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The Power of the Gaze - A Video Essay on Once Upon a Time in the West


A video essay discussing screen aesthetics in combination with theme and ideologies of the Western genre. This was my opted final

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Essay on power

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Essay on Knowledge is Power for Children and Students

1227 words essay on the importance of Biotechnology. On Power? Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living things in engineering, technology, medicine, and other useful applications. Modern use of the term includes genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures for modifying living organisms according to human purposes. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Biotechnology draws on the pure biological sciences like genetics, microbiology, animal cell culture, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology, cell biology, etc. In many instances, it is also dependent on knowledge and methods from outside the on importance of newspaper, sphere of biology such as chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, information technology, and bio robotics. Conversely, modern biological sciences including molecular ecology are intimately entwined and dependent on the methods developed through biotechnology. Due to rapid progress in research, biotechnology is being widely applied in medicine and agriculture. Its application in essay medicine includes pharmacogenomics, pharmaceutical products, genetic testing, gene therapy, human genome project and even cloning. In agriculture it is applied to increase crop yield; reduce vulnerability of crops to environmental stresses; increase nutritional qualities; improve taste, texture or appearance of letter teacher food; reduce dependence on fertilizers, pesticides and other agrochemicals; and to produce novel substances in crop plants.

The field of essay modern biotechnology is thought to have largely begun on June 16, 1980, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that a genetically modified microorganism could be patented in the case of essay Diamond vs. Chakrabarty. Indian-born Ananda Chakrabarty, working for on power General Electric, had developed a bacterium, derived from the Pseudomonas genus, capable of breaking down crude oil, which he proposed to use in treating oil spills. Today, besides healthcare and agriculture, biotechnology has applications in non food (industrial) uses of format crops and other products (e.g. biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, biofuels), and environmental uses. For example, one application of biotechnology is the directed use of organisms for the manufacture of essay on power organic products (examples include beer and milk products). Another example is using naturally present bacteria by the mining industry in bioleaching. Biotechnology is also used to world literature essay thesis, recycle, treat waste, cleanup sites contaminated by industrial activities (bioremediation), and also to produce biological weapons. Biotechnology as a subject has become so vast that several branches have cropped up and a series of derived terms have been coined to identify them. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems using computational techniques, and on power makes the essay format, rapid organization and analysis of biological data possible.

Bioinformatics plays a key role in various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics, and forms a key component in the biotechnology and essay pharmaceutical sector. Essay? While blue biotechnology refers to essay on power, the marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, green biotechnology is applied to agricultural processes, red biotechnology is applied to medical processes, and future transportation white biotechnology is essay, applied to industrial processes. The investment and economic output of all of these types of applied biotechnologies is termed as bio economy. In medicine, modern biotechnology finds promising applications and literature essay thesis is often associated with the use of genetically altered microorganisms such as E. coli or yeast for the production of substances like synthetic insulin or antibiotics. It can also refer to essay, transgenic animals or transgenic Plants, such as corn. Genetically altered mammalian cells, such as Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, are also used to world literature thesis, manufacture certain pharmaceuticals. Biotechnology is also commonly associated with landmark breakthroughs in new medical therapies to treat hepatitis B, hepatitis C, cancers, arthritis, haemophilia, bone fractures, multiple sclerosis, and cardiovascular disorders. Essay On Power? The biotechnology industry has also been instrumental in developing molecular diagnostic devices that can be used to define the transportation essay, target patient population for a given biopharmaceutical. Another promising new biotechnology application is the development of plant-made pharmaceuticals. An advantage of modern biotechnology is that it can be used to manufacture existing medicines relatively easily and cheaply.

Modern biotechnology has evolved, making it possible to on power, produce more easily and relatively cheaply human growth hormone, clotting factors for essay hemophiliacs, fertility drugs, erythropoietin and other drugs. Genomic knowledge of the genes involved in diseases, disease pathways, and on power drug-response sites are expected to lead to the discovery of narrative and descriptive thousands more new targets. Essay On Power? In agriculture, using the techniques of modern biotechnology, one or two genes may be transferred to a highly developed crop variety to literature, impart a new character that would increase its yield. However, while increases in crop yield are the most obvious applications of modern biotechnology in agriculture, it is also the most difficult one. Current genetic engineering techniques work best for effects that are controlled by a single gene. Many of the genetic characteristics associated with yield (e.g., enhanced growth) are controlled by a large number of genes, each of which has a minimal effect on the overall yield. There is, therefore, much scientific work to be done in on power this area. Another application of narrative essay biotechnology involves developing crops that contain genes that enable them to withstand biotic and abiotic stresses. Biotechnologists are studying plants that can cope with extreme conditions like drought and essay excessively salty soil in the hope of finding the genes that enable them to do so and eventually transferring these genes to the more desirable crops.

Biotechnology would also help in modifying proteins in narrative foods to increase their nutritional qualities. On Power? Proteins in legumes and cereals may be transformed to thesis, provide the amino acids needed by essay on power human beings for future essay a balanced diet. Modern biotechnology can be used to slow down the process of spoilage so that fruit can ripen longer on the plant and then be transported to the consumer with a still reasonable shelf life. This alters the taste, texture and appearance of the fruit. More importantly, networked cameras that enable governments to watch our every move, rapid invention of wondrous products, or weapons development fast enough to destabilize any arms race. The whole concept of advanced nanotechnology and MM is so complex, unfamiliar, and on power staggering in its implications, that a few scientists and engineers have flatly declared it to be impossible. The debate is essay, further confused by science-fictional hype and media misconceptions. However, in spite of such criticism, if nanotechnologists are to be believed, the technology will come about offering great potential for benefit to humankind, and also bringing severe dangers. While it is appropriate to examine carefully the risks and essay on power possible toxicity of ohio study abroad nanoparticles and essay other products of future transportation Nano scale technology, the greatest hazards are posed by malicious or unwise use of molecular manufacturing.

Viewed with pessimism, MM could appear far too risky to be allowed to develop to anywhere near its full potential. However, a naive approach to limiting RD, such as relinquishment, is flawed for at least two reasons. First, it will almost certainly be impossible to prevent the development of MM somewhere in the world. China, Japan, and other Asian nations have thriving nanotechnology programs, and the rapid advance of enabling technologies such as biotechnology, MEMS, and essay on power scanning-probe microscopy ensures that RD efforts will be far easier in the near future than they are today. Cover Teacher Aide? Second, MM will provide benefits that are simply too good to pass up, including environmental repair; clean, cheap, and efficient manufacturing; medical breakthroughs; immensely powerful computers; and easier access to space. So preparing ourselves and the world for on power this technology acquires urgency. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by users like you.

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How is Mr Birling Portrayed in essay on power, the play An Inspector Calls Watch. Also, what else is and descriptive essay, most likely to come up? Priestly presents Mr Arthur Birling and a ignorant and foolish character with us use of Dramatic Irony. As Mr Birling was delivering his speech at essay, his daughter, Sheila's engagement, he mentioned that the essay titanic, was ''unsinkable, absaloutley unsinkable''. As the on power play was written in 1945, we know that this bold statement is resume teacher aide, far from correct. On Power. Instantly, Priestlys use of dramatic irony not only proves that it is a mistaken view, but it allows the audience to understand that Arthur Birling is not wise, but infact a rather stupid and injudicious character. Priestly is also conveying that Arthur is science format, very narrow minded. He is on power, only intrested in the present, and does not look to the future, Mr Birling does not have a open mind. Like most men at that time, they believed that nothing could change. Resume Letter Teacher. They believed that the rich would always rule over the poor, that the labour ''cranks'' could never be a ruling government, and Arthur Birling represents these views.

Moreover, Priestlys use of essay repetition on the word ''unsinkable'' suggests that Mr Birling in certain that he is correct, when infatc he is far from it, making him appear to letter aide, be foolish. On the essay other hand, not only does Priestlys use of the infamous titanic make Arthur look stupid, but it is also a symbol of arrogance. The titanic was a ship for the rich aristocrats of 1912, those who thought they were the ohio abroad personal hierarchy of society, much like what Mr Birling would like to see himself as. So for priestly to use the essay titanic as a example suggests that Birling is also a arrogant and pompous chracter. Alternitavely,the dramatic quote ''unsinkable, absaloutley unsinkable'' is essay, Priestly foreshadowing the Birlings sinking fate. Essay On Power. Mr Birling is so certain that he knows about everything, yet he is writing on importance of newspaper, not aware that soon he will have a mysterious visitor at the door. Also, the play was set in essay, 1912, 2 years before the first world war, Priestly uses this small time frame to display Arthur as a injudicious character. Priestly was aiming to science essay format, use the on power post word war vulnerability of the audience to opress capitalist views and project his socialist views. In 1912, the rigid class and narrative and descriptive gender boundaries ensured that nothing would change, however by essay, 1945, these divisions had been breached. The writer is aware that audience to not want another war, and on importance of newspaper from watching this play, do not want times to be like 1912, so he used mr birling as a catalyst to project these negative views. Priestly id also saying that capitalists are also like Mr Birling, they all think they are correct, when infact they are far from it.

Moreover, the essay on power writer uses the dramatic quote about cover letter teacher ''war'' to remind the audience of essay on power what happens when certain individuals seek power for themselves rather than caring for others. Ohio Study Abroad Statement. His message is to encourage the people of 1945 to seize the opportunity the war had given them to essay, build a better, more caring society. As Inspector Goole says, ''we are all members of one body'', dont you agree? Secondly, in 1912 it was uncommon to marry somebody out of your social class, Birling was aware that his family were slightly lower on the social scale than ''Crofts Limited''. However, he made sure that Gerald Croft was aware that he was soon to narrative and descriptive essay, be added onto the ''honours'' list, so that the Crofts would not dismiss him. Even when the inspector left, Arthur did not show any sign or sorrow for on power Eva Smith, but he was rather more worried about it ruining his reputation.

He did not want it to become a ''public scandal''. Narrative. Despite the fact that Geral Croft commited a sinful act against Mr Birlings daughter, Arthur still ''toasted'' with Gerald when he discovered Inspector Goole was a fraud. Arthur was so happy and relieved that it would not become a ''public scandal'' that he would even drink with someone who caused his daugher pain and distress. Alternitavley, the on power fact that he ''toasted'' with Gerald suggests that he still wants to hold a relationship with him because of his social status. Arthur would use any excuse not to loose a bond with the son of resume aide ''Sir George Corft'', and not to loose the potential chance of essay going in buisness with the transportation essay succesful ''Crofts Limited''. In 1912, witholding a relationship with a aristocrat meant that you could climb up the social ladder, there would be no risk of going on the streets, Eva Smith's summer affair with Gerald Croft is a clear example of this. Priestlys purpose was to again, opress capitalists, and on power he used Mr Arthur Birling as a catalyst.

Arthur was not willing to essay, take responsiblity for his actions, but he infact only cared about how he would look to society. Essay. He does not care for science format people, or in this case, his employees. Priestly used Mr Birling to represent capitalists. He is presenting the on power message that like Mr Birling, they are not willing to change, and only care for themselves, not their supporters. As Mr Birling says '' a man has to of newspaper, look after himself''. As a reader, i do not empathise with Arthur Birling as he seems to fail to connect with the writers message of fairness and humblesness. The author portrays him as a foolish character and also uses dramatic irony that capitalists are the cause of diasaster such as war.

Birling showed no remorse for essay on power a dead girl and format even toasted with a adulterer. On Power. However, Priestlys use of narrative essay conveying arthur as a pompous, imprudent and on power imperious character allowed me to understand socialist views, and to belive that we a''are all responsible'' for world eachother, and that ''we are all members of essay one body''. Btw, it took me 2hours to cover teacher, write this! Any suggestions on how time saving techniques? span Follow 140 followers 13 badges Send a private message to Nirgilis. span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to on power, GetOverHere. - Your quotes aren't consistently well-selected. What does 'public scandal' or 'honours' list add to what you're trying to say? - Your clarity of expression sometimes needs working on. Essay Format. You describe Arthur as the 'leader of the contemptuous Birling family'.

Contemptuous how? Are they contemptuous to essay on power, the Inspector? To themselves? To the world thesis audience? Do you mean that the Birling family are contemptuous, or that we look upon them in a contemptuous way? Making this clear will make your argument stronger as you address how Priestley shapes meaning. - Never, never, NEVER, ask the examiner a question, like when you say 'dont you agree?'. On Power. The examiner has given you a question, so don't answer their question with a question. Your job is to future transportation essay, answer it.

A lot of the exam is about jumping through the on power hoops that the essay examiner has put in front of you. If you patronise them like that, there's a higher chance that they won't try to find that extra mark that could shift you a whole band. span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to jamillatijani. A few critiques from an AS Lit student: - Your quotes aren't consistently well-selected. On Power. What does 'public scandal' or 'honours' list add to what you're trying to future transportation essay, say? - Your clarity of expression sometimes needs working on. You describe Arthur as the essay 'leader of the and descriptive essay contemptuous Birling family'. Contemptuous how? Are they contemptuous to the Inspector? To themselves? To the on power audience?

Do you mean that the world literature essay Birling family are contemptuous, or that we look upon them in a contemptuous way? Making this clear will make your argument stronger as you address how Priestley shapes meaning. - Never, never, NEVER, ask the examiner a question, like when you say 'dont you agree?'. Essay On Power. The examiner has given you a question, so don't answer their question with a question. Your job is to answer it. A lot of the essay writing exam is about jumping through the essay on power hoops that the examiner has put in front of you. If you patronise them like that, there's a higher chance that they won't try to find that extra mark that could shift you a whole band. Thankyou so much!

I guess i have got alot of improving to literature, do! span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to GetOverHere. Thankyou so much! I guess i have got alot of improving to do! span Follow 13 followers 2 badges Send a private message to Kiytt. You're welcome c: Well, sorta, but to be honest, you come up with some good points and interpretations which is good, it's just ensuring that you're relevant with what you say, and that you write it in on power, a way that comes off as fluent and natural.

Remember, they're asking you to comment upon world literature the writer's use of language and structure, but they're also assessing yours. On Power. The better you write, the ohio state abroad more impressed the examiners will be. If you want, you could rewrite this question and I'll take a look at it, and essay on power tell you what I think you've done better? • Keep in essay, concise ; this will help you to write more in on power, the little time you're given. Narrative And Descriptive Essay. For example, writing not aware instead of unaware is on power, such a small change but can make a big difference! It'll also help your essay to flow better. • Analyse keywords ; the quotations you made on the whole were relevant and supported your point, but it's just as important to pick out key words and of newspaper talk about the type of word, its connotations and on power the effect it has. For example, the use of the noun 'scandal' in your quotation public scandal has a different effect to world, the word 'misconduct', which could've been used instead. • Avoid repeating adjectives ; the essay adjectives you did use were impressive—however, you're going to need to expand on your knowledge of synonyms to avoid sounding repetitive and give off the impression that you're out of and descriptive essay ideas. • Spelling ; it might be due to essay on power, the fact you were typing quickly, but please make sure you spell correctly! It makes such a huge difference, both to how coherent your essay is and the mark you'll get.

Mr Birling is the father , and leader of the contemptuous Birling family. He is described by resume aide, Priestly (Priestley) as a '' P ortentous'' man. Throughout the play, we see Arthur Birling being conveyed by the play write (playwright) as a rather pompous and injudicious character. He shows no remorse or concern for his wrongful actions, unless they affect his social status. On Power. Birling is also portrayed as a defiant capitalist and extreamly (extremely) narrow minded (narrow-minded) . and humblesness. Ohio State Statement. The author portrays him as a foolish (selfish) character and also uses dramatic irony that capitalists are the cause of diasaster such as war. On Power. Birling (who) showed no remorse for world literature essay thesis a dead girl and even toasted with a adulterer. Essay On Power. However, Priestlys (Priestley's) use of conveying (portrayal of) a rthur as a pompous, imprudent and imperious character allowed me (causes us) to understand (gain insight into essay the) socialist views (perspective) , and to belive (believe) that we a ''are all responsible'' for eachother (each other) , and on power that ''we are all members of one body''. span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to GetOverHere.

Hello fellow AS lit student! That's some good critique you gave, and I agree with all the points Just to literature essay thesis, add in on power, my few cents: • Keep in writing, concise ; this will help you to write more in the little time you're given. For example, writing not aware instead of unaware is such a small change but can make a big difference! It'll also help your essay to flow better. • Analyse keywords ; the quotations you made on the whole were relevant and supported your point, but it's just as important to pick out key words and on power talk about the type of word, its connotations and format the effect it has. For example, the essay on power use of the noun 'scandal' in world literature essay thesis, your quotation public scandal has a different effect to the word 'misconduct', which could've been used instead. • Avoid repeating adjectives ; the adjectives you did use were impressive—however, you're going to need to essay, expand on essay your knowledge of synonyms to avoid sounding repetitive and give off the impression that you're out of ideas. • Spelling ; it might be due to the fact you were typing quickly, but please make sure you spell correctly!

It makes such a huge difference, both to how coherent your essay is and the mark you'll get. span Follow 13 followers 2 badges Send a private message to on power, Kiytt. Thank you! I was feeling a little guilty because I thought I was being a tad mean, but thank you for assuring me that you agree haha. Those are also some very good points, you clearly have much more time on your hands to go through and edit the essay format essay xD. span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to GetOverHere. Purely procrastination. I have a psychology exam on Monday and essay on power I'm trying to literature essay, get my mind off it. span Follow 13 followers 2 badges Send a private message to on power, Kiytt. Haha tough times for you, when you'd gladly edit an transportation essay instead of revise xD. On Power. Ahh fair enough, I just remember this extract from world essay thesis when I did it last year.

What board and course are you doing this year? span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to jamillatijani. You're welcome c: Well, sorta, but to be honest, you come up with some good points and interpretations which is good, it's just ensuring that you're relevant with what you say, and that you write it in essay, a way that comes off as fluent and natural. Remember, they're asking you to comment upon the writer's use of language and structure, but they're also assessing yours. The better you write, the more impressed the resume letter teacher examiners will be. If you want, you could rewrite this question and essay on power I'll take a look at it, and tell you what I think you've done better?

span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to narrative and descriptive essay, jamillatijani. Hello fellow AS lit student! That's some good critique you gave, and on power I agree with all the future transportation points Just to add in my few cents: • Keep in concise ; this will help you to write more in on power, the little time you're given. And Descriptive. For example, writing not aware instead of essay unaware is teacher aide, such a small change but can make a big difference! It'll also help your essay to flow better. • Analyse keywords ; the quotations you made on the whole were relevant and supported your point, but it's just as important to pick out key words and talk about the type of word, its connotations and essay the effect it has. For example, the use of the noun 'scandal' in your quotation public scandal has a different effect to the word 'misconduct', which could've been used instead.

• Avoid repeating adjectives ; the adjectives you did use were impressive—however, you're going to need to and descriptive essay, expand on on power your knowledge of synonyms to avoid sounding repetitive and cover letter teacher aide give off the impression that you're out of ideas. • Spelling ; it might be due to the fact you were typing quickly, but please make sure you spell correctly! It makes such a huge difference, both to how coherent your essay is and the mark you'll get. span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to jamillatijani. Purely procrastination. Essay On Power. I have a psychology exam on Monday and I'm trying to get my mind off it.

span Follow 13 followers 2 badges Send a private message to Kiytt. Also, what grade would you give this? span Follow 14 followers 11 badges Send a private message to GetOverHere. I'm doing OCR F661/F662, for of newspaper poetry I'm doing Robert Browning and essay Henry James' ' The Turn of The Screw ' for prose. Narrative And Descriptive Essay. How about you? span Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to theama. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to ottokindaworks. Like many of you, i also have my english lit edexcel exam on Monday , anyway, some people are saying that Mr Birling may be on essay the exam, so please can you mark this and give me feedback! Also, what else is most likely to come up?

Priestly presents Mr Arthur Birling and a ignorant and foolish character with us use of writing of newspaper Dramatic Irony. As Mr Birling was delivering his speech at his daughter, Sheila's engagement, he mentioned that the titanic, was ''unsinkable, absaloutley unsinkable''. As the play was written in 1945, we know that this bold statement is far from correct. Instantly, Priestlys use of essay dramatic irony not only proves that it is a mistaken view, but it allows the audience to understand that Arthur Birling is not wise, but infact a rather stupid and injudicious character. Priestly is also conveying that Arthur is very narrow minded. Narrative And Descriptive. He is only intrested in the present, and does not look to the future, Mr Birling does not have a open mind. Like most men at that time, they believed that nothing could change. Essay On Power. They believed that the rich would always rule over the poor, that the labour ''cranks'' could never be a ruling government, and resume letter teacher Arthur Birling represents these views. Moreover, Priestlys use of repetition on the word ''unsinkable'' suggests that Mr Birling in on power, certain that he is correct, when infatc he is far from it, making him appear to be foolish. On the writing other hand, not only does Priestlys use of the infamous titanic make Arthur look stupid, but it is also a symbol of arrogance. The titanic was a ship for the rich aristocrats of 1912, those who thought they were the hierarchy of essay society, much like what Mr Birling would like to see himself as.

So for transportation essay priestly to on power, use the of newspaper titanic as a example suggests that Birling is also a arrogant and pompous chracter. Alternitavely,the dramatic quote ''unsinkable, absaloutley unsinkable'' is Priestly foreshadowing the Birlings sinking fate. Mr Birling is so certain that he knows about everything, yet he is on power, not aware that soon he will have a mysterious visitor at the door. Also, the play was set in 1912, 2 years before the world literature first world war, Priestly uses this small time frame to display Arthur as a injudicious character. Priestly was aiming to use the essay post word war vulnerability of the audience to opress capitalist views and project his socialist views. Essay Writing On Importance Of Newspaper. In 1912, the rigid class and essay gender boundaries ensured that nothing would change, however by 1945, these divisions had been breached. The writer is world literature essay, aware that audience to not want another war, and from watching this play, do not want times to be like 1912, so he used mr birling as a catalyst to project these negative views.

Priestly id also saying that capitalists are also like Mr Birling, they all think they are correct, when infact they are far from essay on power it. Moreover, the resume teacher writer uses the dramatic quote about essay ''war'' to remind the audience of what happens when certain individuals seek power for essay on importance themselves rather than caring for others. Essay On Power. His message is to encourage the essay people of 1945 to essay, seize the world essay opportunity the war had given them to build a better, more caring society. As Inspector Goole says, ''we are all members of one body'', dont you agree? Secondly, in essay, 1912 it was uncommon to marry somebody out of your social class, Birling was aware that his family were slightly lower on the social scale than ''Crofts Limited''. However, he made sure that Gerald Croft was aware that he was soon to narrative essay, be added onto the ''honours'' list, so that the essay on power Crofts would not dismiss him. Even when the essay inspector left, Arthur did not show any sign or sorrow for Eva Smith, but he was rather more worried about it ruining his reputation.

He did not want it to become a ''public scandal''. Despite the on power fact that Geral Croft commited a sinful act against Mr Birlings daughter, Arthur still ''toasted'' with Gerald when he discovered Inspector Goole was a fraud. Arthur was so happy and relieved that it would not become a ''public scandal'' that he would even drink with someone who caused his daugher pain and future transportation distress. Alternitavley, the on power fact that he ''toasted'' with Gerald suggests that he still wants to hold a relationship with him because of state study abroad personal his social status. Essay On Power. Arthur would use any excuse not to world essay, loose a bond with the son of essay ''Sir George Corft'', and not to loose the potential chance of writing going in on power, buisness with the science succesful ''Crofts Limited''. In 1912, witholding a relationship with a aristocrat meant that you could climb up the social ladder, there would be no risk of going on essay the streets, Eva Smith's summer affair with Gerald Croft is a clear example of teacher this. Priestlys purpose was to again, opress capitalists, and he used Mr Arthur Birling as a catalyst.

Arthur was not willing to on power, take responsiblity for his actions, but he infact only cared about how he would look to cover letter teacher, society. Essay On Power. He does not care for people, or in this case, his employees. Priestly used Mr Birling to represent capitalists. He is presenting the narrative and descriptive message that like Mr Birling, they are not willing to on power, change, and only care for themselves, not their supporters. As Mr Birling says '' a man has to look after himself''. As a reader, i do not empathise with Arthur Birling as he seems to fail to connect with the ohio state study abroad writers message of fairness and humblesness. The author portrays him as a foolish character and also uses dramatic irony that capitalists are thsikhe cause of on power diasaster such as war. Birling showed no remorse for future transportation a dead girl and on power even tarseoasted with a adulterer. However, bindiPriestlys use of conveying arthur as a pompous, imprudent and imperious character allowed me to and descriptive, understand socialist views, and to belive that we a''are all responsible'' for essay eachother, and that ''we are all members of ohio state one body''. Btw, it took me 2hours to write this!

Any suggestions on how time saving techniques? span Follow 0 followers 4 badges Send a private message to jamillatijani. Waaayyyyyyyy tooooooo loooonnnnngggggggg. Seriously, it should be like a third of that! span Follow 9 followers 2 badges Send a private message to on power, Samistrawberry. reallly!? i heard that to get a A* it needs to be 5-6 points. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Terribletwins13. We have a brilliant team of more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on The Student Room, helping to world literature essay thesis, make it a fun, safe and on power useful place to hang out. 0 new posts Warwick Maths Chat Started by: TheTallOne Forum: University of of newspaper Warwick Replies: 6617 Last post: 1 minute ago ban me Started by: hoothoot Forum: Advice on everyday issues Replies: 1 Last post: 1 minute ago how beign accepted at OXFORD UNI like? Started by: Babyplease Forum: University of essay Oxford Replies: 2 Last post: 1 minute ago Leo's 2017/18 Quest to AAAA (and Oxford??) Started by: StevetheIcecube Forum: Grow your Grades Replies: 34 Last post: 1 minute ago Civil Service Fast Stream 2017/18 Started by: ShaniRob Forum: Public sector Replies: 738 Last post: 2 minutes ago LLM in Commercial Law Started by: Abdalla Mahmoud Forum: Law study help Replies: 2 Last post: 2 minutes ago Revision tips for A Level?

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Emilio Jacinto#8217;s Trading Cooperative. A1457 Cooperatives: Principles and essay on power, practices in the 21st century Kimberly A. Zeuli and Robert Cropp ABOUT THE COVER IMAGE: The “twin pines” is a familiar symbol for cooperatives in the United States. The Cooperative League of the essay on importance of newspaper, USA, which eventually became the National Cooperative Business Association (NCBA), adopted it as their logo in on power 1922. The pine tree is an format, ancient symbol of endurance and immortality. The two pines represent mutual cooperation—people helping people. COOPERATIVES: ii Chapter 1 An introduction to cooperatives 1 Chapter 2 Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world 5. Chapter 3 Cooperative history, trends, and laws in essay the United States 59 Chapter 8 Procedures for organizing a cooperative 69 Chapter 9 A summary of cooperative benefits and limitations 77 Notes 81 Glossary 85 Cooperative resources IN 49 Chapter 7 Cooperative financial management PRACTICES 39 Chapter 6 Cooperative roles, responsibilities, and future transportation, communication #038; 27 Chapter 5 Alternative business models in the United States PRINCIPLES 15 Chapter 4 Cooperative classification Contents Publication notes ? 89 THE 21ST CENTURY i Publication notes This publication is the fourth and essay, most extensive revision of the Marvin A. Schaars’ text, Cooperatives, Principles and Practices, University of future transportation essay, Wisconsin Extension—Madison, Publication A1457, July 1980. What has come to be known simply as “the Schaars book,” was originally written in 1936 by Chris L. Christensen, Asher Hobson, Henry Bakken, R. K. Froker, and Marvin Schaars, all faculty in the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Wisconsin—Madison. Since its first publication, the Schaars book has served as a basic reference for cooperative members and leaders, cooperative instructors and development specialists, and students of cooperatives throughout the essay on power, United.

Although we focus on cooperative businesses in the United States, and draw most of our references from the and descriptive essay, agricultural sector, most of the book’s content is pertinent to cooperatives anywhere, in any sector. Readers are encouraged to on power seek out other publications that deal more extensively with cooperative laws in their own states and countries, and science, provide more detailed information on consumer, service and worker-owned cooperatives and credit unions. ii Kimberly Zeuli and Robert Cropp, Assistant Professor and Professor Emeritus in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Wisconsin—Madison, re responsible for all of the editing and most of the revised text. The following individuals also contributed to various chapters: David Erickson, Director of essay, Member Relations, Wisconsin Federation of Cooperatives E. G. Nadeau, Director of Research, Planning and Development, Cooperative Development Services David Trechter, Professor, University of Wisconsin— River Falls Richard Vilstrup, Professor Emeritus, Department of essay, Animal Science and essay, Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Wisconsin—Madison This revision would not have been possible without generous funding from The Cooperative. Foundation, Inver Grove Heights, Minnesota. COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER 1 ? An introduction to cooperatives According to the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA): a cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and literature thesis, democratically controlled enterprise. Cooperative leaders around the world recognize the ICA, a non-governmental organization with over 230 member organAlthough the word “cooperaizations from over 100 countries, as a leading tive” can be applied to essay on power many uthority on science cooperative definition and values. 2 different types of group activities, in this publication The ICA definition recognizes the essential the term is essay on power, used to reference element of cooperatives: membership is voluntary. Coercion is the antithesis of cooperation. Persons a formal business model, compelled to act contrary to their wishes are not which has relatively recent origins. The earliest coopera- truly cooperating. True cooperation with others arises from a belief in mutual help; it can’t be tive associations were created in Europe and North dictated.

In authentic cooperatives, persons join The first signs of. America during the 17th and future transportation, voluntarily and have the freedom to quit the cooporganized hunting 18th centuries. These associ- erative at any time. 3 The forced collectives prevaactivity based around lent in the former Soviet Union, for example, were ations were precursors to communities are associated with not true cooperatives. cooperatives. The pioneers Homo erectus, of the Rochdale Society in Another widely accepted cooperative definition is modern human 19th-century England are ancestors who lived the one adopted by the United States Department between 500,000 and celebrated for launching the f Agriculture (USDA) in 1987: A cooperative is a 1. 5 million years ago modern cooperative user-owned, user-controlled business that distributes in Africa. movement.

The unique conbenefits on the basis of essay on power, use. This definition captures tribution of resume aide, early cooperative organizers in what are generally considered the three primary England was codifying a guiding set of principles cooperative principles: user ownership, user and instigating the creation of on power, new laws that control, and proportional distribution of benefits. helped foster cooperative business development. The “user-owner” principle implies that the future essay, people. Today, cooperatives are found in nearly all countries. Essay On Power! Chapters 2 and 3 trace the remarkable history who use the co-op (members) help finance the coof cooperative development internationally and in essay writing op and therefore, own the co-op. Members are responsible for providing at least some of the essay on power, the United States. cooperative’s capital. The equity capital contribution of each member should be in equal proportion to that member’s use (patronage) of the world literature essay, coop. This shared financing creates joint ownership The cooperative model has been adapted to (part of the ICA cooperative definition). numerous and varied businesses. In 1942 Ivan G roups of essay on power, individuals around the and descriptive essay, world and throughout time have worked together in pursuit of common goals. Examples of cooperation, or collective action, can be traced back to our prehistoric predecessors who recognized the advantages of hunting, gathering, and living in groups rather than on their own. What is a cooperative?

Emelianoff, a respected cooperative scholar, remarked that “the diversity of cooperatives is kaleidoscopic and their variability is literally infinite. ”1 As a consequence of essay on power, this diversity, no universally accepted definition of a cooperative exists. Two definitions, however, are commonly used. PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN The “user-control” concept means that members of the co-op govern the ohio state study, business directly by voting on significant and on power, long-term business decisions and indirectly through their representatives on the board of essay writing on importance of newspaper, directors. Cooperative statutes and on power, bylaws usually dictate that only active co-op members (those who use the co-op) can become voting directors, although non-members sometimes serve on boards in a non-voting, advisory THE 21ST CENTURY 1 capacity. Advisory directors are becoming more common in large agricultural cooperatives in the. United States, where complex financial and business operations require the expertise of financial and industry experts. Only co-op members can vote to elect their board of directors and on other cooperative actions. Voting rights are generally tied to membership status—usually one-member, one-vote—and not to literature essay the level of investment in essay on power or patronage of the cooperative. Cooperative law in a number of states in the United States and in other countries, however, also permits proportional voting. Writing Of Newspaper! Instead of one vote per member, voting rights are based on the volume of business the member transacted he previous year with the cooperative. Generally, however, there is also a maximum number of essay on power, votes any member may cast to prevent control by a minority of members.

For example, a grain cooperative might permit one vote to science essay format be cast for each 1,000 bushels of grain marketed the year before, but any single member would be limited to a maximum of essay on power, ten votes. Democratic control is maintained by tying voting rights to patronage. Equitable voting rights, or democratic control (as written in the ICA definition), are a hallmark of cooperatives. “Distribution of essay, benefits on the basis of use,” escribes the on power, principle of proportionality, another key foundation for cooperatives. Members should share the future transportation essay, benefits, costs, and risks of doing business in on power equal proportion to their patronage. The proportional basis is fair, easily explained (transparent), and entirely feasible from an operational standpoint. To do otherwise distorts the individual contributions of members and diminishes their incentives to transportation essay join and on power, patronize the cooperative. 2 Co-op benefits may include better prices for future transportation goods and services, improved services, and dependable sources of inputs and markets for outputs. Most ooperatives also realize annual net profits, all or part of which are returned to members in proportion to their patronage (thus, they are aptly called patronage refunds).

Cooperatives can also return a portion of their profits as dividends on investment. In the essay, United States, however, federal and most state statutes set an 8 percent maximum on annual dividend payments. The purpose of these limits is to assure that the benefits of resume cover teacher, a cooperative accrue to essay those who use it most rather than to those who may have the most invested; the importance of narrative and descriptive essay, capital is subordinated. Today, some co-op leaders and scholars consider his dividend restriction arbitrary and harmful to cooperatives. From their perspective, the 8 percent maximum makes investing in cooperatives less attractive than investing in other forms of on power, business. It makes cooperatives less competitive as well, especially in the agricultural processing sector, which requires a lot of capital for on importance of newspaper start-up and growth.

An overview of the federal laws that govern cooperatives in the United States is included in chapter 3. Why cooperate? People who organize and belong to cooperatives do so for a variety of economic, social, and even political reasons. Cooperating with others has often proven to be a satisfactory way of achieving one’s own objectives while at the same time assisting others in essay achieving theirs. Farmers create farm supply and marketing cooperatives to help them maximize their net profits. This requires both effective marketing of their products for better prices as well as keeping input costs as low as possible. The farmers recognize that they are usually more efficient and state study personal, knowledgeable as producers than as marketers or purchasers. By selling and buying in larger volumes they can also usually achieve better prices. COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER. Employees organize bargaining associations and labor unions to negotiate collectively with management and owners.

In some cases, employees form worker-owned cooperatives. As the name suggests, a worker-owned cooperative is owned and controlled by its employees. 4 Employees establish bargaining units and cooperatives in the hopes of increasing their wages and fringe benefits, improving their general working conditions, and ensuring job security. Cooperatives do not, as is sometimes assumed, contradict the goals of capitalism. Essay! If that were the case, cooperatives would not play such an important role in the American economy. About 48,000 cooperatives, operating in nearly every business sector imaginable, serve 120 million members, or roughly 4 out of 10 Americans. 5 The top 100 cooperatives in the United States, ranked by revenue, individually generated at least $346 million in personal revenue during 2002 and in the aggregate, $119 billion. 6 They represent agriculture, finance, grocery, hardware, healthcare, recreation, and energy industries (figure 1. 1). An introduction to cooperatives Consumer cooperatives are established to sell the products a group of consumers want but cannot find elsewhere at affordable prices. The consumer embers are primarily interested in improving their purchasing power—the quantity of goods and services they can buy with their income.

They naturally wish to get as much as possible for their money in terms of quantity and quality. Essay! As owners, the members have a say in what products their stores carry. 1 ? Cooperatives are especially important to agriculture. In 2002, 3,140 agricultural cooperatives provided roughly 3. 1 million farmers (many farmers are members of more than one cooperative) with agricultural marketing, farm supplies, and other farm-related services. They captured 28 percent of the market share. Figure 1. Narrative Essay! 1. Top 100 revenue generating cooperatives in the U. S. by sector, 2002 PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN THE 21ST CENTURY 3 In terms of on power, non-agricultural cooperatives, 84 million Americans are members of 9,569 credit unions, 865 electric co-ops serve 37 million people in 47 states, over 1. 5 million families live in future essay housing cooperatives, and over 3 million people are members of 5,000 food cooperatives.

8 The involvement of essay, so many people in cooperatives in and descriptive essay such a highly competitive economy reflects the general satisfaction of members toward their companies and the apparent efficiency and on power, solid inancial performance of these businesses. Chapter 4 provides a more comprehensive discussion of the various types of cooperatives and the extent of study personal, their economic success in the United States. In short, cooperatives are organized to serve member needs and are focused on generating member benefits rather than returns to investors. This member-driven orientation makes them fundamentally different from other corporations. Additional cooperative structural characteristics and essay on power, guiding principles further distinguish them from other business models. In most countries, the resume letter aide, cooperative model represents only one of several ifferent ways a business can choose to essay legally organize. Chapter 5 presents a comparison of the six major alternative business models in essay the United States. Cooperative management and development To prosper, cooperatives must be well organized, well financed, well managed, and governed well by essay on power a committed membership. They must be progressive, adapting to changing business climates, and responsive to their members’ changing needs. Members, the board of directors, and management each have responsibilities within the cooperative. Essay Format! Strong, viable cooperatives require all three groups to do their share.

Chapter 6 describes each group’s unique and essay, important role. 4 Although capital, employees, business volume, and good management practices are all very important for successful operations, a co-op’s members are its most important asset. Cooperative success also hinges on effective member education and communication. Science Essay! Indeed, providing education, training, and information to members is one of the essay, seven cooperative principles adopted by the ICA. The unique education needs of cooperatives and the essential elements for a successful education and communication program are also discussed in and descriptive chapter 6. Cooperative financing is also critical and in today’s complex cooperative organizations it can be quite complicated. Adequate capital is on power, one of the ohio state, fundamental principles of sound business operation and at the same time one of the essay, biggest challenges facing cooperatives today. Financing options must be consistent with principles of cooperation as well as with federal and state laws.

Chapter 7 lays out the main concepts behind cooperative financing, including alternative sources of capital and equity redemption plans. As with other business forms, cooperatives should be established only to meet a well-defined need in he market. Before cooperatives are created, advance research should be done by a steering committee to ensure sufficient support by other potential members in the community. Chapter 8 discusses in greater detail the procedure for organizing cooperatives. A good feasibility study, strong membership drives, and a comprehensive business plan are essential ingredients. A final analysis of the cooperative model’s benefits and limitations, to members and the broader community, is presented in chapter 9. COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER Revolutionary roots in England The first cooperative businesses created in Europe rose during periods of great social upheaval and distress caused by dramatic shifts in world literature essay agricultural and industrial production practices. Prior to the Industrial Revolution (about 1750-1850), most families in England and other parts of essay on power, Europe were largely self-sufficient, creating enough food and goods for their subsistence and small amounts for trading. The Industrial Revolution introduced the factory system of production and letter teacher aide, was marked by a rapid succession of remarkable inventions that accelerated the industrialization of business. Examples of inventions during this period include smelting iron with coal instead of charcoal, the otton gin and power loom, and the steam engine.

The writings of Adam Smith at the time, especially his advocacy of the laissez faire principle (no government intervention in the economy), further spurred the revolution. The industrial system gradually replaced cottage industries and home-based production. Workers were required to move into cities to essay on power find work. Away from land, their families were increasingly integrated into a market economy; instead of pro- PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN ducing most of their household requirements, especially food, they had no other choice but to science purchase them. Advances in production were not, nfortunately, accompanied by fair labor standards. Workers were typically paid very low wages and were subjected to harsh working conditions. 10 People remaining in rural areas were not much better off. An agricultural revolution was already well underway in the 18th century. The introduction of new cultivation methods and essay, crop varieties supported a dramatic change in land tenure patterns. Scattered, small plots of farmland were aggregated into large, enclosed estates, primarily for the purpose of grazing sheep and future, other live- The historical development of cooperative businesses cannot be disconnected from the social and conomic forces that shaped them. Co-ops then, as now, were created in essay times and places of economic stress and social upheaval.

9 stock. Between 1760 and 1843, nearly seven million acres of agricultural land in England were enclosed in estates. As a result, large numbers of small farmers were driven from essay writing of newspaper their land into neighboring towns and villages with few remaining jobs. A movement towards greater freedom of expression was another hallmark of this revolutionary period. The citizens of England began to publicly dissent with government policies, taking issue with the status quo and on power, demanding more personal ights. Future Transportation! Therefore, the widespread poverty, unemployment, and general social deterioration that were left in the wake of the industrial and agricultural revolutions were met with a public outcry to the government for improved working and living conditions.

THE 21ST CENTURY Historical development of essay on power, cooperatives throughout the world T he historical development of cooperative businesses cannot be disconnected from the social and economic forces that shaped them. Co-ops then, as now, were created in times and places of economic stress and social upheaval. 9 Ancient records and archeological discoveries oint to the existence of cooperative organizations created by narrative and descriptive early civilizations in diverse parts of the world (China, Greece, Egypt, etc. ). But it is the founders of the Rochdale Society in 19th century England who are celebrated for launching the modern cooperative movement. The Rochdale pioneers, and the early European cooperative thinkers and organizers who laid the foundation for their success, are responsible for codifying a guiding set of principles that helped guide the development of cooperatives across the on power, world. 2 ? 5 Early cooperative societies Robert Owen and In the narrative essay, absence of public assistance, the people of. Charles Fourier— Europe established various types of self-help organizations. Mutual fire insurance companies Cooperative visionaries existed in London and Paris as early as 1530, although the first highly successful and essay on power, wellknown example was organized in England in 1696, the Amicable Contributionship. 11 The people of England also created Mutual Aid Societies (they eventually became known as Friendly Societies) that offered financial payments and essay writing on importance, assistance to members in on power times of sickness, unemployment, or death. 12 By the mid-18th century many well-established societies were already in operation. They were legalized with the passing of the first Friendly Society Act (also called the Rose Act) in 1793.

A number of bills were introduced in science essay format the 19th century to encourage Friendly Societies since they lessened the public burden. On Power! 13 Workers organized labor unions to bargain with employers for more favorable working conditions and to lobby the resume cover letter, government for improved labor legislation. Cooperative or quasi-cooperative industrial businesses were in operation in England by 1760. Most were consumer-controlled organizations focused on essay on power flour milling and ohio personal, baking industries. Cooperative orn mills for grinding flour appeared in essay on power a number of cities shortly after the turn of the writing on importance, 19th century to cut the cost of flour and essay, prevent tampering by greedy millers.

Purchasing cooperatives already existed in most Western European countries by the 18th century. And Descriptive! The Weaver’s Society in Fenwick, Scotland (often referred to as “penny capitalists”) began to purchase supplies as a group in 1769. 14 The precursors to mutuals and essay, unions were guilds, the associations of merchants, artisans, and craftsmen that date back to Medieval times. Guilds had binding rules for production and business practices. Although guilds were created partially in an attempt to establish local trade monopolies, they incorporated socialist practices: member control, equitable treatment of all members, and financial support of members who were ill or faced family crises. 6 “Often men wish to escape the realities of life, and when they do, they dream of Utopias. ” 15 The first cooperative movement, that is, the establishment of a coherent argument for cover letter aide the cooperative form of organization, gained momentum in the early 19th century with the writings and advocacy efforts of essay on power, Robert Robert Owen (1771- Owen and ohio state abroad personal statement, William King in 858):“The Father England and Charles Fourier in of Cooperation. ” France. Robert Owen and Charles Fourier were both well-known Utopian Socialists; not only did they envision ideal societies, they tried to create them in Europe and the United States. 16 Robert Owen (1771-1858) was a prominent industrialist who began to advocate the establishment of a new type of community to on power alleviate the poverty and suffering caused by narrative essay the Industrial Revolution. Charles Fourier (1772-1837) was a bourgeois, famous French social philosopher whose plans for on power self-reliant communities were motivated by the French Revolution and his view hat the essay, working class was being dehumanized and repressed.

They both envisioned rural villages composed of farms and on power, small-scale industry, all operated cooperatively by the citizens who would also live together communally. Owen originally conceived of transportation, these communities as a solution for unemployment, but later believed (like Fourier) that they were a better alternative to private capitalism and essay, competition, providing self-employment opportunities and transportation, other conditions that would provide universal happiness. Fourier called his planned communal cities “phalanxes. ” COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER Fourier never found philanthropists willing to fund he creation of a phalanx. After his death, several were attempted in France and more than thirty organized in essay on power the United States. 18 The most notable in narrative essay the United States were Brook Farm, near Cambridge, Massachusetts (1842-1846), and one in Fond du Lac County (now the city of Ripon), Wisconsin (1845-1850). Essay! The phalanxes suffered from a conflict between treating everyone equally and rewarding those who provided more capital and labor. The phalanx model, however, influenced the successful kibbutzim in Israel (discussed later). Owen was a visionary idealist, not a realistic cooperative developer. He was not at all interested, therefore, in helping the early consumer cooperatives in England:“Joint stock retailing is not the Social System which we contemplate…and will not form any part of the arrangements in the New Moral World. ”19 In 1839 he did not even bother to respond to an urgent request by Charles Howarth to visit Rochdale, England to discuss organizational plans for a new retail cooperative.

Owen’s attack upon individualism, the family, competition, private property, the narrative essay, market economy, and organized religion, alienated many people from cooperation and on power, provoked condemnation of cooperatives from essay on importance various religious groups. Even so, Owen is often called the “father of cooperation. Essay! ” Despite his failures, Owen continued preaching that cooperative production and living were the best medicines for the ills of society. His advocacy stimulated the narrative, creation of cooperative societies, labor exchanges (where handicrafts were traded based on the amount of labor involved in on power their making), and trade unions. Although most of the organizations he started lasted only a short time, PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN they provided the groundwork for another generation of essay thesis, cooperative development in Europe and essay on power, North America. William King— A cooperative developer and pragmatist Dr. William King (1786-1865), another social reformer in England, was in many respects more responsible than Robert Owen for spreading the cooperative idea and for the actual organization of cooperatives.

Although he accepted much of Owen’s social philosophy, he disagreed on science essay how to reach those goals. King was more realistic about cooperatives, advocating and inspiring the development of consumer cooperatives across England. As a physician, King became interested in improving the welfare of the working people of Brighton, England. He was involved in organizing numerous ocial and educational institutions, including an infants’ school, a mechanics’ institute, and a library. Between 1828 and 1830, King published (at his own expense) a small magazine called “The Cooperator” that was widely distributed throughout England. Essay On Power! Its 28 issues were a source of inspiration, information, and instruction on cooperation in theory as well as in practice. The magazine advocated a more realistic type of cooperation within reach of the working class. King believed that cooperatives should start small with the literature essay, original capital supplied by members, a significant deviation from on power Owen and ohio state study personal, Fourier’s arge-scale operations funded by essay on power wealthy investors.

King did not necessarily object to Owen’s self-sustaining cooperative communities, as long as they were funded with the members’ own capital and were restricted to Christians. King was a religious fundamentalist who believed that biblical scripture should guide the on importance, ethics and essay, operations of cooperatives. He also taught that cooperatives should not pay patronage refunds, but instead reinvest all net profits to ohio abroad increase the on power, scope of their activities and to employ as many members as possible. Science Essay Format! King also proposed the following guidelines for essay consumer cooperatives: THE 1ST CENTURY Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world Owen and world literature, Fourier were not abstract thinkers; they laid out on power, very specific details for their communities. For instance, they believed that the communities should contain 1,000-1,800 people living on resume cover a relatively small tract of on power, land. Fourier was more explicit: the area should be three square miles. Resume Cover Teacher Aide! 17 Wealthy supporters of Owen’s ideas were willing to finance the creation of such communities. Four were eventually created: New Harmony, Indiana (USA); Orbiston, Scotland; Ralahine, Ireland; and Queenswood, England. All ultimately failed. 2 ? 7 1) members should pay cash for all merchandise purchased at the cooperative; (2) the co-op should adopt democratic principles of essay on power, governance; and (3) it should publicize the cooperative movement. In addition to the advocacy of Owen and King, the cooperative movement in England was supported by a number of short-lived cooperative journals, which were circulated between 1825 and 1830.

Cooperative congresses also advocated and promoted cooperation; the first took place in 1830 in Manchester, the second in 1831 in Birmingham, and transportation, the third in 1832 in London. Owen’s influence and on power, rhetoric were exhibited in these and later congresses. For instance, the Third Congress stated that “the grand ultimate object of all cooperative societies is community on land. ” What began with a few cooperative societies in 1826 quickly grew to about 300 consumer cooperatives by 1830, many patterned after King’s Brighton Cooperative Trading Association. King’s ideas may have also influenced early American cooperatives. A treasurer of a cooperative in Brighton, England, William Bryan, helped organize a consumer cooperative in New York City in 1830. World Essay! King was compelled to discontinue his active role in the cooperative movement in the late 1830s for wo reasons: his medical practice was suffering and poor management and internal discontent plagued individual co-op stores. On Power! By 1840, the cooperative movement in resume letter teacher England was basically at a standstill and King’s ideas were forgotten, ignored in the cooperative literature for several decades. The Rochdale Pioneers In the first wave of consumer cooperatives, a shortlived society was created in Rochdale, England in 1833. James Smithies, one of the original organizers, was inspired by King’s cooperative magazine and shared it with his co-founders. Essay On Power! Their ultimate cooperative goals, however, echoed Owen’s teachings.

Although their first co-op effort failed after only two years, a core group of 28 continued to work actively for social reform and eventually created the prototype cooperative model for a modest shop on Toad Lane in 1844. The so-called Rochdale Pioneers were ambitious and had lofty goals for their co-op: (1) to sell provisions at the store; (2) to purchase homes for essay writing on importance of newspaper their members; (3) to essay manufacture goods their members needed; and (4) to provide employment for essay their members who were either out of work or poorly paid. In sum, they wanted to “establish a self-supporting home colony of united interests” nd to “arrange the powers of production, distribution, education, and government” in the interests of essay, its members. In addition, they hoped to open a “temperance hotel” in one of the cooperative houses to promote sobriety. The foundation for the Rochdale cooperative was built upon the intelligent combination of science essay, various ideas that had been tried by previous cooperatives. The Pioneers learned from the co-op failures of the past. For example, the business practices they adopted for their small store, later called the Rochdale Principles (sidebar), were novel primarily in their combination; many had been borrowed rom other cooperatives.

The original Rochdale Cooperative shop on essay on power Toad Lane. It is now preserved as a museum. 8 COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER The Industrial and Provident Societies Act, authorized in essay thesis England in 1852, was a major development in the cooperative movement. Prior to the enactment of this law, the Friendly Societies Acts of 1834 and 1846 regulated the registration of cooperatives, even though these acts were designed for mutual-aid groups and not for businesses engaged in trade. Therefore, the consumer cooperatives did not have the proper legal protection essential for their business operations. The acts further prevented them from selling to essay people other than their members. 1. Letter Aide! Voting is by members on a democratic (one-member, one-vote) basis. 2. Membership is open. 3. Equity is provided by members. 4. Equity ownership share of individual members is limited. 5. Net income is distributed to on power members as patronage refunds on a cost basis.

6. Dividends on equity capital are limited. 7. Exchange of goods and services at ohio study personal statement market prices. 8. Duty to educate. 9. Cash trading only. 10. No unusual risk assumption. 11. Political and on power, religious neutrality. 12.

Equality in membership (no discrimination y gender). Adapted from David Barton,“Principles,” in David Cobia (ed. ), Cooperatives in Agriculture. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989. Some of the Rochdale Principles, such as democratic control (one-member, one-vote) and limited dividends on equity capital, are still followed by most cooperatives around the world. Other principles, such as cash trading, are clearly outdated in most countries where credit cards and (in agricultural co-ops) seasonal loans are the norm. As a set of guiding principles, they are not necessarily appropriate for all types of essay, cooperatives in all locations. They are after all a product of essay on power, a historical period and economy and were meant to govern a small retail store (see chapter 4 for further discussion of cooperative principles). The phenomenal success of the Rochdale cooperative, which is still in operation today, was just the boost that the cooperative movement in England needed. World Literature! Rochdale became the essay on power, cooperative beacon for and descriptive others to follow.

It provided the organizational pattern that became the prototype for other cooperatives and spurred on the cooperative movement in on power Europe and North America. PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN The Industrial and Provident Societies Act rovided both important legal protections for the cooperatives while also imposing some operating restrictions. It protected the future transportation, property of the societies, gave binding legal authority for essay on power their rules, safeguarded the savings of their investors, allowed them to sell to non-members, and provided legal status so that an association could sue fraudulent officials. It allowed cooperatives to pay patronage refunds on purchases but limited dividends on shares of essay on importance, stock to five percent. Essay On Power! Although members still faced unlimited liability for cooperative debts, share limits of ? 100 per member were enforced. The passage of the Industrial and Provident Societies Act of 1862 loosened some of the restrictions and provided limited liability for members, meaning they would be liable only for co-op debts less than or equal to the value of their stock. Share limits were increased to ? 200 per member and cooperatives were permitted to invest in other cooperatives.

As a result of narrative and descriptive, these changes, the organization of the North of England Co-operative Society became possible. Essay! Established in 1863 to create cost savings for members by purchasing a variety of goods in bulk, today the Co-operative Group comprises a family of businesses employed n a wide range of activities (food, finance, farms, funerals, etc. Cover Letter Teacher Aide! ). It is a unique consumer-owned business that is the largest of its kind in the world. THE 21ST CENTURY Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world The first cooperative law Rochdale cooperative principles 2 ? 9 The beginnings of cooperative credit During the 1840s, later called “the Hungry Forties,” famine and extreme hardship spread throughout Europe. A blight ruined potato crops in many European countries, although Ireland was the most severely hit, during 1845-47. The shortage of potatoes drove up other food prices. Low fishing yields further exacerbated the food shortage, which caused millions of deaths and led to severe economic depression, high unemployment, and on power, political unrest in the region.

The Communist Manifesto was published in state abroad personal statement 1848. During this same year, F. W. Raiffeisen, a mayor of a group of villages in Northern Germany, created a cooperative society to essay on power alleviate some of the ohio statement, suffering in essay on power his community. The cooperative gave potatoes and bread to the poor. He soon realized, however, that charity alone could not solve the problems of poor farmers; they needed to become self-sufficient and earn more money. Raiffeisen hen started to future transportation essay organize loan societies, which embraced various cooperative features. Although Raiffeisen continued to advocate self-help, his first societies were mainly efforts to transfer money from the rich to the poor. In 1862, he helped the rural farmers of the little town of Anhausen organize a truly cooperative loan society. Early agricultural marketing and farm supply cooperatives in Europe Denmark is generally regarded as the most outstanding example of early and on power, successful cooperative farm marketing and farm supply organizations. 20 The first cooperative creamery in Denmark was established in 1875 at Kaslunde. The early ooperative creameries incorporated some significant improvements in essay the butter-making process, including a standardized grading system.

The high quality butter was marketed under a government brand to reflect their supervision of the grading. The first cooperative creameries were very successful. News of their success and popularity spread to other rural areas of Denmark; many others were soon organized throughout the country. These developments took place without government assistance or subsidies. The early and striking success of cooperatives in Denmark can be primarily attributed to the role of the Folk High School. An institution unique to the country, this school educated young adults in rural areas. The schools were inspired by essay the philosopher and clergyman, Bishop Nikolai (N. Science Format! S. F. ) Grundtvig (1783-1873), and on power, popularized by Kristen Meanwhile, Herman Schulze had created a somewhat similar credit institution among artisans Kold, an educator. Grundtvig established the first in Eilenburg in 1850. He further refined this model Folk High School in 1844; the one created by science essay format Kold in 1851, however, was more successful and widely to fit the credit needs of artisans and other smallscale industries and developed other credit organi- replicated. The mission of the schools was to enlighten Danish citizens (beyond what they were zations.

Raiffeisen may have been familiar with learning in primary schools) so they could particithese organizations and essay, used them to future transportation essay inform his pate in essay on power the governance of the kingdom. They were own co-op development efforts. Both the science, not meant to be vocational or cooperative training Raiffeisen and Schulze cooperative bank models schools but rather designed to expose students to rapidly spread across Europe. Features of both new ideas and experiences. Today, we would call models were used to form credit unions in North them liberal arts schools. Numerous such schools America.

Incidentally, the Credit Union National still thrive in Denmark. Although supported finanAssociation’s headquarters in Madison, Wisconsin was called “Raiffeisen House” for a number of years. cially by the state, they are free to set their own curricula and essay, are required to be nonvocational and without examinations. 10 COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER Cooperatives around the world The cooperative movement gradually spread around the world in resume letter teacher aide the 19th century (table 2. Essay On Power! 1). Literature! Another notable cooperative advocate is Sir Horace Plunkett (1854-1932), an Irishman (who spent 10 years as a cattle rancher in the United. States in the 1800s) famous for advocating the benefits of agricultural cooperatives in Ireland and beyond. Essay! 21 He was instrumental in creating an international cooperative movement and world thesis, promoting the cooperative principle of political neutrality. The Irish Cooperative Organization Society (formerly the essay, Irish Agricultural Organization Society), originally founded by Plunkett in future 1894, is located in on power The Plunkett House in Dublin. Today, cooperative businesses are found in nearly all countries, from the developing nations of Africa, Asia, and South America to the industrial countries of ohio study abroad statement, Europe and North America. Northern Europe, where the cooperative movement took hold very early, still contains a strong cooperative presence, especially in agriculture.

Many of the cooperatives in these countries have long histories and are extremely successful. However, as is the case in the United States (see chapter 3), economic pressures have been met with cooperative mergers and essay, consolidations. As a result, cooperative numbers in future essay these countries appear quite low (tables 2. On Power! 2 and 2. 3). Cooperative numbers in India, even on ohio abroad statement a per on power, capita basis, are by resume cover teacher comparison astounding. In the case of India and other countries with relatively high ooperative numbers, this situation typically reflects the existence of numerous, local cooperatives.

More cooperatives do not imply necessarily that the on power, cooperative sector as a whole is stronger or more competitive, however. The spread of the cooperative business model from 18th century England to such diverse countries as India, Korea and Uganda, points to the universal adaptability and diversity of the cooperative model. Cooperative businesses are found in nearly all countries, from the developing nations of Africa, Asia, and South America to science essay format the industrial countries of Europe and North America. PRINCIPLES PRACTICES IN THE 21ST CENTURY Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world Folk High Schools created trained, rural leadership. They also established bonds of trust among those who came to live and essay, study at ohio study abroad personal the schools.

The students developed a willingness to think together, work together, and play together—in short, to cooperate. Although not an intended outcome, the spirit of essay on power, cooperation produced in these schools has been, without doubt, an teacher aide, important factor in the growth of Denmark’s cooperative movement. 2 ? 11 Table 2. 1. Historical cooperative statistics for selected countries Country. First co-op First co-op law Membership (% of population) Albania 1946 NA NA Austria 1794 1873 47. 4 Belgium 1848 1873 35. Essay On Power! 4 Czech Republic 1852 1873 13. Format! 4 Denmark 1851 NA 34. 2 Finland 1870 1901 45. 8 France 1750 1887 30. Essay! 1 Germany 1845 1867 27. Cover! 9 Greece 1780 1914 9. 9 Iceland 1844 1937 20.

0 Ireland 1859 1893 59. 5 Italy 1806 1886 13. Essay! 3 Lithuania 1869 1917 6. 8 Luxembourg 1808 1884 4. 8 Netherlands 1860 1855 41. Cover Teacher! 1 Norway 1851 1935 36. 4 Poland 1816 1920 NA Portugal 1871 1867 21. 9 Romania 1852 1903 28. 5 Russia 1825 1907 9. 5 Spain 1838 1885 11.

1 Sweden 1850 1895 53. 7 Switzerland 1816 1881 50. Essay On Power! 1 Turkey 1863 867 12. 9 United Kingdom 1750 1852 16. 6 United States 1752 1865 56. 7 Yugoslavia 1870 1925 6. 5 NA = not available Source: Adapted from Shaffer, J. (1999). Historical dictionary of the cooperative movement.

London: Scarecrow Press, Inc. (pp. 437-39). 12 COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER Region Number of countries Organizations Individual members Societies Africa 12 19 27,214 9,561,443 Americas 18 61 43,945 182,486,437 Asia 28 64 480,648 414,383,079 Europe 35 88 197,293 118,473,862 Total 93 232 749,100 724,904,821 Source: International Co-operative Alliance, www. coop. org/statistics. html (July 1,1998). Future Transportation! Table 2. 3. Agriculture cooperative statistics from select countries Number of co-ops Country Membership (millions) Brazil 4,744 3. 74 Canada 7,880 14. Essay On Power! 52 Columbia 1,936 4. 82 Denmark 1,446 1. 39 Egypt 6,992 4. 28 46 1. Essay! 07 23,573 17.

49 Finland France Germany 9,112 21. 64 India 446,784 182. 92 Israel 256 0. Essay On Power! 03 Japan 3,860 42. 84 NA 0. 63 Morocco 9,635 0. 68 Norway 4,259 1. Transportation Essay! 59 Repub. Essay On Power! Korea 7,669 17. 07 15,106 Historical development of cooperatives throughout the world Table 2. 2. Cooperatives and membership by international region 2 ? 4. 78 Mexico Sweden Switzerland Uganda United Kingdom United States Zambia 16 1. 51 3,131 0. 4 42 9. 04 27,076 156. 19 2,174 0. 57 Source: International Co-operative Alliance, www. World Literature! coop. org/statistics. html (April 26, 2002). PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN THE 21ST CENTURY 13 14 COOPERATIVES: CHAPTER The driving forces behind cooperative development in the United States include the following five interrelated dynamics: 1. Market failure (monopoly power, excess supply, missing markets, etc. Essay On Power! ). 2. Economic crises (depressions and recessions). 3. Format! New technology. 4. Essay! Farm organizations and cooperative advocates.

5. Favorable public policy (presidential interest, legislative initiatives at both state and federal evels, and judicial interpretation). The relative importance of these forces at different periods will become apparent as we trace the path of cooperative development. Since some of the abroad personal statement, most significant contributions Americans have made to essay the cooperative model and movement have been in the agricultural sector, farm cooperatives will dominate this discussion. PRINCIPLES #038; PRACTICES IN The first American cooperatives The first recognized cooperative business in the United States (a mutual insurance company) was founded in 1752, almost a quarter-century before the cover letter aide, birth of the on power, country (America achieved independence in 1776). Benjamin Franklin, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, worked with other members of fire fighting associations to create the first successful fire insurance company in the colonies: The Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire. Essay Writing! 24 Franklin had already formed the Union Fire Company in 1736, which became the model for volunteer fire fighting companies. Franklin had witnessed the essay on power, success and importance of state study personal, mutual societies when he was living in England. The Philadelphia Contributionship was based on essay on power a similar London association created in 1696.

25 Although European models and European immigrant cultures remained influential, it was in agriculture that co-ops began to take root in new and distinctive North American forms. Resume Cover Letter Teacher Aide! ” 26 Cooperative history, trends, Cooperative history, trends, and essay, laws in the United States and laws in the United States C ooperatives are neither indigenous to thesis the United States, nor are they an American invention. As Fairbairn reminds us,“The idea of the co-op was both imported by the colonists from essay on power Europe and also independently developed and adapted by settlers of European origin under North American conditions. ”22 Pilgrims coming to he new world on the Mayflower in 1620 signed the Mayflower Compact, which described the operations of an organization, or constitution, with cooperative characteristics. Resume Cover Teacher! Once they arrived, the early settlers worked together collectively to clear the land, build homes and communities, start farming, and provide protection for their families. 23 The overview of cooperative development in the United States provided here supports the idea that cooperatives in the United States are both an artifact of early settlers’ European heritage and a collective response to harsh living conditions in rural areas. ? American farmers first attempted to organize in essay on power 1785 with the establishment of the Philadelphia Society for Promotion of science format, Agriculture. The first formal farmer cooperatives were created in 1810: a dairy cooperative in Goshen, Connecticut, and a cheese manufacturing cooperative in South Trenton, New Jersey. On the heels of on power, these organizations, other cooperatives involving different commodities were formed in many parts of the country (table 3. 1). There was no identified coordinated leadership and state statement, most cooperatives restricted their operations to their local community.

Most of essay on power, he early agricultural cooperatives were ultimately unsuccessful. Essay Format! THE 21ST CENTURY 15 Table 3. 1. Selected early cooperatives and mutuals in the United States Year Cooperative 1752 Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) 1810 Dairy cooperative (Goshen, Conneticut) and cheese cooperative (South Trenton, New Jersey) 1820 Hog marketing, slaughtering, and packing cooperative (Granville, Ohio) 1853 Irrigation cooperative (Tulare County, California) 1857 Grain elevator (Madison, Wisconsin) 1862 Tobacco marketing cooperative (Connecticut) 1863. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper?

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How This Simple Resume Model and Career Portfolio Example Landed a Dream Job. Need a resume makeover? See the essay, before and ohio abroad personal, after of a resume transformation. Essay On Power? Use this powerfully simple resume model and essay on importance of newspaper, career portfolio as your guide. The days of slapping together a resume and getting results long gone. The days of essay, just having a resume are pretty much over as well. Meet Ken Cordova. Study? As he finished his master’s degree, he wanted to put himself out there to explore new career opportunities.

His problem? His resume. Here’s his resume before: Here’s his powerfully simple resume after: Ken went through a resume transformation. Essay On Power? He developed a simple resume and literature essay, career portfolio to land his dream job. On Power? I’ll walk you though how you can do the same.

Ken supplemented his resume with a great career portfolio. It took some time and effort, but it quickly paid off as he soon landed a dream job. In fact, he turned down interviews at study, one point. I’ll walk you through what Ken did to build this simple resume model and career portfolio example. As I always say, simple is hard.

I’ll keep it as easy as possible for you and show you how to replicate these as well as the tools he used. Even if you aren’t in the job market, I still recommend you keep your resume updated and essay, build a career portfolio. At some point, you’ll likely need both. Don’t wait until that time to start frantically building them. Components of a Powerfully Simple Resume Model. Recruiters and hiring managers are scan readers. They need to check a ton of science, resumes in a short time so they skim most of them.

If something catches their attention, they’ll actually read the essay, resume, which drastically increases your chances of a first interview. The resume content and keywords are important but scannability is critical. If you can’t get a hiring manager’s attention, great content gets you nowhere. The importance of content comes to play after you’ve caught their attention. So what do you do?

Rethink your resume design by science essay understanding how people initially scan a web page. Without knowing the on power, science of how people read web content, which version of essay writing, Ken’s resume would you be more likely to read? Remember, you have hundreds of on power, resumes to go through in a short period. What makes a simple resume powerful? How easy it is to visually scan. Not only is the new, simple resume more visually appealing, it’s also easier to narrative essay, scan.

Here’s the science behind it. Content is organized in an ‘F’ formation. Although it might sound odd to design a simple resume as a web page, hiring managers use the same approach as people use to scan a website. According to a Nielson Group study, people quickly scan web content in an F-shape pattern. After the scan, they decide if they commit to reading the content in more detail. Now doesn’t this sound like the typical hiring manager approach I just described? Hiring managers scan content like users scan content on on power, a web page before deciding to ohio study abroad personal, commit. Ken’s more simple resume makes it easy to scan the content. The GIF image below simulates for you a hiring manager quickly flipping through resumes. Click on essay on power, it to activate it. Click on the image to activate an animation that simulates a hiring manager quickly flipping through resumes.

Which one would make you stop? Visually, which one is most appealing and stands out most? Ken’s simple resume is thesis easy to scan. As you design your resume, make it easy to essay, scan. Ken’s resume is cover teacher aide easy to scan and digest the content. Given the ‘F’ pattern, here is essay on power how a typical person scan’s his resume: This resume model is easy to scan which makes a commitment to science essay, reading more likely.

The first scan is likely to go from left-to-right. His picture is at the end, which catches attention and continues the scan. You might try putting a headline with this first scan as well. Keep this section as simple as possible as to not overwhelm the reader. Scan 2 and 3 can go either way. Essay? Likely, there is a slight scan down to the left and then off to and descriptive essay, the right.

That second scan catches keywords such as: If you were hiring someone for a leadership position, wouldn’t you want to on power, keep reading after quickly scanning those words? He made great use of not only the essay format, keywords but the placement of them based on essay, how people scan a resume. Depending on where scan 2 started, the third scan is world literature thesis slower (especially based on the resume keywords and placement). This is on power where commitment to finish reading his resume happens. Visually organized resume content.

Ken’s more simple resume is visually organized. This makes the content easier to state study abroad, read and digest. Once the scanning stops, the reader has to on power, decide if it is going to be ‘easy to read.’ This resume model is organized into three sections. Much like a website header, this resume header gives a visual sign of order and a quick overview. Ohio State Personal? The picture is a powerful way for someone to put a person to the page. Ken’s resume model makes effective use of a sidebar that is essay on power visually separated by the background color.

The information has great keywords and summary information for anyone scanning this content. He further separates the content into sections with headers. Easy to literature, scan and essay, easy to digest. Ken separates the main content with a white background. Writing? He further organizes content with separators. Although there is plenty of content here, it appears brief and easy to read thanks to the visual organization. Ken uses the action-result formula for his resume structure instead of simply listing tasks. He quickly tells a story of the value he brings to the business.

Tools resources to build this simple resume. For developing content, keywords and organizing this resume model, Ken used a collection of resume strategies I developed. On Power? He also didn’t rush it. He took his time and went through each part thoroughly. As a part of the toolkit, Ken discovered hundreds of templates at Canva. He used a combination of the pre-designed templates. The service and templates are free. I also have a list of other free templates in a resume development toolkit chapter on resume design and world literature, customization.

I list lots of essay, options there! So the question that many of you are probably asking is: How did he fit 20+ years of experience on resume letter aide, a one-page resume? He didn’t and you don’t need to either. Pick the most recent and relevant experience based on essay on power, your position targets. Ken made fantastic use of a supplemental professional career portfolio. Here’s how he did it and why you should do it too. Career and Professional Portfolio Example. With the latest trends in talent acquisition moving to essay format, digital, people want to essay, know you before they meet you. The first thing people will do is Google you. Make sure they immediately find the essay, right information.

A career portfolio is a digital display of your professional experience and accomplishments. Professional portfolios range in length from a single page to a thousand-page website that includes case studies, references and visual galleries (especially for photographers). Most people hear ‘website’ and essay on power, think ‘I. It’s not difficult. I’ll show you a simple way of creating a simple but powerful career portfolio. Why is a career portfolio important when looking for work? When someone types your name into a search bar, the displayed results are called SERP (Search Engine Result Page). The more authoritative web properties associated with your name, the more information displayed in your SERP. Here is the SERP for Kris Fannin as an example:

A career and narrative essay, professional portfolio will increase your exposure, authority, and SERP when people search for you. Why does your SERP matter? Because I guarantee people will search for you while looking for work. A career portfolio helps them find what they want and on power, learn more about resume aide, you as a person and a professional. Additionally, a professional portfolio provides you exposure even when you aren’t looking for a job.

It brings opportunities to you and not you chasing opportunities down in a reactive way. Career portfolios are not just a copy and paste of your resume, although they should contain your resume. Ken did an excellent job of developing a simple yet powerful portfolio together. He used the Wix platform for building and hosting his site. The current version of Ken’s portfolio can be found here. He had never built a website before, although you wouldn’t know that looking at it. At the end of this section, I’ll give you some other options to build yours.

Let’s walk through the on power, sections and content so you can use a similar format. Career portfolio ‘Home’ and introduction page. Use this section to give a brief introduction and catch their attention. Teacher Aide? Be professional and personable. A career portfolio is a perfect complement to essay on power, a scannable, simple resume.

Just under the introduction, Ken provides a CTA (Call to Action) to learn more about him. Include a simple contact form and link to your active social profiles as well. Career portfolio ‘About Me’ – be human. This is an future transportation essay area to essay, let people know the value you bring as a professional. Literature Essay? Notice – and this is very important – Ken did NOT just copy and paste the content of his resume. He gives a short overview of essay, his career, what he’s looking for and personal traits that make him successful.

He has another CTA that invites the user to explore his resume. He includes some personal information below, which I highly recommend. Why? Hiring managers are looking for an organizational culture fit. They want to world literature essay thesis, know more than your skills and essay on power, experience. They want to know you as a person. This is also an ohio state abroad statement opportunity to connect with a potential employer as a human – not just a resume. Seriously? How could you NOT start to essay, like Ken after seeing and reading this? Make sure your career portfolio includes some personal content.

It helps to connect with the person reading it and makes you an actual human. Career portfolio ‘Resume’ and ‘Skills’ sections. Ken broke these into two different pages, and narrative essay, there is a reason. First, he has a page with his resume content. Notice, it is not exactly the same as his actual resume which is key. Be slightly more descriptive.

He also added a video background to the header of the page. Essay? Because this content can be more ‘dry,’ this is essay a great strategy to engage a user immediately. He then takes it a step further by adding a ‘Skills’ page. Why did he separate the two? Because he made it conversational. It has great wording and on power, visuals and further builds his ‘case’ to literature thesis, a potential employer. Make your career portfolio conversational and appealing.

Ken added a separate ‘Skills’ page to essay, his portfolio which further engages a potential employer and builds his case. Career portfolio ‘Education’ and ‘Contact’ sections. Although rather straightforward, these are important sections for a professional portfolio. You might be tempted to put them on one page, but I recommend you separate them. Separate sections allow you to go into more detail. Additional sections to consider for your career portfolio. Although not included in Ken’s, some extra content and writing of newspaper, sections to consider adding to on power, your portfolio include: Video or a video introduction . What better way for someone to ‘get to know you’ than a video introduction? If you decide to include one, I would put it on the first page.

These aren’t difficult to future transportation essay, make. Just dress professionally and essay on power, fire up your webcam. FAQ section . What questions do potential employers ask you? What are some unusual questions you’ve been asked in an interview that you are confident you answered well? Include them in world essay thesis an FAQ section!

You could also answer each question on video. Take a look at Intelivate’s FAQ section for ideas on how to organize them. Alternatives to a dedicated website. If you don’t want to build a dedicated site, here are a couple of great alternatives. Essay? All three have free and ohio abroad, premium products. You have just about everything you need to build a great, simple resume and career portfolio.

I know it can be overwhelming, so take it one step at a time. Essay On Power? Bookmark this and come back to it as you start each part. Remember, even if you aren’t in the job market, please do both of narrative, these proactively now before you ‘need’ them later. At the least, you’ll open the door to new opportunities. I know I gave you a lot of information here.

If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to let me know over on Twitter or Facebook. I’d love to connect as well! Don’t forget to subscribe above to get more business and career insights delivered directly to you. Related solutions to help you with your resume and career portfolio. Why Outgoing Isn’t Extraversion and essay on power, 7 Ways to Be Assertive. Competition Killer!

Finding the Perfect Keywords for Your Resume. 6 Career Strategies I Learned as a Consultant. Headquartered in Tampa, Florida, Intelivate’s B2B consulting services, employee training programs, career solutions and digital marketing services build the business, team, and career of world essay thesis, your dreams. Whichever solution is right for you, working with us, you won’t get a linear or a flat approach but, instead, a three-dimensional strategy that addresses the on power, core of study abroad statement, your challenge.