On one hand they had the full share owners and their partners, who by Nantucket law had two votes each. On the other hand the half share owners only had one vote resulting in less of a say on Island affairs. They viewed themselves just as important as the full share settlers. The only producing a thesis statement thing missing for a revolt by the half share members was a leader. That changed in quoting 1673 when it was decided that the argument essay toppics, community needed to expand their fishing interests by enlisting the services of a skilled tradesman by mla format essay the name of John Gardner of Salem, Massachusetts. Gardner was the brother of full share owner Joseph Gardner. Right from the start John Gardner challenged the original owners on most issues and from this began the online reviews, feud between the Gardners group and the Coffin group.

Another problem arising on the Island involved the quoting essay, Indians and liquor. Some of the white settlers were taking advantage of the Indians' ignorance regarding liquor consumption. Laws had to eventually be implemented prohibiting the sale and consumption of alcohol to Indians. John Gardner often ignored these laws which escalated the tension on phd thesis dsp the Island. Quoting? Gardner also attempted to buy land from the Indians, however the final blow most probably resulted from a meeting Gardner set up with Gov. Mla Format Quoting? Lovelace's replacement, Governor Francis Andros. One of the requirements of the mla format, Islanders was to pay taxes to phd thesis dsp, New York. This payment was met by giving the government barrels of fish. John Gardner convinced the settlers to let him deliver the payment.

While in New York, he met with Governor Andros and in turn convinced the Governor to name the main town in mla format quoting Nantucket, Sherborne, after his hometown back in England. He then managed. to get himself appointed as Chief Military Officer. This all came about shortly before the Dutch takeover of New York. With the change in governments in New York, Gardners's group declared that past arrangements with the original settlers was no longer valid. The tension ran high for producing a short period until the Dutch were run out of New York and the old government was reinstated.

Upon this action, Tristram and Mathew Mayhew, grandson of Thomas, once again sailed for New York and had their agreements with the government reinstated. In 1676 Thomas Mayhew became Chief Magistrate on Nantucket with Peter Coffin, a new resident on the Island becoming Assistant Magistrate. Peter and essay James Coffin had returned to the Island as a result of the conflict on the mainland between the Indians and the white settlers known as King Philip's War. Argument? This appointment of Macy and the election of Peter Coffin infuriated the Gardner group. Not only was Peter a Coffin he also held government positions back in Dover and was not considered a full time resident of Nantucket. A few years later the tension eased with the elections of quoting essay James Coffin, John Gardner and Nathaniel Starbuck who would all be elected as Assistant Magistrates. The feud continued toward the the yellow, late 1670's in a period that would result in Tristram Coffyn being selected as Chief Magistrate by Governor Andros in the hopes of trying to mla format quoting, pull the community back together. Coffyn was regarded by most of the settlers as the one person who could rectify Nantucket's struggle with growth. Unfortunately, for everyone, a shipwreck on the Nantucket shoals diverted any plans that Tristram had for the Islanders. In September 1678 a French ship ran aground during a storm, forcing the crew to abandon ship. Shortly thereafter the cargo was salvaged by certain parties and sold for profit.

This action put Tristram, who was chief magistrate, in violation with maritime law which stated that the cargo should have been secured until claimed by the owner. In failing to do so, Tristram subjected himself to phd thesis dsp, be responsible for the lost cargo. The courts came down hard on mla format quoting essay him with a stiff penalty which would ruin him financially. The action cast a dark cloud over Coffyn, who was now in his early 70's. His family rallied to his side but the argument essay, strain of the penalty along with the feuding years had worn him down. His son James made financial arrangements to pay the fine.

In the end, surprisingly, it was John Gardner, who had become the new Chief Magistrate of Nantucket, who stood up to the courts with a touching appeal on Coffyn's behalf. He convinced the courts to reduce the penalty substantially. When all was said and done what remained was Coffyn's ill health. The year was 1681, and mla format autumn was closing in. Coffyn had made the arrangements that were to the yellow, follow his death back in 1678. Quoting? He made no will but instead disposed of his rather large estate through deeds to his family, mainly his youngest sons John and Stephen. To his numerous grandchildren, 60 in all, he granted 10 acres of land to each one upon the Coffyn's Island of argument essay Tuckernuck, off the west coast of Nantucket.

In 1681 Tristram owned two houses on quoting essay his property, the first dwelling house he deeded to phd thesis dsp, Stephen and the new house upon the hill was to go to mla format essay, John. His son Stephen was asked to care for toppics their mother, Dionis up until her death. On October 3, 1681 Tristram Coffyn died, he was 72 years old at the time of his death. His funeral brought out mla format essay, all the Islanders including the Gardners to mourn his passing. It has been suggested that his old friend Edward Starbuck read from the bible and then Tristram's body was taken to a favourite location on his property and buried.

Through the years the exact site of his grave has wandered from memory, however, the man himself lives on in each one of his descendants. In just forty years after his death his descendants numbered 1,138 born in America. In 1728 the number had increased to buy accutane reviews, 1,582. All of them descendants from one couple, Tristram and Dionis Coffyn. Stephen Coffyn cared for his mother up until her death which occurred on November 6, 1684 in Nantucket.

The Children of Tristram and Dionis Coffyn: Honorable Peter Coffin was born in England in mla format 1631. He was the first child of essay Tristram and Dionis. Peter married Abigail Starbuck, daughter of Edward Starbuck. He resided in Dover, New Hampshire for a good portion of his life before moving his family to Nantucket. He later moved his family to mla format essay, Exeter, New Hampshire, where he became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New Hampshire and a member of the Governor's Council. The Coffin's had ten children including their son Jethro whose house is considered the oldest house still standing on Nantucket having been built in the yellow wallpaper 1686. Tristram Coffin Jr. was born in mla format essay England in 1632. He married Judith Somerby of Newbury, Massachusetts, in a thesis statement 1652. Tristram was a weaver and filled many notable positions on the Newbury Town Council.

He was named Deacon to the first Parish of Newbury. His house in Newbury is known as the Old Coffin House. Tristram Jr. and his wife Judith's graves are marked in the cemetery of the First Parish of Newbury which is located across the mla format quoting, street from the Coffin house. Together they had ten children along with Judith's three children from her first marriage. Elizabeth Coffin was born in England in 1634. She married Stephen Greenleaf in wallpaper Newbury, Massachusetts, on November 13, 1651.

From this family the Greenleaf's of New England have descended. Elizabeth died in 1678 at the age of 44. The Greenleafs had ten children. Hon. Mla Format Essay? James Coffin was born in England in 1639. Mla Format Quoting Essay? He married Mary Severance, daughter of John and quoting Abigail Severance of Salisbury, Massachusetts, in 1663. James was the first settler to settle on buy accutane online Nantucket after the purchase. Essay? He later became a leading figure in Nantucket politics.

He served many terms as Chief magistrate on the Island. James and Mary had fourteen children with twelve surviving into adulthood. John Coffin was born in England but died shortly after the crossing on October 30, 1642. Deborah Coffin was born two weeks after her brother's death and died three weeks later on. December 8, 1642. Mary Coffin was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, in 1645 and married Nathaniel Starbuck at the age of 17. Mary was a most extraordinary woman. Not only did she raise a family of essay ten children but she operated the Island's first store. Her open mindedness gained her respect from everyone who knew her.

Later it was her interest in Quakerism that laid the ground work for that particular religion on the Island. Mary and Nathaniel held the distinction of having the first white child born on Nantucket. Mary died on November 13, 1717. Lieut. John Coffin was born in Massachusetts, on October 30, 1647, exactly five years to the day of the mla format quoting, death of his brother John.

John married Deborah Austin daughter of Joseph and Sarah Austin. Shortly after his father's death he moved to Martha's Vineyard, where he found employment as a blacksmith. Phd Thesis Dsp? He died in Edgartown in 1711, where today one can still locate his tombstone. Stephen Coffin was the last child born to Tristram and Dionis Coffyn. He was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, in 1652. He married Mary Bunker in 1668 and quoting essay had ten children with Mary.

Stephen took over the yellow wallpaper, his father's estate on Nantucket where he lived out his life as a farm manager. He died on November 14, 1734. HONOURABLE JAMES COFFIN. Pioneer of Nantucket Law and Order. James Coffin was born August 12, 1639, in Brixton, Devonshire, England. He was the fourth child of Tristram and Dionis Stevens Coffin. James was only three years old when his father immigrated to mla format quoting essay, America.

The family first settled in mla format Salisbury before heading down the Merrimac River to Haverhill where after only a short time they relocated once more to the town of Newbury. James' family operated a ferry on the south side of the Merrimac River. They also operated a Tavern/Inn which was located near the landing. During the mla format quoting, 1650's with the older brothers and sisters going off in their own directions, James took over their responsibilities. Of the older children, it was James who was showing the most interest in Nantucket. James' brothers had already established enterprises on the mainland and wanted to remain there, however, they were willing to invest in the plan financially. James was only twenty when the plans to investigate the Island came about. Depending on whose account of history one would study, James did go with his father on the voyage that took them to buy accutane online, Nantucket for the first time. Quoting Essay? After negotiations with the Indians and Thomas Mayhew, the Island became the property of the Salisbury group, with ten full share members and ten partners.

Thomas Macy, James Coffin, Edward Starbuck and Isaac Coleman proceeded quickly to inhabit the Island before the next winter. Edward Starbuck was a former resident of Dover N.H.. His daughter Abigail married Tristram Coffyn's son Peter. Starbuck had lived in Dover since 1643. In the 1640's he refused to join the church in the ordinance of baptism so he and the church parted company. In 1648 he was charged for disturbing the peace of the church. He apparently disapproved of the buy accutane online, submersion of babies during baptism. Others had been tied to ox carts and whipped for similar crimes, however, Starbuck got off with a lighter sentence but never again respected the Puritan rule. In the book Nantucket by W.O. Stevens, he states that the first white inhabitants on the Island spent their first winter on the western side of the Island near the area now known as Madaket.

The first few months on Nantucket were harsh ones for the newcomers seeing as they arrived in quoting the fall with barely time to prepare for the winter. Had the Indians not been so accommodating the new settlers would have found it hard to survive the winter. In the following spring, Starbuck headed back to Salisbury for a meeting with the owners. Argument Essay Toppics? Soon after, Tristram came to the Island to mla format, scout out a good location for a home. After surveying the layout of the land they decided to build on the back side of Capaum Harbour, on the north side of the Island. It's interesting to note why the small Capaum Harbour was more appealing to the settlers than the larger harbour to the east.

One can only speculate but it has been suggested that Capaum might have had fresh water springs running close to it. Tristram sailed back to. Salisbury to producing statement, organize the move while his son James stayed on, and with the help of two Indians, he built their first house overlooking Capaum Pond. During the following years, 1661 to 1664 the flurry of traffic between the mainland and the Island increased as provisions and mla format quoting essay building materials made their way to their new found home. James on numerous occasions travelled back and forth from quoting Nantucket to Salisbury as well as Nantucket to Dover.

James' interest in Salisbury might have laid with his desires to be close to a young woman named Mary Severance, daughter of John and Abigail Severance. While in Dover, James held property along the Cochecho River near his brother Peter. It is likely that James was involved with trade back to Nantucket during these years, mainly lumber and mla format livestock. Buy Accutane? On December 3, 1663, James married Mary and quoting essay the two moved to Nantucket where their first child James Jr. was born, however, shortly after James and his family moved off the Island back to Dover, New Hampshire. It was during this period that I feel James along with his brother Peter became interested in studying law. On March 10 1666, James was named as an 1147, arbitrator to settle disputes in the settlement along with five other members of the town. Mla Format? Brother Peter was already an established member of the community who owned large tracts of lands in what is now downtown Dover. Phd Thesis Dsp? Peter's land was on the south side of the Cochecho River, near the falls. Mla Format? Names such as Coffin Woods and Coffin Orchard were common landmarks to the settlers. Peter also owned a mill on the Lamprey River as well as land by the Cochecho Falls. Peter manufactured masts for phd thesis dsp the British navy and was paid by grants of land in Dover.

Peter was also involved with erecting the meeting house which later became fortified to protect the settlers during the Indian uprisings. The fort was 100' square with a log wall and gate. It was situated on mla format essay the mound of earth that is still seen today in an area that was called the neck. Phd Thesis Dsp? A brief history of Peter taken from the quoting essay, book Historical Memoranda of Ancient Dover states that Peter was a Selectman in essay 1660, the town treasurer by 1661, a member of the jury of trials in 1666 and a lieutenant during King Philip's war. In 1666 Peter was on a committee to fortify Portsmouth N.H. Mla Format Quoting? James was in Dover in 1668 through 1671, where he appears on church records and was made a freeman. Online Reviews? James also appears on the lists of taxpayers for mla format essay the Cochecho area as early as 1662. He was splitting his tax expenses with Robert Ewen and essay toppics John Church during these years. In 1675 a bloody conflict broke out between the Colonies and the Indians, this was known as King Philip's War. Indians were attacking many settlers throughout the mla format, Colonial settlements, including some attacks in essay the Dover area.

It was during this time, that James decided to relocate his family to Nantucket for their safety. His brother Peter was also forced to temporarily relocate his family to the Island after the Indians gave him a close call. Quoting Essay? In June of 1689, Peter's house was the target of an Indian raid. The Indians first sent a squaw to the locked gate seeking shelter for the night. During the night, while all were sleeping, she opened the gate, letting the waiting war party in and taking Peter's family prisoner. Word had spread in recent days that twenty-three settlers had been massacred by this war party. Once they captured Peter and his family the Indians marched them over to his son Tristram's home and threatened to kill the hostages unless the gates were open there.

Once inside, folklore states, Peter distracted the Indians by throwing handfuls of coins into the dirt and over the gate. The Indians scattered to collect the coins giving the hostages time to phd thesis dsp, escape into essay, the. Back in Nantucket, the Indians were aware of the buy accutane, war being waged on the mainland but despite pressure from quoting other tribes, they decided to stay neutral. This decision was of great relief to the white inhabitants of the Island, seeing as they were badly outnumbered and out gunned. Buy Accutane Online Reviews? Nantucket only had about forty able bodied white men on the Island during this time, again giving us a clue that relations were good between the two parties on the Island. John Gardner first came to Nantucket around 1673 from Salem Massachusettes.

He was a fisherman/mariner who was invited to Nantucket by his brother Richard, to help develop the Islands' fish trade. From the very first meeting Gardner and essay Tristram Coffyn disagreed on most matters. Both being determined and proud men, they would not easily be swayed. Surprisingly, James had some sympathy for argument essay Gardners position, whereas his brother, Peter's dislike for the man was as strong as their father's. In the mla format quoting essay, latter part of the 1670's it was often James and his sister Mary who would attempt to smooth over the bad feelings between the two groups. The tension never really ended until after Tristram Coffyn's death in 1681 and later, the marriage of a Gardner to a Coffin. In September 1678, a French ship's cargo of essay toppics furs from the Colonial mainland, ran aground on the Nantucket shoals. James Coffin among others made matters worse by innocently asking permission from his father, who at the time was the Chief Magistrate of Nantucket, to mla format quoting, remove the cargo of two thousand furs from the shipwreck. Unfortunately for the Coffins the the yellow, owner later came forward and wanted someone held accountable.

The burden of essay responsibility fell on Tristram Coffyn's shoulders. He was the Chief Magistrate of the Island and it was his responsibility by law to launch a salvage of any wrecks that ran aground on the Island, and mla format quoting securing the contents until they could be claimed. Having failed to do so, the courts ordered Coffyn to pay the penalty of 343 pds., ten shillings. Mla Format Quoting Essay? The harsh decision would have ruined Tristram Coffyn financially, and lay a deep financial burden upon phd thesis dsp the Coffin family. By the year 1681 the Coffins owned approximately one quarter of the Island, including. Tuckernuck Island off the mla format, west coast. Peter Coffin was constantly attacked for being a full share partner allowed to make important decisions, and yet he didn't live there as a full time resident. The bad blood between the Coffins and the Gardners was now really only between Peter Coffin and John Gardner, so it must have been a topic of amusement for mla format essay the Islanders when it was learned that Peter's son Jethro had fallen in love with Gardner's daughter Mary. To make matters worse for the two fathers, the two later decided to essay, wed and reside in Nantucket. A Thesis Statement? It was decided in 1686 that John Gardner would supply the property for the newlywed's house while Peter Coffin was to supply the lumber from his mill. During the wedding ceremony Peter Coffin realized that the appropriate deed for the property had not been transferred to his son Jethro and so he stood up just prior to quoting, the wedding vows and exclaimed in a threatening tone that the wedding be put to a halt right then and there until the appropriate paper work was signed by all parties.

John Gardner assured Coffin that it would be taken care of as soon as possible but Coffin persisted until finally Gardner grudgingly had to get the papers in phd thesis dsp question and sign them and only then did the wedding continue, much to the embarrassment of the bride and groom. Mla Format Essay? Jethro Coffin's house was and still is one of the statement, focal points of Nantucket's history. Not only did it mark the end of the mla format, Coffin/ Gardner feud, but it still stands today as the phd thesis dsp, oldest house still standing in Nantucket. Also, of interest, is the brick work on the houses' chimney, it has the pattern of an upside down horse shoe, inlayed into the brick. In the 1600s the settlers believed this would ward off witches and evil spirits from entering the home. It was also about this time in Nantucket's history that the first interest in whale catching was seen on the Island. Apparently one incident in the 1670's captured the imagination of some of the Island's more adventurous souls. One day a stray Scrag whale wandered into the harbour and stayed there for three days. Mla Format Quoting Essay? During this time the essay, Islanders took it upon themselves to mla format, devise ways to phd thesis dsp, capture and quoting essay kill the whale which led to cfm ethesis_id 1147, constructing the Island's first harpoon.

A few of the braver Islanders headed out and proceeded to harpoon the whale and drag it to mla format quoting essay, shore. Although the ease with which the argument, whale was caught stirred much excitement to continue the pursuit, it would be many more years until whaling became a serious industry. During the 1690's James Coffin was appointed by the Islanders as their spokesman. He was elected by the town of Nantucket to be the first representative to the Great and General Court under the Royal Charter granted by William and Mary in 1691. He was also the representative sent to negotiate the essay, terms in which Nantucket would fall under the jurisdiction of Massachusettes instead of New York. Besides his political interests, James was also referred to as a successful trader.

To fulfil his trading commitments he had a 25 ton vessel built in Boston in 1696 which he named Dolphin. By the 1690's James and his wife, Mary had a family of fourteen children, all but two, Benjamin and Experience, lived into adulthood. It is widely accepted that a majority of Coffin descendants in North America can trace their roots through James Coffin. At most of the Coffin Reunions when the guests are asked to stand up to the son of Tristram in which they are descending from, James' representatives always out numbered any of the other sons' descendants. In the early 1690's John Gardner became the first Deputy of Nantucket to sit in 1147 the General Court of Massachusettes. Quoting? After his term the cfm ethesis_id 1147, position was held for the next two decades with only a few exceptions by James Coffin. One of Coffin's first acts was to request that the mla format quoting essay, taxes of Nantucket be forfeited for one year, so the Island could build proper defences.

This act came about from an incident that happened on the Island at Madaket. A French privateer raided the online, Island, kidnapping two residents and attacking seven boats. James was also Judge of Probate from 1706 to 1718 retiring at essay, the age of producing statement 78. A large majority of the quoting, courts work load dealt with Indian matters. Alcohol was forbidden to be sold to or consumed by the Indians but this law did little in the way to stop it from happening. Other issues dealt with petty theft and even the occasional murder.

Penalties ranged from fines and lashings for the minor crimes to imprisonment and execution for the more serious matters. The first records of Probate Office were made during James Coffin's administration. Later in 1707 he became a representative in the General Court until 1712. On July 28, 1720 James Coffin died in Nantucket at the age of 80. Argument? In 1881, Allen Coffin wrote in his book entitled The Coffin Family, From James Coffin have descended, perhaps, the most remarkable representatives of the Coffin family, as doubtless the most numerous and generally scattered. This family furnished the families of Boston who stayed loyal to the Crown during the mla format, Revolution. General John Coffin and phd thesis dsp Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin as well as the most distinguished woman which America produced, Lucretia Mott, all descend from James Coffin. Mla Format Quoting? James was buried in Nantucket, his wife Mary was most certainly buried there also, however her date of phd thesis dsp death was never recorded. Children of mla format quoting essay James and Mary Coffin:

Mary Coffin was born in 1665 and married Richard Pinkham of Portsmouth and her second marriage was to buy accutane online, James Gardner, son of Richard and Sarah. James Coffin was born in mla format essay Nantucket on producing July 9, 1664. He married Love Gardner, daughter of Richard and Sarah. In 1692 he married Ruth Gardner, daughter of mla format quoting John and Priscilla. Nathaniel Coffin was born in Dover, New Hampshire in 1671. He married Demaris Gayer, daughter of William. Nathaniel was a sea captain and great grandfather to online reviews, Gen. John Coffin and essay Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin. Nathaniel died in 1720. John Coffin was born in Nantucket and cfm ethesis_id 1147 married Hope Gardner, daughter of Richard and Sarah.

He died in 1747. Dinah Coffin was born in Nantucket and married her cousin Nathaniel Starbuck Jr. in 1690. She died in 1750. Deborah Coffin was born in Nantucket and married George Bunker on October 10, 1695. Quoting Essay? She died in 1767. Ebenezer Coffin was born March 30, 1678 in phd thesis dsp Nantucket.

He married Eleanor Barnard on December 12, 1700. He died in 1730. Joseph Coffin was born in Nantucket on February 4, 1679. Joseph married Bethiah Macy. Joseph died in 1719. Elizabeth Coffin married Jonathan Bunker and her second marriage was to mla format essay, Thomas Clark. She died in Nantucket on March 30, 1769. Benjamin Coffin was born in 1683.

He was washed overboard and drowned between Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard when he was young. Ruth Coffin was born in essay Nantucket and married Jospeh Gardner, son of Richard and Mary. She died in Nantucket in 1748. Abigail Coffin was born in Nantucket and married Nathaniel Gardner, son of Richard and Sarah. Mla Format? She died March 15, 1713 in Nantucket. Her burial was the first in Gardners burial ground. Experience Coffin (yes they were running out of names) was born in Nantucket in the early 1690's.

She died in mla format quoting infancy. Jonathan Coffin was born in mla format quoting essay Nantucket on August 8, 1692. He married Hepzibah Harker in argument toppics 1711. Jonathan died in 1773. The Early Years of the Whale Trade.

James Coffin was born July 9, 1664, on Nantucket Island. He was the first child of the Hon. James Coffin and Mary Severance. The birth date of James is surrounded by controversy. Most records show his birth to mla format essay, be between 1667 and 1671, while his parents were living in cfm ethesis_id Dover, New Hampshire. However, the Nantucket VR (P.R. 38) shows his birth as 09/05/1664. James grew up in a very large family, that eventually included seven sisters and six brothers, with James being the eldest.

Being of the second generation of settlers to mla format quoting, the newly established colony, James was exposed to the yellow, the hardships of developing the first farms on mla format essay Nantucket. The sandy soil supported little in the way of crops. They brought sheep to the Island, in hopes of exporting the wool to cfm ethesis_id 1147, the mainland in exchange for provisions needed to support their colony. Although some farmers found some success with livestock, the herds of scrawny sheep were still not enough to support themselves. During these first few years, about 1665, James' father decided to move the family off the Island, to mla format, Dover, New Hampshire where he had land holdings from earlier years, however, with the Indian uprisings during King Philip's War, in the 1670's, the Coffin's moved back on to Nantucket to stay. Wallpaper? They returned during the years of development in the fishing industry. John Gardner had been commissioned to develop the fish trade, while the rest were trying their best to quoting essay, develop productive farms. Both Peter Folger and Tristram Coffyn, James' grandfather, were said to have had productive grist mills which indicates that there was some evidence of phd thesis dsp success with farming, however if the quoting, colony was to develop, more would have to be done.

What Nantucket lacked could probably be summed up in the yellow a few words; resources and spiritual direction. Mla Format Quoting Essay? The initial goodwill was running thin. It was a time of squabbling between settlers. The full share holders were quarrelling with the half share holders. The Coffins feuded with the Gardners and the Indians were becoming disenchanted with the white settlers' rule. Upon Tristram Coffyn's death, the feud between Tristram and phd thesis dsp John Gardner slowly faded. Tristram's grandson, Jethro, married Gardner's daughter, Mary, and now James was showing interest in Love Gardner. In the mla format essay, late 1680's, James was the second Coffin to marry a Gardner. Love Gardner was born May 2, 1672 and was the daughter of Richard Gardner, one of the original settlers. James who was a farmer was thought to have had one child named Benoni with his wife. A Thesis Statement? However, the mla format quoting, child died in infancy.

Shortly after James' wife Love also died, although evidence is sketchy as to whether or not she died during child birth. Soon thereafter, James courted Love's cousin, Ruth. The Coffin House, Newbury, Mass. The Jethro Coffin House, Nantucket, Mass. Gardner, daughter of John Gardner.

On May 19, 1692, James and Ruth were married. At about the time that James and Ruth were married, a group of Nantucket settlers atop of Folly House Hill were observing whales spouting a short distance off shore. One commented,There is a green pasture, where our children's grandchildren will go for bread. This isn't the cfm ethesis_id 1147, first time that the mla format quoting essay, Islanders had taken notice of the abundance of whales off their shores, nor was it even the begining of the New England whale trade, for whales had been captured for over fifty years upon argument essay toppics the coast of mla format quoting essay Long Island and Cape Cod. Producing Statement? In the mla format essay, 1670's a whale was captured for the first time in toppics Nantucket, and later on the Islanders took it upon themselves to hire a whaler named James Loper from Cape Cod, to come to the Island to teach the ways of whaling.

Up to that time whaling on mla format essay Nantucket consisted of waiting until a dead whale carcass washed up on shore. All the Islanders would rush for their claim including the Indians. Other evidence of early whaling could be found in the inventory of the estate of Tristram Coffyn, who had died in 1681. It showed 45 lbs. of whale bone, valued at 10d. It is also thought that the argument toppics, Indians were the first to show interest in the large mammals. The actual pursuit of whales on the Island was a slow but steady progression taught by the mainlanders and Indians over twenty years. They showed the settlers the ways in which a whale was to be approached to prevent the animal from getting frightened.

Men such as Loper, showed how to extract the oil from the mla format, carcass, and where to thrust the harpoon. In 1690 the Islanders hired a whaler named Ichabod Paddock to help refine their new found trade and from this time on whaling quickly became the trade of statement choice for the young Island men. It was no accident that the settlers took to whaling with such ease. The Colony could not survive without a profitable resource. Farming the sandy soil was not very productive, and their livestock were poor in quality. On the other hand their offshore location placed them close to migrating whales and their harbour at Shelburne offered good protection for their boats from bad weather. In the beginning of shore whaling the Islanders divided the mla format quoting, south shore of the Island into four equal parts, each consisting of three miles of shoreline. Each section was equipped with a hut and a mast along with a crew of five to six men. From the mast the signaller would spot the spray from a spouting whale and the chase would begin. Phd Thesis Dsp? The men would rush to the beach and launch their boats into the surf rowing with all their might.

The signaller would stay behind to essay, direct the boat toward their prey using signal flags. As the boat approached the whale the harpooner would drop his oars and ready himself for the kill. Once upon the whale the harpooner would thrust his harpoon into the animal for the capture, meanwhile the rowers would feverishly back paddle to escape any thrashing of the huge tail. Once the kill was completed they had the task of rowing the dead whale back to buy accutane, shore and mla format quoting essay land it on the beach. The whole hunt start to finish could take hours and needless to cfm ethesis_id, say the crew was exhausted by the end of the hunt. Once successfully on shore they would start cutting the whale blubber into cubes and then used a process called trying out. This consisted of erecting large tripod kettle holders on the beach. They would set fires under the large kettles and boil the chunks of blubber down until the oil separated from the fibres. Then using large ladles they would scoop the oil into barrels and quoting prepare it for statement shipment. Mla Format Quoting? Whale oil was being used in many places as a luminant and lubricant especially back in Europe.

The British were purchasing much of the Colonial whale oil being shipped from Massachusetts, in turn much of Nantucket's whale oil was shipped off to Boston. James and Ruth's first child, George, was born in 1693. In 1695 Sarah was born, followed by Nathan in 1696 and Elisha in buy accutane online 1699. During these years James was farming and taking care of livestock. The town meetings of March 19, 1707 recorded that James Jr. was appointed to take account of all fleeces at ye time of mla format quoting essay sheering. The location of his farm was most probably near Capaum Pond, where his father Hon.

James Coffin had property. Phd Thesis Dsp? The sheep grazed on an open range with other farmers livestock, their ears were tagged for identification. During the mla format essay, sheering, the phd thesis dsp, atmosphere was festive and celebrated by most of the Islanders. With regards to the ocean trades the Coffin, Gardner, Starbuck, Hussey, Macy and Paddock families were in mla format essay the forefront of Nantucket's beginnings with fishing and whaling, James' brothers, Nathaniel, Jonathan and Ebenezer were active in the trade during the 1690's and into the 1700's. James is not on record as being involved as a mariner, but it is hard to believe that he was not, at least for part of the season, after all he was married to Captain John Gardner's daughter Ruth, whose family were all fishermen. With the whale industry on the rise the town was gradually being shifted from Capaum Harbour to Shelburne. Cfm Ethesis_id? The whale stations along the south coastline were now giving way to whaling sloops anchored in Nantucket harbour. These boats were relatively small, 20 to 30 tons and their numbers were few in the beginning. They would apply their trade just off the Nantucket coast. In 1702 a Quaker Missionary visited Nantucket from Rhode Island and a meeting for the curious resulted in their first converts. Mary Coffin Starbuck was the daughter of Tristram Coffyn and quoting essay became one of the argument essay, first Islanders to embrace Quakerism in 1704.

This was significant not only because of her ties with two of the quoting essay, Islands leading families, the Coffins and the Starbucks, but also because of her valued opinion by all who knew her. Mary owned the Islands's first store, as a result much of the the yellow wallpaper, gossip of the day fell onto mla format quoting essay her ears. Mary, always seeing the good side helped to argument toppics, resolve family problems for the various patrons who came to her store, in turn she gained the settlers respect. The significance of mla format essay these first converts was that they helped to give the community a religious direction as a group. The Quaker faith was a left wing Puritan sect founded by George Fox in England in 1650. Fox believed that a Ministry was not necessary in order to spread the beliefs of the producing a thesis statement, bible. Instead, his followers believed that all men were equal and called themselves friends. At their meetings they would gather in silence until someone in the room felt compelled to speak.

Their belief in such things as refusing to remove their hats and the refusal to mla format quoting essay, wage war got them into trouble everywhere they went. Many were imprisoned or. whipped and others were hung. The harsh Puritan rule of the Colonies made laws against those who helped the Quakers in buy accutane online reviews any way. These same laws were what the Islanders were fleeing from when they first came to Nantucket fifty years earlier. Some had even helped the Quakers, so it isn't hard to understand why the seeds of the quoting essay, Quaker faith took root in the soil of Nantucket. Most of the Islanders were already Christians of different faiths, mainly Baptists, but the Quaker belief in hard work and phd thesis dsp plain lifestyle seemed to be more suited to the settlers way of life on Nantucket. As mentioned earlier, what the Islanders lacked was resources and direction, now with the ever increasing whale industry turning profitable, along with their Quaker beliefs in hard work, the Island was beginning to mla format quoting essay, pull away from the mainland's whale trade, in terms of productivity. It was recorded by many visitors that Nantucket was very different from the mainland regarding its flurry of activity and argument essay plain dress of quoting its people.

It was called a marriage of religion and commerce. In the early 1700's the writer, Hector St. John de Crevecoeur, described how Islanders, the majority being Quakers, methodically trained their young in all aspects of the whale business. The children would enter school to learn to read and write and perfect their calculations. Then at age twelve, they would apprentice in trades such as barrel making and at fourteen they would go off to sea. While working on the sloops, they would be taught the phd thesis dsp, art of quoting navigation, along with the steps involved in whaling start to finish.

Upon numerous voyages and hunts the young mariners would then be called upon to fill various jobs in the industry. And so, in just a short time, Nantucket went from meagre means to prosperity with the best years yet to follow. During these years in the early 1700's, James' father Hon. James Coffin was the Chief Magistrate on the Island. It is my belief that James, being the eldest son, must have in some part helped his father manage his land holdings and businesses. It's known that James Sr. The Yellow Wallpaper? had trading sloops going back and forth from the mainland. These sloops would have needed crews of up to ten men, depending on the size.

Wool and mla format quoting essay whale oil would most likely have been the exports. In 1712 the whaling trade entered a new era, with the historic voyage of Captain Christopher Hussey. Hussey was whaling off the shores of Nantucket when a gale blew him far out to sea. Having survived the gale, Hussey was making his way back when he observed a whale of toppics enormous size just off his bow. With a good measure of courage, he attacked the mla format, whale and managed to be successful in killing the animal. Wallpaper? The whale was not of the scragg or right species, but was a sperm whale. They found the mla format quoting essay, oil to be of a much better quality, burning cleaner and brighter and so began not only the pursuit of sperm whales by Nantucket whalemen, but also sea ventures further off shore than ever before. By 1715, Nantucket had six sloops engaged in the whale trade. Online Reviews? Two of these vessels were owned by Coffins, the Nonsuch, 25 tons owned by essay James' brother Ebenezer and the Speedwell, 25 tons owned by James' son George. Two other Coffin vessels were the 25 ton Dolphin (possibly a whaling ship) and the large sloop Hope, 40 tons, owned by James' uncle Peter.

The Hope was a trading vessel. By the buy accutane, 1720's James' sons George, Nathan, Elisha and Joshua were all part of the whale trade along with his brothers Ebenezer and Jonathan. It was during these years that Nantucket's whale trade suffered its first tragedy with the loss of their first young men. Quoting Essay? On April 27, 1722, James and Ruth suffered the loss of their sons Elisha and Joshua. Shortly after their boat set out on wallpaper a whale expedition of six weeks, Captain Elisha Coffin's ship was hit by essay a fierce gale, and their crew was never heard from again. The loss was devastating for the Islanders, it was Nantucket's first tragedy in the whale trade and it left many widows. Elisha's widow, Dinah, remarried three years later and became Dinah Williams. One other period that whalemen of the New England coast had to deal with, were pirates. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Since the early 1600's pirates had preyed on shipping on the west side of the Atlantic Ocean.

Most pirates were unemployed seamen and ex-navy sailors, who between wars found themselves with little to mla format quoting, do with their time. During wars, countries would hire them to phd thesis dsp, attack the enemy, but most times they would wreak havoc on any easy target. Mla Format? Blackbeard, Captain Kidd and producing Ned Low, were just a few of the thieves of the sea who sailed in the waters of the mla format quoting, North Atlantic. Low, was a particularly nasty animal, as Nathan Skiff, a Nantucket whaler could have attested to had he lived to tell his tale. In June of 1723, Skiff was in pursuit of whales about eighty miles off Nantucket, when Ned Low's ship spotted Skiff's sloop.

Low, who was described by his own crew as a maniac and brute, immediately chased down the whaling ship. Luckily for some of the whaling crew they were out in cfm ethesis_id their small whale boats when the attack occurred and managed to escape to a distant ship. Captain Skiff was not so fortunate. Mla Format Essay? Low ordered Skiff stripped and proceeded to whip the young Captain around the argument toppics, deck of the boat with a belt. Mla Format Quoting Essay? Bored with this after awhile, Low then cut off Skiff's ears and seasoned them with salt and phd thesis dsp made Skiff eat them while Low's men were watching and howling with laughter. In the end, Low decided that because the Captain had been a good sport he should have a quick death. Skiff was shot in the head and his boat was sunk. The remaining crew were set adrift in mla format a small boat with no water or food and left to perish. Little did Ned Low realize that the Nantucket boys were taught the art of navigation and shortly after the Pirate ship was out of sight and they simple returned to the Island. A few months later Low's men turned on him and set him adrift.

He was picked up by a passing naval ship and once recognized was tried and phd thesis dsp hung. James and Ruth had eleven children in all. Their last born was Benjamin born in mla format quoting 1718, Ruth was in argument her mid forties and James would have been in mla format essay his late fifties. Whether James embraced the Quaker faith is a question requiring more research, however, most of essay toppics his children seem to mla format, have had connections to it. In the 1720's there were more than 1400 Coffin descendants from Tristram and Dionis with most living in the vicinity of argument toppics Nantucket. Therefore, the records of who was who becomes somewhat confusing. Their given names give some clue as to their faith.

Names such as Elisha, Rebeka, Seth and Uriah, are most certainly biblical names and most probably Quaker names, but it is hard to say what faith they were for sure. The 1720's and quoting 1730's saw Nantucket prosper with every year. The whale trade was putting Nantucket at the forefront of whaling in phd thesis dsp Colonial America. By 1730, Nantucket had a fleet of 25 whaling boats varying in size from 30 to 50 tons. In 1726 records show Jonathan Coffin (James' brother), captured four whales.

James' son George captured one and Bartlett captured four. In all 86 whales were captured by Nantucket boats. Soon Nantucket could no longer supply the men needed to crew the boats and they recruited whalers from New York and Cape Cod. The prosperity continued on during the last years of James' life. James Coffin died August 2, 1741 on the Island. His wife Ruth died in mla format essay Nantucket in 1748. His will was probated on online November 6, 1741. The Children of James and quoting Ruth Coffin: Benoni Coffin was the only child born to James and his first wife Love.

Records show he died young. George Coffin was born in 1693. He was the first child born to James and phd thesis dsp Ruth. George was a whaler upon his own vessel. He married Ruth Swain in 1717. He died in 1727 at the age of 34.

Sarah Coffin was born in 1695, she married John Gardner's son Jeremiah in 1711 at the age of mla format essay 16. She died December 1, 1739. Nathan Coffin was born in 1696. He married Lydia Bunker, daughter of John and Elizabeth. Nathan was a sea captain. He died December 11, 1768. Elisha Coffin was born 1699.

He married Dinah Bunker daughter of Peleg and Susanna. Elisha was a sea captain and a whaler. He was the first Nantucket whaleman to reviews, be lost at sea. He died on mla format quoting or about April 27/28, 1722. Joshua Coffin was born in 1701.

He married Pricilla Bunker daughter of mla format Peleg and Susanna. He was lost at sea with his brother Elisha in 1722. Elizabeth Coffin was born in 1703. She married her cousin Josiah Coffin, son of Jethro and Mary of Jethro Coffin House fame. She died in mla format quoting essay 1774. Pricilla Coffin was born March 3, 1708. She married Abel Gardner, son of cfm ethesis_id 1147 Nathaniel and Abigail. She died April 27, 1792.

Mary Coffin was born May 29, 1710. Essay? She married John Bunker son of buy accutane online George and mla format quoting Deborah in 1725. She died on July 19, 1775. James Coffin was born April 10, 1713. He married Pricilla Rawson, daughter of Wilson and Margaret. Argument Essay? He died April 11, 1784.

Ruth Coffin was born on January 17, 1716. She married her cousin Cromwell Coffin, son of Ebenezer and Eleanor. She died September 30, 1801. Benjamin Coffin was born November 16, 1718. His first marriage was to his cousin Rebecca Coffin, Daughter of Bartlett and Judith. His second marriage was to Hannah Bunker, daughter of Jabez and Hannah. He died on December 28, 1793. John Richardson's Meeting - Painting by Margaretta S. Hinchman.

from the collection of the Nantucket Historical Assn. There is something extremely painful in the destruction of a whale. yet the object of the adventure, the value of the mla format, prize, the joy of the capture, cannot be sacrificed to feelings of essay compassion. Capt. W. Scoresby 1820. Benjamin Coffin was born on Nantucket Island on November 16, 1718. He was the youngest child of mla format quoting James and Ruth (Gardner) Coffin.

Benjamin's early years were during a time of financial and mla format essay spiritual security on mla format essay the Island. After years of struggle, the mla format essay, small community had found success with the whale trade along with spiritual direction being given by the Quakers. Mla Format Quoting? Benjamin's great aunt, Mary Coffin Starbuck, had launched the faith of the Quakers on Nantucket, guiding the Islanders to a frugal, hard working lifestyle. Although the early years of Benjamin's life were good years for the Islanders, they were not without hardships. When he was only four, his family suffered the Island's first loss of life involving the whale trade, with the drowning of the yellow wallpaper Benjamin's older brothers, Elisha and Joshua during a violent storm.

Benjamin himself was named in honour of another drowning victim, his father's baby brother, who was washed overboard many years earlier, during a crossing from Martha's Vineyard to Nantucket. The Nantucket boys learned early through these losses that the ocean demanded respect and through this respect came the foundation that eventually made the crews from the Island some of the bravest and skilled sailors in the world. Quoting Essay? Benjamin would have grown up surrounded by the whale trade. His brothers George, Nathan, Elisha and Joshua were all part of it, as well as many uncles and cousins, too numerous to name. By 1730 Nantucket had a whaling fleet of twenty five boats, all under fifty tons.

The yearly average of whales harvested between 1725 and 1730 was about seventy, with the Coffins accounting for a good many of the the yellow wallpaper, catch. Quoting Essay? Many natives were employed by the whale trade, however it is not totally clear if they were treated as equals. Judging by reports of phd thesis dsp unrest among the quoting, Indians, it's likely they were not always treated kindly. One report in 1738 tells of fears amongst the producing a thesis, whites to leave Nantucket on whaling expeditions due to quoting, rumours of the natives who were left behind plotting to kill the reviews, settlers and setting fires to their homes. This event never happened, however it gives a picture of bad relations between the two parties. Where Benjamin was living during his early years is a mystery.

His father James was a farmer, so therefore they wouldn't have been located in the town of Shelburne, but more likely to the west, back toward Capaum Harbour. During the second half of the 1730's, Benjamin was. courting a lady named Rebecca Coffin, daughter of mla format quoting Captain Bartlett and Judith (Bunker) Coffin. Rebecca's father, Bartlett, was a descendant of Hon. James Coffin's brother, Lt. John Coffin. Phd Thesis Dsp? In turn, this made Benjamin and Rebecca, second cousins through their fathers.

Rebecca's father, Captain Bartlett Coffin later commanded the whaling ships, Conway and Alliance, both of Nantucket. If by this time there were any thoughts that the Coffin blood was thinning in this line, due to outside the family marriages, they were put to rest, when on March 22, 1739, Benjamin and quoting essay Rebecca were married. Rebecca came from a Quaker family, and argument essay toppics through Rebecca, came the Quaker roots that would be carried on through this line of the mla format, Coffins for the next generations. Essay Toppics? Quakers were only to marry other Quakers so the question was whether Benjamin was already a Quaker, or did his love for Rebecca convert him into being one. It is also worth mentioning at this point that Rebecca had two brothers, Uriah and quoting Peleg, who would in later years come with our Coffins to Nova Scotia. On March 21, 1740, just one day before their first anniversary, Rebecca gave birth to their son Elisha. The name Elisha derives from the old testament prophet Elisha (850B.C. - 795B.C.), but in this case, the name was almost certainly in honour of Benjamin's older brother, Elisha, who drowned at the age of twenty three. One year later, on February 21, 1741, their daughter Rebekah was born, followed by Benjamin September 1, 1744, Luranna September 1, 1746, Susanna August 25, 1748, Eliakim 1761, Seth June 25, 1753, followed by Ruth and Bartlett born in essay 1755 and 1756. Benjamin worked in the whale trade but on which ship? It is probable that he worked for his father-in-law Captain Bartlett Coffin aboard one of his boats, or possibly he worked with his brothers on mla format quoting one of their numerous boats. One account has him listed as Captain Benjamin Coffin, however, I haven't been able to confirm this and his name is not listed on the Captain's list in statement the book The Coffin Family.

By 1740, the Spanish and mla format essay French privateers were once again attacking British ships, which included the Nantucket whale fleet. At a period of time when the whalers were venturing further and further from Nantucket, in pursuit of sperm whales, they found themselves increasingly at risk from these hostile forces. The mainlanders in mla format essay Colonial America preferred to essay, whale close to home, whereas the Nantucketers were venturing far north off the Grand Banks and Gulf of St. 1147? Lawrence region and essay south as far as the Bahama Banks. As the the yellow wallpaper, distance from mla format home grew, so did the size of the the yellow wallpaper, whale ships. As ships got larger, they no longer had to mla format essay, return home once a whale was captured, they began the phd thesis dsp, process of cutting up the huge catch on mla format essay board the ships and storing the blubber in barrels below their decks, returning periodically to extract the oil before the blubber spoiled. The early 1750's marked some important years for a thesis statement the whale trade. Mla Format? The discovery of the spermaceti candle by the yellow wallpaper Benjamin Crabb of Rhode Island put the sperm whale oil in great demand, this along with the introduction of quoting tryworks aboard the whale ships put Nantucket at the forefront of Colonial whaling. The tryworks were brick furnaces placed on the deck of the ships.

They.

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congo state essay Mapping Africa: Problems of Regional Definition and Colonial/National Boundaries. by Ralph A. Austen. frica is perhaps the most mapped of the quoting essay world's major regions. Back in reviews my school days during the 1940s and 1950s, the continent was studied only in geography classes. If it appeared at all in studies of history or politics, the central issue was colonialism, which again involved maps of the mla format quoting boundaries which European powers had drawn between the territories they carved out for themselves. Cfm Ethesis_id! Once African Studies came into maturity as a study of mla format quoting, developments within indigenous societies and cultures, there was an understandable hostility to maps as external impositions. Nonetheless, cartography is essential to grasping both the forces within Africa and the constraints--both natural and political--which continue to place this region at a disadvantage in the global order. More specifically, maps can help us understand three major issues in the history of Africa: first, the argument essay physical and ecological factors which define this continent both internally and in relationship to the outside world; secondly, indigenous representations of mla format quoting essay, space in the precolonial era, which provide a basis for 1147 putting more recent Western cartography into perspective; and, finally, colonial boundaries, which represent both European interventions in Africa and the continuing cartography of postcolonial development. Continent/regions: Geometry and essay geography.

In its most basic cartographic representation, Africa is a well-defined geometric entity: a continent surrounded by producing a thesis, natural bodies of water on all sides except for mla format a small isthmus in the extreme northeast joining it to western Asia (and even this is now broken by the Suez Canal). Mla Format Quoting Essay! There is, however, a geographic convention of dividing Africa into mla format, Mediterranean and sub-Saharan zones, with the former treated as an extension of the Middle East (Maghreb the Arabic term for North Africa means West) while the latter is the true Africa. Another division distinguishes tropical and temperate zones, with the latter category including not only the Maghreb but also South Africa, whose relative hospitality to European settlement is thus explained. Such distinctions are not politically acceptable in present-day Africa (the Organization of African Unity includes states from all portions of the continent) but maps can help us decide whether they have any geographical and historical justification. If we look again at the continental outline of Africa, it is clear that the northern and northeastern portions are separated by relatively narrow (sometime very narrow) bodies of water from Europe and Asia, thus explaining why they have been in close communication with those continents since ancient times. However, the Atlantic and Indian Ocean coasts--especially the former--are quite distant from other major land masses. Moreover, their coastlines have relatively few indentations, meaning that most of the inhabited areas are also far from any coast; compare this to profiles of Europe and buy accutane online the Middle East. Essay! Furthermore, while the Nile is navigable throughout the entire extent of Egypt (about 700 miles), the rivers linking the tropical interior to the coast (the Niger, Congo, Zambezi, etc.) are widely separated from toppics, one another and generally navigable less than 100 miles inland, where all of them encounter cataracts, due to abrupt rises in quoting essay land elevation. Thus limits of toppics, water transportation--the most efficient means of long-distance carriage prior to the Industrial Revolution--left sub-Saharan Africa relatively isolated from the rest of the Old World and even internally divided for most of its history. The Sahara desert is also a barrier to land travel, although one that was breached (while far from eliminated) around 1 CE by the introduction of camels into mla format essay, the region. The vegetation map also indicates very different ecological patterns in the various parts of the phd thesis dsp continent.

The savanna and tropical rain forest that dominate the tropical regions require different cropping patterns than the temperate zones and are generally less secure environments for the support of large populations. The major language divisions broadly, but not always consistently, follow these same patterns. The north and northeast are dominated by Afro-Asiatic languages, the tropical region by the Niger-Congo family and the south, until fairly recently, contained large areas in which the languages of aboriginal hunter-gatherers and pastoralists (Bushman/Khoi) were still spoken, indicating the late immigration of Niger-Congo (Bantu in this case) speakers (and very much later European arrivals). To divide Africa along these lines--Mediterranean, Black African and South African--may thus be perceived as racist but any more unified view of the continent must at mla format least take into account the internal geography suggested by maps of quoting, physical endowments and the historical distribution of mla format quoting essay, populations. While cartography in essay sub-Saharan Africa is mla format generally associated with outside perceptions and even economic and political impositions, there are indigenous traditions of representing space which pre-date colonial rule. Those most consistent with European practices are linked to Islam and Middle Eastern culture, which entered the sub-Saharan regions of the continent as early as the eighth century CE. Muhammad Bello, the highly literate ruler of the Sokoto Caliphate in the north of present-day Nigeria could thus provide early nineteenth-century European explorers with a reasonably accurate map of his domains and the major trade routes within them. However, it is not clear whether such visual representations were used for internal purposes within this state and political boundaries are not indicated with any degree of precision.

In this case of formal visualization, just as in online reviews the oral statements about the spatial dimensions of African states recorded in many other instances (Wilks), power is seen as radiating out from a clearly defined center to mla format quoting, more vague frontiers, sometimes marked by (but not necessarily identified with) natural features such as the the yellow Niger river (in the Sokoto case). This political cartography stands in strong contrast, as will be seen, to modern conceptions of statehood expressed in mla format quoting essay colonial (and postcolonial) African boundaries. Precolonial African representations of space were not limited, however, to political and online economic issues. The most developed and quoting striking forms of online reviews, cartography used landscape references to express ideas about mla format quoting essay, identity, migration histories, mythology, and relationships with spiritual forces. They were definitely created for internal use rather than communication with outsiders and might take the form of elaborate artifacts such as the Luba lukasa or wall decorations, temporary drawings on the ground, body tattoos and phd thesis dsp even compass orientations inscribed on to objects which do not themselves represent space (Bassett). These complex forms of indigenous cartography provide evidence of African ability to think systematically and graphically about space and force us to extend our own conceptions of maps (which were not always such practical devices in mla format earlier European history). However, colonial rule ultimately imposed modern European cartography upon Africa. Colonial maps and national boundaries. European cartography is phd thesis dsp a complement of other technologies of political power: literate bureaucratic agencies (these existed in the Sokoto Caliphate and other African Islamic states, but in mla format essay limited form), the need for regular tax collection and even, at times, conscription of populations for essay military or public works service.

It has also been argued in the much-cited work of Benedict Anderson that such colonial mapping ultimately created national identities among the multiple ethnic groups which found themselves within colonial boundaries (or had been more loosely incorporated into pre-colonial kingdoms and empires). Tropical Africa is a good test for mla format quoting essay this proposition, since colonial rule lasted here for less than a century, national states have been somewhat insecure entities since independence, yet the colonial maps have survived as the delineators of boundaries between these states. All this happened despite the arbitrary nature of much colonial map-making, which has been noted by many African critics. Conferences and diplomatic maneuverings in distant European capitals often drew lines to deal with tensions among the colonizing powers rather than addressing internal African issues. What has been less noticed are the a thesis frequent boundary changes made after the quoting essay original partition to suit further intra-European concerns--most notable, but by no means the only one, being the outcome of World War I (Austen). Whatever the grounds upon which colonial maps were drawn, it has not been easy to propose an alternative cartography which would better suit the natural or historical features of Africa, whether the landscape and indigenous states or ethnicity, now recognized as a fluid and phd thesis dsp often arbitrary set of quoting, markers, as much (pace Anderson) the product of internal colonial mapping as of more autonomous developments (Ranger). Colonial maps did impose some serious disadvantages upon Africa, although perhaps less due to the specific boundaries they established than to the way they imposed outwardly oriented development patterns upon mla format quoting essay the continent. Balkanization into numerous territories of varying sizes rather than a few big units is only a problem if one assumes that bigger is better, which is not demonstrated by the relative success of various postcolonial states e.g. some of the very large ones such as the Republic of Congo and Sudan have experienced the most severe problems (Herbst 139-72). More significant, perhaps, was the essay competitive outward orientation of a thesis statement, transport networks that did not link African territories to one another but rather tied each to a port within its own colonial domain and quoting essay ultimately to cfm ethesis_id 1147, trade with its European metropole. Mla Format Quoting! But this outward orientation and buy accutane online reviews dependence upon modern infrastructures is also due in significant part to the internal geography of the continent, as already indicated.

It is also important to note that once African states gained freedom from mla format, European rule, they all became staunch defenders of the existing boundaries. The charter of the Organization of African Unity government thus contains an agreement by the signatory governments to producing statement, respect the mla format essay frontiers [of all member states] existing on their achievement of national independence. In the extensive turbulence of postcolonial African politics, there have been very few attempts by producing a thesis statement, states to take over mla format significant portions of their neighbors' territories. The only successful secession movements are based on previous colonial boundaries (Eritrea, Somaliland). Some scholars have argued that the existing boundaries are, nevertheless, arbitrary and that the mla format essay states operating within them have attained only juridical as opposed to quoting essay, empirical sovereignty (Jackson and Rosberg). Juridical sovereignty refers to territorial entities maintained by agreements among outside powers (in this case both the producing international community and the rulers of other African states) rather than by real integration of the resident populations into a common political community. The ongoing crises in such states as Angola, the Congo, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Somalia suggest that colonial maps have not laid out a stable basis for quoting essay nationhood in Africa. However, no alternative cartography suggests itself.

The colonial regimes established boundaries that at least allowed the beginnings of buy accutane online reviews, complete territorial control although in mla format quoting practice, European rulers never attempted to exercise such control to essay toppics, the full degree that was demanded by subsequent African national regimes. (Herbst: 94-96). Quoting Essay! Africans have sometimes tried to go beyond the national model to create regional economic communities on the model of Western Europe but these have also failed. Mla Format Essay! The most important such bloc, ECOWAS (the Economic Community of West Africa States) was mobilized militarily in the 1990s to deal with crises in specific states. But here too, the seeming emergence of the largest West African state, Nigeria, as a kind of dominant regional power could not be sustained due to the internal costs of such an effort. The best clue that maps give us to the current situation is that areas with readily accessible mineral resources are more susceptible to the kind of warlord politics that actively challenge the sovereignty of colonial successor regimes. However, warlordism, even when based on mla format ethnicity, has not produced sustainable regimes (Reno). Cfm Ethesis_id! Instead, it is another example of mla format, how external interests--in these cases buyers of quoting essay, easily exportable resources such as diamonds--may determine the geography of African power. For the present therefore, and mla format quoting perhaps for the immediately foreseeable global future, African cartography may be telling the same story as it did a half-century ago: that the modern mapping of this region is the yellow still linked to its asymmetrical relationships with outsiders.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR | Ralph A. Austen. Ralph A. Austen is Professor of African History and co-chair of the Committee on African and African American Studies at quoting the University of Chicago. Producing! He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1966. His current research focuses on the political economy and cultural dimensions of European overseas expansion, the Atlantic Slave Trade in African and African-American memory, and mla format quoting essay the historical development of African oral and written literature (focusing on the Mande region of West Africa). COPYRIGHT | This article is adapted from a workshop organized by the Centers for Latin American, Middle Eastern, East Asian, South Asian, and online reviews Eastern Europe/Russia/Eurasian Studies and the Committee on African Studies at the University of Chicago, June 18-29, 2001.