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J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biographical Sketch. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) was a major scholar of the English language, specialising in Old and Middle English. Observation? Twice Professor of Anglo-Saxon (Old English) at the University of Oxford, he also wrote a number of stories, including most famously The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the Rings (1954-1955), which are set in statement high, a pre-historic era in essay introduction, an invented version of our world which he called by the Middle English name of why barbie is a bad role model Middle-earth. This was peopled by Men (and women), Elves, Dwarves, Trolls, Orcs (or Goblins) and of course Hobbits. He has regularly been condemned by the Eng. Lit. establishment, with honourable exceptions, but loved by literally millions of readers worldwide. In the 1960s he was taken up by many members of the nascent #8220;counter-culture#8221; largely because of his concern with environmental issues. In 1997 he came top of three British polls, organised respectively by Channel 4 / Waterstone#8217;s, the Folio Society, and SFX, the essay, UK#8217;s leading science fiction media magazine, amongst discerning readers asked to vote for the greatest book of the quotations in writing an essay, 20th century. Please note also that his name is spelt Tolkien (there is no #8220;Tolkein#8221;).

The name #8220;Tolkien#8221; (pron.: Tol-keen; equal stress on both syllables) is essay, believed to khaire, be of observation essay German origin; Toll-kuhn: foolishly brave, or stupidly clever hence the essay, pseudonym #8220;Oxymore#8221; which he occasionally used. His father#8217;s side of the family appears to have migrated from observation essay Saxony in the 18th century, but over the century and thesis a half before his birth had become thoroughly Anglicised. Certainly his father, Arthur Reuel Tolkien, considered himself nothing if not English. Essay Introduction? Arthur was a bank clerk, and went to South Africa in the 1890s for better prospects of thesis promotion. There he was joined by his bride, Mabel Suffield, whose family were not only English through and through, but West Midlands since time immemorial. So John Ronald (#8220;Ronald#8221; to family and early friends) was born in Bloemfontein, S.A., on 3 January 1892. His memories of observation essay introduction Africa were slight but vivid, including a scary encounter with a large hairy spider, and influenced his later writing to some extent; slight, because on 15 February 1896 his father died, and he, his mother and his younger brother Hilary returned to England or more particularly, the West Midlands. The West Midlands in khaire thesis, Tolkien#8217;s childhood were a complex mixture of the grimly industrial Birmingham conurbation, and the quintessentially rural stereotype of England, Worcestershire and surrounding areas: Severn country, the land of the essay introduction, composers Elgar, Vaughan Williams and Gurney, and business plan more distantly the observation, poet A. E. Housman (it is also just across the border from Wales). Tolkien#8217;s life was split between these two: the then very rural hamlet of Sarehole, with its mill, just south of business plan pdf sample Birmingham; and darkly urban Birmingham itself, where he was eventually sent to King Edward#8217;s School. By then the family had moved to observation introduction, King#8217;s Heath, where the house backed onto a railway line young Ronald#8217;s developing linguistic imagination was engaged by is a essay, the sight of coal trucks going to and from South Wales bearing destinations like#8221; Nantyglo#8221;,#8221; Penrhiwceiber#8221; and #8220;Senghenydd#8221;. Essay Introduction? Then they moved to history essay, the somewhat more pleasant Birmingham suburb of Edgbaston.

However, in the meantime, something of profound significance had occurred, which estranged Mabel and her children from both sides of the family: in 1900, together with her sister May, she was received into the Roman Catholic Church. Essay? From then on, both Ronald and Hilary were brought up in the faith of Pio Nono, and remained devout Catholics throughout their lives. Statement Student? The parish priest who visited the family regularly was the half-Spanish half-Welsh Father Francis Morgan. Tolkien family life was generally lived on the genteel side of poverty. However, the situation worsened in 1904, when Mabel Tolkien was diagnosed as having diabetes, usually fatal in those pre-insulin days.

She died on 14 November of observation essay that year leaving the two orphaned boys effectively destitute. At this point Father Francis took over, and made sure of the boys#8217; material as well as spiritual welfare, although in the short term they were boarded with an unsympathetic aunt-by-marriage, Beatrice Suffield, and copyright then with a Mrs Faulkner. By this time Ronald was already showing remarkable linguistic gifts. He had mastered the Latin and Greek which was the essay introduction, staple fare of an arts education at that time, and was becoming more than competent in a number of other languages, both modern and ancient, notably Gothic, and america history essay later Finnish. He was already busy making up his own languages, purely for fun. He had also made a number of close friends at King Edward#8217;s; in his later years at observation school they met regularly after hours as the #8220;T. C. B. Statement? S.#8221; (Tea Club, Barrovian Society, named after their meeting place at the Barrow Stores) and they continued to correspond closely and exchange and criticise each other#8217;s literary work until 1916. However, another complication had arisen.

Amongst the lodgers at essay introduction Mrs Faulkner#8217;s boarding house was a young woman called Edith Bratt. When Ronald was 16, and why barbie bad role she 19, they struck up a friendship, which gradually deepened. Eventually Father Francis took a hand, and forbade Ronald to introduction, see or even correspond with Edith for three years, until he was 21. Ronald stoically obeyed this injunction to the letter. In the summer of 1911, he was invited to join a party on a walking holiday in Switzerland, which may have inspired his descriptions of the khaire, Misty Mountains, and observation of Rivendell. In the autumn of that year he went up to Exeter College, Oxford where he stayed, immersing himself in the Classics, Old English, the Germanic languages (especially Gothic), Welsh and Finnish, until 1913, when he swiftly though not without difficulty picked up the threads of his relationship with Edith. He then obtained a disappointing second class degree in Honour Moderations, the #8220;midway#8221; stage of a 4-year Oxford #8220;Greats#8221; (i.e. Classics) course, although with an #8220;alpha plus#8221; in philology.

As a result of this he changed his school from Classics to personal school, the more congenial English Language and Literature. One of the poems he discovered in the course of his Old English studies was the Crist of Cynewulf he was amazed especially by observation introduction, the cryptic couplet: Eala Earendel engla beorhtast. Ofer middangeard monnum sended. Which translates as: Hail Earendel brightest of angels, over Middle Earth sent to thesis, men. Introduction? (#8220; Middangeard #8221; was an ancient expression for the everyday world between Heaven above and model essay Hell below.) This inspired some of his very early and observation inchoate attempts at realising a world of ancient beauty in his versifying. In the summer of 1913 he took a job as tutor and escort to thesis copyright, two Mexican boys in Dinard, France, a job which ended in tragedy. Though no fault of Ronald#8217;s, it did nothing to counter his apparent predisposition against observation essay introduction, France and khaire thesis things French. Meanwhile the relationship with Edith was going more smoothly.

She converted to Catholicism and moved to Warwick, which with its spectacular castle and beautiful surrounding countryside made a great impression on Ronald. Observation Introduction? However, as the pair were becoming ever closer, the nations were striving ever more furiously together, and war eventually broke out in copyright, August 1914. Unlike so many of his contemporaries, Tolkien did not rush to join up immediately on the outbreak of war, but returned to Oxford, where he worked hard and finally achieved a first-class degree in June 1915. At this time he was also working on various poetic attempts, and on his invented languages, especially one that he came to call Qenya [ sic ], which was heavily influenced by Finnish but he still felt the lack of a connecting thread to bring his vivid but disparate imaginings together. Tolkien finally enlisted as a second lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers whilst working on ideas of Earendel [ sic ] the Mariner, who became a star, and his journeyings.

For many months Tolkien was kept in boring suspense in England, mainly in Staffordshire. Finally it appeared that he must soon embark for essay, France, and he and Edith married in Warwick on 22 March 1916. Eventually he was indeed sent to active duty on the Western Front, just in time for the Somme offensive. Why Barbie Model Essay? After four months in and out of the trenches, he succumbed to #8220;trench fever#8221;, a form of introduction typhus-like infection common in the insanitary conditions, and in early November was sent back to England, where he spent the next month in personal school student, hospital in Birmingham. By Christmas he had recovered sufficiently to stay with Edith at Great Haywood in introduction, Staffordshire. During these last few months, all but one of his close friends of the #8220;T. C. B. S.#8221; had been killed in action. Partly as an act of piety to their memory, but also stirred by quotations in writing, reaction against his war experiences, he had already begun to put his stories into shape, #8220; … in huts full of blasphemy and smut, or by candle light in bell-tents, even some down in dugouts under shell fire #8221; [ Letters 66].

This ordering of his imagination developed into observation essay, the Book of Lost Tales (not published in his lifetime), in which most of the major stories of the Silmarillion appear in their first form: tales of the Elves and the #8220;Gnomes#8221;, (i. e. Deep Elves, the later Noldor), with their languages Qenya and history Goldogrin. Here are found the first recorded versions of the wars against Morgoth, the siege and observation fall of Gondolin and america Nargothrond, and the tales of Turin and of Beren and Luthien. Throughout 1917 and 1918 his illness kept recurring, although periods of remission enabled him to do home service at various camps sufficiently well to be promoted to lieutenant. It was when he was stationed in the Hull area that he and Edith went walking in the woods at nearby Roos, and there in observation, a grove thick with hemlock Edith danced for him. This was the inspiration for the tale of Beren and Luthien, a recurrent theme in his #8220;Legendarium#8221;. He came to think of Edith as #8220;Luthien#8221; and quotations an essay himself as #8220;Beren#8221;. Their first son, John Francis Reuel (later Father John Tolkien) had already been born on 16 November 1917. When the observation introduction, Armistice was signed on 11 November 1918, Tolkien had already been putting out feelers to quotations in writing an essay, obtain academic employment, and by the time he was demobilised he had been appointed Assistant Lexicographer on the New English Dictionary (the #8220;Oxford English Dictionary#8221;), then in preparation. While doing the serious philological work involved in this, he also gave one of his Lost Tales its first public airing he read The Fall of Gondolin to essay, the Exeter College Essay Club, where it was well received by bad role model, an audience which included Neville Coghill and observation introduction Hugo Dyson, two future #8220;Inklings#8221;. However, Tolkien did not stay in this job for long. America? In the summer of 1920 he applied for the quite senior post of Reader (approximately, Associate Professor) in introduction, English Language at the University of Leeds, and to his surprise was appointed.

At Leeds as well as teaching he collaborated with E. V. Gordon on the famous edition of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and continued writing and refining The Book of Lost Tales and his invented #8220;Elvish#8221; languages. America? In addition, he and Gordon founded a #8220;Viking Club#8221; for undergraduates devoted mainly to reading Old Norse sagas and essay introduction drinking beer. It was for pdf sample, this club that he and Gordon originally wrote their Songs for the Philologists , a mixture of traditional songs and observation original verses translated into Old English, Old Norse and personal high Gothic to essay, fit traditional English tunes. Bad Role Model? Leeds also saw the birth of two more sons: Michael Hilary Reuel in October 1920, and Christopher Reuel in 1924. Observation Introduction? Then in 1925 the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford fell vacant; Tolkien successfully applied for trupti khaire thesis, the post. Professor Tolkien, The Inklings and essay Hobbits. In a sense, in returning to Oxford as a Professor, Tolkien had come home. Although he had few illusions about the academic life as a haven of unworldly scholarship (see for example Letters 250), he was nevertheless by temperament a don#8217;s don, and fitted extremely well into the largely male world of teaching, research, the comradely exchange of trupti ideas and occasional publication. In fact, his academic publication record is very sparse, something that would have been frowned upon in these days of quantitative personnel evaluation. However, his rare scholarly publications were often extremely influential, most notably his lecture #8220;Beowulf, the Monsters and the Critics#8221;.

His seemingly almost throwaway comments have sometimes helped to transform the understanding of a particular field for introduction, example, in quotations in writing an essay, his essay on #8220;English and Welsh#8221;, with its explanation of the origins of the term #8220;Welsh#8221; and its references to phonaesthetics (both these pieces are collected in The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays , currently in print). His academic life was otherwise largely unremarkable. Introduction? In 1945 he changed his chair to the Merton Professorship of English Language and Literature, which he retained until his retirement in 1959. Apart from all the above, he taught undergraduates, and played an important but unexceptional part in academic politics and khaire thesis administration. His family life was equally straightforward.

Edith bore their last child and only daughter, Priscilla, in 1929. Observation Essay? Tolkien got into the habit of writing the children annual illustrated letters as if from Santa Claus, and a selection of these was published in 1976 as The Father Christmas Letters . He also told them numerous bedtime stories, of which more anon. Business Pdf Sample? In adulthood John entered the priesthood, Michael and Christopher both saw war service in the Royal Air Force. Afterwards Michael became a schoolmaster and Christopher a university lecturer, and Priscilla became a social worker. They lived quietly in North Oxford, and later Ronald and Edith lived in the suburb of Headington. However, Tolkien#8217;s social life was far from unremarkable. He soon became one of the founder members of a loose grouping of Oxford friends (by no means all at the University) with similar interests, known as #8220;The Inklings#8221;. Essay Introduction? The origins of the name were purely facetious it had to quotations in writing an essay, do with writing, and sounded mildly Anglo-Saxon; there was no evidence that members of the group claimed to have an #8220;inkling#8221; of the Divine Nature, as is sometimes suggested. Other prominent members included the above-mentioned Messrs Coghill and Dyson, as well as Owen Barfield, Charles Williams, and above all C. S. Lewis, who became one of Tolkien#8217;s closest friends, and for observation essay, whose return to Christianity Tolkien was at least partly responsible. The Inklings regularly met for conversation, drink, and frequent reading from business plan their work-in-progress.

Meanwhile Tolkien continued developing his mythology and essay introduction languages. As mentioned above, he told his children stories, some of thesis which he developed into those published posthumously as Mr. Bliss , Roverandom , etc. However, according to his own account, one day when he was engaged in the soul-destroying task of marking examination papers, he discovered that one candidate had left one page of an answer-book blank. On this page, moved by who knows what anarchic daemon, he wrote #8220; In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit #8220;. In typical Tolkien fashion, he then decided he needed to find out essay, what a Hobbit was, what sort of a hole it lived in, why it lived in a hole, etc.

From this investigation grew a tale that he told to his younger children, and even passed round. In 1936 an incomplete typescript of it came into the hands of Susan Dagnall, an employee of the publishing firm of George Allen and Unwin (merged in 1990 with HarperCollins). She asked Tolkien to finish it, and presented the complete story to Stanley Unwin, the plan pdf sample, then Chairman of the firm. Observation Essay? He tried it out on his 10-year old son Rayner, who wrote an approving report, and quotations in writing it was published as The Hobbit in 1937. It immediately scored a success, and has not been out of children#8217;s recommended reading lists ever since.

It was so successful that Stanley Unwin asked if he had any more similar material available for publication. By this time Tolkien had begun to make his Legendarium into what he believed to be a more presentable state, and as he later noted, hints of it had already made their way into The Hobbit . He was now calling the observation, full account Quenta Silmarillion , or Silmarillion for short. He presented some of his #8220;completed#8221; tales to Unwin, who sent them to his reader. The reader#8217;s reaction was mixed: dislike of the essay, poetry and praise for the prose (the material was the story of Beren and observation Luthien) but the overall decision at the time was that these were not commercially publishable. Unwin tactfully relayed this message to Tolkien, but asked him again if he was willing to write a sequel to The Hobbit . Tolkien was disappointed at the apparent failure of The Silmarillion , but agreed to take up the challenge of #8220;The New Hobbit#8221;. This soon developed into something much more than a children#8217;s story; for the highly complex 16-year history of copyright what became The Lord of the observation essay, Rings consult the why barbie is a essay, works listed below. Suffice it to say that the now adult Rayner Unwin was deeply involved in the later stages of this opus, dealing magnificently with a dilatory and temperamental author who, at one stage, was offering the whole work to a commercial rival (which rapidly backed off when the scale and nature of the package became apparent). It is thanks to Rayner Unwin#8217;s advocacy that we owe the observation essay, fact that this book was published at all Andave laituvalmes ! His father#8217;s firm decided to incur the personal, probable loss of ?1,000 for observation essay, the succes d#8217;estime , and publish it under the title of The Lord of the Rings in three parts during 1954 and 1955, with USA rights going to Houghton Mifflin. It soon became apparent that both author and publishers had greatly underestimated the work#8217;s public appeal. School? The Lord of the Rings rapidly came to public notice.

It had mixed reviews, ranging from the essay introduction, ecstatic (W. H. Auden, C. S. Lewis) to statement high student, the damning (E. Essay Introduction? Wilson, E. Muir, P. Toynbee) and just about everything in between. The BBC put on a drastically condensed radio adaptation in 12 episodes on the Third Programme. In 1956 radio was still a dominant medium in high school, Britain, and the Third Programme was the observation, #8220;intellectual#8221; channel. So far from losing money, sales so exceeded the break-even point as to make Tolkien regret that he had not taken early retirement.

However, this was still based only upon hardback sales. Statement High School Student? The really amazing moment was when The Lord of the Rings went into a pirated paperback version in 1965. Firstly, this put the book into observation introduction, the impulse-buying category; and secondly, the publicity generated by the copyright dispute alerted millions of American readers to the existence of something outside their previous experience, but which appeared to speak to quotations in writing an essay, their condition. By 1968 The Lord of the Rings had almost become the Bible of the #8220;Alternative Society#8221;. This development produced mixed feelings in the author. On the observation essay, one hand, he was extremely flattered, and to his amazement, became rather rich. On the other, he could only deplore those whose idea of a great trip was to ingest The Lord of the Rings and LSD simultaneously. Arthur C. Clarke and Stanley Kubrick had similar experiences with 2001: A Space Odyssey . Fans were causing increasing problems; both those who came to gawp at his house and those, especially from California who telephoned at trupti 7 p.m. (their time 3 a.m. his), to demand to know whether Frodo had succeeded or failed in the Quest, what was the preterite of Quenyan lanta -, or whether or not Balrogs had wings. So he changed addresses, his telephone number went ex-directory, and observation introduction eventually he and Edith moved to america history essay, Bournemouth, a pleasant but uninspiring South Coast resort (Hardy#8217;s #8220;Sandbourne#8221;), noted for observation, the number of its elderly well-to-do residents. Meanwhile the why barbie is a model essay, cult, not just of Tolkien, but of the fantasy literature that he had revived, if not actually inspired (to his dismay), was really taking off but that is another story, to be told in another place.

Despite all the fuss over The Lord of the Rings , between 1925 and his death Tolkien did write and publish a number of observation essay other articles, including a range of america scholarly essays, many reprinted in observation introduction, The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays (see above); one Middle-earth related work, The Adventures of Tom Bombadil ; editions and translations of Middle English works such as the Ancrene Wisse , Sir Gawain , Sir Orfeo and The Pearl , and quotations some stories independent of the Legendarium, such as the Imram , The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm#8217;s Son , The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun and, especially, Farmer Giles of Ham , Leaf by Niggle , and Smith of Wootton Major . The flow of publications was only temporarily slowed by Tolkien#8217;s death. The long-awaited Silmarillion , edited by Christopher Tolkien, appeared in 1977. In 1980 Christopher also published a selection of his father#8217;s incomplete writings from his later years under the title of Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-earth . In the introduction to this work Christopher Tolkien referred in introduction, passing to The Book of Lost Tales , #8220;itself a very substantial work, of the utmost interest to one concerned with the origins of quotations in writing Middle-earth, but requiring to be presented in a lengthy and complex study, if at all#8221; ( Unfinished Tales , p. 6, paragraph 1). The sales of The Silmarillion had rather taken George Allen Unwin by introduction, surprise, and those of Unfinished Tales even more so. Obviously, there was a market even for this relatively abstruse material and they decided to personal statement student, risk embarking on this #8220;lengthy and complex study#8221;. Even more lengthy and complex than expected, the resulting 12 volumes of the History of Middle-earth , under Christopher#8217;s editorship, proved to be a successful enterprise. (Tolkien#8217;s publishers had changed hands, and names, several times between the start of the enterprise in 1983 and the appearance of the paperback edition of Volume 12, The Peoples of Middle-earth , in 1997.) After his retirement in 1959 Edith and Ronald moved to Bournemouth. On 29 November 1971 Edith died, and Ronald soon returned to Oxford, to rooms provided by Merton College.

Ronald died on 2 September 1973. He and Edith are buried together in a single grave in the Catholic section of Wolvercote cemetery in essay, the northern suburbs of Oxford. History? (The grave is well signposted from the observation essay introduction, entrance.) The legend on the headstone reads: Edith Mary Tolkien, Luthien, 1889-1971. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, Beren, 1892-1973. Tolkien: A Biography . Quotations An Essay? Humphrey Carpenter. Allen and observation essay Unwin, London, 1977. Khaire Thesis? Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien . Observation? Ed. Humphrey Carpenter with Christopher Tolkien. George Allen and Unwin, London, 1981.

The Tolkien Family Album . John Tolkien and Priscilla Tolkien. HarperCollins, London, 1992. #8220; Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1892-1973). #8221; T. A. Quotations? Shippey. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press. Print 2004. Online 2006. (Also available as a podcast.) The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide . Wayne G. Hammond and essay Christina Scull. HarperCollins, London, 2006. 2 vols.

President in perpetuo : Prof. J.R.R. Tolkien CBE. Vice President: Priscilla Tolkien. The Tolkien Society is a registered charity (registration no 273809) in England and Wales.

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How to Write the Introduction of an Observation Essay

Irony In Saboteur By Ha Jin Essays and Research Papers. English 1123 24 October, 2010 Literary Analysis on “ Saboteur ”by Ha Jin If you ever wanted to get . revenge on people who have wronged you, then you may be able to relate to Mr. Chiu, the main character in the short story “ Saboteur ” by Ha Jin . Mr. Chiu’s revenge is ironic as the conflicts he finds himself in throughout the story. The setting is in Muji, China during the observation Cultural Revolution in america history, the 1960s.

The leader of the communist party at the time is Chairman Mao and ruled based. Cultural Revolution , Fiction , Irony 996 Words | 3 Pages. Ha Jin – The Bridegroom Described as utopian in nature, the observation Chinese culture is often in pursuit for the perfect individual, a . harmonious and structured society where the citizens as a whole create the ideal culture. In a collection of short stories entitled The Bridegroom, author Ha Jin documents this aspect of reality in homeland China. Primarily for the purposes of instruction and satirical verse, Ha Jin , shows how people are trying to america history essay, find themselves in a society that focuses on the ‘whole’. China , Chinese calendar , Chinese culture 1157 Words | 3 Pages.

short story Saboteur by Han Jin . 1369 words. Saboteur , written by observation introduction, Ha Jin . exposes a difficult period of personal high student China: the Cultural Revolution and its consequences on people's life. Through the author's skillful use of setting, symbolism and the main character's dynamism, the reader is able to understand the theme of the story that is revenge. The setting of a story has a ponderous influence on the reader's perception as it often justifies a character's behavior. Observation Essay Introduction? In Saboteur , the story. Antagonist , Communist Party of China , Cultural Revolution 1399 Words | 4 Pages. In Saboteur , the why barbie is a author Ha Jin tries to make the reader believe that because Mr. Chiu was falsely charged with . sabotage, he becomes a saboteur by introduction, causing a hepatitis epidemic in Muji to satisfy his immediate need for revenge. He purposefully spreads hepatitis to thesis, several restaurants around the police station in hopes to infect some policemen and their families.

The build up of anger, frustration and feelings of helplessness are in part responsible for Mr. Observation Essay Introduction? Chiu's irrational decision to why barbie bad role, commit such. Bilirubin , Hepatitis , Hepatitis A 1062 Words | 3 Pages. She has affairs with different men and is publicly denounced and paraded before the observation community by the Red Guards who travel from another city . and happen to know her bad name. Her dwarf peddler husband Meng Su tries to rescue her from the public humiliation, only to be humiliated himself by the Red Guards, the spectators and his wife as well. Finally, he is found crushed by thesis, a train, and Mu Ying lies alone at bus stop, deranged. Written from the point view of a naive boy, nicknamed White Cat, Ha Jin.

1534 Words | 4 Pages. Waiting, the winner of the National Book Award in 1999, was written by Ha Jin , a contemporary Chinese-expatriate writer. . Ha Jin was born in a military family in China in 1950s. At the age of fourteen, Jin joined the Chinese Liberation Army against observation essay introduction the riot of Civil Revolution. An Essay? Jin ended his military career in 1977. Observation Introduction? A few years later, Jin received his master degree in Anglo-English literature at Shandong University in China. Khaire? He then emigrated to the U.S. to pursue his Ph.D. in English during 1985. Communist Party of China , Cultural Revolution , Deng Xiaoping 1711 Words | 5 Pages.

Communist China uses propaganda and force to hide the truth from the public, as well as controlling them in a sense. Observation Essay? Ha Jin . Copyright? writes Waiting and in this book he comments and portrays communist China in great detail. Waiting’s main character, Lin Kong, is commonly criticized as indecisive and unable to love. In an interview published in Asia Week in 1999, Ha Jin comments on introduction Lin’s inability to love: allegorically…sum up a sort of internal psychological damage to the Chinese… the history Revolution was to. China , Chinese Civil War , Communism 899 Words | 3 Pages.

underwhelming and I wish that he didn’t include the unnecessarily boring parts in the novel such as descriptions of meals that Bin enjoys. The main theme . that I noticed during the first section of In the Pond is an opposition to corrupt Chinese ways. Ha Jin uses the character Shao Bin to stand up and fight for what he thinks is right. There were several parts of this section that stuck out to me. Here are a few examples… “Even though he couldn’t correct the observation essay introduction leaders’ wrongdoing, he wanted to teach. Han Chinese , Han Dynasty 1923 Words | 5 Pages. guilty party when both have committed a wrong towards each other? Mr.

Chiu, a character in Ha Jin’s story “The Saboteur ,” makes . the transition from vacationer and victim of saboteur , to the very essence and definition of saboteur ; Jin’s use of bad role essay role-reversal in observation essay, this story conveys the concept of revenge clearly and effectively. School Student? “Mr. Chiu and observation essay, his bride were having lunch in the square before Muji Train Station” ( Jin 179). The young couple had taken a trip to why barbie model essay, Muji on their honeymoon and were about to head. Ethics , Man , Morality 710 Words | 2 Pages. Saboteur: Short Story and Cultural Revolution. Professor Schouten English 002 Assignment 2 October 7, 2013 Saboteur If you have ever wanted to get revenge when someone . has disrespected you, then you would be able to introduction, relate to Mr. Chiu, the main character of the short story “ Saboteur ” by Ha Jin . Mr. Chiu unintentionally became the saboteur that he was accused of by the policemen. Although he lives in the communist society of the quotations in writing Cultural Revolution, there was a fundamental principle of law and order that have not and will not change. A Story , Hepatitis , Short story 1178 Words | 3 Pages.

A Matter of Character a Critical Analysis of “Saboteur” by Ha Jin. Ha Jin’s short story “ Saboteur ” tells of observation introduction a man who seems discontent, idealistic, and gravely ill. In Muji, Mr. Business Plan? Chui, is accused . of observation introduction sabotage and taken by force to history essay, jail after a run in observation essay introduction, with railroad authorities. His crime is for speaking out against police officers assaulting him and his bride during lunch in the city square. The reader is lead to khaire, believe this is a simple case of excessive force by the police, therefore the abuse of power is the catalyst of essay introduction this short story, but the quotations in writing an essay real story is about.

Monday , Police , Police brutality 865 Words | 2 Pages. Saboteur The short story Saboteur , written by Ha Jin exposes a social problem of observation essay introduction China: the . consequence of Culture Revolution on people’s life. How the business plan faithful educated scholar becomes a merciless assassin. Who is the real Saboteur , Mr. Observation Essay Introduction? Chiu or policeman? Through the author’s skillful description, we are able to understand the theme of the story is revenge. And “ Saboteur ” is irony . Thesis? The setting of a story has a ponderous influence on our perception as it often justifies a character's behavior.

Cultural Revolution , Deng Xiaoping , Fiction 832 Words | 2 Pages. ANALYSIS OF VERBAL IRONY AS FOUND IN MADE OF HONOR” written by Desti Angraini student’s number A1B208047, has been corrected and . Essay? approved to be examined in front of the board of examiners. Personal High Student? Jambi, March 13 First Supervisor Yulhenli Thabran, S.S.,M.A. NIP 19720703 199802 1 002 Jambi, March 2013 Second Supervisor Melati, S.Pd, MCC. NIP 19820921 200501 2 001 LETTER OF RATIFICATION This thesis entitled “ANALYSIS OF VERBAL IRONY AS FOUND IN MADE. Implicature , Irony , Paul Grice 1372 Words | 6 Pages. Irony Matt looked on as Mr Lensher was handcuffed by the police. The wrinkles on introduction his face were suddenly so detailed that Matt suspected if . he had made the right decision.

Aged sixty, a sentence for plan pdf sample, theft would have caused to die in jail. Ironically, Matt could remember the exact same words Mr Lensher once told him, No matter how old or young a person is, or whatever reason he has for committing a crime, if he breaks the law, he deserves to be punished. It was these exact words that made Matt. Chief executive officer , Irony , Morality 899 Words | 3 Pages. Authors of short stories use elements of introduction style to personal statement high school student, make their stories interesting. There are many elements of style used by authors. Irony and . theme are often used in short stories. This is observation essay introduction, clearly shown in O. An Essay? Henry’s short stories such as: “The Gift of the Magi,” “The Lickpenny Lover,” “The Midsummer Knights Dream,” “The Cop and the Anthem,” and “Ships.” The short stories of O. Henry use the element of theme to bring about ironic endings.

In “The Gift of the Magi” there are elements of theme throughout. Fiction , Guy de Maupassant , Marriage 1670 Words | 4 Pages. SABOTEUR The short story “ Saboteur ” which was written by Ha Jin is a very interesting and unique . story. Essay Introduction? After performing a close analysis, one will find, through the business description of the observation characters and the tone, that Ha Jin tells the story of quotations in writing an essay anger and revenge. Observation Introduction? This type of behavior took place within the most unlikely characters. Mr.

Chiu was what many would consider a very intelligent person. Copyright? He taught as a professor at a university. Mr. Chiu claims to be a “scholar, a philosopher and an. Debut albums , Fiction , Human 774 Words | 2 Pages. Saboteur . Mr. Chiu unintentionally became the saboteur that he was accused of and there's no indication that he regrets his . choices. Although Mr.

Chiu lives in a communist society where the Cultural Revolution was redefining the way of introduction life for many Chinese people, there are still some fundamental principles of law and order that have not and plan, will not change. His pride can be confused with arrogance and in this story his pride was definitely a character flaw. Essay Introduction? However, the complex human experience. Authority , Bureau , Police 659 Words | 2 Pages. ? Irony Essay In the timeless tragedy Oedipus the King, Sophocles implements masterful irony in the forms of dramatic, verbal, and . Quotations In Writing? situational ironies , which are essential contributions to the theme of the limitations of a man’s potential caused by fate. The dramatic end of Oedipus raised a crucial question of the extent of a man’s impact on society in the minds of the Chorus, “Luckless Oedipus, whom of all men I envy not at all” (1378). The reason that this question is elevated into essay, the minds of. Drama , Irony , Irony mark 972 Words | 4 Pages. Significance of Irony Irony is a rhetorical device used to illustrate a discordant situation or verbalization in quotations an essay, which the . outcome is opposite of what was expected. As a result, this writing technique often introduces humor into the storyline, depending on the tone of the story.

This element of indirectness is partly what makes poetry so interesting. Poetry’s lack of simplicity forces the reader to observation essay introduction, think independently, therefore creating numerous possible interpretations. The techniques of irony used in. American poets , Comedy , Illegal immigration 1407 Words | 4 Pages. Dramatic Irony is the result of history essay information being shared with the essay introduction audience but withheld from one or more of the characters. Example: In Act 1 . Scene 4, line 50 , the witches hail Macbeth, “thane of Cawdor!” Dramatic irony : At this point, Macbeth is unaware that the king has conferred this honor upon him because of his valor in battle, so he attributes his fortune to the witches’ prophecy. However, the audience knows Duncan made the pronouncement in Act 1, Scene 3. Purpose: This dramatic irony is plan, to.

Irony , King Duncan , Macbeth 1667 Words | 4 Pages. ?Enticing Irony For thousands of observation essay years, writers have been using irony to enrich an audience’s enjoyment and understanding of . literature. Thesis? The use of this literary device has become so common because its consequences have proven to be positive, often making the literary piece more interesting to read. Observation Essay? Irony can be defined as a contrast between one’s actions and statements from what one really means. Simply put, it is in writing an essay, a means of revealing something indirectly or obliquely. Specifically in plays, in. Aeschylus , Irony , Ismene 1398 Words | 4 Pages. ? The Use of Irony in “The Cask of Amontillado” In Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Cask of Amontillado,” Poe uses various types of observation essay irony . to develop his theme of revenge as tool of why barbie bad role justice. Poe’s use of irony deals the observation introduction audience a vast knowledge of the story’s conclusion, and quotations, gives the narrative a dark humor that was signature of his work. In this story of an unreliable narrator in the first-person point of view, the dark humor and irony makes this tale of essay introduction cold-blooded murder interesting and entertaining to.

Amontillado , Catacombs , Comedy 961 Words | 3 Pages. in part , in the changing needs of society Choose a technology (advances in trupti khaire thesis, dietary products, advances in fitness equipment, advances in transplant . technology, advances in diagnostic equipment, etc.). Create a timeline showing how that technology has advanced over the years, based on the changing needs of society. #4: Genetics Genetic and genomic research can have social and environmental implications Browse through the introduction class blog on genetic processes and choose a post that interests you (not. Article , Biology , Critical thinking 899 Words | 2 Pages. Entire stories can be told using the business pdf sample ironic point of view. It is often used as a means of observation presenting the theme of student a story. Authors Ha . Jin , and Chinua Achebe used the irony of situation. Irony of situation meaning discrepancy between the expected results and the actual results of the story. In Saboteur by Ha Jin newly weds Mr. Chiu and Mrs.

Chiu on the day that they were to leave for home were dining in the square by the Muji Train Station. Nearby at a table sat two policemen who were conversing. Chinua Achebe , Igbo people , No Longer at Ease 893 Words | 2 Pages. Irony In Hamlet One of the most useful motifs in Shakespeare’s Hamlet is the use of irony . Harry Levin’s “ Irony . in Hamlet” explains that ironic commentary is a technique that reinforces the poetic justice of the work. Our first impression of Hamlet is derived at the gathering in the courtyard, dressed in observation essay, black for his deceased father. He has a melancholic demeanor about him and thesis copyright, he is essay, kept to himself. His first words say that Claudius is A little more than kin and less than kind,(Shakespeare.

Characters in america essay, Hamlet , Comedy , Double entendre 774 Words | 3 Pages. Mugen and Jin - Comparison and Contrast. ?April 23, 2011 Jin and Mugen: Comparison and Contrast Jin and Mugen are two very different characters in the Anime series . Samurai Champloo. While Jin is the observation essay level-headed, reserved, disciplined and orthodox samurai, Mugen is the statement student wild, aggressive, rude, unorthodox vagabond. Throughout the essay series their differences are displayed in great extremes, whether they come from their different backgrounds, their styles of combat, or their personalities. Samurai Champloo is a series about the journey of an unlikely.

Bushido , Hagakure , KILL 1732 Words | 5 Pages. MACBETH DRAMATIC IRONY The story of Macbeth written by thesis, the infamous William Shakespeare is an excellent storyline known and taught as a . great piece of literature. Even after the creation of this tale almost 400 years ago, this wonderful written work is observation essay introduction, still admired and known all over the world. It is an adventure of a noble and truthful hero who is thesis, overcome by the lust for power and by greed. His aroused hunger for authority and supremacy leads to him losing his path and turning to observation, the way.

Duncan I of thesis Scotland , Irony , James I of England 1602 Words | 4 Pages. ? FINA 6273 (Part 2) CASES IN FINA. MGMT INVT BANKING WINFIIELD REFUSE MANAGEMENT, INC. Instructor: Prof. Neil G. Observation Essay? Cohen Prepared by: . Jin Yikai Oct 27 2014 1. What are the annual cash outlays associated with the bond issue and america, the stock issue? Sheen’s idea (finance with bond) is to issue $125M bond with an annual interest rate of 6.5% and mature in 15 years. Annual principal repayment is observation essay introduction, $6.25M and leave $37.5M outstanding at thesis copyright, maturity. The cash outlay is $6.25M every year besides the. Bond , Corporate finance , Debt 702 Words | 9 Pages.

2012 Enc 1102 The Irony In The Necklace, by Guy De Maupassant As I worked on my pervious paper, I questioned myself if there was a . literary term and if there was which one over powered the story. As I began research for this essay and typed in The Necklace by Guy De Maupassant in the Google toolbar, I saw the word irony and quickly came up with the question as to, where is the observation essay irony in an essay, the story The Necklace? To my surprise, this story surrounds itself with irony being found in introduction, the smallest. Fiction , Guy de Maupassant , Irony 1057 Words | 3 Pages. The Irony in in writing, 'The Lottery' Shirley Jackson wrote the introduction story 'The Lottery.' A lottery is typically thought of as something good because it . usually involves winning something such as money or prizes. In this lottery it is thesis copyright, not what they win but it is what is lost. Point of views, situations, and the title are all ironic to the story 'The Lottery.' The point of view in 'The Lottery' is ironic to the outcome. Jackson used third person dramatic point of view when writing 'The Lottery.' The third person. Comedy , Fiction , Literary technique 502 Words | 3 Pages. Love, care and sacrifice are indispensible to observation, most of the relationships of life; especially in marriage, these factors become more important.

Each of the . couple has to know for whom and for trupti khaire thesis, which they live and work. Introduction? In “The Gift of the Magi”, O.Henry was really successful in describing the love, care and sacrifice that Della and Jim give each other. The story would not become famous without its “surprising ending”, the business accident and introduction, coincidence. America? Readers are attracted to the moving love story between. American films , Black-and-white films , Christmas 2367 Words | 5 Pages.

In The Guest Albert Camus uses irony to convey the introduction existential theme of statement school making what you believe to introduction, be the moral choice regardless of the . Copyright? consequences. This theme reflects Camus' existential philosophies, stressing free choice and responsibility for one's actions in addition to the inevitability of death. This philosophy plays a major role in observation essay, the theme and structure of this story, and stresses the individual's unique position as a self determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or. Albert Camus , Choice , Existentialism 971 Words | 3 Pages. ?DRAMATIC IRONY IN A DOLL’S HOUSE Dramatic irony usually refers to a situation in a play wherein a character’s knowledge is . limited, and he or she encounters something of greater significance than he or she knows. Throughout the play, most of the in writing dramatic irony displayed is between Nora and Helmer, with Helmer being the character whose knowledge is limited. Dramatic irony is a device commonly and frequently used by playwrights. Irony arises from introduction, a contrast between appearance and reality between. A Doll's House , Anxiety , Consciousness 1478 Words | 4 Pages.

Irony in Pride and Prejudice Irony forms the alma mater of personal school Jane Austen’s novels. Likewise, “Pride and observation, Prejudice” is steeped in . irony of theme, situation, character, and narration. Austen uses it to why barbie, establish the contrast between appearance and observation essay introduction, reality. As one examines “Pride and Prejudice”, one discovers the ironic significance of how pride leads to prejudice and prejudice invites pride. Thesis? Importantly, the novel elucidates how both “Pride” and “Prejudice” have their corresponding virtues bound up. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Irony 982 Words | 3 Pages. Jin Kim, manager of Taejon City branch of Korea Auto Insurance in South Korea discovered that there was big problem in the headquarters' . Observation Introduction? overhead cost allocation when he was preparing for the branch operation report. Taejon was a rapidly growing city. with the america history essay hard work Kim, the essay Taejon branch raised insurance revenues. However, the net income of the Taejon branch was much lower than for the prior year. And this attributed to bad role model essay, the inappropriate cost accounting systems.

For the underlying cause. Cost , Cost accounting , Economics 836 Words | 3 Pages. Irony of The Cask of Amontillado Many of observation introduction Edgar Allan Poe’s short stories contain a wide variety of irony , motifs, and . symbolism. The unity of these elements within many of his tales creates specific moods in and throughout his works. One story in particular, The Cask of personal high school Amontillado not only displays Poe’s exquisite attention to detail and mastery of literary unity, but it clearly portrays his expertise in the use of irony within this story. The most evident use of irony is through the character’s. Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction , Freemasonry 1033 Words | 3 Pages. Use of Irony in Slaughterhouse-Five. Commentary of introduction How Irony is used in quotations in writing, the Book In the observation essay introduction book Slaughterhouse 5, the author, Kurt Vonnegut, gives a brief account of his life that . spans throughout World War II and his post-war traumatic war experience. The whole book plays throughout time as he travels in his thoughts around the places he has been to, implying that there is no present, future or past but just time, accompanied by a steady and regular pulse-like pace throughout the book. There is also a thin layer of mood spread out.

Carbon monoxide , Carbon monoxide poisoning , Kurt Vonnegut 852 Words | 3 Pages. ?ROLE OF IRONIES IN OEDIPUS REX Oedipus Rex is personal statement high student, one of the best tragedies. According to essay introduction, Aristotle, a tragedy must be an imitation of life in the . form of a serious story that is complete in itself; in other words, the story must be realistic and narrow in khaire thesis, focus. A good tragedy will evoke pity and fear in its viewers. Irony : Irony is observation introduction, a figure of speech in quotations in writing, which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. Observation Introduction? In Oedipus Rex, ironies play a vital. Creon , Greek mythology , Irony 883 Words | 3 Pages.

Irony occurs in history, every single person’s daily life. The short story “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver tells a story in which many people in the world . can connect to. From the way Carver writes the first sentence he sounds very annoyed. Within the first paragraph it says why he is so agitated and it is for the lone reason that his wife’s friend, a blind man, is coming to visit. Observation Essay Introduction? Robert, the blind man, is not the only blind person in this story, but rather the business narrator is as well. Not physically, but instead. Anton Chekhov , Blindness , Fiction 1059 Words | 3 Pages.

Effective Dramatic Irony In Oedipus The King, Sophocles creates rising action by asking dramatic questions throughout the observation introduction play. These . Trupti Khaire Thesis? questions generate suspense in the audience when they become dramatic irony and amplify the climax. During the falling action, Oedipus is engulfed in misery when he experiences a reversal of observation fortune. Finally, Oedipus goes through a discovery process ending when he discovers his tragic resolution. According to Aristotle, a tragedy consist of a drama that contains. Climax , Drama , Fiction 820 Words | 3 Pages. SAMPLE ESSAY ASSIGNMENT ON SETTING (30%) Outline of Essay Title - The Importance of quotations Settings in Ha Jin’s “ Saboteur ” . Introduction - Ha Jin brings out the historical setting, consisting of introduction political, social and cultural, geographical and physical elements as all are important in this story and how they influence the plan story line (thesis statement) Analysis - political, social and cultural elements as well as geographical and physical elements in the essay are discussed. Communist Party of China , Cultural Revolution , Deng Xiaoping 6797 Words | 20 Pages. The Verbal Irony in “Othello” by Shakespeare.

The verbal irony in “Othello” by Shakespeare In the tragedy Othello, Shakespeare uses many important literary elements, but one of the observation essay most . important is irony . Shakespeare's use of irony in Othello has a great impact on the play. The irony is what makes the thesis copyright story so fascinating and observation essay introduction, different than any other stories. Irony is also used to add suspense and at the same time to make the why barbie reader wonder what is going to happen next. “Verbal irony is a contrast between what a character says and what. Desdemona , Iago , Irony 888 Words | 3 Pages. with an essay by essay, Charles Gordon, When Irony Becomes Cynicism. Through his essay, one learns where irony's roots started to grow into thesis copyright, today's . monster that it is, and how irony is overused in television, radio and conversation. Gordon has skillfully and honestly shown how irony is perceived and observation essay, used in today's society. He fully shows that people use irony incorrectly, and it is to in writing an essay, their disadvantage. #9;Gordon has a particularly negative view on how much irony is observation essay, used today.

The thesis in his essay. Culture , David Macfarlane , Emotion 910 Words | 3 Pages. Dramatic Irony in Macbeth Introduction: William Shakespeare effectively uses dramatic irony to essay, intrigue the reader and deepen . the impact of the consequences Macbeth ultimately faces. Introduction? Dramatic Irony Definition: Dramatic Irony is a literary term that defines a situation in the play where the reader knows more than the character does. Thesis: Throughout the play Macbeth, the reader is given the advantage of knowing more things than the characters in the play through the literary device, dramatic.

Duncan I of Scotland , Hannah Montana , Irony 1229 Words | 3 Pages. Dramatic Irony is Hamlet What is plan pdf sample, Dramatic Irony ? -Dramatic Irony is when the words and actions of the characters . in a work of literature are known to essay introduction, the audience or reader, but they are not known to certain characters in the story. The reader or audience has a greater knowledge of many of the characters themselves. -Shakespeare employs dramatic irony in trupti thesis, many of his tragedies, so that the audience is observation, engaged, and so they are able to trupti khaire, witness characters errors in their action, predict the fate. Characters in Hamlet , Gertrude , Ghost 1184 Words | 4 Pages. will make us mad. 1. Act 1 Scene 4, line 50; the witches hail Macbeth, “thane of Cawdor!” Dramatic irony : At this point, Macbeth is unaware . that the king has conferred this honor upon him because of his valor in battle, so he attributes his fortune to the witches’ prophecy. However, the audience knows Duncan made the essay pronouncement in Act 1, Scene 3. (David Schlachter) Purpose: This dramatic irony is to show Macbeth’s belief that the plan pdf sample witches speak the truth and are responsible for his success.

This. Banquo , Duncan I of Scotland , Irony 844 Words | 3 Pages. Johnny Nguyen Period 5 5/5/11 The Scarlet Letter Irony Essay What if irony didn’t exist? If it didn’t, even at a minimal . level, The Scarlet Letter wouldn’t be able to function in its complete and published form. Its frame and substructure of distinctly morose themes scrutinizing sin, knowledge, and the human condition would not exist without irony blistering beneath the surface. Observation? The symbolism and evocativeness of character names, for instance, the trupti khaire thesis words “chill” and “worthless” can be derived. Hester Prynne , Irony , Nathaniel Hawthorne 1081 Words | 3 Pages.

Authors use many literary devices in order to observation introduction, heighten and enhance their works. History? Dramatic irony , expressions to complementary attitudes . understood by the audience but not the observation characters, can make the emotions stronger in literature. Homer is one of many authors who used this technique well. In The Odyssey, Homer uses dramatic irony in order to enhance the emotional effect of crucial moments in the storyline, especially during the journey of Telemachus, the initial return of Odysseus, and the restoration. Begging , Greek mythology , Homer 1390 Words | 4 Pages. Irony Analysis of the Gift of the why barbie is a Magi. Chase Tidmore Intro To Lit Analyst Ms. Sheperis 10/20/11 Irony Within “The Gift of the Magi” “ Irony is a disciplinarian . feared only by essay, those who do not know it, but cherished by those who do”, Soren Kierkegaard knew what he was talking about when he said these famous words. “The Gift of the Magi”, written by William Sidney Porter, often known by his pen name O. Pdf Sample? Henry. Essay? It is a short story depicting literary elements of irony , romance, and Porter's sense of twist endings, and is all about a.

Fiction , Guy de Maupassant , Irony 991 Words | 3 Pages. How has Wilde used irony and satire regarding the lives of people in Victorian society to trupti, create humour in The Importance of observation essay Being Earnest? ?Danielle Scott How has Wilde used irony and satire regarding the lives of people in thesis copyright, Victorian society to create humour in introduction, The . Importance of Being Earnest? Oscar Wilde’s humorous play, The Importance of Being Earnest, is one that was written with ideas of Victorian society, behaviours and propriety in mind. It’s a satire of the Victorian era, when certain rules regarding behaviour governed everything from communication to sexuality and this code is responsible for a considerable amount of personal statement high school comedy.

Comedy , Irony , John Ruskin 860 Words | 2 Pages. The uses of irony can easily captivate or excite us. Many times in order to understand the morals or theme of a story you need to be able to . recognise the irony . In the short stories, “Lamb to the Slaughter” by Roald Dahl, “The Gift of the Magi” by O Henry and “The Suit” by Can Themba various forms of irony are present. These forms of irony include: verbal, situational and dramatic irony . The first story “Lamb to the Slaughter” is about Mary Meloney, a devoted caring wife that ends up killing her. American films , Domestic sheep , English-language films 1353 Words | 3 Pages. The Dramatic Irony in Oedipus the King. The Dramatic Irony in Oedipus the King Before taking a closer look on the identity of the protagonist and murderer, and having in mind that . Oedipus the King is a very spacious and difficult to analyze play, including opportunities for discussion on quite a few topics, I have chosen to briefly focus on the dramatic irony used by Sophocles to disclose the observation introduction characters’ identity throughout the play. In general, irony is america history essay, a very common technique used in every drama work and it is observation essay introduction, usually used by america essay, the. Aeschylus , Irony , Ismene 1031 Words | 3 Pages. English 10, essay The Crucible, option 2 In “The Crucible”, Arthur Miller uses dramatic irony to create anxiety, frustration and to . demonstrate the observation tension between the people about the lies of student witchcraft in Salem. I. Observation Introduction? The author creates tension in the story by high, using Abigail who accuses innocent people of witchery.

1.) Abigail wants Elizabeth to get hanged so she can be back with John again. 2.) Abigail turns herself against Mary Warren after she confessed in court. II. The author creates. Daniel Day-Lewis , Elizabeth Proctor , John Proctor 871 Words | 3 Pages. A Simple Story of Imagery and observation essay introduction, Irony.

Simple Story of Imagery and Irony A Clean, Well Lighted Place, is a story about business plan three men that come across one another one night in a bar. . Hemingway uses a minimalistic style with symbolic imagery and verbal irony to reveal a story of three men with three views of life and despair. Hemingway's style is famous for its simplicity-short common words, short sentences-and is said to be realistic and naturalistic (Berryman 270). What stands out about A Clean, Well Lighted Place is its minimalism. A Story , Fiction , Irony 850 Words | 3 Pages. Silence has pervaded every imaginable recess in the old dilapidated courthouse. A hundred silent onlookers hold their breath in baited . anticipation. Suddenly, the dull sound that only wood can make as it slams into essay, an desk echoes for what may as well be all eternity. A single man garners the attention of two hundred eyes as he unintentionally clears his throat. However his lips only are able to quotations an essay, take form around one bloodcurdling word: guilty. Observation Essay Introduction? Although of what crime depends on the time period of trupti the.

Arthur Miller , Irony , John Proctor 2258 Words | 6 Pages. Elements of Irony in Native Son Native Son paints a disturbing, harsh picture of life within the Black Belt of Chicago in the 1940s. Wright . uses irony ; sometimes subtly and at other times obviously to shape the view of the reader and as a foreshadowing mechanism. From our initial scene to observation essay, Bigger's death, the technique of irony employed by history, Wright is effective, and devastating. Our initial symbol which foreshadows the fate of our protagonist is the observation essay introduction huge black rat (5). America Essay? The rat represents the feelings.

Comedy , Fiction , Irony 1036 Words | 3 Pages. Richard III Irony , as defined by Perrine?s Literature, is ?a situation or a use of observation introduction language involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy? . (1709). Irony can be broken down to three types; verbal, dramatic, and situational. In Shakespeare?s Richard III, all types of irony are found throughout the play. Irony can be humorous, sarcastic, and sometimes quite complicated as it is used to ?convey a truth about human experience by business plan pdf sample, exposing some incongruity of a character?s behavior or a society?s traditions. Irony , Peerage of England , Sarcasm 825 Words | 3 Pages.

To Kill a Mockingbird: Irony and essay, Sarcasm. growing child's (Scout Finch) mind, eyes, ears, and quotations in writing, mouth. Observation? There is another very significant method that was used. In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, . Harper Lee utilizes the effects of irony , sarcasm, and copyright, hypocrisy to criticize a variety of elements in Southern life. br brHarper Lee employs the effects of irony in To Kill a Mockingbird as a way to criticize the deficiency of public education. Now tell your father not to teach you any more.

It's best to begin reading with a fresh mind. (pG. 22). Atticus Finch , Harper Lee , Irony 1447 Words | 4 Pages. Richard Iii - Irony of introduction Shakespeare. Richard III - Irony of Shakespeare Shakespeare is known for his wit and brilliance in writing. One of his tactics is his use of . irony . There are three types of irony : verbal, dramatic and situational. Business Plan? Verbal irony is a figure of observation introduction speech in which the speaker says the opposite of what he or she intends to is a model essay, say. Dramatic irony is the contrast between what a character says or thinks and what the reader knows to be true. Situational irony is the discrepancy between appearance and observation essay introduction, reality or between. BAFTA Award for Best Film , Curse , English-language films 1199 Words | 3 Pages. types of irony such as basic irony which is the use of word to personal statement student, convey a meaning that is opposite observation introduction, of its literal meaning. . Situational irony which is the moment a characters actions have the opposite of their intended effect.

Finally there is dramatic irony which occurs when there is a contrast between the readers knowledge and the knowledge of the why barbie bad role essay characters in the work. However situational irony is what mostly transpires in Kate Chopin short story The Story of an Hour Situational irony is observation, used.

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Advertisement Analysis: Victoria#8217;s Secret. Audience—whom are you telling about the ad? The audience to introduction whom this position paper is directed would be to those people who feel uncomfortable with harm perpetrated to the environment that do not realize that they are directly supporting harm to the environment by patronizing Victoria’s Secrets. Personal Statement High School? Purpose—why are you telling them about how the ad works? The purpose for informing people about the advertisement, as stated previously, is to inform people who do not realize that Victoria’s Secret’s is essay introduction, a great contributor to thesis the environmental disaster of deforestation. Furthermore, it puts people “on the spot” and not able to feign ignorance by eliminating any prior claim to faux plausible denial. Context—where, when, and how are you addressing them? (Imagine them reading this paper) If there was a manner in which to address individuals it would be by presenting the essay introduction, essay within the context of trupti khaire thesis a magazine article designed to raise public consciousness and awareness. Thesis—what overall point are you trying to make? (Use it as an example for great marketing.) Please list the observation introduction, ad’s own audience, purpose, and plan pdf sample appeals here. There are those people whose luxury items hide them from the stark realities of the world, a reality that they are contributing to observation essay harm while being able to plausibly deny knowledge of the harm, so shocking them out of personal statement student their plausible denial remains a major component of reversing the negative trends that they cause.

Organization—what points are you going to observation make and in what order? Why did you choose that order? (i.e., why do you think this order will be most successful with your readers?) 1. To introduce the ad 2. Business Plan Pdf Sample? Explain what the ad means. 3. Put a feeling of essay guilt and hypocrisy onto those who contribute to the negative aspects of Victoria’s Secret 4. Challenge those who acquire the catalogues to amend their ways. Rough Draft Victoria#8217;s Dirty Little Secret. There are a number of ways that a message can be delivered. Unfortunately, a polite manner of speech is personal, oftentimes ignored. Because of this, a more over the top and bombastic approach is observation, utilized to grab people’s attention. While some people will perform such bombastic messages with little tact, there are those out there who are creative enough to present a clear message in an over the top manner that will shock people into confronting the truth of the message. Thesis? Such is the case with Forest Ethics’ campaign to observation essay awaken the public in regards to “Victoria’s Dirty Little Secret.”

So what is “Victoria’s Dirty Little Secret?” Basically, the lingerie company Victoria’s Secrets publicizes its stock by way of a large catalogue that chronicles the multitude of clothing items that they offer for america history essay, sale. Of course, the catalogue is essay, printed on paper, a great deal of paper, as there are literally tens of thousands of catalogues printed every year. Since the production of paper requires the deforestation of rain forests, the purpose of Forest Ethics’ ad campaign is to raise public awareness by shocking the public with the true facts as to the devastation that the catalogue printing business is causing. Why Barbie Is A Bad Role Model? Ultimately, there needs to be a question asked in regards to observation essay introduction whether or not this is a “great” ad. To answer that question, one must provide a twofold answer. First, is the ad great on an aesthetic level? Second, is the copyright, advertisement effective in observation essay introduction, bringing about the proper response that the ad is supposed to bring. Onto the thesis copyright, first part: the ad is an excellent ad because it is observation essay, creative, shocking and effectively delivers an why barbie is a model expository message.

In other words, it is very clear in what it seeks to present. If there was a negative to the ad, it would be that the ad is a bit too expository in its design, but similar ads targeting the cigarette makers were quite effective in terms of changing public opinion about smoking, so perhaps an overly expository message is not as bad as it would seem. As for the second part, the effectiveness of the ad is contingent on the personal feelings of observation those who see the ad. In other words, there will be certain people who just don’t care about copyright, deforestation. Oh well. There will be some people who will take the essay introduction, ad to heart and follow its directives, so to that degree, it can be a successful ad. To a certain degree, the effectiveness of the manner in which the ad advocates change rests on personal high student the ability of the ad to force those who see it to confront their (possible) hypocrisy. That is to say, if a customer who has purchased a great deal of inventory from Victoria’s Secrets in an individual who espouses a platform of environmental advocacy, then the essay introduction, individual must make a decision as to whether or not actually commit to making a change in trupti thesis, terms of observation supporting a business that is an “enemy of the state” as far as environmental disasters go, or to reverse one’s purchasing decisions as a means of personal statement high school student convincing the power to be at Victoria’s Secret to essay introduction reverse their policies and, perhaps, expand online catalogue distribution as opposed to the traditional paper method. Also, by publicly exposing the Victoria’s Secrets company, the ability for people to america history claim plausible denial about the essay introduction, deforestations the company has been responsible for is greatly reduced if not outright eliminated. While the personal statement, advertisement is a bit excessive in the manner in which it presents its subject matter and thematic concerns, it is a creative ad that can help sway opinion and drive people to action simply by presented a very bombastic message that is virtually impossible to ignore.

Final Draft Victoria#8217;s Dirty Little Secret. There are a number of different methods in which a specific ideological message can be delivered. A manner of essay introduction delivery that falls into the category of polite speech is, sadly often ignored. Because of this, bombastic, over the top approach is utilized to deliver the message. While certain individuals will present bombastic messages with no regard to tact, there are those who possess a faculty of in writing creativity that allows them to present a clear message in an over the top manner that will shock people into confronting the truth of the message. Such is the case with Forest Ethics’ campaign to awaken the observation essay, public in regards to “Victoria’s Dirty Little Secret.” So what is “Victoria’s Dirty Little Secret?” Basically, the lingerie company Victoria’s Secrets publicized its inventory by way of a large print catalogue that itemizes the multitude of thesis copyright clothing items that they offer for observation introduction, sale. Of course, the catalogue is copyright, printed on paper and there are literally tens of thousands of catalogues printed every year. Since the production of paper requires the deforestation of rain forests, the observation introduction, purpose of Forest Ethics’ ad campaign is to raise public awareness by in writing an essay, shocking the public with the observation essay introduction, true facts as to the devastation that the catalogue printing business is causing. This places a great deal of onus on those individuals who patronize Victoria’s Secret in a manner which forces them to an essay actualize their complicity in the horrors that deforestation can cause. Ultimately, there needs to be a clear examination as to whether or not this is an effective ad campaign. In short, is the ad a “great” ad?

To answer that question, one must provide a twofold answer. First, is the ad great on an aesthetic level and secondly, is the advertisement effective in bringing about the proper response that the ad is supposed to bring. Much of the ad is effective in the way it parodies the classic 1970’s style sexist ads. It is effective in the way it throws those conventions out and takes what is supposed to be visually stimulating and turns it into introduction a visual nightmare. Granted, it is a bit over the top, but it still manages to be effective. The ad is creative, shocking and effectively delivers an expository message.

In other words, it is very clear in what it seeks to present. If there was a negative to the ad, it would be that the ad is a bit too expository in its design, but similar ads targeting the cigarette makers were quite effective in terms of changing public opinion about trupti thesis, smoking, so perhaps an overly expository message is not as bad as it would seem. As for the second part, the effectiveness of the ad is contingent on observation essay the personal feelings of those who see the ad. In other words, there will be certain people who put their personal purchasing freedoms above any political or environmental advocacy and have no real interest in america, the problems of deforestation. However, the observation essay introduction, ad will be successful if it reaches a decent segment of the population and is able to convert a portion or percentage of thesis said demographic.

To that degree, the ad can be extremely successful. To a certain degree, the effectiveness of the manner in which the ad advocates change rests on the ability of the ad to force those who see it to confront their (possible) hypocrisy. That is to say, if a customer who has purchased a great deal of inventory from Victoria’s Secrets is an individual who is sympathetic to a platform that endorses environmental advocacy, then the individual must make a decision as to whether or not actually commit to revoke support for a business that is an “enemy of the state” as far as environmental disasters go, or to reverse one’s purchasing decisions as a means of convincing the power to be at Victoria’s Secret to reverse their policies and, perhaps, expand online catalogue distribution as opposed to the traditional paper method. Also, by publicly exposing the Victoria’s Secrets company the ability for consumers to claim plausible denial about the deforestations the company has been responsible for introduction, is greatly reduced if not outright eliminated. While the advertisement is a bit excessive in the manner in which it presents its subject matter and thematic concerns, it is a creative ad that can help sway opinion and drive people to action simply by presented a very bombastic message that is virtually impossible to quotations in writing ignore.

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Observation essay: outline, format, structure, topics, examples

essay on heroism Paradise is under the shadow of observation essay swords. Ruby wine is drunk by knaves, Sugar spends to fatten slaves, Rose and vine-leaf deck buffoons; Thunderclouds are Jove's festoons, Drooping oft in wreaths of dread Lightning-knotted round his head; The hero is not fed on sweets, Daily his own heart he eats; Chambers of the great are jails, And head-winds right for royal sails. In the quotations an essay, elder English dramaetcher, there is a constant recognition of gentility, as if a noble behaviour were as easily marked in the society of observation introduction their age, as color is in our American population. When any Rodrigo, Pedro, or Valerio enters, though he be a stranger, the duke or governor exclaims, This is a gentleman,-- and proffers civilities without end; but all the rest are slag and refuse. In harmony with this delight in personal advantages, there is in their plays a certain heroic cast of character and dialogue,--as in Bonduca, Sophocles, the Mad Lover, the plan, Double Marriage,--wherein the speaker is essay introduction, so earnest and cordial, and on such deep grounds of pdf sample character, that the dialogue, on observation introduction, the slightest additional incident in high school student the plot, rises naturally into poetry. Observation Essay? Among many texts, take the following. The Roman Martius has conquered Athens,--all but the invincible spirits of Sophocles, the model essay, duke of Athens, and Dorigen, his wife.

The beauty of the latter inflames Martius, and he seeks to save her husband; but Sophocles will not ask his life, although assured that a word will save him, and the execution of both proceeds. Valerius . Bid thy wife farewell. Soph . No, I will take no leave. My Dorigen, Yonder, above, 'bout Ariadne's crown, My spirit shall hover for thee. Observation Essay Introduction? Prithee, haste. Dor . Stay, Sophocles,--with this tie up my sight; Let not soft nature so transformed be, And lose her gentler sexed humanity,

To make me see my lord bleed. So, 't is well; Never one object underneath the sun. Will I behold before my Sophocles: Farewell; now teach the america essay, Romans how to die. Mar . Dost know what 't is to die? Soph . Observation Essay? Thou dost not, Martius,

And, therefore, not what 't is to live; to die Is to begin to live. It is to end. An old, stale, weary work, and to commence. A newer and a better. 'T is to leave. Deceitful knaves for the society. Of gods and goodness. Thou thyself must part.

At last from all thy garlands, pleasures, triumphs, And prove thy fortitude what then 't will do. Val . But art not grieved nor vexed to leave thy life thus? Soph . Quotations? Why should I grieve or vex for observation introduction, being sent. To them I ever loved best?

Now I'll kneel, But with my back toward thee; 't is the last duty. This trunk can do the gods. Mar . Strike, strike, Valerius, Or Martius' heart will leap out at plan, his mouth: This is essay, a man, a woman! Kiss thy lord, And live with all the freedom you were wont. O love! thou doubly hast afflicted me.

With virtue and with beauty. Treacherous heart, My hand shall cast thee quick into my urn, Ere thou transgress this knot of piety. Val . What ails my brother? Soph . Martius, O Martius,

Thou now hast found a way to conquer me. Dor . O star of Rome! what gratitude can speak. Fit words to follow such a deed as this? Mar. This admirable duke, Valerius, With his disdain of fortune and of death, Captived himself, has captivated me, And though my arm hath ta'en his body here, His soul hath subjugated Martius' soul. By Romulus, he is all soul, I think; He hath no flesh, and spirit cannot be gyved;

Then we have vanquished nothing; he is free, And Martius walks now in captivity. I do not readily remember any poem, play, sermon, novel, or oration, that our press vents in the last few years, which goes to the same tune. We have a great many flutes and flageolets, but not often the sound of any fife. Yet, Wordsworth's Laodamia, and the ode of Dion, and some sonnets, have a certain noble music; and Scott will sometimes draw a stroke like the protrait of Lord Evandale, given by Balfour of thesis Burley. Thomas Carlyle, with his natural taste for what is observation, manly and quotations an essay, daring in character, has suffered no heroic trait in introduction his favorites to drop from his biographical and historical pictures. Earlier, Robert Burns has given us a song or two. In the Harleian Miscellanies, there is an account of the battle of Lutzen, which deserves to be read. And Simon Ockley's History of the thesis, Saracens recounts the prodigies of individual valor with admiration, all the more evident on the part of the narrator, that he seems to think that his place in Christian Oxford requires of essay him some proper protestations of abhorrence. Thesis Copyright? But, if we explore the literature of Heroism, we shall quickly come to Plutarch, who is its Doctor and historian. To him we owe the Brasidas, the observation essay introduction, Dion, the Epaminondas, the history, Scipio of old, and I must think we are more deeply indebted to him than to all the ancient writers.

Each of his Lives is a refutation to the despondency and cowardice of observation introduction our religious and political theorists. A wild courage, a Stoicism not of the schools, but of the trupti khaire, blood, shines in every anecdote, and has given that book its immense fame. We need books of observation this tart cathartic virtue, more than books of political science, or of private economy. Life is a festival only to the wise. Seen from the nook and chimney-side of prudence, it wears a ragged and america history, dangerous front.

The violations of the laws of nature by essay introduction, our predecessors and essay, our contemporaries are punished in us also. The disease and deformity around us certify the infraction of natural, intellectual, and moral laws, and often violation on violation to breed such compound misery. A lock-jaw that bends a man's head back to his heels, hydrophobia, that makes him bark at his wife and babes, insanity, that makes him eat grass; war, plague, cholera, famine, indicate a certain ferocity in nature, which, as it had its inlet by essay introduction, human crime, must have its outlet by human suffering. Unhappily, no man exists who has not in his own person become, to some amount, a stockholder in the sin, and so made himself liable to a share in the expiation. Our culture, therefore, must not omit the arming of the man. Plan? Let him hear in season, that he is born into the state of war, and that the commonwealth and his own well-being require that he should not go dancing in the weeds of peace, but warned, self-collected, and observation essay, neither defying nor dreading the thunder, let him take both reputation and life in his hand, and, with perfect urbanity, dare the gibbet and model, the mob by essay, the absolute truth of his speech, and the rectitude of his behaviour. Towards all this external evil, the man within the breast assumes a warlike attitude, and affirms his ability to cope single-handed with the infinite army of enemies. To this military attitude of the soul we give the name of Heroism. Quotations? Its rudest form is the observation, contempt for safety and ease, which makes the attractiveness of war. It is a self-trust which slights the restraints of prudence, in the plenitude of its energy and power to repair the harms it may suffer.

The hero is a mind of such balance that no disturbances can shake his will, but pleasantly, and, as it were, merrily, he advances to his own music, alike in frightful alarms and in the tipsy mirth of universal dissoluteness. There is plan pdf sample, somewhat not philosophical in heroism; there is somewhat not holy in it; it seems not to know that other souls are of one texture with it; it has pride; it is the extreme of individual nature. Nevertheless, we must profoundly revere it. There is somewhat in observation essay great actions, which does not allow us to business pdf sample, go behind them. Heroism feels and never reasons, and observation essay, therefore is trupti khaire thesis, always right; and although a different breeding, different religion, and greater intellectual activity would have modified or even reversed the particular action, yet for introduction, the hero that thing he does is the highest deed, and is not open to the censure of philosophers or divines. Thesis Copyright? It is the avowal of the unschooled man, that he finds a quality in him that is negligent of expense, of health, of observation essay life, of danger, of hatred, of reproach, and thesis, knows that his will is higher and more excellent than all actual and all possible antagonists. Heroism works in contradiction to the voice of mankind, and in observation essay introduction contradiction, for a time, to the voice of the great and good. Heroism is an obedience to a secret impulse of an individual's character. Now to no other man can its wisdom appear as it does to him, for every man must be supposed to is a essay, see a little farther on his own proper path than any one else. Therefore, just and wise men take umbrage at his act, until after some little time be past: then they see it to observation essay, be in unison with their acts. All prudent men see that the action is clean contrary to a sensual prosperity; for every heroic act measures itself by its contempt of some external good.

But it finds its own success at last, and then the copyright, prudent also extol. Self-trust is the essence of heroism. It is the state of the essay, soul at war, and its ultimate objects are the trupti khaire thesis, last defiance of falsehood and wrong, and the power to bear all that can be inflicted by evil agents. It speaks the truth, and it is just, generous, hospitable, temperate, scornful of petty calculations, and scornful of being scorned. It persists; it is of an undaunted boldness, and of a fortitude not to be wearied out. Its jest is the littleness of common life. That false prudence which dotes on health and wealth is the butt and merriment of heroism. Heroism, like Plotinus, is almost ashamed of its body. Observation Essay Introduction? What shall it say, then, to the sugar-plums and cats'-cradles, to the toilet, compliments, quarrels, cards, and custard, which rack the wit of high school student all society. What joys has kind nature provided for us dear creatures!

There seems to be no interval between greatness and meanness. Introduction? When the spirit is not master of the world, then it is its dupe. Yet the little man takes the quotations, great hoax so innocently, works in it so headlong and believing, is born red, and dies gray, arranging his toilet, attending on his own health, laying traps for sweet food and strong wine, setting his heart on a horse or a rifle, made happy with a little gossip or a little praise, that the great soul cannot choose but laugh at such earnest nonsense. Indeed, these humble considerations make me out of observation introduction love with greatness. What a disgrace is why barbie is a bad role, it to me to take note how many pairs of silk stockings thou hast, namely, these and those that were the peach-colored ones; or to bear the introduction, inventory of america history essay thy shirts, as one for observation essay, superfluity, and one other for use! Citizens, thinking after the laws of arithmetic, consider the inconvenience of receiving strangers at their fireside, reckon narrowly the loss of time and the unusual display: the soul of a better quality thrusts back the khaire thesis, unseasonable economy into the vaults of life, and says, I will obey the God, and the sacrifice and the fire he will provide. Ibn Haukal, the Arabian geographer, describes a heroic extreme in the hospitality of Sogd, in Bukharia. When I was in observation essay introduction Sogd, I saw a great building, like a palace, the gates of which were open and fixed back to the wall with large nails. I asked the reason, and was told that the plan pdf sample, house had not been shut, night or day, for a hundred years.

Strangers may present themselves at any hour, and in whatever number; the master has amply provided for the reception of the men and their animals, and is never happier than when they tarry for some time. Nothing of the kind have I seen in any other country. The magnanimous know very well that they who give time, or money, or shelter, to the stranger--so it be done for love, and not for ostentation--do, as it were, put God under obligation to them, so perfect are the observation essay introduction, compensations of the universe. In some way the essay, time they seem to lose is redeemed, and the pains they seem to take remunerate themselves. These men fan the flame of essay introduction human love, and america history essay, raise the standard of civil virtue among mankind. But hospitality must be for service, and not for observation introduction, show, or it pulls down the host. The brave soul rates itself too high to value itself by the splendor of its table and draperies. America History Essay? It gives what it hath, and all it hath, but its own majesty can lend a better grace to bannocks and fair water than belong to city feasts. The temperance of the hero proceeds from the same wish to do no dishonor to the worthiness he has. But he loves it for its elegancy, not for its austerity. It seems not worth his while to be solemn, and denounce with bitterness flesh-eating or wine-drinking, the essay, use of tobacco, or opium, or tea, or silk, or gold.

A great man scarcely knows how he dines, how he dresses; but without railing or precision, his living is natural and poetic. John Eliot, the Indian Apostle, drank water, and said of trupti khaire wine,--It is a noble, generous liquor, and we should be humbly thankful for it, but, as I remember, water was made before it. Observation Essay Introduction? Better still is the temperance of trupti King David, who poured out on the ground unto the Lord the water which three of his warriors had brought him to drink, at observation essay, the peril of their lives. It is told of Brutus, that when he fell on thesis copyright, his sword, after the battle of Philippi, he quoted a line of Euripides,--O virtue! I have followed thee through life, and I find thee at last but a shade. I doubt not the hero is slandered by this report. The heroic soul does not sell its justice and its nobleness. It does not ask to dine nicely, and to sleep warm. The essence of greatness is the perception that virtue is enough.

Poverty is its ornament. It does not need plenty, and can very well abide its loss. But that which takes my fancy most, in the heroic class, is the good-humor and hilarity they exhibit. Introduction? It is a height to which common duty can very well attain, to suffer and to dare with solemnity. But these rare souls set opinion, success, and life, at so cheap a rate, that they will not soothe their enemies by why barbie is a essay, petitions, or the show of observation essay sorrow, but wear their own habitual greatness. Scipio, charged with peculation, refuses to do himself so great a disgrace as to wait for justification, though he had the scroll of his accounts in his hands, but tears it to pieces before the tribunes. Socrates's condemnation of himself to be maintained in all honor in why barbie is a essay the Prytaneum, during his life, and Sir Thomas More's playfulness at the scaffold, are of the observation essay introduction, same strain. Is A Bad Role Essay? In Beaumont and Fletcher's Sea Voyage, Juletta tells the stout captain and his company,-- Jul. Why, slaves, 't is in our power to hang ye. Master . Very likely, 'T is in our powers, then, to be hanged, and scorn ye.

These replies are sound and whole. Sport is the bloom and glow of a perfect health. The great will not condescend to take any thing seriously; all must be as gay as the song of a canary, though it were the building of cities, or the eradication of old and foolish churches and nations, which have cumbered the earth long thousands of years. Simple hearts put all the history and observation, customs of this world behind them, and play their own game in plan pdf sample innocent defiance of the Blue-Laws of the world; and such would appear, could we see the introduction, human race assembled in vision, like little children frolicking together; though, to the eyes of mankind at large, they wear a stately and solemn garb of works and influences. The interest these fine stories have for us, the power of a romance over the boy who grasps the forbidden book under his bench at school, our delight in the hero, is the personal statement high, main fact to our purpose. All these great and transcendent properties are ours. Observation Essay Introduction? If we dilate in beholding the Greek energy, the Roman pride, it is that we are already domesticating the history essay, same sentiment. Let us find room for this great guest in introduction our small houses. The first step of worthiness will be to an essay, disabuse us of essay our superstitious associations with places and is a bad role model, times, with number and size. Why should these words, Athenian, Roman, Asia, and England, so tingle in the ear? Where the heart is, there the muses, there the gods sojourn, and not in any geography of fame.

Massachusetts, Connecticut River, and Boston Bay, you think paltry places, and the ear loves names of foreign and classic topography. But here we are; and, if we will tarry a little, we may come to learn that here is best. See to it, only, that thyself is here;--and art and observation essay, nature, hope and fate, friends, angels, and the Supreme Being, shall not be absent from the chamber where thou sittest. Epaminondas, brave and affectionate, does not seem to us to plan, need Olympus to observation introduction, die upon, nor the Syrian sunshine. Student? He lies very well where he is. The Jerseys were handsome ground enough for Washington to introduction, tread, and London streets for the feet of Milton. A great man makes his climate genial in the imagination of men, and its air the beloved element of all delicate spirits.

That country is the fairest, which is inhabited by the noblest minds. The pictures which fill the imagination in reading the actions of Pericles, Xenophon, Columbus, Bayard, Sidney, Hampden, teach us how needlessly mean our life is, that we, by the depth of our living, should deck it with more than regal or national splendor, and act on principles that should interest man and nature in high school the length of our days. We have seen or heard of many extraordinary young men, who never ripened, or whose performance in actual life was not extraordinary. When we see their air and observation, mien, when we hear them speak of is a model essay society, of books, of religion, we admire their superiority, they seem to throw contempt on our entire polity and essay, social state; theirs is the tone of a youthful giant, who is sent to business, work revolutions. But they enter an active profession, and the forming Colossus shrinks to the common size of man.

The magic they used was the observation essay introduction, ideal tendencies, which always make the Actual ridiculous; but the tough world had its revenge the why barbie model essay, moment they put their horses of the introduction, sun to plough in its furrow. They found no example and no companion, and their heart fainted. What then? The lesson they gave in their first aspirations is yet true; and a better valor and a purer truth shall one day organize their belief. Or why should a woman liken herself to any historical woman, and think, because Sappho, or Sevigne, or De Stael, or the khaire thesis, cloistered souls who have had genius and cultivation, do not satisfy the imagination and the serene Themis, none can,--certainly not she. Why not?

She has a new and unattempted problem to solve, perchance that of the happiest nature that ever bloomed. Let the maiden, with erect soul, walk serenely on her way, accept the hint of each new experience, search in turn all the objects that solicit her eye, that she may learn the essay introduction, power and the charm of her new-born being, which is the kindling of personal statement high student a new dawn in the recesses of space. The fair girl, who repels interference by introduction, a decided and proud choice of influences, so careless of pleasing, so wilful and lofty, inspires every beholder with somewhat of her own nobleness. The silent heart encourages her; O friend, never strike sail to a fear! Come into port greatly, or sail with God the seas.

Not in vain you live, for every passing eye is cheered and refined by the vision. The characteristic of trupti khaire thesis heroism is its persistency. All men have wandering impulses, fits, and observation, starts of generosity. Statement School? But when you have chosen your part, abide by it, and do not weakly try to essay introduction, reconcile yourself with the trupti thesis, world. The heroic cannot be the observation essay, common, nor the common the heroic. Yet we have the weakness to expect the sympathy of people in thesis copyright those actions whose excellence is observation essay introduction, that they outrun sympathy, and appeal to a tardy justice. If you would serve your brother, because it is fit for you to serve him, do not take back your words when you find that prudent people do not commend you. Adhere to your own act, and high school student, congratulate yourself if you have done something strange and extravagant, and broken the monotony of essay introduction a decorous age. It was a high counsel that I once heard given to a young person,--Always do what you are afraid to do.

A simple, manly character need never make an apology, but should regard its past action with the calmness of Phocion, when he admitted that the event of the battle was happy, yet did not regret his dissuasion from the personal student, battle. There is no weakness or exposure for which we cannot find consolation in the thought,--this is a part of my constitution, part of my relation and office to essay introduction, my fellow-creature. Has nature covenanted with me that I should never appear to disadvantage, never make a ridiculous figure? Let us be generous of our dignity, as well as of our money. Greatness once and for ever has done with opinion. We tell our charities, not because we wish to be praised for them, not because we think they have great merit, but for our justification. It is a capital blunder; as you discover, when another man recites his charities. To speak the copyright, truth, even with some austerity, to live with some rigor of temperance, or some extremes of generosity, seems to be an asceticism which common good-nature would appoint to those who are at ease and in plenty, in sign that they feel a brotherhood with the observation essay introduction, great multitude of suffering men. And not only need we breathe and copyright, exercise the soul by assuming the observation introduction, penalties of abstinence, of debt, of solitude, of unpopularity, but it behooves the america essay, wise man to look with a bold eye into those rarer dangers which sometimes invade men, and to familiarize himself with disgusting forms of introduction disease, with sounds of essay execration, and the vision of violent death. Times of heroism are generally times of terror, but the day never shines in which this element may not work.

The circumstances of man, we say, are historically somewhat better in this country, and at this hour, than perhaps ever before. More freedom exists for culture. It will not now run against an axe at the first step out of the beaten track of opinion. But whoso is heroic will always find crises to try his edge. Human virtue demands her champions and martyrs, and the trial of persecution always proceeds. It is but the other day that the brave Lovejoy gave his breast to the bullets of a mob, for the rights of introduction free speech and opinion, and died when it was better not to trupti thesis, live. I see not any road of perfect peace which a man can walk, but after the counsel of his own bosom. Let him quit too much association, let him go home much, and stablish himself in those courses he approves. The unremitting retention of simple and essay introduction, high sentiments in obscure duties is hardening the character to that temper which will work with honor, if need be, in the tumult, or on an essay, the scaffold.

Whatever outrages have happened to men may befall a man again; and very easily in a republic, if there appear any signs of a decay of religion. Coarse slander, fire, tar and feathers, and introduction, the gibbet, the youth may freely bring home to his mind, and with what sweetness of temper he can, and inquire how fast he can fix his sense of duty, braving such penalties, whenever it may please the next newspaper and a sufficient number of plan pdf sample his neighbours to pronounce his opinions incendiary. It may calm the apprehension of calamity in the most susceptible heart to see how quick a bound nature has set to the utmost infliction of malice. We rapidly approach a brink over which no enemy can follow us. Let them rave: Thou art quiet in thy grave. Essay? [Tennyson] In the gloom of our ignorance of what shall be, in the hour when we are deaf to the higher voices, who does not envy those who have seen safely to an end their manful endeavour? Who that sees the meanness of our politics, but inly congratulates Washington that he is long already wrapped in his shroud, and for ever safe; that he was laid sweet in pdf sample his grave, the hope of humanity not yet subjugated in him? Who does not sometimes envy the good and essay, brave, who are no more to suffer from the copyright, tumults of the natural world, and await with curious complacency the observation essay, speedy term of his own conversation with finite nature? And yet the love that will be annihilated sooner than treacherous has already made death impossible, and affirms itself no mortal, but a native of the deeps of trupti thesis absolute and essay, inextinguishable being. Nelson, Carl.

The Rhetoric of Emerson's Hindu 'Heroism'. ESQ 69 (1972), 258-64. Stein, William B. Emerson's 'History':The Rhetoric of Cosmic Consciousness. ESQ 69 (1972), 199-206. Plan? Elbert, Monika.

From Merlin to Faust: Emerson's Democratization of the 'Heroic Mind'. In Spivak, Charlotte, ed. Merlin versus Faust: Contending Archetypes in essay introduction Western Culture , pp. Thesis Copyright? 113-37.. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 1992.

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Essay Writing Advice (for ECPE and C2 EFL exams) Here we tell you how to write an essay that will get good marks in introduction, an English language (EFL/ESL) exam such as the Michigan ECPE. The advice would be the why barbie is a bad role model essay, same for the essays that candidates have to observation essay write in thesis copyright, other EFL/ESL exams such as the IELTS, TOEFL and observation introduction, Cambridge CPE exams. First, let's have a look at some actual ECPE exam writing tasks so that we can see the different types of essay that we might have to write. Topic 1: In most families there is one family member who doesn't follow society's rules and often embarrasses the rest of the family by doing or saying something unusual or funny.

Describe one of your relatives who is like this. Include several examples of america essay, this person's behaviour. Topic 2: Pesticides are chemicals used to kill insects that damage food crops. Some people say farmers should not use pesticides because the pesticides harm the environment and people who eat the introduction, food. Others say that if we stop using pesticides, insects will destroy large quantities of our crops. Do you think farmers should stop using pesticides?

Explain the reasons for why barbie model, your opinion. Topic 1: There is a saying, Curiosity killed the cat, meaning that when a person is introduction overly curious (eager to copyright learn, know, or investigate something or someone) it can lead to essay introduction trouble. Describe a situation when curiosity got you or someone you know into trouble. Topic 2: The production, distribution and use of illegal drugs is an international problem that affects almost every country. What actions should be taken to reduce the production, distribution or use of illegal drugs around the is a model, world? Discuss. Topic 1: Everyone has different opinions about what makes someone a good parent. What three qualities do you think are the most necessary to be a good parent?

Why are these qualities important? Discuss, giving examples. Topic 2: Unemployment is a problem facing many countries today. Should the government and/or businesses take an active role in reducing unemployment? Discuss, providing reasons. Topic 1: Some psychologists believe that there is more to intelligence than what traditional intelligence tests measure (mathematical verbal ability).

They say there are many kinds of intelligence and many ways to be smart. Besides mathematical and linguistic intelligence, in what other ways do you think people are smart? Be specific in your discussion and provide concrete examples. Topic 2: Most people agree that it is observation essay introduction important for co-workers to have good relationships. Plan! However, a recent survey suggested that friendships at work can also cause problems. In what ways can friendships at work be harmful. Discuss, giving specific examples. 2004 (Only one topic provided in the sample from ELI-UM) The United States government recently passed a law that would punish schools whose students do poorly on national exams. Some people think that schools should not take all the blame. In your opinion, what factors influence students' performance?

Discuss, giving specific examples to observation support your point of view. 2010 Topic 1. Thesis! Some people believe that body language shows more about introduction, peopleaˆ™s true feelings than spoken language. Body language includes peopleaˆ™s facial expressions, hand gestures, and posture. Do you believe we can tell more from body language than from what people say? Be specific and give concrete examples in your response. Topic 2. Every generation of people is different from the previous one.

What is one important way in which your generation is different from your parentsaˆ™ generation? How will this difference affect your country or culture? Give specific details and reasons to support your viewpoint. Looking at these examples, there are two obvious types of america, essay question: descriptive and discursive (i.e. presenting arguments and opinions). Some students who have experience of creative writing in their own language may find it easy to write the essay introduction, descriptive essay, but in our experience the majority of students feel more comfortable with the discursive essay, partly because it is usually possible to use a formula and a number of set phrases. Note that there is plan pdf sample not always a descriptive essay option, but (as far as we know) there will always be at least one discursive essay task. On the rest of observation introduction, this page we will concentrate on the discursive essay. Plannning can seem like a waste of time, but it isn't, especially when time is short and in writing, there is no possibility of redrafting the essay. So after you have made sure that you have understood the observation essay, topic correctly, give yourself a couple of minutes to note down some ideas you could mention in your essay. If you can quickly think of five or six, pause to decide which two or three you want to develop in your essay.

Choose ideas that you know you have the vocabulary to copyright discuss. If it is appropriate or necessary to mention examples, choose ideas that you know you have examples for. You will get marks for observation, how well-organised your essay is, which means you are likely to lose marks if you just start writing about the first idea that comes into your head. Every discursive essay needs an introduction and a main body. Thesis! Normally a final paragraph that rounds off the essay is introduction needed, but examiners know that time could easily run out before you manage to round off your essay. Copyright! Not having a concluding paragraph will probably not matter much; not having a good introduction will matter a great deal. Begin by redescribing the phenomenon, the trend or the debate that is the focus of the essay question. In a short ECPE essay this might only need one or two sentences.

In the past, it seemed obvious to many that the only reliable test of intelligence was one which assessed a person's ability to reason, especially the ability to see patterns in words, numbers and symbols. Observation Essay Introduction! In recent years, however, there has been a growing suspicion that those IQ tests assume a conception of intelligence that is business plan too narrow. End your introduction either by: 1 briefly stating the point of essay, view you are going to defend. As I see it, musical and trupti khaire, sporting abilities are two of the skill areas that deserve to be regarded as forms of intelligence. 2 stating what you are going to do in the rest of the essay. In this essay I will look at observation, two skill areas that deserve to be regarded as forms of intelligence. 3 stating the two different points of view that you are going to consider. Although the vast majority of farmers look upon pesticides as invaluable, some consumers and pressure groups have spoken out against them.

4 stating the question you are going to answer. This raises the question of whether the benefits of pesticides outweigh their drawbacks. If the essay question specifically asks about your opinion, it might be better to briefly state this at the end of the introduction, without giving any details or arguments (but it is not absolutely necessary, especially if you don't have a firm opinion). If you want to trupti khaire thesis look at different points of essay, view before you weigh them up and in writing, give your final assessment, it might be better to use techniques three and four above. This needs two paragraphs, each of which should develop one point.

Depending on the essay task, you might need to describe examples (as in the question about intelligence), discuss different points of view, describe causes, make suggestions, and give reasons for your point of observation essay introduction, view. History! Below are examples of observation introduction, paragraphs that do each of copyright, these things. The exceptional bodily control seen in some athletes and dancers could definitely be viewed as a form of intelligence. The ability of a ballerina, for essay, instance, to maintain perfect balance and turn her movements into thesis a work of art can only be developed with years of essay, strenuous training. In a sense, ballet has its own language, and essay, it seems reasonable to compare the skill of using this language with the skill of introduction, using the verbal language that has been traditionally tested when measuring a person's IQ. Admittedly, performing in a ballet does not involve as much thought as solving problems in an IQ test, but that does not seem to me to be a good reason to exclude this as a form of intelligence. Discussing different points of view. There are those who argue that the government should not interfere much in the economy, even if there are concerns about the level of unemployment. An Essay! It is said that the rate of unemployment will fall naturally if there is economic growth, and observation essay, the best way to plan pdf sample guarantee economic growth is to allow the observation introduction, market to develop without government interference. Those with this point of view accept that the government has a responsibility, but they insist that it should not go beyond providing a minimal unemployment benefit to those who are temporarily out of work.

Describing causes and essay, making suggestions. One of the reasons why some children fail at school is poverty. Students will only make good progress if they do their homework well, but a child from a large and poverty-stricken family who does not have a quiet room at home in which to observation study will not be able to do her homework well. Furthermore, in poor families the parents sometimes have a very low level of education and may even have a negative opinion about the importance of education. In these cases, they will not be able to give the why barbie, help and encouragement that the child needs. Giving reasons for your point of view. One very powerful argument against observation essay, pesticides is history essay that they are harmful to humans.

Chemicals can only be used as pesticides if they are toxic either to plants or animals. These are poisons, and essay introduction, it is hardly surprising that chemicals that are poisonous to quotations an essay some forms of plant life, for instance, also have detrimental effects on human health. Eating rice that has been sprayed during storage and transport to prevent it being eaten by insects may not make us ill immediately, but by introduction, continually eating sprayed fruit and vegetables it is almost certain that we increase our risks of copyright, suffering from cancer. Use this paragraph to introduction re-emphasize the copyright, main point or points you want to make, or to weigh up the opinions presented earlier in the essay. Then add a comment about, for instance, why this is so important, or about essay, how difficult or easy it will be to thesis change things, or about the likely consequences if we do nothing.

In conclusion, for the sake of observation essay introduction, both the environment and human health drastic reductions in our use of pesticides must be made. Admittedly this will not be easy, since they have become such an important part of modern agriculture. However, if there is enough investment in research into alternatives I am optimistic that we will be able to phase out the trupti khaire, use of observation introduction, these harmful toxins. Try to avoid simply repeating what you have already said. This can be particularly difficult, especially when the essay task merely involves describing different aspects of something (like the trupti, forms of intelligence). To sum up, it is clear that the ability to do the old-fashioned IQ tests is not the only form of essay introduction, intelligence. Not only are music and copyright, movement areas where we can see how smart people are, but there are also many others. It is wonderful that we are now appreciating this variety instead of giving a privileged place to one narrow set of abilities. When writing academic essays the usual advice is to avoid expressions that are considered informal. For instance, expressions with get are considered quite informal, so instead of saying kids will get bad marks, it would be better to say, children will receive a poor grade. One good reason for observation, following this advice is that most of the is a model, language you have been learning on your proficiency course is formal, and observation, so by choosing a formal register (as we call it) you give yourself more opportunities to show what you have learnt on the course.

However, you may be surprised to in writing see that the sample essay from Michigan which was given an honors grade begins with a very informal conversational style. OK, so your son got a low score in his IQ tests. Essay! Don't be discouraged since this does not mean he is not intelligent. It simply means they may not have tested his main intelligence. More and more reassuring news is coming from new research. These new studies indicate that there is why barbie bad role essay more to intelligence than the traditional mathematical and linguistic intelligence. In his notes, the introduction, examiner calls this a strong beginning, but not everybody would agree. (By the way, the rest of that essay didn't use a conversational style.) Our advice is to use more formal and statement, sophisticated language wherever you can because this will give better proof that you have become a proficient user of the kind of academic English that makes up most of the ECPE exam. Do make sure you have understood the task correctly.

Do ask if you are not sure about the task. Do spend a couple of observation introduction, minutes thinking of ideas, choosing the best ones and personal high school student, the order you will discuss them in. Observation Essay Introduction! Do try to have a good introduction. This creates the first impression on trupti khaire thesis the examiner, and first impressions are very important. Essay Introduction! Do show that you appreciate how complex the topic is (vital if you want to get a rating of america essay, A or B) Do make sure that each paragraph in the main body of your essay has a clear topic. Do develop your ideas by giving arguments for the opinions you mention, and/or giving examples, or drawing a contrast, or by essay, acknowledging the opposite america essay, point of view (if you have not planned to observation do that in the following paragraph). Do imagine that you are writing for someone who is not quite as well-informed as you are, so that you really have to make your points clear. Trupti Khaire! Do try to use a good range of essay introduction, vocabulary.

Do not just use the plan pdf sample, simplest expressions that come to mind first, and avoid repeating the same words if you can. Do find ways to avoid the observation introduction, sort of repetition seen here: A major health hazard nowadays is pesticides. Pesticides are widely used in modern agriculture. Do use expressions such as On the one hand, Secondly, By contrast, Furthermore, Last but not least, All in all, etc, where appropriate, to make the connection between your sentences perfectly clear. Copyright! See our list of useful phrases for essays. Do vary the length of your sentences. If all your sentences are either very short or very long, the observation essay, essay will be boring to why barbie is a bad role model read.

Do use some of the lovely proficiency structures you have learnt throughout the course. Essay Introduction! See our essay grammar structures to get a few ideas. Do not use phrases like, As I said above, which just prove that either you didn't plan the essay or the plan was a bad one. Do not use extremely general sentences that say nothing about your particular topic (sentences such as There are two sides to every coin. Everything has its drawbacks. Nothing is perfect. etc). Send queries, comments and gentle reminders about spelling mistakes to: About Fullspate: - Fullspate is actually one man with a PhD and a laptop who grew tired of the bland contents of EFL coursebooks, decided to write slightly more engaging stuff for his English students, and is a bad role, then thought it might be nice to essay introduction share them online. The sites of some of our friends: Show your generosity by giving us the thumbs up on our Facebook page and do leave a message.

It's the thesis, feedback that makes it all seem worthwhile. Or make a donation to help keep the observation introduction, show on the road.