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Research Paper Titles Examples


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Format for a Research Paper - A Research Guide for Students

Do research papers have titles

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Format for a Research Paper - A Research Guide for Students

C Homework Help l Assignment l Project in C. Congratulations on papers titles passing with flying colors, if that#8217;s what you want then we can make sure achieve it. This is an example on C programming assignment help. We can custom design the solutions to is a bad role model essay, match your skill level (either advanced, intermediate or basic), just let us know if you need us for C programming project help. Papers Have! For this project, you will be writing a program to compute the personal essays, score for a tennis game between two teams A and do research papers have, B. Your program should read, from stellar carbon cycle standard input, a sequence of characters indicating the winner of each individual point, and print to standard output the current score at various points during the game. Note : although it has been released in Week 2, we recommended that you begin this assignment in Week 3, because some of the material covered in Week 3 (functions and arrays) will be very useful in helping you to structure your program appropriately. A tennis match is divided into #8220;sets#8221;, #8220;games#8221; and #8220;points#8221;. Full details of the tennis scoring system can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tennis_score . Do Research Papers! To win a game, one team must score at dissertation doctorate, least four points and at least two points more than the other team has scored during that game. For historical reasons, scores within a game are reported according to the following convention, where the number of have titles, points won by the serving team is shown on the left hand side, those of the doctorate, receiving team along the top row: Once both teams have three or more points, the score is reported as: #8220;Deuce#8221; if the two teams have won the same number of points #8220;Advantage Server#8221; if the serving team is ahead by do research one point #8220;Advantage Receiver#8221; if the receiving team is stellar ahead by have titles one point.

To win a set, one team must win at least 6 games, and at least 2 games more that the other team has won during that game. To win the match, one team must win at least 3 sets. Note : We will follow the rules used at application in office, Wimbledon, where a tie-break is never played in the 5th set. If the 5th set goes to a score of 6-6, normal games continue to be played until one team has a 2-game lead. Unless attempting the #8220;Bonus#8221; section, you can assume that the first four sets in the match will never go to a score of papers, 6-6, so you do not have to worry about tie-breaks. Essays! If Team A serves for the first game, then Team B will serve for do research have the second game, and the serve will continue to alternate between the two teams for the rest of the match, without regard to sets; in other words, if Team A serves for dogs the last game of one set, then Team B will serve for the first game of the following set.

The input to your program will be a series of characters A, B and S, with line breaks at appropriate intervals. The character A indicates a point won by Team A; B indicates a point won by Team B. The character S indicates that your program should print the score at that point in the match, in titles the following format: The first line indicates which team is about to serve (A or B); the second line indicates the score for all completed sets as well as the current set, and the third line indicates the score within the current game (from the perspective of the serving team). For each set, the number of doctorate degree, games won by the serving team should be printed first, followed by a dash, followed by the number of games won by papers have titles the receiving team. When your program detects that the match is finished, it should print the final score in summary this format: The final score is papers titles a list of the in idleness, scores for do research papers have each set, with the score of the match-winning team printed first. The program should then terminate (without considering any further input). For example, if the input to your program is essays about BSAAAABBBS, the output should look like this: This indicates that, when the first S instruction is processed, no sets or games have been won by do research have titles either team, and Team B (who are receiving) have scored one point in the first game. When the personal about, second S is titles processed, Team A has won one game, and Team B (who are now serving) have scored three points in the second game. Note that a blank line should be printed under each score. For all your C programming homework help, we will help with C programming homework solutions to your C programming problems. You are given a system with 4 types of resources: A, B, C, and D. Some of for leave application in office, these resources are allocated to processes and you only have no A, 1 B, 1 C, and do research have titles, no D left to in idleness summary, allocate. You have 5 processes in the system that hold the following resources: The operating system has been collecting resource requests from the processes.

The current set of requests are: Based on the results of the banker#8217;s algorithm, should the operating system grant all of the requests whether all at once or one at a time? Justify your answer. Do Research Papers Titles! The operating system cannot grant all of the requests since the resources are inadequate. However, assuming a process will release all granted resources once it has finished utilizing the resources granted according to its request (the assumption of banker#8217;s algorithm), the why barbie, operating system cannot grant resources for papers have all processes. Following banker#8217;s algorithm, P3, P0 and P4 can be granted resources but P1 and P2 cannot. Here is the nucleosynthesis carbon, explanation.

We use tuples (A, B, C, D) to represent the numbers of have, resources of each type. Currently, it is ceu library thesis collection (0, 1, 1, 0). (1) P3 requires (0, 1, 0, 0), which can be satisfied and results in (0, 1, 1, 0) – (0, 1, 0, 0) = (0, 0, 1, 0) resource left. Now P3 has (1, 0, 0, 0) + (0, 1, 0, 0) = (1, 1, 0, 0) resources; After P3 release all, the operating system has (0, 0, 1, 0) + (1, 1, 0, 0) = (1, 1, 1, 0) resource. (2) P0 requires (1, 0, 1, 0), which can be satisfied and results in (1, 1, 1, 0) – (1, 0, 1, 0) = (0, 1, 0, 0) resource left. Now P0 has (0, 1, 1, 1) + (1, 0, 1, 0) = (1, 1, 2, 1) resources; After P0 release all, the operating system has (0, 1, 0, 0) + (1, 1, 2, 1) = (1, 2, 2, 1) resource. (3) P4 requires (0, 0, 2, 1), which can be satisfied and results in do research papers have titles (1, 2, 2, 1) – (0, 0, 2, 1) = (1, 2, 0, 0) resource left. Now P4 has (0, 0, 2, 1) + (0, 0, 2, 1) = (0, 0, 4, 2) resources; After P4 release all, the operating system has (1, 2, 0, 0) + (0, 0, 4, 2) = (1, 2, 4, 2) resource. (4) Now P1 requires 3 Ds and P2 required 3 Bs. Neither of them can be satisfied by the current resource set (1, 2, 4, 2). Getting any single student from home amid tra_c to his or her classes is solvable.

However, getting every student from home to for leave application in office, classes amid tra_c is have titles a bigger problem, especially to students. For Dal, this involves over 15,000 students. Suppose that Dal was willing to provide money to ceu library thesis collection, ease the have, problem of getting students from. home to class on time though the city tra_c. For each of in idleness, prevention, avoidance, and detection and have titles, recovery, outline and explain a solution to this problem or indicate why that solution approach is not applicable to the problem. In the event that a framework does not utilize either a deadlock-prevention or a deadlock-avoidance algorithm, then a deadlock situation may happen. In nature#8217;s domain, the framework must give: An algorithm that inspects the state of the framework to figure out if a deadlock has happened. About Dogs! An algorithm to recuperate from the have, deadlock. Deadlock-prevention algorithms, anticipate deadlocks via limiting how demands could be made. The restrictions guarantee that no less than one of the in idleness summary, fundamental conditions for deadlock can#8217;t happen and, subsequently, that deadlocks can#8217;t hold. Conceivable reactions of counteracting deadlocks by have titles this strategy, on the other hand, are low gadget usage and decreased framework throughput.

An option technique for keeping away from deadlocks is to require extra data about how assets are to be asked. For instance, in a framework with one tape drive and one printer, we may be told that process P will ask for first the is a model essay, tape drive, and later the printer, before discharging both assets. Process Q, then again, will ask for first the printer and afterward the tape drive. With this learning of the complete grouping of appeals and discharges for have each one methodology, we can choose for dissertation each one appeal whether the procedure ought to hold up so as to dodge a conceivable future deadlock. Each one solicitation obliges that in settling on this choice the framework consider the assets at present accessible, the assets as of now designated to each one methodology, and have, the future demands and ceu library thesis, arrivals of each one procedure.

The different algorithms contrast in the sum and kind of data needed. The least complex and most helpful model obliges that each one procedure announce the greatest number of assets of each one sort that it may require. Given this from the earlier data, it is do research titles conceivable to personal dogs, build an algorithm that guarantees that the framework will never enter a deadlocked state. Such an algorithm characterizes the deadlock-avoidance approach. A deadlock-avoidance algorithm dynamically looks at the asset portion state to guarantee that a round hold up condition can never exist. Design and have titles, implement a multi-threaded program with a critical section. Doctorate! The following is a sample C programming homework, so if you need C programming homework help check out this porgram. Do Research Papers Have! Write a script that monitors the personal, creation of .pdf or .PDF files in the current directory.

Every minute it should display a list of papers titles, those filenames created after the previous display. Letter Application In Office! Note: the script should run forever. A telephone directory, teledir.txt, maintains records in the form name:number where number is do research papers of the form nnn-nnn-nnnn. Devise a shell script that accepts one or two arguments that could be the name or number. If it exists in the directory, then the list should be displayed. both. The entry is displayed if it exists and is added if it doesn#8217;t exist in he file.You can assume that the user will enter the number as nnn-nnn-nnnn. No need to do any error checking. Also, let us keep the stellar nucleosynthesis, name simple too assume it is just one word like #8220;Veerasamy#8221; Write a perl script that accepts a filename and the delimiter string as arguments, and then displays each line with its fields reversed. Do Research Papers Have Titles! Write a C program to split the contents of a file specified as argument into multiple files so that each file contains at most 10000 bytes. Name the files foo.1, foo.2 and so forth if foo is the argument. Write a C program to create a family tree of tasks from the main task (total 8 tasks, A is why barbie is a essay parent of do research papers have titles, B and C, B is parent of letter writing for leave application in office, D and C is the parent of titles, E, F, G and H) using fork() as many times as needed.

Achieve just this configuration no need to use exec() etc. This is summary one of the more complex assignments we have to help with, since it involves multiple processes and communications with pipes and do research titles, only runs under Linux (Windows does not support fork, which is used in this). If you need a solution for your C programming project, then we can provide what you need. See the following example C programming assignment help. Your task is to implement a basic shell that allows the execution of command line tools and programs. Since you have learnt about why barbie is a bad role essay, shell programming, and how to work with processes and do research papers have titles, pipes, it is essays dogs time to put all of do research papers have, this together and write your own mini?shell that can #8220;almost#8221; give bash a run for its money. The shell should allow running command line tools that have zero, one or multiple arguments. As we#8217;ve seen in the lectures, commands can be non?builtin (a process is spawned to writing application in office, execute them), and built?in (no process is spawned). Your shell should allow for both types of commands. To simplify your task, from the built?in commands, you only have to support #8220;cd#8221; and #8220;exit#8221; . The exit command will exit the current shell session, and papers have titles, the cd command will be used to change the current working directory.

The cd command takes both relative and letter application, absolute (relative to root) paths. Do Research! For example: You do NOT have to bad role essay, support anything involving expanding environment variables, or special symbols, e.g., A shell generally supports a set of special operators, for papers have various purposes like background execution or chaining commands: The #8216;#8217; operator sends a process to essay in idleness, the background, as we#8217;ve seen in lectures. However, it can be used to run 2 commands in parallel as well. For example, the do research papers have titles, following commands will be run in parallel: The #8216;;#8217; operator allows running multiple commands in one run, sequentially, e.g., + The #8216;#8217; operator is a logical AND operator that lets you execute a second command, if the first command runs successfully (the exit status of the first command is zero), e.g., $ mkdir newfolder cp file.txt newfolder/ (If the mkdir is successful, copy a file into it) The #8216;||#8217; operator is about a logical OR operator that lets you execute a second command, if the first command fails (the exit status of the papers titles, first command is greater than zero), e.g., (If the folder #8220;newfolder#8221; does not exist, create it) The #8216;|#8217; (pipe) operator allows chaining of commands, by sending the output of the first command as an input to a second command. You#8217;ve already seen a few examples of this one in the lectures and labs. Out of these special operators, for personal dogs the scope of this assignment, you will only papers have titles have to implement the pipe #8216;|#8217; operator. Your shell should allow both simple commands, which do not contain such operators, AND complex commands that can contain any number of simple commands, chained using pipe operators.

Optionally, you are welcome to try implementing more operators, although there are certain tricky aspects you will have to be careful about, in degree order to have, correctly implement their semantics, as well as their priority order (from most to least priority: #8216;|#8217;, #8216;#8217; and #8216;||#8217;, #8216;#8217;, #8216;;#8217; ). Your shell should also support the following redirection operators: Redirection of standard input from a file: #8216;#8216; Redirection of standard output to thesis, a file: #8216;#8217; Redirection of standard error to a file: #8216;2#8217; Redirection of both output and have, error: #8216;#8217; You do NOT have to support redirection in append?mode (#8216;#8217; and #8216;2#8217;), but you are welcome to extend your shell with these options as well if you wish. Your shell does NOT have to support the collection, following things (although you are welcome to have, extend your shell to make it more awesome, if you wish): Expanding environment variables (preceded by $), such as in paths to writing for leave in office, commands or files. Defining new environment variables for the current shell session. Wildcard substitution, e.g., ls *.txt Double quotes, single quotes, and back quotes Starter code. The starter code provided will guide you step by do research have titles step in solving this assignment. The parser.c and dissertation degree, parser.h files deal with parsing commands and storing them in data structures (see below) that allow you to handle them easier. The shell.c and papers have, shell.h files contain functions that process commands and dissertation, execute them accordingly.

You should read the code and understand it, then proceed to papers have titles, fill in all the #8220;TODO#8221; spots left for you to implement. Simple commands are stored in the following structure: This is why barbie used for simple commands, involving a single program and papers have, no pipe chaining (or other special operators). Is A Bad Role Model Essay! A simple command can use redirection – in, out and err are strings containing the names of the papers titles, files where the corresponding redirection should occur (stdin should be redirected to the file whose name is stored in doctorate #8220;in#8221;, stdout redirected to the file whose name is stored in #8220;out#8221;, etc.). The builtin flag indicates whether the command is builtin or non?builtin. The values for papers have the #8220;builtin#8221; flag are: 0 (non?builtin), 1 for #8220;cd#8221;, and 2 for #8220;exit#8221;. You should use the predefined macros BUILTIN_CD and BUILTIN_EXIT instead of the values 1 and 2. This way your code can benefit from more clarity. The #8220;tokens#8221; are basically the words in the command, followed by a NULL token. For example, #8220;ls ?l#8221; will be split into 2 tokens #8220;ls#8221; and #8220;?l#8221;, followed by a NULL pointer. Why Barbie Is A Model Essay! The command #8220;ls –l | wc ?l#8221; will contain 5 tokens (parsing out all whitespaces, like blankspace and tab), followed by a NULL token.

Hint: the NULL token simplifies your task when using execlp and execvp calls). Complex commands are defined in the following structure #8220;command#8221;: This is a general form of a complex command. Do Research Have Titles! A complex command can be simple (no special operators), in which case scmd is non?NULL, or it can be complex in which case scmd will be NULL. If it is letter for leave in office a complex command, cmd1 and cmd2 are the two chained commands. In turn, cmd1 and cmd2 can be complex commands themselves. In the starter code, you are given a hint on how to do research titles, deal with them by using recursion. The #8220;oper#8221; string is dedicated for storing the special operator chaining cmd1 and cmd2. Try to first go through the code, and to understand the provided starter code. Next, try to follow the detailed instructions in the code, and fill in the code in essays dogs the spots we left for you to complete, indicated by do research papers titles #8220; TODO #8221; comments. In this assignment, you are NOT allowed to dogs, use the #8220;popen#8221; or #8220;system#8221; functions.

For file I/O, redirection and papers have, processes, you are working at a low level using file descriptors. Carbon Cycle! Consequently, you should only use POSIX functions, like open and papers have, close . Functions such as fopen or fclose are not to be used in this assignment. Appendix. Essay In Idleness Summary! Sample shell commands you should try (just a few examples) Also, make sure to run several commands involving #8216;cd#8217;, as shown in the handout (only the ones you should implement). Papers Have Titles! Once you are done testing these and more, one cool thing you could try is to run your shell program within your own shell. This way you can create a new shell session as a child process of your own shell. After the second #8220;exit#8221;, you exit the parent shell as well, so you are back to your regular terminal prompt. About! We are taking care of papers titles, those aspects and are constantly providing assistance for C programming assignment help.

You can also seek our Expert Programming Tutors help in case of complex problems. Our experts also provide help with C programming assignment even after the programming project is collection delivered. All the work done by us and we provide help with C programming assignment and do research papers have, the content is guaranteed to be plagiarism free, don#8217;t copy your friend#8217;s solution, use our C programming project help.

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Formatting a Research Paper | Writing for Success

Odysseus: Fascinating Man and His Many Transformations. Odysseus was one of the Greek kings who went to titles, Troy and came back a hero. He was ruling the small island of Ithaka when he was asked by dissertation degree, the Atreidae to join forces with them on the expedition to recover Helen. The portrayal of papers have titles, Odysseus in the Iliad marked the beginning of his literary career. As he moved through time, additional elements of his character were emphasized and writing for leave application extrapolated upon, but all the seeds for later development can be seen in papers the Iliad . Did the depiction of the Iliadic character of Odysseus change in why barbie bad role model subsequent literature?

And how was he portrayed in do research papers have titles later Greek tragedies? First it may be best to trace his actions throughout Homer's epic poem to see how he was initially cast unto the world of literature. Personal! Homer stood at the end of an papers titles, epic-telling tradition -- at the end of a tradition of dissertation, poetry that is called oral poetry. Oral poetry was handed down from do research papers titles generation to generation, and dealt with traditional stories that were well known. Some of the stories existed in the late Bronze Age and were passed on by word of mouth. Homer was relating stories that would have taken place at least four hundred years before his time. The Trojan War was fought between the Greeks and Trojans, and acts as the backdrop for the action in Homer's Iliad . Stellar! Some of the characters were likely based on historically realistic men.

For example, in do research papers The Nature of Greek Myths , G.S. Kirk writes that Odysseus in his more realistic actions, which vastly predominate . is based on the conception of a real if provincial chieftain from nucleosynthesis north-western Greece. Papers! (1) But many of Homer's characters are decidedly one-dimensional and are seen only as instruments to precipitate victory in a long and drawn-out war. Near the beginning of the poem, Odysseus is shown to be more diverse. He is the stellar one to whom Athena goes when Agamemnon's plan to boost the papers have morale of his army backfires and they happily begin to ready themselves to go home after more than nine years of fighting. Agamemnon has ended his speech by thesis, saying: Come then, do as I say, let us all be won over; let us run away with our ships to the beloved land of our fathers since no longer now shall we capture Troy of the wide ways . (2) These words are supposed to encourage the Achaians, but inadvertently cause a departure from the war. Agamemnon is the king and the men who make up the rank and do research file do not need to dissertation doctorate degree, be told twice. But it was the will of Zeus that Troy should fall and for have titles, that reason, Athena goes directly to Odysseus and uses persuasion to elicit his help to stop the letter for leave application in office exodus. Papers Titles! This marks the beginning of a long and ceu library thesis collection diverse relationship between Odysseus and the goddess, which could be best described as a friendship. This connection between Athena and the King of have, Ithaka had far greater significance in the saga of Odysseus' life: the Odyssey , and cycle also plays a role in later Greek tragedy, which will be examined later.

Athena must believe that her choice of spokesperson will have the needed affect on do research, the Achaians. Odysseus may have come to Troy with only letter twelve ships, but nine years later, he is seen as a man with enough power and presence to take the holy sceptre from Agamemnon's hands and use it to restore some degree of do research papers have titles, order to the chaos. A man who was liked less by Agamemnon would have been seen as an upstart, since it was the king who should be the one to stop the mass exodus. Odysseus was trusted and respected enough by Agamemnon to take the is a symbol of Greek power and go about condemning and cajoling the men to stay in Troy. One of Odysseus' traits that was emphasized in later literature can be seen in have titles Book Two of the Iliad in the way he handles Thersites. Summary! His actions and words are cold, hard, brutal and demeaning, but in one sense, Thersites was encouraging mutiny, and he was also abusing Agamemnon, the papers have titles shepherd of the people. (3) That was not acceptable to any of the doctorate kings, nor to the gods. Maybe a more even-handed diplomacy would have been fairer, considering that it was the common man's fields that had not been plowed by them for do research papers have, more than nine years. A person was needed to unite the men and Odysseus did just that to carry out the wishes of the gods. Carbon Cycle! A synopsis of Odysseus' war career is titles then given by personal, men who had witnessed the discipling of Thersites:

Come now: Odysseus has done excellent things by the thousands, bringing forward good counsels, and ordering armed encounters; but now this is far the best thing he ever has accomplished among the Argives . (4) Odysseus is obviously seen as someone to do research papers have titles, respect and the Achaians settle down to listen to thesis collection, his words that will eventually persuade them to stay in Troy. Do Research Papers Have! This would prove to essay, be one of his most important functions in the story since his words of persuasion actually work, and papers have titles the spirit of the Greeks were rallied because of him. The Greeks remained in Troy because it was the will of Zeus -- a constant and underlying reality that cannot be removed from the action of the epic. In Book Three, as Helen is surveying the battlefield, she points to Odysseus and says: This one is Laertes' son, resourceful Odysseus, who grew up in the country, rough though it be, of Ithaka, to know every manner of stellar nucleosynthesis cycle, shiftiness and crafty counsels . Papers Titles! (5) W.B. Essay Summary! Stanford echoes Helen's words in do research papers have The Quest for Ulysses : [Odysseus], Homer tells us, was born and bred near the sea. His island home, Ithaka, lay off the west coast of Greece near the intersection of two major trade routes . Merchants from distant lands would often sail that way, and pirates would lurk in wait for them.

A young prince reared in such an personal essays about dogs, environment might well acquire qualities not so necessary for royal youths in mainland kingdoms like Mycenae and Argos. He would need to be resourceful and adaptable in handling boats among shifting winds and currents. He would learn to deal warily with merchants and swiftly with pirates . (6) Antenor, who has overheard Helen's words agrees with her and says that he remembers Odysseus from the embassy that came to have, Troy to negotiate for thesis collection, her release. He describes the power of Odysseus' words as drifting down like the winter snows. Do Research Have! (7)

Odysseus' strong suit by far seems to be the ceu library way in which he uses words to achieve whatever goal he desires. Papers Have Titles! Homer calls him Odysseus, the equal of dissertation doctorate, Zeus in counsel (8) on more than one occasion, which was a fine compliment. W.B. Stanford points out that all the princes would have training in eloquence because it was an integral part of their education, and Odysseus was just more effective than the others. (9) With this ability, his specialty is as an ambassador for the Atreidae and this is his primary function. When he was given the important job of escorting Chryseis home to her father, he was described as Odysseus of the many designs. (10) His next mission was a member of the embassy that tried to do research have titles, convince Achilles to rejoin the fighting and to help them win the war. The Atreidae sent for him and he begins his speech to Achilles by complimenting him and assuring him that he is needed to stellar, rescue the afflicted sons of the Achaians from the Trojan onslaught. (11) He mentions the good advice that Achilles' father Peleus gave him about being careful with his anger, and begins to list off all the titles gifts that Agamemnon has promised for his return. Odysseus related Agamemnon's words verbatim until he comes to these: Let him give way . And let him yield place to essay, me, inasmuch as I am the kinglier and inasmuch as I can call myself born the elder . (12)

Odysseus knows that these words should be omitted if there can be any chance of success, but Achilles senses right away that Odysseus has chosen to omit something because he knows Agamemnon's character and also the do research have titles way his envoy has with words. Achilles tells him that he hates backdoor politics just as much as he hates Death, saying: . I detest that man, who hides one thing in the depths of nucleosynthesis cycle, his heart, and speaks forth another. (13) Achilles tells Odysseus that there are many reasons why he will definitely not return to the fighting and instead, will return home to Phthia, but his tutor Phoinix and his friend Ajax seem to papers, soften his anger. He tells Phoinix that in the morning they shall both decide if they should return home, and to Ajax he pledges to return to why barbie is a bad role model, the battle if Hektor reaches the ships of papers have, his people, the Myrmidons. The embassy has succeeded in changing Achilles' mind in some ways, and there seems to be some cause for hope.

Why then did Odysseus only repeat the words Achilles spoke to him when he returned to Agamemnon and the others, omitting the more hopeful conversations that Achilles had with Phoinix and Ajax? When he did not, why then did Ajax not expand on stellar nucleosynthesis carbon cycle, what Odysseus related to the king? The answers to these questions are open to speculation. Did Odysseus assume that the best course of action was to put thoughts of have titles, Achilles aside since his future involvement was so precarious, and better to plow ahead with other strategies? Or was he so confident in stellar nucleosynthesis his own capabilities that he decided that all was lost if he could not change Achilles' mind? Whatever the case, this time Odysseus does not get the job done -- something that will be seen again in Sophocles' Philoctetes . Odysseus left behind his wife, Penelope, and an infant son, when he went to fight with the other Greeks. He did have responsibilities to his family and his subjects, and do research papers was trying not to thesis, take chances with his life. In Book Eight, Diomedes is trying to rescue Nestor from Hektor and asks Odysseus for help, but Odysseus turns his chariot around and heads for do research titles, the ships. Diomedes call him a coward, but long-suffering great Odysseus gave no attention as he swept by . (14) Heroes were not expected to personal about, fight every minute of every battle to be considered brave, and papers Odysseus is certainly not a coward, although he is quite prepared to run rather than face suicidal odds in battle. (15) Homer describes Odysseus as very brave and this quality can clearly be seen in Book Seven when Nestor calls for brave men who are willing to stop Hektor's ravaging. Odysseus is one of the many who comes forward to essay in idleness summary, throw their lot in Agamemnon's helmet.

Also in Book Ten, the Greeks are seen in terrible straits, beaten back to their ships. Nestor has advised them that they need to know the Trojans' future strategy so they will be in do research have titles a position to about, counteract it. He again calls for do research papers titles, volunteers to cross enemy lines. A number of men volunteer, but Diomedes chooses Odysseus as his partner since he believes him to be brave and loved by Athena. He also says that were he to go with me, both of us could come back from the blazing of fire itself, since his mind is best at devices. (16) Again, Odysseus' trickery and stealth are alluded to and so, what other kind of person would Diomedes want with him on such a dangerous task? As soon as Odysseus realizes that he is going, he prays to Athena and sees her bird-sign. He seems to look to her as his own personal daimon . Ceu Library Collection! It should be pointed out that it is probably easier to be brave when a goddess like the do research papers titles powerful Athena loves you and protects you.

There also can be no question that Odysseus carries out most of his actions for ceu library thesis collection, the same reasons that the do research have other heroes do: for glory. Heroes are primarily looking for material wealth and for is a, immortal glory. In Book Six, Helen talks with Hektor about the do research papers have titles activities of personal about dogs, heroes that will be sung about by the poets. In Book Eight of the Odyssey , Demodocus, the bard, sings of Troy and all the heroes who died there, for King Alcinous and his guest Odysseus. In some respects, the description of the do research titles night mission into enemy territory creates the greatest moments of apprehension and fear in writing the poem. Besides being the only military operation to papers, take place in the dark, the reader also seems to be creeping along with Diomedes and Odysseus, who are slowly making their way through body parts and pools of blood. Hektor has also sent out personal about, a spy that night, a man named Dolon, and it is illustrious Odysseus (17) who hears him approaching and thinks of do research have titles, a plan to trap him.

Diomedes savagely kills him. Odysseus asks Athena for guidance in finding the way to the newly arrived Thracians, who have brought many horses with them. Odysseus collects the animals while Diomedes kills every sleeping man. When they return to their own ships with the booty, Odysseus gives the why barbie bad role model essay credit to his comrade and never mentions his own input. Do Research Titles! (18) He is the one who showed prudence and caution as Diomedes takes care of the more dangerous job of killing. All in all, the incident shows that Odysseus is brave, modest, and protected by for leave application in office, Athena. This is illustrated again in Book Eleven when Odysseus is stabbed by Sokos, and yet saved from death by the goddess. Odysseus is again commissioned to hold the army together.

Agamemnon wants to have, move some of the ships and believes the gods are against a victory for them. He ends his speech with, the is a model man does better who runs from disaster than he who is caught by it. (19) These words could have been spoken by Odysseus himself, but instead, he is brave enough and angry enough to stand up to Agamemnon for speaking them. He even says, I wish you directed some other unworthy army and were not lord over us . (20) He is confident enough to tell Agamemnon that his plan will not work and should be forgotten. He is sensible and papers must speak his mind when he sees poor judgement being used. He also tells Achilles that the men need to rest and eat before they can do their best in battle, and to send them out would be foolhardy. Odysseus again fails to convince Achilles and he does not eat. Later, Athena must give Achilles nectar and dissertation doctorate ambrosia for strength, proving that Odysseus was right again. The last we see of do research titles, Odysseus in the Iliad is during the funeral games for why barbie, Patroklos. Do Research! Homer describes Odysseus as not forgetting his craft (21) when he trips up Ajax during a wrestling match.

Odysseus then joins the for leave application in office foot race and will seemingly lose without Athena's help and prays to her for extra strength. Athena does not have any reason to help him now, since this is not a military expedition, (22) but she does by making Ajax slip in cow dung. The competition between these two men had very serious consequences for the future, when Ajax is certain he was maneuvered out of do research titles, another prize by Odysseus. All of these episodes are important to examine since they give a psychological profile of Odysseus. Homer sees him as a man of words, who is capable, brave, sensible, modest, and writing patient. The Atreidae see him as a friend in much the same light and make use of his capacities as an ambassador for them, and do research as someone to hold the army together. But this was only the beginning of the poems, plays, and books that revolved around Odysseus. Homer's second epic poem has him as a central character and is a model essay focuses on many of the qualities he is first given in the Iliad . He uses disguises, calls himself 'nobody' and titles his trickery is shown in full force in the Odyssey . Why Barbie Bad Role Model! His constant companion Athena is at his side and helps him to make his odyssey home. His cunning is used to escape the Cyclops and to listen to the Sirens; to fool his wife and son; and to entrap the suitors.

When he visits the Phaeacians, he tells the king: I am Odysseus, Laertes' son. Papers Have! The whole world talks of my stratagems, and my fame has reached the heavens. (23) His sagacity is also evident by how he patiently survives all the in idleness years away from home. The Odyssey must be mentioned in a discussion of Odysseus because without it, a large gap of do research papers have titles, material is left out of his tradition. On reading it, the warmth and admiration that Homer had for Odysseus is clearly evident. This will be contrasted with the writings of many other Greeks. Writing For Leave In Office! The other important point to papers have titles, make concerning the application in office Odyssey is have titles that it mentions the nucleosynthesis carbon cycle Trojan Horse. Odysseus may have gone grudgingly to Troy, with only a small battalion of titles, men, but he ingratiated himself with the important Greek generals and gained their respect and trust. And he was the one who came up with the plan to use the Trojan Horse that allowed them to enter Troy undetected. Of course, it was built with Athena's help, but the idea for such a sly and cunning invention came from dissertation degree no other than Odysseus. So Odysseus accomplished what Achilles could not: the sacking of Troy. The Greeks looked to their poets as teachers and believed that men like Homer and Hesiod were mouthpieces for the gods.

School children were expected to memorize sections of Homer's works because they thought it contained morals about how one should live life, and other important truths. The ancient Greeks cherished these early works and had great interest in papers have what happened to some of why barbie is a essay, their favourite characters. Perhaps it was this interest that spawned so many subsequent stories that were transmitted through later poets and tragedians. Of course, some of them found fault with Homer's perceptions of papers have titles, certain characters. Letter For Leave In Office! One was Pindar.

He believed that Homer told lies that have proved to be unfair to papers have titles, men like Ajax. In Nemean 7, Pindar disagrees with Homer's description of Odysseus: I even suspect that Odysseus' fame was greater than his worth, through the essay in idleness sweet words of Homer. For in his lies and in his winged devices there is an awesome power: wisdom is deceptive, seducing with its myths, and the masses of mankind have a blind heart, for if they could have seen the truth, powerful Ajax, angered over the armor, would not have plunged the smooth sword into papers have titles his breast -- Ajax, except for Achilles, mightiest in battle of all . (24) Pindar must have felt quite strongly about this because he writes of carbon, it again in Isthmian 4 where he refers to Odysseus' famous traits of trickery and lying, saying they were used to win Achilles' armor. Do Research Papers Have! (25) He contrasts this hatcher of schemes (26) with the solid Ajax who was so proud of heart (27) that he no longer wanted to live.

Certainly, Homer also portrayed Ajax in letter for leave a favourable light in the Iliad , and in do research have titles the Odyssey presents him as the quiet, stalwart hero who is still so hurt by the incident that he does not want to talk of it, even in death. Odysseus tells Ajax that he wishes he had never won the armor since it caused such a great hero to die. Odysseus' sincerity is evident and it is a sad situation that is left unresolved. Compassion for this fallen hero was an element that Sophocles would later deal with in Ajax. With the coming of the fifth century BC, there seems to be a negative shift in the portrayal of Odysseus. Sophocles presents two rather different portrayals of thesis collection, Odysseus in his tragedies Ajax and Philoctetes . Ajax is the earlier of the two and casts a more favourable light on him.

In the opening scene, Odysseus is with his familiar friend Athena. Do Research! She seems to describe a sort of dissertation doctorate, telepathic connection between them when she says, . Do Research Papers Have! I felt your need and came on the path to collection, guard and papers help you in your chase. (1) They are presented as close in a spiritual way. Why Barbie Bad Role! Ajax has gone mad with the help of do research papers have titles, Athena and has killed the Greek flocks thinking they were actually his comrades. Ajax had attempted to murder Odysseus since he was awarded the arms of Achilles instead of essays dogs, him, but Athena protected him. Odysseus shows his usual practicality and desire to do research titles, survive when he shrinks from her suggestion that he go into the tent of Ajax to see how crazy he has become. Odysseus realizes that Ajax is his enemy and personal about that he would be in great danger if seen by him. Ajax feels wronged by papers have, his comrades and writing for leave has specifically blamed the papers man whom he sees as responsible for the slight against his honour. Ajax is under the delusion that Odysseus is inside his tent and plans to torture him: Crimson his back with this whip first, then kill him. (29) Odysseus shows great sincerity when, instead of gloating with Athena over these events, he sees them as a tragedy -- the tragedy of a fallen Greek warrior and stellar nucleosynthesis cycle hero, who can never live down this disgrace. He realizes that if Ajax can lose so much stature, anyone can.

When Ajax comes to realize what he has done and how he disgraced himself, he plunges his own great sword into his body and ends his suffering. Do Research Have! When a great man falls from grace, it is always a long drop down and many people suffer. Tecmessa, his wife, wonders if the dreadful goddess has bred this pain, perhaps for her favourite, Odysseus. (30) Ajax may have fallen in cow dung during Patroklos' funeral games, but there was never an indication that he and Odysseus were arch-enemies. Ajax, just like Achilles, felt he was slighted when he did not receive the prize of the arms. Ajax could have accepted the decision like the noble man he was and kept quiet; he could have acted like he did when he saw Odysseus in in office Hades, but he did not. When Menelaus refuses to allow Ajax to be buried, Teucer argues the do research have titles cause. He points out that his brother came as a king and brought his own men to Troy. Stellar Cycle! Menelaus may be the titles King of Sparta, but he had no right to direct the affairs of the dead man. Of course, this is a flawed argument because the Atreidae did direct everything for ten years and it was also attempts on their lives that caused Ajax to kill himself. It is for this same reason that Menelaus will never be swayed by Teucer's arguments. Menelaus may have known the archer, but he was never in writing application in office any direct command of do research papers titles, him.

The person to persuade him is someone he knows well, trusts, and summary respects. Have Titles! That is why it is Odysseus' arguments that win over the Atreidae. The skilled speech maker is now using his abilities to dissertation doctorate degree, win burial for a man who deserves to be buried. R.P. Do Research Have Titles! Winnington-Ingram says that Odysseus certainly [belongs] to a world which reasons and argues, (31) but why does Odysseus fight this battle? Why does he risk the dissertation doctorate friendship of Agamemnon and Menelaus? Odysseus knows that Ajax was a brave man and says so. He knows that just like Hektor, he had lived a pious life and deserved to do research papers have titles, be buried. Stellar Nucleosynthesis! The gods would surely want him to be given proper rites and in fact, Odysseus says, for it is not he, but the laws of gods, you would be destroying. Papers Have! (32) R.P.

Winnington-Ingram states that it is thesis collection not . because non-burial infringes divine law rather than harms the dead man that it is unjust to dishonour him . (33) But Odysseus slips in a reference to have, divine law, hoping that it will help the cause. (34) He knows what a valuable man Ajax was to the Greeks, especially when Achilles was angry and refused to fight. Some writers portray Odysseus as risking his life when he opposed the letter for leave application in office Atreidae in this matter, but he never showed any subservience to them in papers have titles the Iliad . He always spoke his mind and pointed out faults when he saw them, all along trying to be a uniting force. He was not risking his friendship or loss of prestige because their relationship had gone past that sort of letter writing in office, tallying, and Odysseus was seen as their equal by the time of the do research papers titles action. Key to exhibiting Odysseus' virtue and sensibility in this regard are the words that he speaks to essay in idleness summary, Agamemnon: His greatness weighs more than my hate, (35) and I hated him while it was fair to hate. (36) To keep up a continual assault on the fallen hero would accomplish nothing -- the words would be hollow. To disallow his burial might even garner hatred and papers have unrest among the troops who surely respected Ajax and knew that he had saved their own ships on occasion. But the reason that Odysseus is quite sure that he is dogs right about this is one he states in the beginning of the play:

Yet I pity his wretchedness . I think of him, yet also of myself; for I see the true state of all us that live -- we are dim shapes, no more, and do research weightless shadow . (37) The last lines of the degree play reiterates these sentiments when the chorus says: What men have seen they know; but what shall come hereafter no man before the event can see, nor what end waits for him . (38) Sophocles characterized Odysseus quite favourably in titles this play, but as the years went by and he was near the letter for leave in office end of do research papers have titles, his career, he gave a very different portrayal of essay in idleness summary, him in his tragedy, Philoctetes . Why? One can only speculate on things that happened so long ago. The fifth century BC was a time of intellectual upheaval for the Greeks and change was taking place in the political structure.

Many people were questioning the old aristocracy and their power, and do research papers the assertion that arete was something rich people are born with. Men, who were called sophists came to Athens with the message that arete was a teachable thing and as long as they had money, anyone could be taught. These sophists were seen, especially by the old upper class, as a dangerous element that was smooth-talking and deceitful. A group who would end up causing havoc. In some ways, they were right and steps toward democracy were helped along by stellar nucleosynthesis cycle, the introduction and innovations of men like Protagorus. Did Sophocles concentrate on some of Odysseus' well-known personality traits and turn him into a political man, of a type which may be recognizable to fifth-century audiences? (39) Whatever the reason, Odysseus is a different man than the one seen in have Ajax , but some of his original characteristics were still evident. In Philoctetes , Odysseus is again seen as ambassador for the Atreidae. He is sent on the important mission of retrieving Philoctetes and writing for leave application in office his bow, which must be brought to Troy to help the Greeks win the war. The fact that Agamemnon has left him on the island for more than ten years after he received a terrible snake bite is the problem to be resolved. Do Research Have Titles! Philoctetes was bitten when he inadvertently walked on sacred ground and was consequently punished by dissertation, the gods with a foul smelling, painful and diseased foot. Odysseus was dispatched by the King and has Achilles' son Neoptolemus with him.

Odysseus tells him that he had orders to do research titles, leave Philoctetes behind ten years before, stating: my masters, the princes, bade me to do it, (40) when Philoctetes' groaning was interrupting sacrifices to the gods, and the camp was haunted by him. (41) Odysseus was only following orders when he left the man on the island; he was not really in a position to argue since it happened on the way to Troy and he did not know the Atreidae at the time. He now fears the revenge that Philoctetes will surely want. As the quintessentially prudent man, he puts a guard on doctorate, alert, saying: For he would rather take me than all the Greeks. (42) Throughout Odysseus' conversation with Neoptolemus, he uses phrases like ensnare the papers titles soul of Philoctetes with your words, (43) and it is the tongue that wins and not the deed. (44) He is using his own sophistic persuasion to convince Achilles' son to essay in idleness, help him. He is taking advantage of papers, Neoptolemus' good nature and personal essays dogs his young age to twist him into submission. 'He' should be 'they' since he is only doing the dirty work for Agamemnon and will do anything to achieve his goal. Odysseus realizes what Neoptolemus cannot: that neither force nor persuasion will work on their own, stating: he will not be persuaded; force will fail. (45) He knows that as the best archer of the Greeks, coupled with Heracles' bow, that no one could take Philoctetes by force. He hopes that Neoptolemus will be able to trick him at least to pass over the bow so that they can then capture him easily. At the end of the play we realize that appropriate persuasion, as opposed to deceit, was their last chance. Odysseus knows the prophecy of Helenus but he only papers have titles tells Neoptolemus as much as he wants him to know. He compliments him, talks of his father, and tells him to take Philoctetes by craft. He is trying to ensnare him with his words and allows him to believe that he will be called a wise man and a good one (46) for his actions on the deserted island.

Odysseus asked him to forget his true self for one day and to give himself over to him and then he can be virtuous again. What Odysseus did not factor in ceu library collection was the possibility that Neoptolemus and Philoctetes would become friends, and that the young man would not be able to go against his true nature even for a day, even for glory. He tells Philoctetes that all is disgust when one leaves his own nature and does things that misfit it. (47) Neoptolemus is not like the Odysseus who is portrayed in this play, and he is unable to accept that the suffering of this Greek man was allowed to continue for so long. His father, Achilles, was a savage man, but he hated deception and did not like Odysseus for that quality. When Neoptolemus gives the do research titles bow back, Philoctetes tells him, . you have shown your nature and true breeding, son of Achilleus and not Sisyphus . (48) This was a later addition to why barbie is a model essay, Odysseus' lineage. He began as the son of Laertes, but as time went on, he was associated with the trickster Sisyphus. Every culture seems to have at least one character that has the qualities of a trickster and the Greeks had many. Papers Titles! In the Theogony , Hesiod wrote about Prometheus, who had outwitted even the mighty Zeus on more than one occasion. (49) Zeus, himself, used many devious methods to why barbie is a model essay, obtain affection from women like Leto and Europa.

Other mythological characters like Tantalus and Sisyphus were known for their wily ways. In the Philoctetes , Odysseus is portrayed as a combination of quintessential trickster and papers have smooth talking sophist, who has no compassion for Philoctetes whatsoever and no qualms about corrupting Achilles' son. At the end of the play, his deceitful tactics do not work. He loses whatever hold he had over Neoptolemus and does not get agreement from Philoctetes that he or his bow will go to Troy. Neoptolemus gave the bow back to its rightful owner and agreed to take him home. Its original owner then appears to give directions. Heracles tells his old friend Philoctetes that he must go to Troy with Achilles' son and why barbie model essay fulfill the will of Zeus. Odysseus has no redeeming qualities in Sophocles' second representation of him, and this trend continues with Euripides' tragedies. Odysseus appears in a few of Euripides's plays and always as a totally detestable character.

W.B. Stanford says that Euripides presents Ulysses in an almost entirely evil light, (50) particularly in Hecuba , where he plays a leading role, without a single redeeming feature. (51) Hecuba is a play that shows the papers titles devastating effects of war and what happens to personal dogs, captives in the aftermath. The tragedy opens with the do research speech of Hecuba's son Polydorus, who was in the care of his father's Thracian friend during the Trojan War, but who was recently murdered for gold. Essay In Idleness Summary! The queen lives with the assumption that her last remaining son is alive and looks forward to seeing him soon. This son and two of do research, her daughters are her only children to survive Troy and its fall. A chorus of ceu library collection, captive women bring her terrifying news that her daughter Polyxena is to be sacrificed on Achilles' tomb, and that it was Odysseus who had convinced the have titles Greeks to perform the ceremony: And the letter in office rush of words, yes and no, was balanced until that shifty-hearted butcher knife, that sweet-coaxing, pandering son of Laertes persuades the army not to reject the have titles best of all Greeks for the life of a slave, a sacrifice . (52)

The pain and horror is evident as Hecuba tells her daughter of her fate. When Odysseus enters, he is calm and callous, telling the fallen queen not to get upset for 'it is prudent, even in bad times, to use common sense. Degree! (53) This sounds characteristically Odysseus. Hecuba gives him reasons why he should spare Polyxena and includes how she once saved his life in Troy. Now he should do something for her and she kneels in supplication before him. Odysseus ignores her pleading and tells her that Achilles requested the sacrifice and it could not be disregarded. Hecuba tells her daughter to supplicate herself to have, Odysseus, but he prevents her from doing so. Polyxena accepts her fate, but kills herself. Her mother is treated with sympathy by no other than the why barbie is a essay cold-hearted Agamemnon. Odysseus is portrayed as an evil man, who has no compassion or understanding of human suffering. This is a contrast with the sympathetic man we see in Ajax . Euripides cast Odysseus in do research papers titles The Women of Troy , as well and writing for leave he is treated in a similar light.

Troy has just fallen and Queen Hecuba has received the news that she will go to papers titles, Ithaka with Odysseus. She laments: Odysseus? Oh Odysseus! Now shear the head, tear the cheek, beat the brow! Cruellest fate of all! Now I belong to a perjured impious outcast, who defies man's law and God's; monster of wickedness whose tongue twists straight to crooked, truth to lies, friendship to hate, mocks right and honours wrong! (54) Hecuba is right to hate this man for soon she learns of his plan to throw her sweet grandson off the walls of her city, to die a tragic death. Andromache says, But this is horrible beyond all measure! (55) and it is to the reader, as well. When Astyanax is brought in on his father's shield, dead, Odysseus is really seen as an evil man, even if he is doing such things for the good of Greece because he shows no mercy for the Trojans. Euripides gave Odysseus a major role in a lost play called Palamedes , a man known for his cleverness, and who ruined Odysseus' plan of avoiding going to stellar carbon, the Trojan War.

To get his revenge, Odysseus made it look like Palamedes was a traitor, who had helped the enemy in exchange for gold. Palamedes was found guilty with trumped-up evidence, and stoned to death because of do research papers have titles, Odysseus. (56) The Homeric Odysseus would likely have become the best of friends with a man as wily as himself, but Euripides seemed to thoroughly detest Odysseus. W.B. Stanford states: Euripides' blackening of [his] character in this and other plays had a lasting influence on classical drama until the eighteenth century. The serviceable diplomat and statesman of the Iliad is dissertation doctorate degree transformed into a detestable politique whom no humane writer could admire. It was not until well into papers titles the nineteenth century that the [Odysseus] of drama fully escaped from this burden of infamy . (57) Odysseus went through many transformations from the time of the ceu library collection Iliad to the fifth-century BC, but in some ways he did not change at all. He began as a man of do research papers, words and personal about he ended up the same way, even if the words seemed uncharacteristic of him at times.

Odysseus may be looked at in a positive manner, or in a very negative light, but he was one of the only heroes to survive the Trojan War and he always worked for the Greek cause.

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The Korean War: Tactics and Logistics. The Second World War officially ended in the year 1945. Titles! It was a devastating war that many hoped that it should be fitting to end all wars and for a change give the world a breathing space, to be granted that very elusive peace. Yet, perhaps those who wished for a world in in idleness, harmony after World War II may have underestimated mankind’s appetite of do research papers titles some leaders who wanted to be supreme rulers of the why barbie is a bad role, globe. So, five years after the guns were silenced in the Great Theater of war in Europe, another dangerous conflict is brewing in Korea.

Here, one can see a display of do research papers things to come because Vietnam and doctorate, Afghanistan are still future events. Have Titles! In the Korean War the world became witness to what happens when superpowers decide to play chess. Unfortunately, this game is not played the traditional way with wooden pieces and all. This time the chessboard is the Korean Peninsula and the pieces are either the native Koreans or imported as in soldiers coming in from all over the world. It is interesting to note that this is doctorate, not a World War in the truest sense of the do research titles, term, but the true players are global leaders who happened to confine their violent resolution in a specific location, Korea. The United States, Russia, North and South Korea, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and ceu library, other Asian nations were participants in this war of attrition. Do Research Papers! The battle lines were drawn and is a model, it was named the papers have titles, 38th parallel. This allowed for a little bearing in a very confusing time, hoping to give a little bit of clarity in carbon cycle, a very agitating situation. This paper seeks to understand the Korean War. This can be done by looking at a brief historical background before the have titles, war and the events that added fuel to the tension between two Korean governments.

Since the Korean War like many conflicts is summary, so complicated this study focuses on tactics and titles, logistics, and less on the historical figures that played a major role in dissertation, this important period not only for do research, Koreans but for Asians in particular and the world in general. The Korean War was sometimes called the “Forgotten War” and this may be so because like Vietnam there are only a few people who understand its significance. Yet an “…outpouring of books, articles and film in the last decade as well as an impressive memorial on Washington, DC’s Mal (and the realization that) …it would be practically impossible to understand the Cold War…” have created a revival of interest on stellar cycle, this subject (Sandler, p. 1). The conflict in this area of the world does not surprise the do research titles, experts and the grizzled veterans of war. In fact the professional soldier can easily read the undercurrent of ceu library collection history and be able to papers have titles, predict what will happen in the struggle for power and supremacy.

This was eerily demonstrated by a seemingly prophetic Commodore Matthew Perry when he spoke these words in the year 1856, a century before the in idleness summary, Korean War: The people of have America will, in some form or other, extend their dominion and their power […] upon dissertation degree the eastern shores of Asia. And I think too, that eastward and southward will her great Russian rival […] The antagonistic exponents of freedom and absolutism must thus meet at last, and then will be fought that mighty battle on which the world will look with breathless interest; for on its issue will depend the freedom or the slavery of the world (as cited in Huston, p. 200). It boggles the do research titles, mind of the average person when analyzing as to how Commodore Perry was able to ascertain his claims. What is more amazing is the accuracy of his predictions.

It is like looking in a crystal ball and seeing very clearly what will happen. Degree! And indeed what Perry prophesied came to pass. Russia became a superpower and just like what the Commodore had said, the Russian government exerted tremendous influence over China. And of course his final statement about the do research papers have titles, necessity of ceu library a crucial war that will showcase the fight for freedom as opposed to absolutism was also played out just as he predicted. This can only mean that even before the first bullet crossed the 38th parallel, there are already forces at have titles, work even as far back as the late 19th century. Perry was able to read the signs and why barbie is a model, the saw the root cause of conflicts in this part of Asia. Yet it was only in the 1950s when the have titles, seed planted by those who wanted to control this region grew and blossomed into a passion that could only be satisfied with conquest. Commodore Perry was praised here because of his foresight, a very important talent that a general should possess. If only the leaders of the free world in the 1950s were as gifted, then things would have turned out differently. Why Barbie Bad Role! But as fate would have it, from the do research have titles, U.S. and ceu library thesis collection, UN side was able anticipate what is going to papers have, happen. Either they were blindsided by the Communists or they were preoccupied by their paranoia.

And that paranoia is brought about by nucleosynthesis the fear of being overrun by a westward move by the Union Soviet Socialist Republic. Stanley Sandler remarked on this and he wrote: A Soviet thrust into Western Europe seemed a far more threatening contingency than a possible dust-up between two unattractive regimes in a bleak former Japanese colony that most Americans could not find on a map. But Americans […] would become acquainted with Korea in a war that would turn out be the third bloodiest in their history […] and which for do research titles, Koreans themselves would prove the greatest catastrophe in essay summary, their national history (p. 2). It depends which side is asked. For the U.S. and UN Command, it was the North Koreans who drew first blood and attacked without warning nor any form of declaration of war. It seems that history is repeating itself once again for Americans just like in Pearl Harbor. But according to the communist-backed regime they were just retaliating from what the South has been doing for the past several months. The truth of the matter is that both sides were engaged in skirmishes that were serious prelude to war.

Sandler asserts that it was an, “…armed conflict between the Democratic People’s Republic of titles North Korea and the Republic of South Korea, which had been conducting mutual border raids for more than a year” (p. 2). At any rate the U.S. led forces were caught by writing for leave in office surprise that fateful day of June 25, 1950. Do Research Have Titles! Even if they will deny it, it is now clear that the North were prepared to bad role model essay, launch an attack and the offensive move was purely intentional. Kim Il Sung the de facto leader of the do research papers have, newly established North Korean Regime began to make plans to invade South Korea. This plan was of course made in cycle, secret but nevertheless in close coordination with Russia’s Stalin and China’s Mao Tse-tung. According to Allan Millett the origin of this plan can be traced back to a change in the policy of Kim Il Sung’s benefactor to communize the whole Korean Peninsula (p. 102). It seems that Russia is no longer contented with being kept in check by a ridiculous 38th parallel and would like very much to gobble the whole Korean Peninsula. Do Research! “The Soviets, however, came to realize that the goal of communizing the bad role essay, entire peninsula could not be achieved through such limited tactics, and do research papers have, decided to resort to more violent means” (Millet, p. Letter In Office! 102). In December of 1948 the Soviets made the first tactical move to befuddle the U.S. by withdrawing their troops unilaterally out of North Korea.

Then the Russian government turned around and papers, invited the top brass of North Korea and China’s military for a buildup. Millet bared that the troika agreed to “…build up the strength of the North Korea People’s Army (NKPA), around 6 shock divisions, 8 combat and 8 reserve divisions, and 2 armored divisions and to complete the war preparations within 18 months (i.e., by June 1950)” (p. 103). The NKPA was able to do all of these like clockwork revealing a tremendous level of preparedness and dangerous intent. Level of Preparedness. While the NKPA was psychologically and physically prepared to engage in battle the ROK (Republic of Korea) army though prepared for future skirmishes and for another round of border raids was not truly ready for a full scale war. The South was not ready to face an enemy dead set in gobbling them up and why barbie is a essay, desiring to unite the have, whole peninsula once again. It took at least five days after the initial offensive of NKPA for dissertation doctorate, the U.S. to make a coherent response. “On June 30, US President Harry S. Truman authorized US ground forces to stop the North Korean attack” (Boose, p. 4). This led to losses in the early rounds of the do research papers titles, fighting and essay in idleness, led Boose to comment, “It was able to do little to delay the KPA, but additional forces were on do research papers titles, the way” (p.

4). Aside from differing interests and the reasonably defective intelligence from the Western nations – or they would have known of an imminent attack – there is the psychological reason for why barbie is a bad role essay, being unprepared. Sandler made a comment why it was unlikely for the Korean Peninsula to be plunged into such a bloody conflict. And he wrote: In looking back (before World War II) … it would be difficult to imagine a more homogeneous and united nation than Korea. […] they are of the same culture with minor north-south variations throughout the peninsula, and do research have titles, the Korean language – Hangul – is universal. Korean cultural homogeneity can be illustrated in its place name, a source of confusion for non-Korean UN personnel throughout the personal essays about, war: Inchon/Ichon, Masan/Musan, Paengnyong/Pyongyan/Pyonggang Pyongchang, Taejon/Taechon, Pukchong/Pukchang…(p. 3). That and the eighteen month head start is creating a great advantage for the NKPA.

In the end this advantage would create a stalemate and would result in the present division of titles Korea and the unexpected survival of this communist state even though its patron the great USSR had long been dismantled. The North Korean and the communist forces were not only decisive and aggressive they were able to create a force enough to challenge U.S. and UN supremacy in the South. The book, “Communist Logistics in the Korean War” by Charles Shrader is an excellent source in getting an in office in-depth look at what happened on the other side. Too many times the victors or the presumed victors in the case of the Korean War are all too willing to gloss over their mistakes and hype their successes. The focal point of this book is the refutation of the myths perpetuated by do research have titles the Americans and nucleosynthesis carbon, UN forces that were then passed on to people back home and unfortunately was taken in as gospel truth.

Shrader asserts and this is quite a revelation: One of the do research papers have titles, more persistent myths of the Korean War is that North Korean and why barbie bad role model, Chinese communist solders were able to subsist on a mere handful of rice per day obtained all their arms and ammunition from their enemies, and moved all supplies by animal cart or human porters. Papers! Although supply requirements of NKPA and doctorate degree, CCF in Korea were amazingly low when compared to do research papers have, the requirements for is a bad role essay, equivalent UNC units, the do research titles, Communist forces did generate substantial requirements for formal supply and transport forward of tremendous quantities of food, petroleum products, weapons, and ammunition (p. 89). The U.S. and UN led coalition were more technically advanced but this is not the most important thing in any given war. It is the level of personal essays about preparedness that is important. That level of do research titles preparedness can only be gauged in relation to the environment where a battle will be waged. Let’s say for example that forces are slugging it out in a heavy-forested area with a very steep incline. No matter how sophisticated the military jeeps are, this kind of dogs technology will be rendered effective. In another example where the passageway in a body of water is narrow and shallow no matter how technologically advanced the frigates are it would be foolish to attack using this route since one sunken vessel can immobilize the whole fleet.

In other words tactics and logistics are the most important aspects to consider and not just technology. This is the bone of contention in Shrader’s books – the South Korean forces was wrong in thinking that they were technically superior. This led Shrader to remark that: NKPA-CCF logistical doctrines and methods were characterized by flexibility and innovation, which allowed them to compensate for comparative lack of material resources and modern technology […] NKPA and CCF logistical organizations were equally flexible and often exhibited great variation in form, strength, and equipment of the have titles, assigned service units (p. 25). What contributed well to bad role model, the high level of preparedness by papers have titles the NKPA – aside from the Soviet support of personal course – is the broad range of natural resources present in North Korea. This includes water, power, timber, rare strategic materials e.g. tungsten, zinc, graphite reserves, substantial iron ore deposits, copper, lead, cobalt, asbestos, molybdenum, nickel, gold and silver (Shrader, p. 60). This resulted to an almost miraculous surge in North Korea’s war time production of papers have titles needed materiel that surpassed pre-1945 levels: 1) 166,000 tons of pig iron; 2) 144,000 tons of steel ingot; and 3) 116,000 tons of finished steel (Shrader, p. 61). Summing it all up the major source of writing for leave application military materiel came via USSR which supplied the NKPA with aircraft, tanks, vehicles, communications equipment, heavy artillery, and ammunition.

In addition to papers have titles, that, a portion of dogs their needs were supplied by third country suppliers (Shrader, p. 60). Thus when the communist forces launched the initial attack in June of 1950 their combined forces produced the following massive force in the eve of the attack: …135,000 men in two corps comprising eight full-strength infantry divisions, two half-strength infantry divisions, an armored brigade, an papers titles independent infantry regiment, a motorcycle reconnaissance regiment, and five brigades of the Bo An Dae, or Border Constabulary (Shrader, p. 90). What is more amazing is the doctorate, development of the papers have, NKPA forces after the 1950s. After suffering setbacks from the retaliatory attacks of the UN command, the NKPA in the middle of 1951 the personal about dogs, “rebuild NKPA included 213,600 men in twenty-three infantry divisions, one mechanized division, one armored division, and two independent infantry brigades controlled by seven corps headquarters. NKPA strength peaked in October 1952 at around 266,000 men in eighteen divisions and six independent brigades” (Shrader, p. 90). If this was not enough to give the South Koreans and its allies a full plate, the Chinese and the Soviets entered the fray in the guise of helping a beleaguered brother-in-arms. Do Research Titles! The forces supplied by the People’s Republic of China was more than enough to bring this regional level conflict into World War scale. The following data proves the serious intent of the communist bloc: By late November 1950 some 300,000 Chines Communist troops were in Korea: 180,000 in the six armies (eighteen divisions) of the XIIIth Army Group […] 120,000 in the three armies (twelve divisions) of the IXth Army Group […] on carbon cycle, 1 July 1952, fify-one CCF divisions with some 540, 200 men manned the papers have titles, line across Korea from the west coast to the central Taebaek Range and essay summary, were supported by do research papers titles about 10,000 Soviet and Soviet-bloc advisors and technicians (Shrader, p.90). This is the extent of the level of nucleosynthesis carbon cycle North Korea’s preparedness and a sample of their resolve to win this war.

Stanley Sandler in a few words was able to encapsulate the true state of South Korea’s forces before the attack by saying that June 25, 1950 was a Sunday and that fully one-half of the ROK Army was on have, leave (p. 48). In the initial stage of the attack which was not at all done quietly and with any subtlety: heavy bombardment, followed by a blitzkrieg attack of some 150 Soviet-built T-34-85, 110 warplanes and a crossing of the 38th Parallel by essay in idleness summary a rampaging Korean People’s Army. Still there was an awfully delayed reaction to the events at hand. Sandler explained the reason for such a weak response due to the aforementioned soldiers who were on leave, the high number of civilian leaders who were out of the papers titles, country and the mistaken notion that what just occurred was another border raid. With regards to the presence of in idleness summary U.S. Have! troops, Gordon Rottman lamented that fact that it was such in great shape a mere five years before the conflict and would have come handy in a time like this. But Rottman revealed that the U.S. government intentionally reduced its military strength not only in Korea but also in the Far East. Rottman comments on cycle, the closest source for help which are the forces stationed in Japan and he wrote: Tank companies stationed in Japan had only M24 light tanks as Japanese roads and bridges could not support heavier M4A3 and M26 tanks. M24s were no match for North Korean T-34s, one of the best tanks to do research titles, appear in World War II. The divisions in Japan also lacked their reconnaissance, military police, and replacement companies […] These divisions consisted of 12,500 to essay, 13,600 troops rather than the full-strength 18,804 (p.

3). At first glance, South Korea does not stand a chance against the forces of Communism. Ironically, the same benefactor who gave NKPA a tactical and logistical advantage (USSR) became the source of their demise. Sensing that the North/South conflict is just a prelude for something bigger Russia’s enemies were banded together for a common cause, which is to prevent the USSR and papers have titles, Communism from personal essays about dogs expanding worldwide. This resulted in do research have, a pledge of commitment to provide support in in idleness, a scale reminiscent of Word War II. When the NKPA was not able to papers titles, achieve total victory, this gave the U.S. and UN led coalition to regroup and pose a decent defense of why barbie South Korea. Rottman expounded on this idea by saying that: The Korean War was to be the UN’s first commitment of armed forces to titles, conduct and end a war […] the UN called on all member nations to support the military effort in Korea. Fifty-three countries approved of armed action against North Korea: 15 committed ground combat forces, nine provided naval forces, six sent air force elements, and carbon, five contributed medical support, either military or civilian (p. 117). In general there is nothing that U.S. armed forces could be proud of in the Korean War.

There was really no clear victor, no territory was gained and as mentioned earlier it was the third bloodiest in the history of war where casualties are at a significant high. The only good thing that could be seen or learned from this incident is the demonstration of what bravery and commitment can do to an organization. Here one can also see the difference between a regular soldier in the U.S. Army as opposed to the brave and the few of the U.S. Marine Corp. Hugh Deane quoted Andrew Greer when describing the essence of being a marine, “In any small unit battle the do research papers titles, outstanding behavior of a few men is always discernible over the others […] The scale is essay in idleness, tipped by a few – by papers have the ten percent – who rise to the heights where the enemy and death can be met without a hesitant step” (p.

97). British historian Max Hastings remarked, “Most of the Eight Army fell apart as a fighting force in a fashion resembling the in idleness summary, collapse of the French in 1940, the British in Singapore in 1942. But he reported the praiseworthy strong resistance of the U.S. Marines in the northeast” (as cited in Deane, p. 111). A particular example was raised by Deane when he commented on the enemy’s attack tactics that looked like suicide attempts characterized by papers sending small units that more often than not gets wiped out. This is letter application in office, followed by wave after wave of do research papers such small unit attacks against stellar carbon cycle a selected point until a breakthrough is achieved and here comes the main force.

This was effective in demoralizing troops. But according to Deane this would not work against papers titles the marines. “…but against doctorate the marines in the Northeast the do research have, results were often frustrating. The marines constructed strongly fortified outposts in the hilly-forested Chosin area and defended them fiercely with a good deal of success (p. 129). Almost all wars are considered a waste of time, money, effort and lives of men. The Korean War was no exception. Considering the following statistics makes one shake hid head over letter in office the folly of war: The North Korean armed forces lost approximately 600,000 men in the fighting, in do research papers have titles, addition to two million civilian casualties. The Chinese […] an is a model essay estimated 1 million casualties.

Losses to do research papers have, the ROK are estimated at 70,000 killed, 150,000 wounded and 80,000 captured. One million South Korean civilians were killed or injured. The USA lost 33,600 men kiled nad 103,200 wounded (Malkasian, p. 88). What adds insult to injury is the futility of not having a clear victor, no territories were gained and nothing significant was achieved except perhaps for a few lessons in the book of tactics. The level of preparedness of both camps explained the reason for the stalemate. The South Korea side was backed up by a technologically superior U.S. and UN led coalition but it was not mentally prepared to wage this war.

Almost every action done on ceu library thesis collection, the part of South Korea was mostly reactionary and defensive. Most importantly, the United States was treading on thin ice since a miscalculation and overkill can easily escalate the regional conflict into a global war. Do Research Have! With the Second World War fresh from people’s minds there is no incentive to go full force. Although the letter for leave, NKPA was well prepared and very much flexible in their serious bid to unite the do research papers titles, Korean Peninsula it does not have the technological edge to is a bad role, overpower the U.S. and UN forces. On a more important note, the attack on South Korea was a supposed to be a defensive act. Therefor the USSR could not be seen as fully involved and thus it can only work from the background.

That sums up the futility of this exercise but nevertheless it is a good prelude to understand the Cold War and the other similar conflicts that came after it like Vietnam and Afghanistan. Deane, H. (1999). The Korean War. San Francisco, CA: China Books and Periodicals, Inc. Huston, J. A. (1988). Outposts and Allies: U.S. Army Logistics in the Cold War. New Jersey: Associated University Press.

Malkasian, C. (2001). The Korean War. University Park, IL.: Osprey Publishing. Shrader, C. (1995). Communist Logistics in the Korean War. Westport, CT: Greenwood. Millet, A. R. (1997). The Korean War. Seoul: Korea Institute of Military History. Sandler, S. (1999). The Korean War: No Victors, No Vanquished.

Kentucky: University of. Rottman, G. Titles! (2002). Korean War Order of Battle. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Haven’t found what you want?

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ACT/SAT Essay Prompts and Sample Essays with Comments Grades. ACT and SAT essays are scored on a scale of 1 to 6 (6 being the best) by at least two graders. The scores are then added together for a final composite score. If the scores of the graders differ by more than one point, then a third grader grades the essay, providing a score which is do research then doubled to compute the final composite score. The following are examples of ACT and SAT essays written by our students and the comments they received from our Expert On-Line Essay Graders. Essays? All essays are graded according to the College Board and ACT essay scoring rubric. Review sample essays, critiques, and grades. Do Research Titles? As you read the passage below, consider how Paul Bogard uses evidence, such as facts or examples, to personal about dogs support claims; reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence; and stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed. Adapted from have titles, Paul Bogard, “Let There Be Dark.” ©2012 by Los Angeles Times.

1 At my family’s cabin on a Minnesota lake, I knew woods so dark that my hands disappeared before my eyes. I knew night skies in which meteors left smoky trails across sugary spreads of stars. But now, when 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for is a bad role model essay the Milky Way, I worry we are rapidly losing night’s natural darkness before realizing its worth. This winter solstice, as we cheer the days’ gradual movement back toward light, let us also remember the papers irreplaceable value of darkness. 2 All life evolved to the steady rhythm of bright days and dark nights. Today, though, when we feel the closeness of nightfall, we reach quickly for a light switch. And too little darkness, meaning too much artificial light at stellar nucleosynthesis carbon cycle night, spells trouble for papers have titles all. 3 Already the World Health Organization classifies working the night shift as a probable human carcinogen, and dissertation doctorate, the American Medical Association has voiced its unanimous support for do research have titles “light pollution reduction efforts and glare reduction efforts at both the essay in idleness national and state levels.” Our bodies need darkness to produce the hormone melatonin, which keeps certain cancers from do research titles, developing, and our bodies need darkness for sleep. Sleep disorders have been linked to bad role diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and depression, and papers, recent research suggests one main cause of “short sleep” is why barbie bad role “long light.” Whether we work at night or simply take our tablets, notebooks and smartphones to bed, there isn’t a place for this much artificial light in our lives. 4 The rest of the world depends on darkness as well, including nocturnal and crepuscular species of birds, insects, mammals, fish and do research titles, reptiles. Some examples are well known—the 400 species of birds that migrate at night in North America, the sea turtles that come ashore to summary lay their eggs—and some are not, such as the bats that save American farmers billions in do research papers have titles pest control and the moths that pollinate 80% of the world’s flora.

Ecological light pollution is like the personal essays dogs bulldozer of the night, wrecking habitat and do research have titles, disrupting ecosystems several billion years in the making. Simply put, without darkness, Earth’s ecology would collapse. Nucleosynthesis Cycle? . . . 5 In today’s crowded, louder, more fast-paced world, night’s darkness can provide solitude, quiet and stillness, qualities increasingly in short supply. Every religious tradition has considered darkness invaluable for a soulful life, and the chance to witness the universe has inspired artists, philosophers and everyday stargazers since time began. In a world awash with electric light . . . howwould Van Gogh have given the world his “Starry Night”? Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in do research papers titles our children or grandchildren? 6 Yet all over the world, our nights are growing brighter. In the United States and Western Europe, the why barbie is a bad role model essay amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Computer images of the United States at night, based on NASA photographs, show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light. Much of this light is wasted energy, which means wasted dollars. Those of do research papers titles, us over dissertation doctorate, 35 are perhaps among the last generation to have known truly dark nights. Even the northern lake where I was lucky to spend my summers has seen its darkness diminish.

7 It doesn’t have to be this way. Light pollution is readily within our ability to solve, using new lighting technologies and shielding existing lights. Already, many cities and towns across North America and papers have, Europe are changing to in idleness summary LED streetlights, which offer dramatic possibilities for papers controlling wasted light. Other communities are finding success with simply turning off portions of their public lighting after midnight. Even Paris, the famed “city of light,” which already turns off its monument lighting after 1 a.m., will this summer start to require its shops, offices and public buildings to for leave turn off lights after 2 a.m.

Though primarily designed to save energy, such reductions in light will also go far in addressing light pollution. But we will never truly address the problem of light pollution until we become aware of the irreplaceable value and beauty of the darkness we are losing. Write an essay in which you explain how Paul Bogard builds an argument to persuade his audience that natural darkness should be preserved. In your essay, analyze how Bogard uses one or more of the features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument. Do Research Have? Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the degree passage. Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Bogard’s claims, but rather explain how Bogard builds an argument to do research papers persuade his audience. Paul Bogard’s “Let There Be Dark” employs a wide range of rhetorical techniques to craft one important message: humans must initiate efforts to preserve natural darkness before darkness’ extensive list of benefits is permanently lost. Bogard’s argument is built upon his appeal to the broad spectrum of benefits offered by personal essays about dogs natural darkness, including those pertaining to do research health, the environment, and the economy. Utilizing outside sources to back the validity of these benefits, Bogard completes his message with a tone of hope, imploring his audience to join him in his course. Bogard begins his argument with a personal anecdote to juxtapose his personal experiences with the ceu library beauty of do research, darkness against the modern trend of children never witnessing true natural darkness. His powerful image of “woods so dark that [his] hands disappeared before [his] eyes” captivates his audience with a striking visual.

Also, Bogard’s use of the statistic of “8 of 10 children… never know[ing] a sky dark enough for the milky way” reinforces the sense of is a model essay, urgency for preserving darkness that he builds through out the passage. After opening with his sensory story, Bogard pivots to assemble the bulk of have, his argument, barraging the reader with examples of the benefits of essay, darkness. His first piece of evidence involves the health benefits of natural darkness, particularly its role in preventing cancer. After beginning his point by including the support of two highly reputable health organizations, the WHO and AMA, to provide a sense of validity to his argument, Bogard highlights the benefits of do research papers, darkness and a good night’s sleep. He then moves from the health of humans to the health of nature and dissertation doctorate degree, the natural environment. Appealing to a desire for ecological preservation, Bogard lists animals that depend on darkness, then explains the critical role these animals play in our lives, such as bats that assist in pest control and do research have titles, moths that polinate the world’s flowers. The utilization of the simile relating light pollution to “the bulldozer of the night” encapsulates the destructiveness of light pollution that Bogard wishes to convey. Bogards next piece of evidence revolves around the economic benefits of darkness preservation. First using NASA as a source for backing the rate at stellar cycle which darkness is do research papers have being lost, Bogard’s logic of excess light being “wasted energy, which means wasted dollars” provides the reader with a simple benefit of reducing light pollution: saving money.

After stringing together his extensive range of benefits of preserving natural darkness, Bogard turns to the future, Including current efforts for preservation such as those in Paris. His final line completes his argument with his original appeal, that to the “beauty of the darkness”. Overall, Paul Bogard’s argument is carefully constructed, consisting of support from a wide range of sources, examples of the many benefits of darkness, and the interweaving of techniques such as similes to embellish his argument. Overall, this excellent essay displays that the writer did a very close reading of personal dogs, Bogard’s essay and understood the have titles central ideas as well as the interrelation of ideas as Bogard builds his argument. The student discusses most of the persuasive and stylistic elements Bogard uses, with a few exceptions—paragraph 5 is never addressed, which addresses the more meditative, soulful aspects of why barbie is a model essay, darkness: for example, as a source of inspiration for art (Van Gogh’s “Starry Night”). Although the papers have use of a simile is noted, the almost magical language Bogard uses to describe a night sky (“meteors left smoky trails across sugars spreads of stars”) could have been explored in more depth. Finally, the student quotes fairly effectively from the text to support his claims. In terms of analysis, the is a bad role essay two main weaknesses in this essay are the omission of the analysis of paragraph 5 from Bogard’s essay and the student’s lack of analysis in the second-to-last paragraph (beginning with “After stringing together…”) about why Bogard turns toward the future. It’s not enough just to say that the do research papers titles author “turns to dogs the future.” What is his purpose in papers have doing so? What effect does that have on the reader?

What emotion is he trying to tap in the reader? This second-to-last paragraph consists of just two sentences and basically paraphrases rather than analyzes. This student displays an excellent command of language and is very adept at guiding the reader through most of the salient points in Bogard’s essay. There is a precise central claim presented in the introduction and a fairly strong conclusion. There is a lot of personal essays dogs, sentence variety, and do research titles, the student’s word choice and tone strike the personal essays about dogs right chord for a formal essay. Transitional phrasing is do research titles used effectively between paragraphs and to bridge ideas.

A few typos appear in bad role the essay that don’t detract from meaning (e.g., in the first sentence, possessive form should be “darkness’s”; in paragraph 2, “throughout” is one word; in paragraph 3, the correct spelling is “pollinate”; in the first sentence of paragraph 4, the possessive form is “Bogard’s”; in paragraph 5, “Including” should not be capitalized). In our modern day society we think of light polution as a side effect of living. However, Paul Bogard makes the do research papers compelling argument that light polution is actually destroying our sleep. Bogard takes from NASA and other trusted organizations to prove his point, though not all of Bogards refrences are strickly based on stellar cycle, information. Bogard tells stories of sleeping under starfilled skies during his childhood. These nostalgic stories bring out emotion in readers, causing them to have rethink their stances. Bogard uses facts, figures and emotions to build a touching and essay in idleness summary, compelling argument against titles light polution in nucleosynthesis carbon our society. The human body is papers have titles not a machine that can function perfectly during both night and day.

In the thrid paragraph of Paul Bogard’s essay “Let There Be Dark,” it is stated that the lack of ceu library thesis collection, darkness can lead to cancer. “Our bodies need darkness to papers produce the hormone melatonin, which keeps certain cancers from in office, developing, and do research have, our bodies need darkness for sleep.” (3) Without darkness, the body cannot sleep. Dogs? Some people have tried to work around that fundamental rule, but failed. Bogart brings up the point that a lack of do research papers have titles, sleep can cause some sevear medical problems, such as: depression, diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Read big, threatening words like diabetes and in office, depression are enough to snap any reader into attention. Do Research Papers Have? fear always has, and always will be a great motivator for the human race. Bogard uses these threatening medical facts as a way to grab the reader’s attentions through their emotions. There is constant talk of summary, how our society is ruining the world, and themselfs, through technological advancements. Papers Have? In the seventh paragraph of “Let There Be Dark” Paul Bogard mentions that light polution is not an unstoppable force. “Light Polution is readily within our ability to solve, using new lighting technologies and shielding existing lights.” (7) Bogard brings up his ideas on how to stop the light epidemic. Rarly do you find someone ready with well thoughtout ideas to solve the very problem they are complaining about. Bogart proves to his readers that he is more that just a man with hatred rooted inside of dissertation doctorate, him. Instead, Paul Bogard is a man who ready and willing to do research have solve the problems that lay before him.

Bogard gains the trust of his readers, by showing them there is a way to cycle fight the light epidemic. As more advancements are made by do research have titles our society more problems arise as well. For the most part, technological advancements have made day to why barbie is a essay day life easier Though, our day to day lifes have also been filled with countless arguments of how we are ruining our planet. It can be hard for the average person to understand how technology is affecting our planet. Paul Bogard tries to explain to do research papers have the public the new challenges we face, in a comprehensible way.

In the third paragraph of “Let There Be Dark”, Bogard explains how we keep ourselfs from sleep by spending too much time on technology. Bad Role Model Essay? “Weathe we work at do research have titles night or simply take our tablets, notebooks and smartphones to bed, there isn’t a place for this much artificial light in our lives.” (3) Nowadays, almost everyone obtains some sort of “smart” device that they like to use before bed. Breaking down problems into everyday life is stellar nucleosynthesis carbon cycle what makes them understandable to the public. Bogard is able to papers have connect with his audience by using everyday examples for his argument. Most members of the average public are not science or english majors. It is important to realise that when making an argument, even everyday people should be able to understand. Paul Bogard perfects the idea of crafting an complex argument that is easy to understand. By making different thoughts and letter in office, ideas more accesible, more people can join in on changing the world. This essay shows some understanding of the original text but lacks a strong thesis to really hook ideas onto. The writer starts off by saying the do research titles author’s argument is that “light pollution is destroying our sleep,” but, by the end, the student is down to “more people can join in on changing the world,” which shows that he’s lost the thread of the argument in an effort to use evidence from the text.

Although it has a few strong quotes, the explanations tend to drift into vagueness: “big, threatening words;” “Instead, Paul Bogard is essay in idleness summary a man who ready and willing to papers solve the nucleosynthesis cycle problems that lay before him.” (this is an empty platitude and says nothing about the do research have titles text); “our day to day lifes have also been filled with countless arguments of how we are ruining our planet” (filler; off topic to the essay). Additionally, the introduction gives an example of an emotional appeal to which the essay never returns. The writer should avoid giving examples in the introduction; he can list the types of techniques the author uses to do his job but should wait for the body for the examples. In terms of formatting, the student does not need to start a new paragraph before every quotation. Most of the very short introductory paragraphs can lead right into essay in idleness summary, the quotes that follow without a paragraph break. Transitions between the papers have paragraphs need some work; the essay jumps from one idea to the next. The essay could benefit from phrases like “in addition,” “another technique the dissertation author uses,” or “in the next few paragraphs of the passage.” “Pollution” is misspelled every time.

A writer should be extra careful about do research, correct spelling of words used in the prompt. “Themselfs” and “ourselfs” should be “themselves” and “ourselves.” The write should have left time at the end to read over his essay and personal, check for minor errors. READING: 2, ANALYSIS: 2, WRITING: 3. Do Research Papers Have? critiques, and grades. Parental Expectations Based on Gender. For every 10 Google searches about boys being overweight (Is my son overweight?) there are 17 about cycle, girls (Is my daughter overweight?). For every 10 Google searches about daughters being gifted, (Is my daughter gifted?), there are 25 for boys (Is my son gifted?). This recent study of have, Internet search data suggests that parents may hold different expectations for essay summary their children based on gender; it appears that parents may be want their girls thinner and have, their boys smarter.

The data on the search is essays dogs accurate, but is the explanation? Do parents hope for different things for their sons and daughters? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about parents' expectations of their children. Even though parents are more worried more about their daughters being overweight than their sons, it doesn't mean they want less for their daughters. They just realize that kids can be crueler to girls than boys when it comes to do research titles weight. Because teachers are more likely to recognize giftedness in girls than in boys, who can appear to be less studious in school, parents aren't searching about girls. Boys are often underestimated in dissertation degree the classroom, so parents have to pick up the slack. Do Research Papers Have Titles? As a whole, parents hold different standards for their kids based on gender, but it's not done consciously. Since society places so much pressure on girls to doctorate be thin and boys to be smart, those stereotypes get absorbed without the parents knowing it. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on parents' expectations for their children based on gender.

In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on papers have titles, the issue explain the essays about dogs relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. You may wish to do research papers consider the following as you think critically about the task: Strengths and application, weaknesses of the do research papers titles three given perspectives. What insights do they offer, and what do they fail to consider? Why might they be persuasive to others, or why might they fail to persuade? Your own knowledge, experience, and ceu library thesis collection, values. Have? What is your perspective on dissertation degree, this issue, and what are its strengths and weaknesses? How will you support your perspective in your essay? Parents may expect things from do research, their children, depending on letter for leave application in office, their genders.

Genders have become stereotyped and it leads people to have expectations for each one of them. Sometimes, parents expect these things so that their child could be happy, but it could make the child upset and feel unwanted. Society can put so much pressure on a girl’s weight and a boy’s intelligence that parents start to do research have take in cycle these thoughts. The pressure and expectations on a girl’s weight differs from the pressure on papers have, boys. Parents only expect girls to be thinner to avoid seeing their daughter get bullied.

Peers can be more harsh to stellar nucleosynthesis fat girls than they can be to fat boys. Because of this, parents might force their daughters to excersize more or eat less. These kind of treatments from society and parents could lead to anorexia or depression, even if the girl may not seem fat. I don’t think anyone should care about the weight of anyone. People should only pay attention to titles themselves. Having different expectations about weight, boys have another quality that concerns parents. Seeming less studious in class, parents underestimate their sons and push them to do better.

Teachers can see intelligence in girls because of their behaviour in class. The stereotype that boys do not behave as well as girls in class leads teachers to think that boys do not seem very smart. Parents could see this too, but they may not consider how the teacher treats their students. I think people should not judge someone’s intelligence based on their behaviour. There are many people who are very smart, but they may also like to have a good time.

Expecting one’s son to dogs do better in school could lead to stress and anxiety. Have Titles? It is the stereotypes and pressure from society and peers that adds to the expectations from parents. Parents can absorb thoughts from others without realizing it. Their standards start to why barbie bad role model essay hurt the child because of do research titles, what peers think. The child could develop depression, but the parent would not realize because they are too focused on the standards. Collection? Parents should take the time to talk to their child and figure out any problems the child faces. Titles? Parents tend to put pressure on their children because of the way society thinks of fat girls and boys who have low grades.

Parents want girls to be thin to about avoid having the girls hurt, but it only leads to more trouble. A boy’s intelligence is pushed by parents so much and it becomes a bigger problem. Have Titles? These are because of the way one’s peers thinks, and carbon, the ideas start to be pushed into do research titles, other people’s heads. IDEAS AND ANALYSIS: 3. Overall, this essay discusses the ceu library thesis collection issues presented in a fairly simplistic way and does not analyze the issues in depth or put forth the writer’s own viewpoint in do research a cohesive way. Letter? Each perspective is touched on, but the analysis of the third perspective especially veers off track because it focuses more on discussing one possible repercussion (depression) of pressuring one’s children (both genders) rather than focusing on whether parents hold gender-based expectations. The final paragraph doesn’t feel like a conclusion, and the final sentence digresses into talking about peers rather than parents. Stay on do research have titles, message. DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT: 3. There is ceu library thesis some attempt on the part of the writer to develop his ideas (e.g., that parents’ pressure on do research titles, children to maintain a healthy weight could lead to eating disorders or depression, and that boys’ seeming less studious is dissertation degree not necessarily a true indicator of their actual intelligence), but the reasoning is also simplistic at times: e.g., “I don’t think anyone should care about the weight of anyone. People should only pay attention to themselves”—this statement is too extreme and doesn’t take into account the parental duty of monitoring their child’s health.

The essay uses a five-paragraph structure—an intro, three body paragraphs discussing each of the papers have titles three perspectives, and stellar nucleosynthesis carbon cycle, a conclusion. Do Research Papers Have? There is thesis very little attempt to papers have titles transition between paragraphs or to link or contrast perspectives. Each body paragraph seems to stand alone. There are some grammar errors: a dangling modifier in the 1 st sentence of the 3 rd paragraph, subject/verb agreement error in last sentence of doctorate, 3 rd paragraph. A few typos, but they don’t distract from do research papers have, meaning—here are the correct spellings: behavior, exercise, stereotype.

More generally, some word choices could be more precise (“may expect things” and “parents expect these things”—what things?) or more sophisticated (“parents start to take in these thoughts” and essays dogs, “ideas start to be pushed into other people’s heads”). Avoid wordiness. There are too many instances of vague pronouns or pronouns that don’t agree with the antecedent. More sentence variety is needed—too many start with “Parents…” The overall tone of the essay is do research titles appropriate. I agree with perspective three, parents do hold different standards based on gender, however these standards are subconscious and are more influenced by todays society. It’s evident in writing application our everyday lives that girls and boys are held to different standards. We see these different standards on magazines, tv, and in everyday interactions. When you pick up a magazine it’s usually a model who has the “perfect body”; the titles perfect body in todays society is someone who is thin and stellar nucleosynthesis, tuned. We also see the standard for boys to be smart in our everyday interactions. It’s mainly men who dominate the do research papers math and science fields, and those two subjects are seen as harder than English and social studies.

Also, even though times have changed it’s more common and “acceptable” to have the man at the house be the main provider. To be the main provider you must have the better job, which in theory if you have the better job you are smarter. Parents want the best for their kids so they unconsciously hold their children to different standards based on society. As stated above today’s society places great emphasis on girls being thin. From even before your child is born they are already being prejudiced based on writing application in office, their gender. Do Research Papers Have? If your expecting a girl you automatically decorated your childs room pink, princesses, ballarinas; a “girly” room. So as your little girl is growing up, she already has expectations if she looks on her walls she will see princesses and ballrinas on writing for leave, her walls, and of course they are all thin; nno has ever seen a “fat” princess or ballarina? So even before they have time to think for do research papers have themselves they have a preconcived idea about what they should look like. This “perfect image” continues on all throughout their lives; on billboards, magazines, and t.v. all the girls are thin and summary, pretty. Girls don’t consider all the photoshopping that took place in order to produce that image. All they are focused on papers, is what they can do to essay in idleness summary look like that.

And since parents are influenced by do research papers have these images they will do whatever they can to facilitate their child “living up” to for leave in office that image. In parents eyes they are helping that child if she is papers have titles worried about her weight because if she’s thin she automatically won’t get picked on and will have great self esteem. Just like girls boys are held to different standards too, however these standards vary. Unlike girls, boys are held to higher academic standards. As your son is gowing up he will probably see more men in charge than woman.

In America’s society it is still expected that men will be the C.E.O’s at why barbie bad role essay companies, bosses, and the man in charge of the house. So it isn’t a surprise that while raising your child you emphasis these standards. You want your child to be happy and successful.Therefore you will pressure the idea that boys should be smart, and obviously boys should be smarter than girls. Do Research Papers? This idea is not done in a cynical way, in fact it’s quiet the opposite. Parents don’t mean to belittle their daughter, or any girl, by assuming their son is smarter, they do it subconsciously to coinside with societies standards. Essay? Boys are expected to excel in the harder subjects in school, like math and science. All parents just want whats best for their kids so they will pressure their son to do better in school. Before a child is born the parents will place them in appropiate stereotypes, however this is not done consciously.

Parents already know societies expectations, so they will subconsciously inforce these stereotypes on the children. Parents are not cynically trying to oppress their children by placing them in sterotypes. Instead they are looking out for papers their children. It’s a harsh and critical world in todays society. So the more your child is conforming the less problems your child will have. No parent wants their child to dissertation doctorate stand out negatively or get picked on so they see it has in their childs best interest to have them match up with societies expectations. Although the writer addressed point three, she neglected to address points one and two. Do Research Papers Have? Failure to address all three points will not result in model essay a high scoring essay; the writer must find some way to include the other two points in her argument. The ACT essay is not simply a persuasive essay but an argumentative essay. Papers Have Titles? The writer should consider how she would argue these points if she were doing an thesis, in-class debate. The whole essay is spent defending why parents adhere to stereotypes.

Are there parents who don’t? Why don’t they? Is every girl focused on her looks and uninterested in papers have math and science? Do all mothers stay home? The writer could improve her analysis and support scores by broadening her response and thinking about the other side of the issue. Why Barbie Is A Bad Role? The essay is organized with a clear introduction and conclusion and sufficient transitions, but it contains many language errors.

Comma splices and semicolons need to be reviewed (e.g., the first sentence: “I agree with perspective three, parents do hold different standards based on gender, however these standards are subconscious and are more influenced by todays society.”) as well as possessive apostrophes (“todays society,” “childs room,” or “societies expectations”). “Ballerina” is do research have spelled three different ways and “quiet” was written instead of is a bad role essay, “quite.” The writer should leave time to reread her essay and check for these small errors. IDEAS AND ANALYSIS: 3. DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT: 3. Essay Prompts used with the permission of Summit Educational Group, College Prep Tips, Study Hints, Education News for the Parents and Students in the Philadelphia Area. Sign up to receive weekly article updates . Improve your odds of a better SAT or ACT score today! Find out more about do research have, our test prep and skill builder programs. To reserve your personal tutor, contact us today! Main Office/Mailing Address: 505 York Road, Suite 6. Jenkintown, PA 19046. 610-520-0537 (Bryn Mawr) Submit Your Answer Sheet or Essay for Scoring.

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Cosi Louis Nowra Essays and Research Papers. something. In Cosi a play by Louis Nowra various characters are faced with challenges and throughout the play some . characters rise to the challenges put before them and overcome them, others fail. Using that concept Louis Nowra hopes to communicate the challenges that people must undergo in their life. Louis Nowra uses the do research titles, play within a play technique so that he can easily explore various themes some examples being love, madness and war. Louis Nowra manages to use the characters in the play “ Cosi ” to represent. Challenge , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 925 Words | 3 Pages.

growth. When comparing texts you often see the dramatic similarities of the experiences undergone by in idleness summary the protagonist, we also see that the pain and personal . growth forms at different levels; creating either a diluted or concentrated effect. Cosi by Louis Nowra , the Road Not Taken by Robert Frost and Amadeus directed by titles Milos Forman, all portray similar kinds of pain and growth through similar experience. Lewis begins his journey as a typically middle class citizen with radical left wing views. Cosi , Louis Nowra , Love 1260 Words | 4 Pages. TEXT RESPONSE JOURNAL- Death of a salesman, Cosi amp; The lot The Lot – Michael Leunig 1. In ‘Hello, welcome to our drought’, Leunig is . trying to make clear that we should not crush our individual reality; more so we should accept and embrace in our differences. Leunig expresses this by linking a new born foal with “a spectacular birthmark” with such “freshness and beauty” to the words “artificial appearances”. Leunig discusses the truth about the regulations we must abide by to be ‘accepted’. Arthur Miller , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1298 Words | 4 Pages. In the Face of Betrayal, Lewis Discovers Loyalty Cosi.

IN THE FACE OF BETRAYAL, LEWIS DISCOVERS LOYALTY The play ' Cosi ’, written by Louis Nowra , is set in 1971 amidst . the chaos of the Vietnam War. Australia’s involvement in the war was a topic of great controversy, and being the ceu library thesis, first televised war, reality was brought crashing into the lounge rooms of do research titles Australians. Dissertation Degree! The horrific images displayed in people’s homes sparked anger from those involved in the fight against papers titles communism and conscription. The loyalty of Australians was heavily tested during. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1323 Words | 4 Pages. Cosi ‘ Cosi is more than an entertaining comedy. It reveals the carbon cycle, sadness of the do research papers, lives of the characters.’ Discuss. Through the . Is A Bad Role! play Cosi the audience witnesses the do research papers have, lives of mentally ill people unfold before them. Louis Nowra has used black comedy within Cosi to allow the audience to abandon their pre-conceptions of ‘mad’ people and to see the characters not for their illness but for their personality.

Because of this the letter writing for leave in office, audience is able to relate to each character and their situation and papers have, realise. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 663 Words | 2 Pages. ‘Cosi Is More Than an Entertaining Comedy. It Reveals the Sadness of the Lives of the Characters.’ Discuss. Throught the play Cosi the dissertation, audience witnesses the lives of mentally ill people unfold before them. Louis Nowra has . Do Research Papers Have! used black comedy within Cosi to why barbie model essay, allow the audience to abandon their pre-conceptions of ‘mad’ people and to see the papers titles, characters not for stellar carbon their illness but for their personality. Because of this the audience is do research papers have, able to personal about, relate to each character and their situation and realise the underlying sadness of the patients lives. We are confronted by their pasts as we come to do research papers have titles, realise the causes. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 652 Words | 2 Pages. Cosi by thesis Louis Nowra : essay titles 1. “Just marvellous, Lewis.

Everyone thoroughly enjoyed it. Didn’t think it . was possible. Papers Have Titles! Came right out of their shells. They blossomed, blossomed!” ‘It is thesis, Lewis who truly blossoms in Cosi ”. Do you agree? 2. Do Research Papers! Despite the comedy in ceu library, Cosi , there is an underlying sadness throughout the papers, play”. Discuss. 3. Cosi is more than an is a bad role model entertaining comedy.

It reveals the do research papers have, sadness of the lives of the characters. 4. What does Lewis gain by directing the play? 5. Audience , Change , Cosi 302 Words | 2 Pages. In Cosi , a semi- autographical play by Louis Nowra , various characters are faced with challenges that exist in real . life and throughout the play some characters rise to stellar nucleosynthesis cycle, the challenges put before them and overcome them, while others fail.

Using that concept Louis Nowra hopes to communicate the papers titles, challenges that people must undergo in their life and that fairy-tale endings do not exist in dissertation degree, real life. Papers Titles! Louis Nowra uses the play within a play technique so that he can easily explore various themes such as. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1184 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi by Louis Nowra is a play within a play, Meta Theatre, and is a semi-autobiographical, touching and a biting . portrayal of human relationships and mental illness. Prior to the 1970s, people who suffered from thesis ‘mental disorders’ were sent to mental institutes in order to prevent them from bringing shame onto their families and the community. The ‘illnesses’ ranged from true mental instability, such as OCD and schizophrenia, to do research papers, alcoholics and drug abusers. This is personal about dogs, what Nowra’s play is based around. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Decision theory 1006 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi by do research Louis Nowra - Text Analysis Essay.

How does Nowra use the opera Cosi fan Tutte to writing for leave in office, explore the papers have, play’s main ideas? Set in a typical mental asylum in the 1970’s . during the anti-Vietnam War protests and essay in idleness, the feminist movement for women's equal rights, the play ' Cosi ' by Louis Nowra deeply explores the themes of do research titles love and fidelity, in a society predominantly concerned with war and politics. Throughout the play, Nowra uses the play within a play, ' Cosi Fan Tutte', to convey his key values regarding the importance of love and fidelity in. Cosi fan tutte , History of psychiatric institutions , Love 1992 Words | 5 Pages. Love and Mental Health in Cosi by ceu library thesis collection Louis Nowra. Love and do research have titles, Mental Health in Cosi by Louis Nowra Cosi is ceu library, a play written by do research titles Louis . Nowra . Personal About Dogs! I will be using two speeches chosen from the do research papers have, play to explain how the playwright uses emotive language to show the characters thoughts, views and feelings about issues in the play. The two speeches I will be focusing on writing for leave, are; Act 2 Scene 2 This is do research papers titles, a conversation between Lewis and essay in idleness summary, Lucy about do research titles, their views on love and Lucy’s infertility. And.

Act 1 Scene 4 Which is a conversation between Lewis, Nick and Henry about. First Indochina War , French Indochina , History of Vietnam 1057 Words | 3 Pages. Louis Nowra utilises a range of ceu library thesis structural techniques to heighten the do research, dramatic impact of Cosi . Discuss It is . Why Barbie Is A Bad Role Model Essay! evident that in Louis Nowra’s 1992 play Cosi , a range of structural methods have been employed by Nora to do research papers have titles, intensify the dramatic effects.to the audience. Nowra entrenches the underlying themes of love, fidelity, mental illness and most importantly maturity to show the stellar carbon cycle, change of the main characters. By contrasting the two different acts to do research have titles, show the ceu library, relationship between the internal and do research papers titles, external. Character , Drama , Mental disorder 1173 Words | 3 Pages. “I can’t stand real things. If I could put up with reality I wouldn’t be in here.” How does Nowra allow the real world to be escaped but also a . constant presence in his play? Through the use of many diverse characters, Louis Nowra in his play Cosi reflects on carbon, the idea that the concept of reality has the potential to do research, differ when based on letter application in office, different perspectives. Nowra explores the true meaning of do research reality and stellar cycle, reveals that although certain mentally challenged people believe they are isolated from. 2002 albums , Cosi fan tutte , Jacques Lacan 839 Words | 3 Pages.

Lewis Nowra’s semi auto biographical play ‘ Cosi ’ is a touching yet biting portrayal of human relationships in a Melbourne mental institute, . Do Research! where the patients are astracised by society. Throughout the play Lewis Nowra illustrates each and personal essays about dogs, every character that suffers with a mental illness as normal people with a desire to papers have titles, do or think things different to others from the society of the 1970s. Throughout the play Nowra poses a question, can anybody be classified as insane? When there is writing for leave in office, insanity all. Cosi fan tutte , Drama , Insanity 877 Words | 3 Pages. Nowra’s play is set in a ‘burnt out theatre’.

Discuss the importance of do research setting and imagery in conveying Nowra’s idea on ' Cosi '. The setting . and imagery used in Louis Nowra’s play ‘ Cosi ’ explore the turbulent time that took part in Australia. The play is set in a mental institution in Melbourne, in carbon cycle, the 1970’s. Using the ominous presence of the Vietnam War, Nowra explores the insanity of the war; and the need to condemn war and to protest against Australia’s involvement in Vietnam. The main presence. Cold War , Mental disorder , Psychiatric hospital 876 Words | 3 Pages. really changed at the end of the play? ‘ Cosi ’, written by do research papers have Louis Nowra , is an intriguing (this is not a review . Matt, so don’t use these descriptions) play that explores the minds of patients in the mental asylum and how they progress over time whilst being in degree, the real world. (arent’ they removed from the real world whilst trapped in the confinements of the asylum?) However it is not a patient that changes the most during the papers, rehearsing and performing of ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ but it is the everyday society. 2002 albums , Audience , Cosi 990 Words | 3 Pages.

Louis Nowra’s screenplay ‘ Cosi ’ explores the attitudes to and perception of the mentally ill in 1971. During this period . Australia is at war and undergoing social reform. The perception of dissertation mental patients in titles, the 70s can be seen as unethical and inhumane, with society grouping them with animals and locking them away in asylums with barbaric conditions. The 70s saw mental illness being neglected and kept in the dark and with movies that depict ‘mad’ people as animals; a negative connotation is placed. Cosi , Disability , Insanity defense 838 Words | 3 Pages. ? Cosi is a play written by Louis Nowra in the 1970’s. The comedy is stellar cycle, about an inexperienced director, Lewis, who . chooses to earn some cash and gain professional experience by papers have titles working with a group of mental patients in Melbourne and is a model essay, directing a play for them to perform.

Although the play is a comedy, there is many real messages throughout the play that are deeply significant, these messages are explored through different themes such as the nature of titles madness which is is a bad role, best showed in the characters; Roy. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Doug 678 Words | 2 Pages. been stereotyped and have, marginalised by society throughout there lives. The mistreatment of dissertation mental illness patients has been displayed throughout the play . Cosi . The mental characters from the titles, play create a theme of madness through there different personalities and quirks. The theme; mental illness and madness are developed for the audience by Louis Nowra’s choice of stage directions, dialogue, conflicts and symbolism. About Dogs! From the opening of the first scene evidence of stereotyping and mistreatment of. English-language films , Illness , Mental disorder 830 Words | 3 Pages. ?In Cosi , Nowra uses several recurring language techniques and devices to create various: Symbols and motifs are often ideas, . items, actions, sounds or sights which occur in a play which represent an idea which is reinforces the writer’s message. moods tones Atmospheres Or to emphasis: a situation, an important point or moment in the plot, setting, character, or idea in titles, the play A stereotype An alternate perspective Symbols Burnt-out theatre The setting of a burnt-out theatre. A Different World , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1027 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLISH FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT TASK YEAR 11 – STANDARD Jenai Lawrance TASK 4: THE AUSTRALIAN EXPERIENCE -ESSAY ON ‘ COSI ’ ‘’Drama . allows us to thesis, examine our national identity through characters and conflict’’. Discuss this statement with reference to the play you have studied in class.

The play ‘ Cosi ’ composed by Louis Nowra and set in Melbourne during the early 1970’s allows the audience to reflect on what it mean to be an Australian in the era and in modern times. Through the eyes of. Cold War , Interpersonal relationship , Laos 968 Words | 3 Pages. How Successful Has Lois Nowra Been in Challenging the Significant Ideas of papers have titles Love, Fidelity, Sanity and nucleosynthesis carbon cycle, Insanity in Cosi ? In . the play Cosi Louis Nowra challenges the important themes of love, fidelity, sanity and insanity within a range of dramatic techniques. Cosi is set in Melbourne, during the early 1970’s. Numerous political and radical events were occurring. The Vietnam War protest was raging, the sexual revolution was rolling, and mental illness was still misunderstood and mistreated. Due. Drama , Insanity defense , Love 1644 Words | 5 Pages. Louis Nowra’s play ‘ Cosi ’, demonstrates the bias of madness and deals with the subject of love and fidelity through the papers, . development of the protagonist, Lewis.

Set in in idleness, the era of papers titles free love and war the 1970’s, the use of dramatic techniques creates chaos and conflict as Lewis’s opinions of love and is a model, madness is challenged by do research have titles his interactions with the patients from an asylum and through the production of a play-within-a-play “ Cosi Fan Tutte”. Stellar Cycle! Nowra begins ‘ Cosi ’ by do research papers have titles commenting on the way society treats. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1201 Words | 3 Pages. Dramatic Devices - Cosi | | |Conflict |The classic device for generating drama is the introduction of . Ceu Library Thesis Collection! conflict. The introduction of outsiders, such as Lewis, Nick and | | |Lucy, into a contented and settled group of characters leads to conflicting ideas. Conflict presents itself in 3 forms External, | | |Internal and Environmental. . History of mental disorders , History of psychiatric institutions , Love 3406 Words | 16 Pages. “Working with these people has changed you”. How does Nowra show change in Lewis through the play in Cosi ? In the do research titles, play, . “ Cosi ” written by Lewis Nowra demonstrates his life through the character of summary Lewis Riley, who is the central character. The actions of Lewis and other characters are shown through the stage directions. His personality in the beginning is described to be a shy and an unsure University student who is still trying to figure out the society of the mid-sixties. Lewis started off only.

Cambodia , Friendship , South Vietnam 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi , composed by Louis Nowra , is do research papers have titles, a minimalist play contextualised by the Vietnam War which emphasises the . characters and their growth. Cosi explores the distinctive ideas of illusion verses reality and the concept of “madness” in a comedic and innovative way, through a variety of ceu library collection dramatic techniques. The device of a play-within-a-play of Cosi Fan Tutte, develops an effective dichotomy, while highlighting the dramatic verisimilitude of the values presented in the outside and inside worlds. Titles! Lewis. Comedy , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1146 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi Task Preparation This is the question: Question 2 on Cosi Lewis Nowra , Cosi Act One, . Scene One A burnt out theatre. It is day outside but the ceu library collection, pitch black inside the theatre.

A heavy door opens, a chink of daylight enters, as do three people: LEWIS, his girlfriend LUCY, and his friend NICK. ………………………………….. NICK: Smells like it hasn’t been used in years LUCY: Burnt wood and mould. Are you sure you know what you’re doing? LEWIS: I need the money, Lucy. Do Research Have! [Nick accidentally touches. Drama , Dramatic structure , Friendship 775 Words | 3 Pages. ?Module A: Dramatic Experience . Nicola Martin This essay will discuss how Louis Nowra uses the doctorate degree, dramatic form to convey personal relationships and other ideas. The main topics that will be discussed are the relationship between Lewis and his girlfriend Lucy, Lewis and the patients from the mental institution and his relationship with his work, and Henry finding his voice. Lewis. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1151 Words | 2 Pages. Boit Theatre’s showcase of Cosi written by Louis Nowra and directed by David Berthold is an emotional play, talking . of Love and fidelity. Self’s perception of other people; whether or not love is a strong enough reason to do research papers titles, trust one another.

Two excerpts centred on different themes will be analysed. This analysis will bring to light certain dramatic elements and viewpoints of time, body and space that Berthold has used to enhance the dramatic meaning of this production. Cosi is set in Melbourne during. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , David Berthold 940 Words | 3 Pages. presented to a class of fellow year 12 students who have all studied Louis Nowra's play Cosi . The purpose of dissertation discussing why . Cosi is a play worth performing is to show elements of the play and its ideas that are relevant to our own lives here in suburban Western Australia. Speech: Love is not so important nowadays, or is it? Written by Louis Nowra in the 1990's and set in the early 1970's, Cosi is a play based on the opera Cosi Fan Tutte. You may be asking yourself, why is this play worth performing.

Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 1281 Words | 3 Pages. Close Study of Text: Cosi The play “ Cosi ” by Louis Nowra is about a young, inexperienced . university student who is given the have, task of directing a play in a mental hospital. The play uses many dramatic techniques including the letter writing for leave in office, setting of the play, humour, Language, the play within the play structure, and the fourth wall to help draw the do research, audience into the world of the ceu library thesis collection, play. The play also has distinct ideas such as the question of people’s attitudes towards the mentally ill and people’s attitudes. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1128 Words | 3 Pages. ?How does Nowra use comedy to do research have, critically reflect on human suffering? Nowra uses comedy in conjunction with other tools, to . critically evaluate human suffering. Incongruity Louis Nowra’s typically Australian story is a play within a play following a naive uni student doing a play with ‘extraordinary people who have thought extraordinary thoughts’. Nowra uses comedy throughout the play often to reflect on human suffering and to help the audience break down preconceived conceptions.

However he. Audience , Comedy , Humour 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Do you think that in the play of application in office Cosi , you place conflicting backgrounds behind the characters? Louis Nowra : . Have! They act as grounds to personal about, support conflict between them. Lewis Demonstrates the ability to accept change, however he also shows his reluctance to assert his own morals upon others in the play. However the different personalities in themselves acts as a moral tangle all around Lewis, he essentially becomes part of the titles, audience, redundant in a world of conformity, which is like showing his. Drama , Language , Linguistics 653 Words | 2 Pages.

Madness Is in the Eye of the ceu library thesis collection, Beholder. Is This Lewis Nowra’s View in ‘Cosi’? Madness is in titles, the eye of the beholder. Is this Lewis Nowra’s view in ‘ Cosi ’? Louis Nowra shows that madness is . often viewed through the eye of the beholder which is evident within the juxtaposition of the Nick and Lewis in the play of Cosi . Nowra blurs the lines between what is sane and what is insane through Nick who represents the why barbie is a bad role model, people in do research have titles, the 70s who ignored mental health issues. Also Louis , who on the other hand, represents a wave of new tolerant thinking where mental illness is not seen. Mental disorder , Mental health , Mind 986 Words | 3 Pages.

?Themes Fidelity infidelity According to Mozart’s Cosi Fan Tutte, the stellar cycle, issue of fidelity is depicted to be an ideal that is never achieved. . Since ‘women are like that’ – the interpretation of ‘ cosi fan tutte', Mozart encouraged the belief that men should simply accept women are indeed disloyal in relationships. Nowra illustrates this same idea about women and infidelity through Lewis and Lucy’s relationship. While Lucy is ‘sleeping’ with Lewis, she is also triflingly ‘having sex’ with Nick. When. Black-and-white films , Love , Vietnam War 897 Words | 3 Pages. ?How has Louis Nowra Communicated Unique Ideas in his drama Cosi ? Louis Nowra’s play, . Cosi , is set in the 1970s, during the papers titles, Vietnam War. The setting is in a mental institution. It was written in writing application in office, 1992. Cosi explores a range of ideas and attitudes towards mental illness, such as the stereotypical view that mental patients are dangerous and should be kept locked away. Another is that they are like a lot of papers titles other people who are considered “normal”. But the stereotypical view is generally the constant.

Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Illness 526 Words | 2 Pages. ?Topic: Cosi challenges the essay, audience’s sense of have normality Set in a burnt out theatre in the 1970s, Louis Nowra’s play . ‘ Cosi ’ depicts the bad role, transformation of the do research, protagonist, Lewis Riley. From the start of the play to the end, we see that Lewis turns from a mercenary to a humanitarian. Other than the changes of Lewis, Nowra doesn’t fail to introduce other key themes like love and fidelity, as well as, normality and madness. The word ‘normal’ is similar as to ‘regular’ or ‘usual’. But it also gives. Audience , Love , Mind 807 Words | 2 Pages. Cosi Act one Scene one: Plot: Lewis along with his girlfriend, Lucy, and his friend, Nick, enter “a burnt out theatre.” As they struggle . to find a light switch they joined by Roy. Letter Application In Office! Lucy leaves and Nick who is frightened joins her.

Lewis meets Justin the social worker and do research papers have, then the other members appear. Dissertation Doctorate Degree! Doug, a pyromaniac, Henry, who says nothing and Zac, a musician. The women join them soon after, Cherry, who is violent, Julie, a drug addict and Ruth, who suffers obsessive compulsive disorder. Cold War , Communism , Drug addiction 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Through the structuring of the play within the play in Cosi , Louis Nowra uses the characters of Lucy and Nick to be . an example of sexual love within the playwright. The basis of their relationship as we learn in do research have titles, the end is only sexual, which enables sexual love to become a major theme within the play. When Lucy openly admits that she has “sex” with Nick, and “sleeps” with Lewis, it creates a contrast of personal about dogs opinion with Lewis’, and furthermore creates conflict between the do research have titles, three characters.

This shows. Belief , Human sexual behavior , Learning 567 Words | 2 Pages. Each Patient in Cosi Has Their Own Way of Escaping Reality. Discuss. Cosi , by Louis Nowra , is a play which comprises of many distinct characters, each with their own unique . backgrounds and outlooks on life. Throughout Cosi , the different ways in which the letter writing for leave application in office, patients escape the papers have titles, depressing reality of the asylum and their conditions become evident. Roy creates a false memory of stellar nucleosynthesis cycle a fantastic childhood and obsesses over Cosi Fan Tutte and “the music of the spheres” so as to have titles, suppress the tragic knowledge of his experiences as a child and his life in dissertation doctorate, the asylum. In a. Cosi fan tutte , Drug addiction , English-language films 1456 Words | 4 Pages.

COSI At the do research papers titles, beginning of for leave in office Louis Nowra’s play, Cosi , protagonist Lewis Riley holds views that are consistent with . society in 1970. He has little control over the patients in the asylum, his confidence is low and he is easily influenced. Through Lewis’s interactions with the papers titles, mental patients, his beliefs, understandings and values are altered. This transformation can be described as admirable as Lewis now holds views that are distinctly different from the society that surrounds him. In control of. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 898 Words | 3 Pages.

Cosi: Lewis Changes by Directing the essay, Play. the 1970s (in Cosi ) and the Albanian battle for independence from the do research have titles, Ottoman Empire in 1790 (in Cosi Fan Tutte). Wars also . involve loyalties and betrayals, and dissertation doctorate degree, their chaos on a grand scale underscores the chaos in the lives of the characters in have titles, the opera and in idleness, the play. (Sue Sherman : English for Year 12) •According to papers, Mozart’s Cosi Fan Tutte, the issue of fidelity is depicted to be an ideal that is never achieved. •Since ‘women are like that’ – the interpretation of ‘ cosi fan tutte', Mozart. Adultery , Cosi fan tutte , Love 623 Words | 3 Pages. ? COSI HSC PRACTICE ESSAY Discuss how Nowra’s perspective on personal relationships is conveyed in Cosi . The play . Cosi by Louis Nowra is an emotional portrayal of personal relationships in a Melbourne mental institution ostracised by thesis society. Do Research Papers Have! Throughout the why barbie bad role essay, play Nowra’s perspective on personal relationships develops and changes through character relationships and have, development, especially the development of the main protagonist Lewis. Nowra conveys his perspective on personal relationships through. Black-and-white films , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 546 Words | 2 Pages. the patients forces the audience to dissertation doctorate, realise that often the real world is not such a good place.

The interactions between Lewis and titles, the patients in essay summary, . Louis Nowra’s play Cosi , challenge the audience to view the do research titles, real world as a difficult place. Within the context of dissertation degree Australian society experiencing drastic social and political changes in the 1970’s, Nowra contrasts the views and believes of the patients living in the asylum against the opinions of the real world. Whilst in do research papers have, the asylum, the protagonist. Performance , Stereotype 726 Words | 2 Pages. understanding about themselves and the world. Inner journeys can be deliberately initiated, but is usually the result of new circumstances where the . individual changes themselves or their perspective of themselves, others or the world. Cosi the play written by Louis Nowra , the poem from the stimulus booklet, The Road Not Taken, written by Robert Frost, the film Coach Carter, directed by Thomas Carter and the song lyrics At Seventeen by Janis Ian are all texts which show an inner journey has taken place. 2003 albums , At Seventeen , Basketball 2114 Words | 6 Pages. Cosi Shows Us That There Is as Much Madness in the Outside World as There Is Within a Mental Institution.’ Discuss. In Louise Nowra’s COSI , a semi-autobiographical drama, Nowra reveals that there is personal essays dogs, as much madness in have titles, the outside world as exists . in an asylum. COSI reveals to the reader that madness does not discriminate; lunacy is no psychological construct and essays, that madness is the perception of normality versus abnormality whereby no boundaries exist.

Through the use of papers COSI Nowra is able to compare the delirium of the outside word to that of the mental institutes during the 1970’s, drawing upon carbon, the themes of. Insanity , Insanity defense , Love 2230 Words | 6 Pages. Cosi Practice Essay: What does Lewis learn by directing Cosi Fan Tutte? In the famous playwright ‘ Cosi ’ . written by Louis Nowra and published in 1992, Lewis Riley, the play’s protagonist discovers more about himself than ever before. In a setting of a ‘burnt out theatre,’ which involves characters deemed ‘insane,’ Lewis is portrayed as the ‘normal’ solitary and the driving force of the play.

Through his journey from being an unconfident ‘director’ and do research have, idealistic on stellar carbon cycle, Australia’s current involvement. Accept , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 673 Words | 2 Pages. Cosi Shows Us That ‘Fairytale Endings’ Do Not Reflect Real Life. How Does Nowra’s Play Show Us the have titles, Complexity of degree People’s Existence? Cosi shows us that ‘fairytale endings’ do not reflect real life. How does Nowra’s play show us the complexity of people’s existence? . Cosi is a play set in papers, the 1970s, when Australia and the world were facing political complexities, such as the conflict against the communist government and the happenning of the Vietnam War. Nucleosynthesis Carbon Cycle! It was a time when people had to papers have, choose their loyalties, causing great frustration and tearing the essay, community apart. We are able to see this in Cosi in have titles, the lives of two best.

Cosi fan tutte , Definition , Drug addiction 837 Words | 3 Pages. Standard English Yr11 Task 1 a b- Journey as a Self-Discovery ( Cosi and another novel) OUTLINE. The term journey of self-discovery refers . to a travel, pilgrimage ,[1] or series of events whereby a person attempts to determine how they feel, personally, about spiritual issues [2] or priorities,[3][4] rather than following the opinions of family, friends, neighborhood[5] or peer pressure. Dissertation Degree! The topic of self-discovery has been associated with Zen.[6] A related term is finding oneself. In drama. Cosi fan tutte , Introduction , Life 853 Words | 3 Pages.

Do you think the characters in do research papers titles, Cosi have changed for dogs the better? The characters in Cosi by papers have the end of the play change. Lewis, . Henry and Zac are prime examples of how identities are inevitably shaped by the groups to which they belong. Lewis finally shows himself to essays about, be a man, Henry comes out of his shell and Zac starts his own band. Zac’s introduction to the reader as a medical patient who is unable to effectively communicate with the others makes him appear to be shy person. Most of the time. Change , Cosi fan tutte , English-language films 468 Words | 2 Pages. In the play Cosi by Louis Nowra , recent university graduate Lewis Riley takes on a group of asylum patients and . sets out to perform a play to do research papers have titles, earn some quick cash. In an attempt to for leave in office, bring the patients ‘out of their shells’ Lewis learns more than just the patients names; instead he is set on a journey of self-discovery where he learns about the importance of love and fidelity, the burden of do research have stigma and the transformative power of the arts. Essay! Louis Nowra portrays stigma associated with mental illness. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 755 Words | 2 Pages.

by most people. Do Research Have! In Louis Nowra’s play Cosi a range of techniques are used to thesis, engage the audience by exploring certain characters . and themes that were significant to Louis Nowra . Contrast and settings are important in papers titles, exploring the theme of insanity, while characterisation and dialogue reveal what type of person one of the mental patients, Zac, is. The play is set in the 1970’s in a Melbourne mental institution. The setting of the bad role model essay, mental institution is important to Nowra because it was about. Drama , History of do research papers have mental health , History of psychiatric institutions 542 Words | 2 Pages. Madness, love transformation Everyone goes mad in their own particular way. Nowra thinks madness is too generalised, and it is based on each . Application In Office! individuals past and experiences etc. At the end of the do research papers titles, play, Lewis is no longer afraid of is a bad role model essay madness. Lewis is do research papers have titles, thoroughly transformed by the patients. Nowra uses a mixture of laughter and madness, which is a volatile mixture. We usually see madness as dark and scary, so we can keep it in a corner and ignore it.

When he adds humour to it, then we begin to. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 5345 Words | 20 Pages. ?Lewis is a young adult who has just graduated from university. In order to dissertation doctorate degree, earn some extra money he gets a job directing a play at a mental asylum. He . starts off shy and lacking confidence meeting all the have, patients at the mental asylum, especially Roy who is seen as controlling and passive. At first the relationship between Lewis and the patients is rocky, until the event of the toilet fire, where we see the shift within the relationship Lewis shares with the patients. After the fire Justin comes. Answer , Dissociative identity disorder , Learning 529 Words | 2 Pages. In Cosi , Louis Nowra forces the audience to question what it means to be “normal”. Thesis Collection! Explain. “ Cosi ” . is a novel, written by Lewis Nowra , which takes an affectionate look at do research have the madness and mayhem in a world where “sanity” does not exist.

Throughout the play the characters are developed in a way that they help the reader grasp an understanding of the main issues dealt with by nucleosynthesis cycle each of the characters. This is achieved by some of the characters remaining static throughout the play as they do not develop. Abnormal psychology , Behavior , Communism 579 Words | 2 Pages. Themes One of the main themes of Cosi is the question of love and fidelity. Papers Titles! This is shown in Act 1 Scene Two when Doug, who hates women, . says: Women like to pretend they dont play around but theyre just more secretive about it. Cherry and Ruth are very negative about sex, stating that most women work hard to keep men out of their pants. Julie thinks that love is being foolish and stupid. Is A Essay! Also the play that Lewis is directing, Cosi Fan tutte is all about do research have titles, love and fidelity. Lewis is also questioning. Cosi fan tutte , Illness , Love 450 Words | 2 Pages. ‘ Cosi is both a tragedy and a comedy’ The book Cosi , written by Louis Nowra consisted of being . about a play called ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ which involved madness, illusion, sanity and theatre.

This play was set in about, a mental institution and involved fellow patients to become the extraordinary actors that were finally able to get an involvement to bring them out of their dull shell. Do Research Papers Have! Lewis, is the fresh out of essays university, new director, which gasp’s on the idea that having this role isn’t as easy as he was. Comedy , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 588 Words | 2 Pages. An introduction to Cosi ouis Nowra was inspired to write Cosi after a visit to a performance of Hello Dolly with a . Do Research Papers! group of mental patients in 1970. He worked with this group of patients to produce a version of Trial By Jury which helped many of the letter application in office, patients to “blossom” and also revealed the do research titles, ignorance of a student leader who ridiculed the patients’ efforts. Nowra claims that the essay, play is a combination of fact and fiction. In Cosi , a mature Nowra looks back and evaluates his youthful self and the. Cosi fan tutte , Doug , Love 4098 Words | 10 Pages.

Cosi character profiles and backdrops. ?The playwright ‘ Cosi ’ has several backdrops throughout the book. The main once is obviously the theatre but the more in depth backgrounds is . the movement of the titles, people in the real world. The Vietnam Moratorium, which was fighting for the government to return all the troops from the Vietnam War and the Sexual Revolution, which was a social movement that fought against the traditional codes towards to sexual relationships. The Vietnam Moratorium The moratorium was a mass demonstration against. Cosi fan tutte , George McGovern , Human sexual behavior 1319 Words | 4 Pages. can’t get to the level needed. This is evident through analysis of the play ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ by degree Louis Nowra . The . play depicts the life of Lewis, a director in a mental institution, and shows the strengths he must go to in order to be accepted.

When the group an papers have titles individual is associated with doesn’t accept them, this may cause them to feel unwanted and unable to move forward in life. In the in idleness, play ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ Louis Nowra is unable to fit in do research have, or show leadership within the mental institution. This.

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Carnival Corporation Case Study Essay Sample. 1. Provide a complete organization mission statement. Carnival Corporation’s goal is to provide extraordinary vacation experiences (2) around the world (3) for people of all lifestyles (1). Our commitment to maintain our fun, quality environments (7) is fueled by our acquisition and retention of exceptional employees (9) that embody our guest centered service philosophy (6). Have? Improvements to our technologies, (4) service operations, and collection, maintenance are continuous to keep growing our brands (5) in the most responsible way possible (8). 2. Provide a problem statement – goal to be achieved through strategy. We want all of our voyages to do research titles, be fun and successful, where both guests and crew are aware and informed of doctorate all statuses and outcomes throughout the papers have duration of the trip. Today we have had too many safety concerns that are have resulted in 2014’s first quarter producing $0.00 earnings per share (EPS) due to customers losing confidence in our abilities to provide a safe, enjoyable vacation1. If we ignore this problem, increased resources and compensation will need to be issued to handle additional problems; and most importantly we may lose customer loyalty, which will result in continued loss of earnings per share, revenue, and may negatively impact the reputation of Carnival Corporation. In the first quarter of letter writing for leave application 2013, earnings per share were at do research have $0.082, and our goal is to essay summary, improve our financial position to begin the first quarter of do research titles 2015 at $0.10 earnings per degree, share.

3. Provide an internal environment assessment: list 4 strengths and papers titles, weaknesses. Letter Writing In Office? Connect each to papers have, the problem statement – show how strengths would be exploited and weaknesses corrected (or managed) to achieve a successful problem statement outcome. Doctorate? Strengths. 1. Market Dominance – One of the largest strengths for Carnival is do research papers, its sheer scale and personal, scope of brands. Carnival competes in almost every market segment worldwide and titles, its largest competitor, Royal Caribbean, is less than half its. size. Carnival has enormous control over the cruise industry and can afford to undertake new procedures and projects to continue their growth.

Being a dominant presence also enables Carnival the letter application platform to negotiate with vendors to achieve lower costs. This strength can assist in successful problem statement results because Carnival is easily able to finance new projects and participate in acquisitions to do research titles, increase share revenues. 2. Operational Experience – Carnival has massive experience in thesis collection, owning, operating, and acquiring cruise lines. This experience has created organizational records for above average revenues and below average costs. Successful problem statement results can be positively impacted by this experience because it is easier for Carnival to expand in new markets and make smart strategic decisions. Have? 3. Brand Recognition – Being the largest cruise line operator, Carnival is recognized around the world by dissertation doctorate people looking to cruise. Carnival has been able to obtain and retain guests due to their extensive loyalty programs which offer guests incentives for using Carnival Corporation brands.

Brand loyalty and recognition can help achieve higher share earnings because guests will continue to support a brand they know and receive benefits from. 4. Marketing – Carnival’s gigantic presence can be seen in their marketing campaigns. Print, TV, and social media presence, such as Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram, are common place for Carnival. These marketing campaigns for Carnival Corporation can assist in increasing awareness of expansions and encouraging customers to try their vacation experience. Papers Have Titles? Weaknesses. 1. Personal Essays Dogs? Poor Safety Record – Carnival has had numerous safety incidents that have attracted poor media attention. The sinking of the titles Costa Concordia has been the largest woe; resulting in 30 passengers dead, 2 missing, and doctorate, horrifying images plastered on do research papers, news stations of the cruise ship listed at essay a ninety degree angle off the do research have titles European coast. In addition to the Costa Concordia tragedy, Carnival has had multiple other incidents which include: engine room fires, propulsion problems, guests lost at sea, and dissertation doctorate, virus outbreaks3. This weakness could be managed to help achieve successful problem statement outcomes by do research papers have titles focusing on integrating safety as a key value in Carnival’s culture.

If Carnival can successfully implement a focus on nucleosynthesis carbon cycle, safety and do research titles, maintenance, they can increase consumer confidence in the brand and share earnings. 2. Organizational Structure – Carnival currently operates in essays dogs, a top-down hierarchical management structure on their ships. While this system does have benefits, certain safety issues have been increased due to this structure. Employees who interact directly with guests or machinery are the do research first to see changes in their environment and understand what these changes may mean. These employees that have first contact with issues usually have no authority to act on them, and must wait for decisions to be transmitted up the chain of command and then back down again. By focusing on employee empowerment and personal, increasing the cohesiveness between managers and employees, Carnival can promote better communication on their fleets and guests will be able to see in increase in both service and safety that can be crucial to customer confidence and purchasing power. Do Research Have Titles? 3. Predominantly US Customers – Carnival Corporation focuses a majority of their advertising campaigns to US customers, which has narrowed the scope of their profitability. Relying primarily on US customers can be risky, especially when some of the collection safety incidents are happening close to home. To successfully integrate resolve to the problem statement, Carnival needs to focus on marketing to have, other nations around the world, offer incentives to stellar nucleosynthesis carbon, US cruisers to do research titles, keep cruising, and add to their market expansion. Travel Agency Bookings – Carnival Corporation’s bookings are done mainly by travel agencies on behalf of customers.

As the need for easier access to bookings grows, Carnival Corporation needs to focus on summary, other easy access ways to book and do research papers, have questions answered, such as a larger focus on internet and phone services. Some customers may not be informed of the options available for cruising when taking a vacation and writing application, the use of travel agencies has declined significantly. If Carnival were to focus on friendlier, self-sufficient options, potential guests may be more inclined to spend and invest with their brands. Papers Titles? Provide an external environment assessment: list and describe 2 opportunities when exploited would facilitate achieving a successful problem statement outcome; list and describe 2 threats that unless mitigated would present substantial opposition to thesis, a successful problem statement outcome. 1. Promising Demographics – As populations in North America and Europe increase in age, Carnival’s market increases as well. Carnival can take advantage of the aging populations by papers have focusing on these consumers to embrace cruising as a vacation option. Identifying vacationers ready to take their first cruise, enter retirement, or with extra discretionary income; Carnival can capitalize on this opportunity to gain and retain new customers, ultimately increasing their revenue and why barbie is a essay, share profits. 2. Papers Titles? Asian Market – The cruise market for Asian customers has significantly grown over the past few years, opening opportunities for new market segments for Carnival.

Since 2010, their segment has grown by over 40% due to increasingly aging and affluent consumers. Currently, Carnival lacks in thesis, this market, having only one ship focus on the Asian segment4. Do Research Have? By expanding a new brand into the Asian region, incorporating more Asian themed cruise itineraries, or merging with another cruise line to conquer the region, Carnival Corporation could make an enormous increase in writing for leave application in office, not only their customer base, but profit as well. Threats. 1. Fuel Prices – Although a smaller percentage of Carnival’s pricing assembly, fuel prices can be unpredictable, and dangerous to a company that is do research titles, trying to keep costs low and increase share profits. By focusing on fuel hedging and promoting more eco-friendly, fuel efficient equipment, and nucleosynthesis carbon, Carnival can help mitigate some risk and financial uncertainty that may result from higher fuel costs.

Short term profitability could be negatively impacted if the price of oil continues to rise and Carnival chooses to papers have titles, not have measures in dissertation degree, place to keep a controlled, hedged supply. 2. Political Uncertainty – Increased political tensions in do research papers titles, some areas around the world, such as Europe, the Middle East, and personal essays about, Southern Asia can hinder Carnival’s itineraries and disrupt certain cruises and port destinations. Do Research Have? Carnival can counteract potential threats by preparing to move from one destination to another, having backup itineraries for cruises in cycle, unstable areas, and keeping guests informed of any issues. Do Research Have? By focusing on these strategies, Carnival can try to contain losses that may have been sustained by cancelling cruises in essay, these areas. 5. Identify best strategy type. A. Defend selected strategy type with reasons why it will mitigate problem. Carnival currently operates with a cost leadership strategy focusing on value chain activities by being a low cost producer of cruises where buyers may not see much difference from brand to do research papers, brand, and ultimately holding a huge market share. Carnival Corporation has established themselves as a dominant, cost efficient choice for consumers, but to increase revenues and earnings per thesis, share, expanding their services into new geographic areas, such as Asia, will have the most benefit.

Carnival is established as a successful organization that has the experience, production capacity, human resources, and capital to enter in to this new market which is papers titles, all crucial to utilizing a market development strategy. Dissertation Doctorate Degree? Market development in Asian areas will increase revenues and share earnings in an area where Carnival is currently receiving little revenue. 6. Discuss strategy implementation: address key implementation factors. For Carnival to do research, successfully implement the market development strategy, it is key to dissertation doctorate degree, focus on certain factors. One factor that is crucial is researching their new demographics by product positioning. By identifying the area to introduce new cruises as the do research have titles Asian market, Carnival has formulated where the strategy will be most effective, but needs to capitalize on what the Asian market desires from a cruise line.

By researching another cruise line in the Asian market, Star Cruises, Carnival can adapt and improve on what works well for them. Another key factor to dissertation, implementing this strategy will be advertisement. Marketing needs to be done not just in have, the new area for development; but all around the world to thesis, potential cruisers who may want to cruise with a familiar brand in an unfamiliar place. Carnival would be foolish to only market these additional services to people in the Asian geographic area. Papers? Another key implementation factor will be obtaining and training new staff that is ceu library thesis, familiar with Asian language and culture to make this development successful. Asians are much enriched in do research have, history and for a cruise line to be successful in their culture it is necessary to provide not only the staff with essential information, but make sure the ships servicing this area are constructed to do so as well. A. Discuss the following: organizational design issues that impact strategy implementation; example, reengineering challenges, structure issues, responsibility, and authority. Discuss resourcing. Discuss one other factor tends to impact strategy implementation. Carnival Corporation may encounter implementation issues when trying to reengineer their organization. One crucial aspect to the market development, especially when entering an personal essays, unfamiliar market, is to reduce barriers to rival companies, to see how they operate best.

Carnival may gain a lot of advantage by reengineering their Asian market to mirror high points of Star Cruises, but communicating with Star Cruises may be difficult as Eastern countries have very different managerial styles. The power and relationships will need to be restructured in Asian markets because Carnival currently operates with a top-down managerial style which is the opposite of most Asian countries, who tend to focus on team oriented goals and management. Carnival’s current managerial structure will need to be redesigned to be in tune with those of Asian cultures; otherwise there may be confusion for have titles both employees and guests while onboard. Carnival Corporation needs to stellar nucleosynthesis carbon, allocate enough resources to the new Asian market to show they are consistent with making this development their newest priority. Carnival is currently equipped with an abundance of necessary implementation resources: financial, physical, human, and technological; and can utilize all these resources in implementing their market development. One factor that may impact strategy implementation is the newly anticipated power positions created by entering a new market. Human resources may find conflicts when making decisions on how to promote and maneuver an entirely new development segment. 7. Discuss strategy evaluation: control systems. By initiating the development in the Asian market, management will be able to control and monitor the success of the projected strategy by evaluating consumer confidence in Carnival as it begins its expansion process. A. Papers Have Titles? Specifics on doctorate, how review, adjustment, and control performed.

Control will be evaluated by the earnings per share calculation. By implementing a new brand into the Asian segment, Carnival can observe the have earnings per share for that specific brand and factor that towards the about dogs overall earnings per share of titles Carnival Corporation. By producing projected ship and letter for leave application, itinerary plans, Carnival can gauge customer interest and confidence in the new brand. Carnival can increase the effectiveness of this strategy by offering early booking promotions for the new market segment along to boost revenue and consumer confidence. B. Specific methods of performance measurement and strategy management. New market performance will be measured by the earnings per share calculation.

Earnings per papers have titles, share represent the portion of a company’s stock that is allocated to one share of stock. Earnings per share are found by dividing the company’s total net income by the outstanding shares. Any increase will be an improvement on the current calculations of $0.00, but earnings per share will need to improve to $0.10 to achieve the projected outcome. 8. Close with a discussion of contingency planning. A. Describe one issue that could derail successful strategy (and goal achievement). One issue that could derail the successful strategy execution of expanding in to the Asian market is the management structure. Dissertation Degree? Eastern and Western cultures are so opposite in management and treatment of employees that it may be difficult for Carnival to papers, implement successful growth in a market that is so foreign to them. Using the management strategies that work so well in the Western cultures are opposite to the successful management structures in Eastern countries. It may be difficult to find employees who are open to a new style of management, and management who is open to managing in a different style. To incorporate this new management restructuring it will be crucial to bring on leaders familiar with the Asian business culture, which may not have cruise industry experience.

B. Next, identify an alternative (contingency) plan that would effectively resolve such an event. If Carnival is unsuccessful in developing new growth in the Asian market, a contingency strategy would be to perform a friendly merger with Star Cruises who already have a customer base in the Asian segment. Star Cruises underperforms even in stellar nucleosynthesis cycle, a hugely profitable and fast growing market. Carnival’s financial resources and cruise management experience could benefit Star Cruises to increase their financial success, which will in turn give Carnival a step in the right direction to expand their market share and increase earnings and customer confidence on do research, a global scale. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Carnival Corporation Case Study. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and summary, quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Carnival Corporation Case Study.

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